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Embed code for: ANEMIA...Kousik
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Anemia (An =without; Emia =blood) is defined as a medical condition developed due to decrease in the total amount of red blood cell or haemoglobin in the blood cell or haemoglobin in the blood. It can also be defined as a lowered ability of the blood to carry oxygen. It makes anemia is typically defined as the haemoglobin level of less than 13.5 g/100ml on in females as of less than 12 g/100ml. There are some reasons which are responsible for anemia, those are – (a.) Decrease in the production of the RBC and haemoglobin, (b.) An increase in the loss or deduction of the RBC’s (haemolytic anemia), (c.) Blood loss or fluid overload (hypervolemia). The anemia classified on the basis of two things, one is causes another is morphology of RBC. On the basis causes i) Haemolytic, ii) Haemmorhagic, iii) Inadequate production of RBC. On the basis of morphology of RBC (i) Microcytic, (ii) Normocytic, (iii) Macrocytic. There are some types of anemia those are – i) Iron deficient anemia, ii) Megaloblastic anemia, iii) Pernicious anemia, iv) Haemmorhagic anemia, v) Haemolytic anemia, vi) Thalassemia, vii) Sickle cell anemia, viii) Aplastic anemia, ix) Normocytic, x) Hypochromic, xi) Normochromic. The common signs and symptoms of anemia are easy ………. and loss of energy, shortness of breathing, dizziness, pale skin, brittle and spoon shaped nails etc. Diagnosis of anemia are done on the basis of quantitative parameters and qualitative parameters. The anemia can be treated by giving iron supplements, consumption of fat free light calorie diet rich in proteins, consumption of multi vitamin tablets. According to the WHO estimates, India is one of the countries in the world that has highest prevalence of anemia. So we have to take care to control anemia.