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Embed code for: Reduced Adjective Clauses online DLA
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Objectives: Through computer and other independent work, this activity will familiarize you with and help you create accurate sentences with reduced adjective clauses.
Activities (approximately 1 hour): Read the information, then follow the steps below and be prepared to discuss your answers when you meet with a tutor. Check off each box once you have completed the activity.
Understanding Adjective Clauses
An adjective clause—also called a relative clause—is a group of words that modify or describe a noun. Remember that adjective clauses contain a subject and a verb, begin with a relative pronoun (who, whom, whose, that, which), and are dependent clauses, which means that they cannot stand alone because they have no meaning without an independent (main) clause.
She is the woman + who works at the bakery.
(Independent clause) (Adjective clause)
Reduced Adjective Clauses
We reduce sentences when you have the same subject in the main clause and the adjective clause. Adjective clauses contain relative pronouns like who, which, or that. The reduced adjective clause becomes an adjective phrase, which does not have a subject. An adjective phrase does not have a subject and a verb. Instead, it has a present participle (base verb + ing) for the active voice or a past participle for the passive voice.
Normal SentenceThe girl who is standing by the table is my sister.
Reduced SentenceThe girl standing by the table is my sister.
Normal SentenceThe watch that was found in the lobby belongs to Lilly.
Reduced SentenceThe watch found in the lobby belongs to Lilly.
Normal SentencePeople who live in large cities have many resources.
Reduced SentencePeople living in large cities have many resources.
Normal SentenceLee Davis, who is a business teacher, wrote this book.
Reduced SentenceLee Davis, a business teacher, wrote this book.
verbRemember that only sentences with a verb immediately after the relative pronoun can be reduced. If there is a subject after the relative pronoun, the clause cannot be reduced.
ExThe man who is smoking by the door is my professor. (can be reduced)
subject The man whom I was talking to is my professor. (cannot be reduced)
How to Reduce an Adjective Clause
If you want to reduce an adjective clause, make sure that the same subject is present in both clauses, and then follow these steps:
Omit the relative pronoun (who, that, which) of the adjective clause
Students who need extra help should see a tutor.
A quick note about Active and Passive Voice
We use the passive voice when we want to focus on the object (the person or thing receiving the action) and NOT the agent (the person or thing doing the action).
Active: A dog bit the man.
Passive: The man was bitten by a dog.
(object) (be + past participle) (agent)
*See the Passive Voice DLA for more information.The words that are underlined in red have errors.
Roquefort, which is a type of cheese, comes from France.
Omit the be form of the verb if there is one.
Students need extra help should see a tutor. (no be)
The words are underlined in red have errors.
Roquefort, is a type of cheese, comes from France.
Change the verb to its present participle form (–ing) for the active voice, or leave it as the past participle for the passive voice. Sometimes after deleting be, there is no verb.
Students needing extra help should see a tutor. (active voicepresent participle)
The words underlined in red have errors. (passive voicepast participle)
Roquefort, a type of cheese, comes from France. (no verb)
Review the information on this sheet. Then, answer the following questions.
When can you reduce adjective clauses? _______________________________________
What are the steps to reducing an adjective clause?
http://random-idea-english.blogspot.com/2012/02/reduced-relative-clauses-lesson-and.htmlhttp://random-idea-english.blogspot.com/2012/02/reduced-relative-clauses-lesson-and.html. Rewrite the sentences in Practice 3, where possible replacing the underlined relative clauses with their shortest possible forms. Enter them into the boxes and then click “Check.” After you submit your responses, PLEASE COPY AND PASTE THE PAGE THAT HAS YOUR SCORE. DO NOT EXIT THE PROGRAM UNTIL YOU HAVE PASTED THAT PAGE HERE.
3a. Collect some of your graded work. Find FOUR sentences with adjective clauses that can be reduced. Write down the original sentence (with the adjective clause), then reduce the sentence (with a new adjective phrase).
a. Original sentence:______________________________________________________
b. Reduced sentence:______________________________________________________
a. Original sentence: ______________________________________________________
b. Reduced sentence: _____________________________________________________
b. Reduced sentence: ______________________________________________________
If you do not have your own essay to work with, please complete the supplemental activity below (3b).
3b. Reduce the adjective clauses found in the following sentences.
People who live on the streets often need medical attention.
The keys that are on the table are mine.
The study which was conducted by the university is now in a journal.
The girl who is swimming in the lake is my sister.
Kathy, who is my supervisor, received an award from the regional manager.
Children who are born with congenital heart disease may have many health difficulties.
DLA: Reduced Adjective Clauses 5object) (be + past participle) (agent)
http://random-idea-english.blogspot.com/2012/02/reduced-relative-clauses-lesson-and.htmlhttp://random-idea-english.blogspot.com/2012/02/reduced-relative-clauses-lesson-and.html. Rewrite the sentences in Pr