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Embed code for: THESIS STATEMENTS-EDITED- 3 main characteristics
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Thesis Statement has 3 main characteristics:
UNITY: the thesis states a single controlling idea. This idea may be complex and have several parts, but it should be one idea nevertheless.
FOCUSED ASSERTION: the thesis should clearly state your position in clear and specific terms.
REASONING (RATIONALE): the thesis should explain in summarized form why you take the position you do.
TOPIC + POSITION: grades are unnecessary in college
TOPIC + POSITION + RATIONALE/ “because”: Grades are unnecessary in college because students learn more rapidly without them.
TOPIC + POSITION + RATIONALE + QUALIFICATION/ “although”: Although there may be legitimate need to evaluate the work of college students, the traditional grading system is unnecessary in college because it prevents learning and blocks creativity.
POLISHED WORKING THESIS STATEMENT: Although there may be a legitimate need to evaluate the work of college students, the traditional grading system prevents learning and blocks creativity.
TRY TO AVOID THESE IN YOUR ESSAYS AS MUCH AS YOU CAN:
Historical generalisations: throughout time, throughout history, age-old, since the dawn of man, since Adam and Eve, since our country was founded.
Population generalisations: humanity, mankind, society, America, culture, throughout the country, throughout the world, all over the world.
The scary present day: today’s world, today’s society, modern world, fast-paced, industrialized.
No unjustified/ unexplained adjectives: important, nice, interesting, good.
Humility: in my opinion, it seems to me, at least to me, it can be said.
Ghost-like Authorities: experts contend, people think, scientists agree, authorities believe; (and with the Passive Voice) it can be seen, it has been noted, it is often said.
*Paragraph Essay-isms: firstly/secondly/thirdly, in conclusion, there is, there are.
Fix-Up Checklist: Is your working thesis statement…
too broad? If yes, you need to work on making the thesis more specific.
a shopping list? If yes, try to focus on one idea instead of several thesis statements so that you pay enough attention to that particular one.
a statement of fact? You can’t argue a fact, so a factual thesis can’t function as the center of an argumentative essay.
missing one or more of the necessary parts? If you’re missing any of the “parts” above (topic, position, rationale, qualification), your thesis will be weak and unfocused, which could have negative effects on your entire essay.
unsupported by your essay? A flawless thesis is completely useless if it isn’t actually the focus of the paper. A great thesis with pertinent but inadequate support isn’t much better.
unsuccessfully addressing the question/ issue ? Part of your grade depends on how well you address the question/ issue. If the thesis does not function as an answer to the relevant topic, then you have not adequately addressed the assignment.
composed of vague or recycled language? Phrases that do not present a clear argument or function only as filler should be eliminated. Examples include: throughout time, since the dawn of man, today’s society, modern world, bad, good, kind of, sort of, practically, in a way, things, factors, in my opinion, it has been noted, Webster’s defines. This list could be much, much longer, but you should get the idea. Vague or clichéd language should be avoided throughout your essay, but is especially distracting in your thesis.
A thesis statement is usually one sentence (sometimes two) that combines your original perspective on a specific topic as well as 1-3 subtopics (often called ‘controlling ideas’).
Let’s look at an example to see how it works. The following is for a paper about laws on using cell phones while driving:
“Special laws are needed because drivers using phones are distracted and because the current punishment for driving dangerously is not sufficient.”
The first part of this sentence is actually an opinion – your perspective is that “Special laws are needed”. You can see it’s an opinion because someone else’s thesis statement might say that “Special laws are not needed”. So, this part of your thesis statement must be arguable!
The second part of the thesis statement above has two subtopics which present the reader (your teacher) with a clear plan for what will be discussed in your paper:
The writer will discuss how “drivers using phones are distracted”
and then the writer will show how “the current punishment for driving dangerously is not sufficient.”
Below are some examples of what is and is not a thesis statement.
Not a Thesis Statement:
In this paper, the effects of not eating enough food will be discussed.
This isn’t arguable, it’s just going to be a list with descriptions.
Aside from cases of extreme poverty, the main reason people do not eat enough is the psychological effects of today’s media.
Here we know you will try and prove that it is “the psychological effects of today’s media” and not something else.
This paper aims to show how Somalia has a wide range of economic problems, from the lack of a skilled workforce to lots of corruption in the government.
Again, there isn’t anything to prove here. This paper will probably just repeat what many journalists have written about Somalia.
Somalia’s many economic problems are a combined result of the people’s different ethnicities, the UN’s unbalanced aid policies, and the fighting between the armies of three warlords.
In this paper, you will probably first discuss the three reasons separately and then show how these three factors fit together, causing Somalia’s economic problems. Journalists have probably spoken about these 3 factors by themselves, but what makes your argument original and complex is how these 3 factors are connected.
st: Is your working thesis statement…
The first part of this sentence is actually an opinion – your perspective is that “Special law