What email address or phone number would you like to use to sign in to Docs.com?
If you already have an account that you use with Office or other Microsoft services, enter it here.
Or sign in with:
Signing in allows you to download and like content, and it provides the authors analytical data about your interactions with their content.
Embed code for: Lecture 8, September 15, 2016
Select a size
The two film clips both address the issue of the response to poverty by agents of formal social control.
How is poverty sanctioned with informal control?
So, is poverty a stigma?
Is an individual who is poor discredited by his/her society as a result of being poor? Does the reaction of others to their poverty negatively influence their identity?
Is poverty a master status?
Is being poor the primary identifying characteristics of an individual?
Stigma or Stigmata (plural)
A mark of disgrace or infamy; a stain or reproach, as on one’s reputation
The phenomenon whereby an individual with an attribute which is deeply discredited by his/her society is rejected as a result of the attribute. Stigma is a process by which the reaction of others spoils normal identity.
Erving Goffman & Forms of Social Stigma
Forms of Social Stigma
"Tribal stigmas” : traits, imagined or real, of ethnic group, nationality, or of religion that is deemed to be a deviation from the prevailing normative ethnicity, nationality or religion
“transmitted through lineages”
“equally contaminate all members of the family”
The Social Construction of Race
Race refers to socially significant physical differences, such as skin color, rather than biological differences that determine behavioral traits.
Racial distinctions are social constructs, not biological “givens.”
Many scholars believe we belong to one human race which originated in Africa.
Migration, geographical separation, and inbreeding led to the formation of more or less distinct “races” (meaning groups with distinct pigmentation and physical features).
An ethnic group is composed of people whose perceived cultural markers are deemed socially significant.
Tribal Stigmatization over time
Ethnicity & Deviance
“Ethnicity contains all the essential elements of deviance: an audience who condemns a people and their supposed sins” (Goode, p. 309)
Attitudes Toward Intermarriage, 1958-2011
21 Best Skin Lightening Cream Reviews 2015
Reported by Online Medical Researchers
What is Skin Whitening?
Skin whitening can be termed as a kind of cosmetic treatment that can be used to achieve fairer complexion and also deal with pigmentation related problems. Skin whitening creams are widely available in the market today.
Overt or external deformations: such as scars, physical manifestations of anorexia nervosa, leprosy (leprosy stigma), or of a physical disability or social disability, such as obesity
Deviant Physical Characteristics:
The Physically Disabled
Esthetically Wanting or Ugly
The Radically Altered
The Physically Disabled and the Esthetically Wanting
The Physical Condition vs. The Judgment and Meaning
A History of Extermination and Eugenics
Social Distance Scales
Extreme Body Modification
The Stigma is in what it means to the audience
Probability of High Life Satisfaction for Very Obese and Non-Obese Males and Females Across Counties with Varying Obesity Rates
Probability of being “Very Satisfied”
County Obesity Rate
Does one’s responsibility for their condition determine whether or not they are stigmatized?
Prevalence of Self-reported obesity among U.S. adults by state and territory
Source: Behavorial Risk Factor Surveillance Systems, CDC