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Alhuda cibe-Product Development
Religiosity and threshold effect in social and financial performance of microfinance institutions
Mohammad Ashraful Mobin
& Country Experiences
Muhammad Zubair Mughal
Chief Executive Officer
Alhuda centre of Islamic banking and economics
Basic Principles of Islamic Banking and Finance
Source of Islamic Finance Product Products
Current Status and Future Potential of Islamic Banking
Product Development of Islamic Microfinance
Basic Principle of Shariah Based Banking and Finance
Prohibition of Interest.
Solutions for All Segment of the Society.
Care for the poor is a religious obligation in Islam.
Asset Based Financing
Sanctity of contracts
Financing in Halal/Shariah Complaint Activities.
Prohibition of speculative behaviour ( Gharar )
Takaful ( Islamic Insurance)
“Assisting the poor is a pillar of Islam”
Islam and Shariah
Source of Islamic Banking
Sources of Islamic Finance
Islamic Banking Product Mechanism
Ijma’a (jurist consensus)
Ijtihad & Qiyas (analogy)
Goods & Services
Difference between Islamic and Conventional Banking
Money + Money(interest)
- Bank Sepah
- Commerz Bank
- Deutsche Bank
- Dubai Islamic Bank
- Abu Dhabi Islamic Bank
- HSBC Amanah
- Bahrain Islamic Bank
- Al Baraka
- ABC Islamic Bank
- CitiIslamic Investment Bank
- Kuwait Finance House
United States: 20
- Al Manzil Financial Services
- American Finance House
- Failaka Investments
- Ameen Housing Cooperative
- HSBC Amanah Finance
- Al Baraka International Ltd
- Takafol UK Ltd
- The Halal Mutual Investment Company
- J Aron & Co Ltd (Goldman Sachs)
- Qatar Islamic Bank
- Qatar International Islamic
- Faisal Finance Institution
- Ihlas Finance House
- Alwatany Bank of Egypt
- Egyptian Saudi Finance
2 - Pure Islamic Banks (Bank Islam, Bank Muamalat)
Rest - conventional banks
Saudi Arabia: 37
- Al Rajhi
- Saudi Hollandi
- Riyadh Bank
Islamic products and services offered by 2000+ Financial Institutions around the world
Current Status of Islamic Finance Industry
Total market size 2.3 Trillion USD with having 2000+ Islamic Financial Institutions
In 81 Countries, among them 42 are Islamic and 39 are Non Islamic Countries.
250+ Takaful companies
750+ Islamic Funds are operating globally
300+ Sukuk has been issued
300 Islamic Microfinance Institutions ( 1Billion USD)
Due to the Recent Int’l Financial Crisis, Muslim & Non-Muslim Countries are moving towards Islamic Banking & Finance as a Sustainable System
Industry experts claim that over the next decade the sector may reach US$4 trillion.
Several non-Muslim countries like UK, France and South Africa have already built a significant edge and many others like Japan, Brazil, Russia, Australia, China and India are joining the race.
Emerging Trend in Central Asian & African Countries.
Islamic Microfinance recognize as an effective tool of Poverty Alleviation and being utilized multi literal donor’s agencies.
Type of Products
Vanilla Products : Structure Existing Product Islamically
Design New Products : Design New products
Product Evolution : Change Product Feature with No Change in Structure
Process Enhancement: Enhance the current process and procedures
Accounting, Compliance & Technological Enhancement
Role & Internal Involvement for New Product
Product Development Department
Accounting & Finance
HR & Capacity Building
Bank & Financial Institutions along with the concern departments
External Shariah Vetting – Shariah Houses
Services Provides e.g. I.T, Accounting etc.
Phase 1: Product Summery by Product Development Dept.
Phase 2: Product Concept Document(PCD), Presentation and approval
Phase 3: Legal and Shariah Approval
Phase 4: Market Research, Survey’s FGD, SWOT Analysis, External and Internal Environmental Screening etc.
Phase 5: Designing of SOP’s, Accounting, Compliance & Technological Enhancement, different forms, HR & Credit Policy Evaluation process, Compliance Mechanism etc.
Phase 6: Regulatory Approval (if any), Pilot Testing
Phase 7: Trainings, Marketing, sales team development
Phase 8: Product Launch ( Sort Launch or Hard Launch )
Fees and Charges
Protected Soft Copy and Access right
Major Markets for Islamic Microfinance
Islamic Microfinance Institutions
Akhuwat , Farz Foundation, ASASAH, Muslim Aid, Islamic Relief, CWCD, ,HHRD , NRSP, NRDP, Naymet etc.
FINCA , WOCCU, Ariana Financial Services , IFIC, Islamic Relief etc.
BPRS, Muslim Aid, Islamic Financial Cooperatives referred as bait Maal wat Tamwil (BMT) etc.
Hodeida Microfinance Program, Al-Amal Microfinance Bank etc, Al Kurumi Microfinance etc.
Pakistan & Islamic Microfinance Industry
IT Integration (Mobile Banking) in Islamic Microfinance
Livestock Product with Islamic Microfinance operation
Micro energy & Micro Saving products
Unavailability of Shariah Compliant fund
Reluctance of Donor Agencies for Islamic Microfinance
Accounting & I.T systems., Rating Agencies.
Law and order in Northern part of Pakistan
Rapid growth of IMFIs with high acceptability from the Muslim community.
Govt. Interest and IDB Support
AlHuda Centre of Excellence in Islamic Microfinance
Afghanistan & Islamic Microfinance Industry
Enterprise Incubation i.e. business modeling and micro financing.
Integration of Rural Economy (Exact Target Market) with Islamic Microfinance
Lack of Quality HR in Islamic Microfinance Sector Poor IT integration
Weak microfinance regulatory regime.
Unavailability of Micro Insurance
Security, Law and order
Rising Donors’ interest for poverty alleviation (FINCA, HIH, MISFA & USAID etc)
High demand of Islamic Microfinance
Indonesia & Islamic Microfinance Industry
Bait-ul-mal Tamveel (BMT), BPRS
Poor IT integration
High Poverty Index
Lesser financial sustainability in the community/ natives
Rising Donors’ interest poverty alleviation especially through IMF
Role of Ministry of Cooperative & Central Bank is positive.
Rapid growth of IMFIs with high acceptability from the majority Muslim community.
Yemen & Islamic Microfinance Industry
I.T Integration & Micro Takaful
Role of Islamic Bank to Strengthened the Islamic Microfinance Institutions.
Reluctance in Research & Implementation of new Products, as only (Murabahah) is serving almost 80% of Islamic Microfinance Industry.
Significant division of Urban and Rural population
Law and Order
High Demand of IMF
Role of SFD & YMN
New Range of Islamic Microfinance products
JazzakAllah Thank you for listening with patience
AlHuda Centre of Islamic Banking and Economics
AlHuda CIBE FZ LLE - U.A.E
P: + 971 56 9286664, + 971 55 938 99 00
AlHuda Center of Islamic Banking & Economics - Pakistan
Ph: (92-42) 35913096 - 98, Fax: (92-42) 35913056
Source: Institute of Policy Studies
Here we have the country wise detail of some Islamic Microfinance Institutions worldwide. Provides e.g. I.T, Accounting etc.
Here we have the country wise detail of some Islamic Microfinance In