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Embed code for: Paper plane project design（2）-JACKY‘s group
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Name of the Group: ONLY 998 Policy Maker: Jacky Score :_______/45
Innovater: Vincent Communicator: Cristiano Implementer: Jason, Gerald
The forces that allow a paper plane to fly are the same ones that apply to real airplanes. A force is something that pushes or pulls on something else. When you throw a paper plane in the air, you are giving the plane a push to move forward. That push is a type of force called thrust.
While the plane is flying forward, air moving over and under the wings is providing an upward lift force on the plane. At the same time, air pushing back against the plane is slowing it down, creating a drag force. The weight of the paper plane also affects its flight, as gravity pulls it down toward Earth. All of these forces (thrust, lift, drag and gravity) affect how well a given paper plane's voyage goes.
Statement of the Problem:
Design and build a paper plane that can fly better than the others.
The paper plane should fly 50 ft. from the point of reference.
It should be strong, durable and finished to a high standard.
It must be possible to manufacture the design in the classroom.
Consider Problem (3pts)
The Design Brief
Background- Describe the problem – Provided but you need to improve. (see at the TOP)
Describe the results you want to get – Provided but you need to improve. (see at the TOP)
Add Specifications. (see at the TOP)
Research Solution (10pts)
List/sketch possible solutions that might be used in your final design. Clearly identify and describe how each of these ideas relates to the problem statement.
List down and Sketch possible solutions generated from the ideas of the members of the group.
— Make the front of the paper plane heavier so that it can surmount the air resistance to fly further.
— Make the wings bigger than the fuselage to get more elevating.
— Try more times to test our plane and make some change according to our test result,like add or lose the weight of head.It will get the best information.
— Make the plane light and more surface area.
Research and Generating Ideas – See what others have done to solve the problem.
In the space below, document your research. Be sure to include proper citations at the end of your notes.
Thrust, which keeps the plane moving forward;
Aerodynamic lift, acting on horizontal surface areas that lifts the plane upward;
Gravity, which counteracts lift and pulls the plane downward; and
Air drag, which counteracts thrust and reduces the plane's forward speed.
Altogether, the aerodynamic forces co-interact, creating turbulence that amplifies small changes in the surface of the paper aircraft. Modifications can be made to most paper airplanes by bending, curving or making small cuts in the trailing edges of wings and in the airplane's tail, if it has one.
Angle of Attack - The angle of attack is related to the amount of lift. Lift will increase as the angle of attack is increased. Stability- The tendency of an airplane in flight to remain in straight, level, upright flight.
Parts of the Plane Ailerons - They are hinged on the wings and move downward to push the air down and make the wing tilt up. Flaps - The flaps slide back and down to increase the surface of the wing area.
Elevators - are found at the rear of the plane. They can be raised or lowered to change the direction of the plane's nose. The plane will go up or down depending on the direction of that the elevators are moved. Tail - The part of the plane that provides stability for the plane Rudder - The rudder is found on the tail of the plane. Moving it right and left controls the left and right movements of the plane.
Design and Develop (7pts)
Decide on one solution to solve the problem
Based on the evaluation of your ideas (Brainstorming and Research), develop a design proposal for the highest scoring idea. Include working drawings (sketches with dimensions, so that you could build your project). Attach your working drawings to this sheet. Determine the materials you plan to use based on your design. List the material and quantity below.
Drawings/Sketches of your final solution with dimensions:
Materials to be used
Work to create/Making a model or prototype (10pts)
In the space below, document the construction of the model/prototype. Be sure to include sketches/pictures as appropriate.
Follow the blueprint.
Cut the wings of the plane.
The tail fin.
The better tail fin.
4.Test Solution and Evaluate Solutions (5pts)
As you create your paper plane, you will perform tests to make sure that the paper plane is meeting the needs of the given problem. If your solution does not work, you may need to repeat the previous steps of the Design Process, until you find a functional design. In the space below, document the type of tests you conducted and the results.
Our plane can fly. But it cannot fly very long distance.
Make the front of the paper plane heavier so that it can surmount the air resistance to fly further.
It is easy to fall down.
Make the wings bigger than the fuselage to get more elevating.
The plane was always whirling. We cannot control the direction
Try more times to test our plane and make some change according to our test result, like add or lose the weight of head. It will get the best information.
It flies like an arrow were shot.
Make the plane light and more surface area.
Refining the Design or Redesign (3pts)
Based on your tests, what design refinements should be made to your paper plane.
Drawings/Sketches of your Refinements:
This kind of fin can improve the stability of the plane.
This plane is really different from before, the most different
thing is that it becomes body-integral, no extra tail fin, and the
wings change more into swallow’s wings.
In addition, because this plane is lighter, it can fly smoothly.
Communicating processes and results (7pts)
Demonstrate the operation of your Paper plane to the class. As part of your demonstration, describe the steps involved in creating your design.
Make a ppt presentation or a video.
Differences between the airplane on the Internet and the airplane we designed.
There are lots of differences between these two airplanes.First,the shape of the wings are totally different.The one on the internet was a whole wing which is really big.Although their wings both are large but our air plane cut the wing into two pieces one is the tail the other is the wing.It helps the plane get less influence when the wind outside is really big.Second,the tailis different too.The plane’s tail was seperated into two pieces.Sometimes the tail may fall out and it’s really small.Our plane’s tail is bigger in order to keep the control of plane’s balance better. slide back and down to increase the surface of the wing area.
Elevators - are found at the rear of the plane. They can be raised or lowered to change the direction of the plane's nose. The plane will go up or down depending on the direction of that the elevators are moved. Tail - The part of the plane that provides stability for the plane Rudder - The rudder is found on the tail of the plane. Moving it right and left controls the left and ri