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Embed code for: Elements of Music (1)
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ELEMENTS OF MUSIC
The arrangement of pitches and other musical sounds to produce the identifiable portion of a song.
Motif - Short musical idea used as the basis for creative development.
Motivic Development - Improvisational/Compositional technique that repeats a motif with constant modification.
Phrase - Musical equivalent to a spoken phrase or sentence. A complete melodic statement.
Blue Notes - Notes that are played or sung lower than the specified pitch, especially notes 3,5, & 7 of the major scale.
Pentatonic Scale - A five note scale most commonly consisting of the black keys on the piano.
Embellishment - The improvised decoration of a pre-existing melodic line.
Countermelody - A secondary melody that compliments the primary melody.
The duration of a musical sound in the context of time.
Meter - Number and type of beats grouped in each measure.
Polyrhythm - Simultaneous employment of two or more contrasting rhythms.
Rhythmic Displacement - Moving an expected rhythmic figure to a different beat or subdivision.
Syncopation - Placing an accent on a normally weak beat or normally unaccented part of the beat.
Tempo - Refers to the speed of the beats in a musical composition.
The general term for the tonal organization of notes, into scales, chords, and chord progressions.
Pitch - The relative highness or lowness of a tone either in relation to other tones or in relation to to the absolute measurement of the speed of its vibrations.
Interval – Distance between two notes measured in steps.
Half Step - The smallest interval in Western tonal music.
Whole Step -An interval of two half-steps.
Scale - Literally "ladder of tones". A series of notes within an octave that proceed at various identifiable interval combinations.
Consonance - A "pleasant", stable sound.
Dissonance - An "unpleasant", or discordant sound.
Key - Refers to the tonality of a piece.
Harmony - Continued
Chord - The sounding of three or more different notes simultaneously usually constructed with pitches that have specific harmonic relationships to each other.
Chord Progression - A series of successive chords or the movement from one chord to the (Changes)next in harmonizing a melody. The set, predetermined sequence of accompaniment chords intended for the original melody of the tune and used as the basis of an improvisation.
Triad - The basic chordal sonority in Western music. Major triad consists of notes 1,3,5 of the major scale. A minor triad consists of notes 2,4,6 of the major scale.
The basic structure or organizing principle of a piece of music.
12 Bar Blues
Standard Song Form - AABA, ABAC, ABA
Theme and Variations
Call & Response - Element of form that pits a melodic statement (call) against an answer or responding phrase.
Arrangement - An adaptation of a tune or musical composition.
Collective Improvisation - Simultaneous melodic improvisation by several players.
Introduction - A preliminary musical phrase often 4-8 measures that occurs before the main part of the song.
Coda - Ending section of a piece
Ostinato - A repeated melodic pattern that forms the basis of a rhythmic pad.
Vamp - A repeated musical phrase often used to "kill time" in anticipation of the next cued section.
The distinctive tone color or individual sound of an instrument or voice.
Shake, Trill, Tremolo - Rapid alternation of two pitches.
Vibrato - A rapid pitch fluctuation of a tone.
The number of instruments or voices performing at one time.
A Cappella - Without instrumental accompaniment.
Monophony - When one person is playing a single line melody or unison playing occurs amongst several players.
Polyphony - Two or more independent melodic lines of equal importance sounding simultaneously. AKA Counterpoint
Homophony - A prevailing melody with the accompaniment of chords
Antiphony - Call & response
Heterophony - Several versions of the same melody performed simultaneously
Dynamics - loudness/softness
Style - type of music
Mood - feeling established by song
Articulation - manner in which notes are performed
Accent - A stressed note that is played louder than other notes around it.
Legato - Notes are played smoothly, connected
Staccato - Notes are played short and separated
Marcato - Notes are played separated with accentsmplete melodic statement.
Heterophony - Several versions of the same melody performed simul