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Thakeham Parish State of the Parish Report 2014 Thakeham Parish Neighbourhood Plan 2011- 2031 Published by Thakeham Parish Council August 2014 Thakeham Parish Neighbourhood Plan State of the Parish Report Published by Thakeham Parish Council Contents 1. Introduction 2. Parish Profile 3. Local Issues 4. The Planning Context Annexes: A. Evidence Base B. Strategic Housing Land Availability Assessment Plans: A. Thakeham Neighbourhood Plan Area Designation B. HDC Soil Quality Map – Thakeham Parish C. Environment Agency - Groundwater Map of Thakeham Parish D. Thakeham Conservation Area E. Horsham District Proposed Submission Plan Proposals Map Inset – Thakeham F. Horsham District Proposed Submission Plan Proposals Map – part of Storrington within Thakeham Parish G. Horsham District Council Preferred Strategy 2013 - Key Diagram H. Horsham District Landscape Character Areas I. Horsham District Landscape Development Capacity – Thakeham J. Horsham District Landscape Development Capacity – Storrington and Chiltington K. Map of Biodiversity Sites – Thakeham L. Map of Habitat Sites - Thakeham M. Environment Agency - Fluvial Flood Risk in Thakeham Parish N. Environment Agency – Surface Water Flood Risk in Thakeham Parish O. Horsham District - SHLAA sites in Thakeham Parish Tables: A. Demographics – Thakeham B. Industry of Employment – Thakeham C. Summary of Adopted Horsham Strategy Policies D. Horsham District Strategic Flood Risk Assessment - Flood Zone definitions E. Breakdown of SHLAA capacity – Thakeham 1. Introduction Purpose 1.1 The Thakeham Parish Council (TPC) applied for a Neighbourhood Area Designation in January 2013 and this was approved on 19th of December 2013 by Horsham District Council (HDC) for the purpose of enabling the preparation of the Thakeham Neighbourhood Plan (TNP). Plan A below shows the boundary of the designated Thakeham Neighbourhood Area. 1.2 The TNP is being prepared in accordance with the Neighbourhood Planning Regulations 2012, the Localism Act 2011 and the Planning & Compulsory Purchase Act 2004. 1.3 The purpose of this report is to summarise the evidence base to date and the context within which the TNP will be prepared and by which the draft and final versions of the TNP will be assessed and refined. It is yet to be finally determined whether a Strategic Environmental Assessment (SEA) is required. If it is, a Sustainability Assessment (SA) will also be prepared. In which case a SA/SEA scoping report will be produced in a separate document. 1.4 In summarising the evidence base, the report will provide the local community with a key starting point from which to embark on formulating the draft TNP. If a separate SA/SEA Scoping Report is required it will provide the TNP with a means of consulting the statutory authorities on the proposed scope of the SA/SEA. 1.5 In paragraph 3.3.8 of the Horsham District’s Habitats Regulations Assessment 2014, Thakeham Parish is highlighted as being located within the 15 kilometre protection zone of the Arun Valley SAC/SPA/Ramsar site. As this is a site of European importance the TNP may need to take this into consideration through a Habitats Regulation Assessment (HRA). The effect the neighbourhood plan may have on this site and the need for the TNP to produce an HRA will be addressed with the Horsham District Council and Natural England in due course. Thakeham Neighbourhood Plan: State of the Parish Report August 2014 3 Plan A: Thakeham Neighbourhood Plan Area Designation Thakeham Neighbourhood Plan: State of the Parish Report August 2014 4 Neighbourhood Development Plans 1.5 The TNP will be amongst the first Neighbourhood Development Plans prepared in England since the 2011 Localism Act. The National Planning Policy Framework states: “Neighbourhood planning gives communities direct power to develop a shared vision for their neighbourhood and deliver the sustainable development they need. Parishes … can use neighbourhood planning to set planning policies through neighbourhood plans to determine decisions on planning applications; and grant planning permission through Neighbourhood Development Orders and Community Right to Build Orders for specific development which complies with the order (para.183). Neighbourhood planning provides a powerful set of tools for local people to ensure that they get the right types of development for their community. The ambition of the neighbourhood should be aligned with the strategic needs and priorities of the wider local area. Neighbourhood plans must be in general conformity with the strategic policies of the Local Plan. To facilitate this, local planning authorities should set out clearly their strategic policies for the area and ensure that an up-to-date Local Plan is in place as quickly as possible. Neighbourhood plans should reflect these policies and neighbourhoods should plan positively to support them. Neighbourhood plans and orders should not promote less development than set out in the Local Plan or undermine its strategic policies (para.184). Outside these strategic elements, neighbourhood plans will be able to shape and direct sustainable development in their area. Once a neighbourhood plan has demonstrated its general conformity with the strategic policies of the Local Plan and is brought into force, the policies it contains take precedence over existing non- strategic policies in the Local Plan for that neighbourhood, where they are in conflict. Local planning authorities should avoid duplicating planning processes for non- strategic policies where a neighbourhood plan is in preparation (para.185)”. The Plan Preparation Process 1.6 The process of preparing and seeking final adoption of the TNP is in accordance with the Neighbourhood Plan Regulations 2012 and has been agreed by the Parish Council. The intention of the Parish Council is to submit the TNP to HDC for approval and then for independent examination by the spring of 2015. 1.7 The process up to submission comprises three main stages: x State of the Parish Report – this report summarises all the evidence on which the TNP will be based . x Pre-Submission TNP – this report will comprise the vision, objectives. x policies,proposals and map of the plan for a statutory six week public consultation period. Thakeham Neighbourhood Plan: State of the Parish Report August 2014 5 x Submission TNP – this report will take into account the representations received on the draft plan during the public consultation period and will amend as necessary its content for submission to the local planning authority. 1.8 If required, the SA/SEA will be produced alongside the plan, firstly as a draft with the Pre-Submission Plan and later as a final report along with the Submission Plan. 1.9 If approved by the local planning authority, the TNP will then be subject to an independent examination. Any recommendations made by the Examiner will be considered by the Parish Council and HDC and the plan amended as necessary before being approved for a local referendum. If supported by a majority vote at the referendum, the TNP will be adopted by HDC as the planning policy for the Parish. Thakeham Neighbourhood Plan: State of the Parish Report August 2014 6 2. Parish Character Thakeham 2.1 The Parish of Thakeham is located in the central southern portion of Horsham District in West Sussex and is approximately 3 miles to the west of the main north-south A24 road which connects Worthing on the coast to Horsham and Dorking in the north. 2.2 As with many in this area, the Parish stretches from south to north i.e. long and thin. The unusual boundary to the north reflects the historical connection of Thakeham with William Penn. In the south, Rydon Community College is built on the site of Thakeham Union, a workhouse serving Thakeham and several surrounding villages. 2.3 The lower greensand ridge in the centre of the village has been inhabited since at least Anglo Saxon times and the settlement is mentioned in the Doomsday Book. Its fortunes have fluctuated over the centuries with wealth in medieval times from farming, timber and sheep but a reduced population in the next few hundred years. The siting of the local workhouse in the Parish, (known as Thakeham Union) in the nineteenth century again put Thakeham on the map. Agriculture and market gardening increased in the 19th and 20th centuries to feed a growing national population. 2.4 Still rural despite the building of some housing estates in the 20th century in the south and centre of the village its access to employment remains by car. The network of sunken lanes, despite their beauty, makes walking and cycling difficult. Perhaps because of this relative isolation and the fact that the village still has a pub, school and churches, a strong sense of community still remains. 2.5 Major centres of employment such as Horsham (10 miles to the north) and Worthing (12 miles to the south) are both within commuting distance by road. These locations are also centres for additional shops and services. Rail connections to London and the south coast are provided via the nearby towns of Pulborough and Billingshurst, although parking at these stations is difficult and they are not served by convenient public transport. Selected Parish Statistics 2.6 The following statistics and evidence are primarily drawn from the 2011 Census. These are used to provide an overview of the current status of the community. Other sources of data or information are acknowledged where applicable. Demographics1 2.7 The usual resident population of the Parish is 1,816 people (921 male, 895 female). Of these: x 339 People aged 15 and under (18.7% of Parish population compared to 18.7% across the District and 19% across England) 1 http://www.neighbourhood.statistics.gov.uk/dissemination/LeadTableView.do?a=7&b=11129513&c=thakeha m&d=16&e=62&g=6474291&i=1001x1003x1032x1004&m=0&r=1&s=1402305981049&enc=1&dsFamilyId=24 74 Thakeham Neighbourhood Plan: State of the Parish Report August 2014 7 x 1,187 People aged 16 to 64 (65.4% of Parish population compared to 61.9% across the District and 65% across England) x 290 People aged 65 and over (16.0% of Parish population compared to 19.4% across the District and 16% across England) Age band Parish Figure 2011 (number and %) District Figure 2011 (number and %) 0 to 4 91 (5.0%) 7,151 (5.4%) 5 to 7 59 (3.2%) 4,379 (3.3%) 8 to 9 51 (2.8%) 2,872 (2.2%) 10 to 14 112 (6.2%) 8,469 (6.5%) 15 26 (1.4%) 1,672 (1.3%) 16 to 17 50 (2.8%) 3,551 (2.7%) 18 to 19 39 (2.1%) 2,653 (2.0%) 20 to 24 79 (4.4%) 5,660 (4.3%) 25 to 29 51 (2.8%) 5,858 (4.5%) 30 to 44 327 (18.0%) 25,242 (19.2%) 45 to 59 496 (27.3%) 29,115 (22.2%) 60 to 64 145 (8.0%) 9,109 (6.9%) 65 to 74 187 (10.3%) 13,130 (10.0%) 75 to 84 79 (4.4%) 8,717 (6.6%) 85 to 89 11 (0.6%) 2,356 (1.8%) 90 and over 13 (0.7%) 1,367 (1.0%) All Usual Residents 1,816 131,301 Table A: Demographics – Thakeham Thakeham Neighbourhood Plan: State of the Parish Report August 2014 8 Economic status of residents2 2.8 Of the 1,816 usual residents of the Parish, 1,374 were aged between 16 and 74. x 1,031 (75.0%) of whom were economically active: o 533 were Employed full-time (38.8% compared to 40.3% across District) o 208 were Employed part-time (15.1% compared to 14.8% across District) o 229 were Self-employed (16.7% compared to 12.9% across District) o 21 were Unemployed (1.5% compared to 2.7% across District) o 40 were Full-time students (2.9% compared to 2.7% across District). x 343 (25.0%) of whom were economically inactive: o 204 were Retired (14.8% compared to 15.5% across District) o 45 were Students (3.8% compared to 3.5% across District) o 60 were Looking after home or family (4.4% compared to 4.2% across District) o 15 were Long-term sick or disabled (1.1% compared to 2.2% across District) o 19 were classified as Other (1.4% compared to 1.3% across District). Occupations3 2.9 Of the 1,004 residents in the Parish in employment and aged between 16 and 74: o 135 were Managers, Directors and Senior Officials (13.4% compared to 14.1% across the District). o 207 were Professional Occupations (20.6% compared to 19.1% across the District). o 156 were Associate Professional and Technical Occupations (15.5% compared to 14.8% across the District). o 131 were Administrative and Secretarial Occupations (13.0% compared to 11.8% across the District). o 139 were Skilled Trades Occupations (1.4% compared to 11.1% across the District). o 87 were Caring, Leisure and Other Service Occupations (8.7% compared to 9.7% across the District). o 49 were Sales and Customer Service Occupations (4.9% compared to 6.9% across the District). o 31 were Process, Plant and Machine Operatives (3.1% compared to 4.3% across the District). o 69 were in Elementary Occupations (6.9% compared to 8.1% across the District). 2 http://www.neighbourhood.statistics.gov.uk/dissemination/LeadTableView.do?a=7&b=11129513&c=thakeha m&d=16&e=62&g=6474291&i=1001x1003x1032x1004&m=0&r=1&s=1402305981065&enc=1&dsFamilyId=24 84 3 http://www.neighbourhood.statistics.gov.uk/dissemination/LeadTableView.do?a=7&b=11129513&c=thakeha m&d=16&e=62&g=6474291&i=1001x1003x1032x1004&m=0&r=1&s=1402305981065&enc=1&dsFamilyId=25 41 Thakeham Neighbourhood Plan: State of the Parish Report August 2014 9 Qualifications & Skills4 2.10 Of the 1,477 usual residents in the Parish aged 16 and over: o 197 possessed no qualifications (13.3% compared to 16.3% across the District). 511 possessed Level 4 and above qualifications (35.6% compared to 32.6% across the District). Industry of employment5 2.11 The 1,004 usual residents aged between 16 and 74 in employment are employed in the following industries: Industry Parish Figure 2011 (number and %) District Figure 2011 (number and %) Agriculture, Forestry and Fishing 27 (2.7%) 799 (1.2%) Mining and Quarrying 2 (0.2%) 94 (0.1%) Manufacturing 71 (7.1%) 5,031 (7.6%) Electricity, Gas, Steam and Air Conditioning Supply 2 (0.2%) 314 (0.5%) Water Supply 6 (0.6%) 394 (0.6%) Construction 75 (7.5%) 5,081 (7.7%) Wholesale & Retail Trade 149 (14.8%) 10,195 (15.4%) Transport & Storage 48 (4.8%) 4,047 (6.1%) 4 http://www.neighbourhood.statistics.gov.uk/dissemination/LeadTableView.do?a=7&b=11129513&c=thakeha m&d=16&e=62&g=6474291&i=1001x1003x1032x1004&m=0&r=1&s=1402305981065&enc=1&dsFamilyId=25 36 5 http://www.neighbourhood.statistics.gov.uk/dissemination/LeadTableView.do?a=7&b=11129513&c=thakeha m&d=16&e=62&g=6474291&i=1001x1003x1032x1004&m=0&r=1&s=1402305981065&enc=1&dsFamilyId=25 38 Thakeham Neighbourhood Plan: State of the Parish Report August 2014 10 Accommodation and Food Service Activities 39 (3.9%) 2,762 (4.2%) Information and Communication 59 (5.9%) 3,222 (4.9%) Financial and Insurance Activities 56 (5.6%) 4,074 (6.1%) Real Estate Activities 24 (2.4%) 1,194 (1.8%) Professional, Scientific and Technical Activities 78 (7.8%) 5,506 (8.3%) Administrative and Support Service Activities 53 (5.3%) 3,738 (5.6%) Public Administration and Defence 47 (4.7%) 2,948 (4.4%) Education 110 (11.0%) 6,390 (9.6%) Human Health and Social Activities Work 102 (10.2%) 6,742 (10.2%) Arts, Entertainment and Recreation 52 (5.2%) 3,616 (5.5%) Activities of Householders as employers 3 (0.3%) 121 (0.2%) Activities of Extraterritorial Organisations and Bodies 1 (0.1%) 31 (0.05%) Table B: Industry of Employment – Thakeham Thakeham Neighbourhood Plan: State of the Parish Report August 2014 11 Housing6 2.12 There are 707 households located within the Parish. Of these: x 271 were owner-occupier households, owned outright (38.3% compared to 37.3% across the District) x 337 were owner-occupier households, owned with a mortgage or loan (47.7% compared to 37.2% across the District). x 0 were Shared Ownership (0.0% compared to 0.7% across the District). x 4 were Social Rented from Council (0.6% compared to 1.2% across the District).13 were Social Rented Other (1.8% compared to 10.3% across the District). o Latest figures from Horsham District Council show 8 Social Rented Houses in the Parish x 75 were privately rented (10.6% compared to 11.8% across the District). x 7 were Living Rent Free (1.0% compared to 1.5% across the District). 2.13 There are 735 dwellings located within the Parish. Of these: x 433 households were living in Detached housing (58.9% compared to 38.8% across the District) x 187 households were living in Semi-detached housing (25.4% compared to 26.8% across the District) x 82 households were living in Terraced housing (11.2% compared to 17.1% across the District) x 31 households were living in Flats/apartments (4.2% compared to 16.6% across the District) x 2 households were living in Caravans or other Mobile or Temporary Structures (0.6% compared to 0.3% across the District). Transport7 2.14 Of the 707 households: x 20 households had no car or van (2.8% compared to 11.8% across District and 25.8% across England) x 486 households had 2 or more cars or vans (68.7% compared to 48.6% across the District and 32.1% across England). 6 http://www.neighbourhood.statistics.gov.uk/dissemination/LeadTableView.do?a=7&b=11129513&c=thakeha m&d=16&e=62&g=6474291&i=1001x1003x1032x1004&m=0&r=1&s=1402305981049&enc=1&dsFamilyId=24 81 7 http://www.neighbourhood.statistics.gov.uk/dissemination/LeadTableView.do?a=7&b=11129513&c=thakeha m&d=16&e=62&g=6474291&i=1001x1003x1032x1004&m=0&r=1&s=1402305981049&enc=1&dsFamilyId=24 83 Thakeham Neighbourhood Plan: State of the Parish Report August 2014 12 Health8 2.15 The 1,816 usual residents of the Parish were classified as having the following health status: o 992 were in Very Good health (54.6% compared to 50.7% across the District) o 605 were in Good health (33.3% compared to 34.9% across the District) o 176 were in Fair health (9.7% compared to 11.1% across the District) o 34 were in Bad health (1.9% compared to 2.7% across the District) o 9 were in Very Bad health (0.5% compared to 0.8% across the District). Biodiversity9 x No Sites of Special Scientific Interest exist within the Parish x No Areas of Outstanding Natural Beauty exist within the Parish x No Local Nature Reserves exist within the Parish. 2.16 The Parish contains areas identified by Natural England as Priority Habitats and are subject to Habitat Action Plans: o Traditional Orchard Priority Habitat – 8 areas, one near Snowhill Farm, one near Voakes Farm, one adjacent to Hunger Hill in the north of the Parish, one at Warminghurst Farm on the eastern boundary of the Parish, one at Little Thakeham, one at Meadow Farmhouse, one on Greenhurst Lane and one adjacent to Spring Cottage. o There are Eleven areas of Ancient and Semi-Natural Woodland have been identified, including those at Dan Farm, Summer Place, between Acorns Cattery and Town House Farm, Guyhurst Copse and west of Manor House Buildings. o Deciduous Woodland Priority Habitat –forty areas (some very small) dotted across the entire Parish area, but with concentrations north of Cheviots Farm, Hungerhill Plantation, east of Red Cottage, west of Binfield Farm, north of Danfield, west of Danhill Farm, north of Dan Farm, numerous areas around Goose Green, around Warminghurst, around Abingworth, west of Little Thakeham, north and south of Greenhurst Lane. x Large areas of the Parish are in the Entry Level Stewardship Scheme. This includes concentrations north of Hungerhill Farm, around Apsley Farm, west of Picketty Cottages, a whole zone along the eastern boundary of the Parish from Cray’s Farm to Orchardway Farm. x Two small pockets of land are in Woodland Grant Scheme 1 located south of Hungerhill Farm and Hungerhill Plantation, a zone in Woodland Grant Scheme 2 is located at Hungerhill Plantation and Apsley Farm, and multiple small areas in Woodland Grant Scheme 3 are located north and south of Abingworth and west of Thakeham. 8 http://www.neighbourhood.statistics.gov.uk/dissemination/LeadTableView.do?a=7&b=11129513&c=thakeha m&d=16&e=61&g=6474291&i=1001x1003x1032x1004&m=0&r=1&s=1402306881940&enc=1&dsFamilyId=25 03 9 http://magic.defra.gov.uk/ Thakeham Neighbourhood Plan: State of the Parish Report August 2014 13 Soils 2.17 Most of the central part of the Parish is classified as Grade 2 agricultural soils, the best quality soil in Horsham District. Plan B: HDC Soil Quality Map – Thakeham Parish Thakeham Neighbourhood Plan: State of the Parish Report August 2014 14 Groundwater 2.18 Most of the central part of the Parish is within a groundwater source protection zone, mostly Zone 3 catchment area, but including Zone 2 inner area. © Environment Agency copyright and database rights 2013. © Ordnance Survey Crown copyright. All rights reserved. Environment Agency, 100026380. Contains Royal Mail data © Royal Mail copyright and database right 2013. Plan C: Environment Agency - Groundwater Map of Thakeham Parish Thakeham Neighbourhood Plan: State of the Parish Report August 2014 15 Heritage10 2.19 The English Heritage classification of Listed Buildings shows that the Parish of Thakeham and Thakeham contain the following Grade I listed buildings and structures including: x LITTLE THAKEHAM, MERRYWOOD LANE, Thakeham, Horsham, West Sussex x THE CHURCH OF THE HOLY SEPULCHRE, PARK LANE, WARMINGHURST, Thakeham, Horsham, West Sussex x THE PARISH CHURCH OF ST MARY, CRAY’S LANE, Thakeham, Horsham, West Sussex. 2.20 The English Heritage classification of Listed Buildings shows that the Parish of Thakeham and Thakeham contain the following Grade II listed buildings and structures including: Grade II* Listed: x LITTLE THAKEHAM Park and Garden LITTLE THAKEHAM, Washington, Horsham, West Sussex Grade II Listed: x THE OLD THATCH, GREENHURST LANE, Thakeham, Horsham, West Sussex x MANOR, GREENHURST LANE, Thakeham, Horsham, West Sussex x CHAMPIONS FARMHOUSE, JACKET’S HILL, Thakeham, Horsham, West Sussex x GREEN DENE FARMHOUSE, JACKET’S HILL, Thakeham, Horsham, West Sussex x THE POUND, JACKETS HILL, Thakeham, Horsham, West Sussex x MEADOW FARMHOUSE, STORRINGTON ROAD, Thakeham, Horsham, West Sussex x SNAPES COTTAGE, JACKETS HILL, Thakeham, Horsham, West Sussex x GATE COTTAGE, THE STREET, Thakeham, Horsham, West Sussex x FRAN COTTAGE, THE STREET, Thakeham, Horsham, West Sussex x BARN ADJOINING THE WHITE LION INN TO THE NORTH WEST, THE STREET, Thakeham, Horsham, West Sussex x MANSION HOUSE, THE STREET, Thakeham, Horsham, West Sussex x REDLANDS, COOLHAM, Thakeham, Horsham, West Sussex x BACKS, GOOSE GREEN LANE, GOOSE GREEN, Thakeham, Horsham, West Sussex x CUMBERLAND HOUSE AND THE GARDEN WALL AND RAILINGS TO THE EAST, CRAY’S LANE, Thakeham, Horsham, West Sussex x WARMINGHURST FARMHOUSE, PARK LANE, Thakeham, Horsham, West Sussex x MANOR HOUSE BUILDINGS, PARK LANE, WARMINGHURST, Thakeham, Horsham, West Sussex x THE BLUE IDOL MEETING HOUSE AND GUEST HOUSE, COOLHAM, Thakeham, Horsham, West Sussex x DANHILL COTTAGE, COOLHAM ROAD, Thakeham, Horsham, West Sussex x LAYBROOK FARMHOUSE, GOOSE GREEN LANE, GOOSE GREEN, Thakeham, Horsham, West Sussex x CHURCH HOUSE, CRAY’S LANE, Thakeham, Horsham, West Sussex x MOUSE COTTAGE, THE STREET, Thakeham, Horsham, West Sussex x THE WHITE LION INN, THE STREET, Thakeham, Horsham, West Sussex 10 http://list.english-heritage.org.uk/advancedsearch.aspx Thakeham Neighbourhood Plan: State of the Parish Report August 2014 16 x H J SKINNERS STORES, THE STREET, Thakeham, Horsham, West Sussex x PENFOLD, THAKEHAM ROAD, Thakeham, Horsham, West Sussex x GARDEN WALL OF WARMINGHURST FARMHOUSE TO SOUTH WEST OF THE HOUSE, PARK LANE, Thakeham, Horsham, West Sussex x MARTINS, THE STREET, Thakeham, Horsham, West Sussex x CHURCH VIEW, THE STREET, Thakeham, Horsham, West Sussex x WATER LANE FARMHOUSE, THAKEHAM ROAD, Thakeham, Horsham, West Sussex x APSLEY FARMHOUSE, COOLHAM ROAD, Thakeham, Horsham, West Sussex x THE OLD COTTAGE, GREENHURST LANE, Thakeham, Horsham, West Sussex x THAKEHAM PLACE, THE STREET, Thakeham, Horsham, West Sussex x COOTES COTTAGE, THE STREET, Thakeham, Horsham, West Sussex x HOLMWOOD, THE STREET, Thakeham, Horsham, West Sussex x THAKEHAM FIRST SCHOOL, THE STREET, Thakeham, Horsham, West Sussex x GARDEN HOUSE, LITTLE THAKEHAM, Thakeham, Horsham, West Sussex. 2.21 Nearly the whole of Thakeham village’s northern built-up boundary area lies within the Thakeham Conservation Area. The area designated is shown in plan D on the following page, outlined in red. Plan D: Thakeham Conservation Area Thakeham Neighbourhood Plan: State of the Parish Report August 2014 17 2.22 There is a Site of Archaeological Importance located to the west of Duke’s Hill B2139 and Storrington Road B2139, next to the Conservation Area in the northern part of the village. The area can be seen in purple hatch on the Proposals Map for Thakeham on page 31. Thakeham Neighbourhood Plan: State of the Parish Report August 2014 18 3. Planning Issues in the Parish Thakeham Parish Plan Review 2013 3.1 The Parish Plan was published in September 2007 after extensive consultation and a number of actions resulted from this exercise. A committee, made up of members of the Parish Council and local residents was formed early in 2013 to review that Plan. 3.2 The 4 areas which were put back out for review and input from residents were: x Environment & Countryside x Our Assets x Communications, Infrastructure & Services x Housing Development 3.3 The full review process and updated Parish Action Plan can be found here: http://www.thakehamParish.co.uk/Core/Thakeham-Parish- Council/UserFiles/Files/Parish%20Plan%20update%202013.pdf 3.4 In the Housing Development area the issues identified were: 1. Major/sporadic housing development and house types 2. Lack of affordable housing The Action identified was to prepare a Neighbourhood Plan to attempt to influence local development decisions. 3.5 In summarising the Housing and Development Issues and Actions, the final paragraph of that section in the review document reflected that: “A major constraint with housing development under current regulations is that the Parish Council has no power to decide on planning applications and the Parish Action Plan proved ineffective. The neighbourhood plan however, once approved, will be binding and will provide the Parish with a document that all parties must refer to and adhere to for years to come. “ Recent Planning Permissions 3.6 Planning permission has been given to a development of 146 houses on the redundant horticultural site of a mushroom farm located in the central part of the Parish. The housing application was linked to an application for the renovation of the mushroom farm. This was a controversial decision as Thakeham is categorised by the planning authority as being in an unsustainable location with few facilities and minimal public transport. 146 houses represents a 51% increase in the number of households in the central part of the Parish. Permission for the development was given in 2013 and work is expected to start in 2014/15. 3.7 Planning permission was allowed on appeal in 2012 for eight houses in the southern part of the Parish off Storrington Road. These houses have now been built. 3.8 A planning appeal for 75 houses off Water Lane is due to be heard by the Planning Inspectorate in October 2014. Thakeham Neighbourhood Plan: State of the Parish Report August 2014 19 Parish Design Statement 3.10 During the preparation of the Horsham District Council (HDC) Local plan 2000, Thakeham attracted the highest number of proposals in the district to use Greenfield land for residential development. 3.11 A Village Appraisal, conducted in 1999, showed widespread concern within the Parish about the number, style and location of proposed developments. A public meeting was called in October 2000, to discuss the future of the Parish and the possibility of producing a Village Design Statement. It was agreed that this should be done. A group of 18 Parishioners formed a working group to take this forward, working with HDC, and gathering and documenting local opinion through a series of consultations and exhibition open days. 3.12 Horsham District Council (HDC) adopted the Parish design statement as Supplementary Planning Guidance on 13th June 2002. 3.13 The document can be seen here: (NB the full colour document is 7.1 MB and may take some time to download, printable copies are also available at the same link, or on request from the Parish clerk). http://www.thakehamParish.co.uk/Core/Thakeham-Parish- Council/Pages/Parish_Design_Statement_1.aspx Community Views Housing and Built Environment Focus Group 3.14 There have been several opportunities to consult the community on matters of housing and design. The Village Appraisal (2000), the Parish Design Statement (2002), the Parish Action Plan (2007) and the update to the Plan in 2013. All showed a majority view against major housing development in the village with 81% (2013) believing it would ‘spoil the community feeling’. 3.26 Concerns were also expressed about the style and location of previous and proposed development and the need to maintain gaps between local settlements. 3.15 Housing Needs Surveys have been carried out in the village in 2007 and 2010 and the latter showed a potential need for affordable housing by 23 households. It also showed that 62% of respondents would favour a small affordable housing development to meet an identified need. 3.16 In the Parish Action Plan, a majority considered recent planning decisions had not protected Thakeham’s Conservation Area. 3.17 The Drop In session held on April 5th was used by Parishioners to put questions to our group about planning policy with regard to the countryside. Thakeham Neighbourhood Plan: State of the Parish Report August 2014 20 Business and Economy Focus Group 3.18 Questionnaires were sent to 78 businesses out of the 138 registered in Thakeham.15 businesses returned the questionnaire and a further 14 gave information verbally. 3.19 There are nine major employers (Monaghan Mushrooms, Ibstock, Tesla, Thakeham Tiles, Northwood Forestry, The White Lion, Abingworth Hall, Rydon Community College and Thakeham First School) with a total of 750 employees. The major method of transport being car/bike and some public transport. The majority of the other businesses are sole traders based from home. 3.20 6 businesses plan to expand on existing sites or require new/additional premises within the locality. 3.21 38 named farms were visited and a questionnaire was left with 23. Three were identified as being working farms (Threals/Champions, Apsley and Thakeham Place) and a further 21 had either equestrian or business use. 3 replies were received and all expressed an intention to develop within the plan period, including the refurbishment and improvements to existing buildings 3.22 There is a general requirement for fast broadband, improved mobile reception, parking in the South of the Parish and better rail services from local stations and provision of adequate parking facilities. 3.23 In the 2007 Thakeham Village Plan, 52% of respondents said they would like to see more local businesses in the Parish and of these the main types of business that people would like to see retail shops (28%), agriculture (25%), light industry (13%) and equestrian (12%). A survey carried out by the Greening Thakeham Committee at the Village Day in 2011 supported the need for a local shop selling local produce and well as regular items such as milk and newspapers. Community Facilities and Infrastructure Focus Group 3.24 We have drawn upon previous community consultations such as the Village Appraisal 2000, Parish Action Plan 2007, and Action Plan Update 2013 together with the views gathered more recently through the meetings and consultations for the Neighbourhood Plan. 3.25 Whilst there is a wide range of facilities already available in the Parish (pub, schools, church etc.) there is a strong feeling from the community that some, such as the Village Hall, are not modern enough to accommodate all the needs of the Parish. There is a need for other facilities such as allotments in the Parish and improvements to some services such as broadband and mobile communications. 3.26 The Parish has 2 schools, Thakeham First School which has 68 pupils (net capacity 84) from the age of 5 to 10 and Rydon Community College has 397 (net capacity 498) pupils from the age of 10 to 13. Both schools draw their pupils from Thakeham, Storrington, Sullington, Ashington and West Chiltington. At the age of 13 most pupils transfer to Steyning Grammar School. Thakeham Neighbourhood Plan: State of the Parish Report August 2014 21 3.27 The WSCC Report “Planning School Places 2014” page 8 states “Schools including Heads and Governing Bodies have continued to discuss the potential for a new pattern of schooling in the area including a change to the age of transfer. A number of options have been put forward by heads and governing bodies, but as yet an agreed option that is acceptable to all groups has yet to be decided upon. Further research is being carried out to ensure all schools are aware of the potential impact that a change to the age of transfer would have on pupil numbers, curriculum provision, staffing, budget and parental preference”. 3.28 In June 2014, two members of TNP talked to young people in the parish to ascertain their views on the village.22 young people, aged 10 - 13 years, and 15 secondary school pupils, aged 14 - 18 years, were consulted, making a total of 37. Both age groups valued easy access to the countryside (13 people), and 17 liked the quiet atmosphere of the village. However, the lack of things for young people to do was an issue for 17 people, as was the poor public transport (11). 20 people thought that a small local shop would improve village life, and although the football pitches were appreciated (6), there was a call by 11 young people for a skate park. Improved footpaths to other villages such as Storrington and West Chiltington were requested by 4 people. Travel and Transport Focus Group 3.28 Results of previous consultations with the community (Village Appraisal 2000, Parish Action Plan 2007, Action Plan Update 2013), showed a high car ownership and usage, particularly for getting to work. Public Transport was felt to be inconvenient (50%) and too infrequent (31%). 3.29 Within the Parish itself, the major concerns were speeding vehicles and the volume and size of lorries and HGVs on our rural roads. Because of the rural nature of the roads, the community identified several problem areas, particularly Jacket’s Hill, Townhouse Corner, Duke’s Hill, and The Street. 3.30 The Parish Plan Review in 2013 again identified traffic speeding as a concern, and in addition the problems associated with safe cycling and walking in the Parish (81%). 3.31 At the drop-in session in April, there was some support for a shuttle bus to Storrington, support for improving some of the footpaths and bridleways in Thakeham, and support for a further reduction in the speed limit on certain sections of the main B2139 and B2133 through the Parish. Countryside & Natural Environment Focus Group 3.32 Thakeham residents value their environment. In the 2007 Thakeham Parish Plan questionnaire, 70% of respondents stated that the protection of the environment was very important. In the 2013 update, 95% of respondents said they placed a high value on the countryside. 79% valued the playing fields/village green and 97% valued footpaths.͒ Thakeham Neighbourhood Plan: State of the Parish Report August 2014 22 3.33 In 2007, 20% of residents indicated that the Parish suffered from noise, light and odour pollution. The odour problem has now been addressed, but in 2013, 45% of respondents expressed concerns regarding noise and light pollution. 3.34 Some concern has also been expressed regarding the issues arising from the subdivision of fields in the Parish.͒There is support in the community for renewable energy for local supply: 46% of the Parish supported the use of wind turbines; 76% were in favour of solar powered energy supply. 3.35 At the public drop-in session in April 2014, conversations with residents confirmed that open green spaces were extremely highly valued. Community Survey 3.36 As part of the process of consulting with residents over the development of the Thakeham Neighbourhood Plan, the Steering Group developed and undertook a survey in order to gather opinions and views on the issues which the document should prioritise. This survey was undertaken in May 2014 and distributed to all households in the Parish. 3.37 The Parish Council has published the outcome of the survey in a separate document but a summary of the surveys key findings is included here: x A total of 227 responses were received to the survey. This represents a response rate to the survey of 32.2%. Of these, 189 were provided via paper form (83.3%) and 38 completed on-line (16.7%). x Of those responding, approaching half (106 or 47.7%) were aged between 36 and 60, 63 or 28.4% were aged between 61 and 70, 42 or 18.9% aged 71 and over, 9 or 4.1% aged between 26 and 35, 1 or 0.5% aged between 12 and 18, 1 or 0.5% aged between 19 and 25 and 0 aged between 0 and 11. x Approximately half of those responding (114 or 50.9%) indicated that they felt that Thakeham did not require any more open market housing, whilst 47 or 21.0% felt that there should be infill development only, 30 or 13.4% felt that 2 to 3 infill sites of up to three houses within each settlement boundary, 10 or 4.5% that there should be 10 to 20 houses on one site, 9 or 4.0% highlighted that they didn’t know, 8 or 3.6% that there should be 30 to 49 houses on one site, 4 or 1.8% that there should be 75 to 100 houses on one site and 2 or 0.9% that there should be 50 to 74 houses on one site. x If any further affordable houses for local people (social rent/part owned or rent assisted for the elderly) are required, of the 164 responses to the question, just under half of those responding (81 or 49.4%) indicated that they should be located in the south part of the Parish near Storrington, 56 or 34.1% that they should be located in the central part of the Parish, near High Bar Lane, Abingworth Nursery and The Street and 27 or 16.5% that they should be located in the north part of the Parish. A total of 63 respondents out of the 227 to the survey did not complete the question (27.8%). x Just under half of those responding (106 or 47.5%) indicated that extensions to existing houses and new houses should include elements of renewable technology (solar panels, small wind turbines etc.), whilst 85 or 38.1% felt that they should not and 32 or 14.3% didn’t know. Thakeham Neighbourhood Plan: State of the Parish Report August 2014 23 x An overwhelming majority of those responding (214 or 95.5%) agreed that new developments should maintain the character of the village and use local building materials where possible, whilst 6 or 2.7% did not and 4 or 1.8% didn’t know. x Of the 130 respondents to the question, 102 (78.5% of those responding) would accept Solar Panel Farms as a means of developing energy generating facilities in the Parish, whilst 40 (30.8% of those responding) would accept Wind Turbines and 27 (20.8% of those responding) would accept Gas extraction/Fracking. A total of 97 respondents out of the 227 to the survey did not complete the question (42.7%). x If an existing major local employer left the Parish: o 130 of those responding felt the site should be retained for business use; o 126 of those responding that it should be used for Public Amenity Leisure; o 110 of those responding that it should be used for agricultural and small- scale housing on developed land; o 104 of those responding that it should be used for a school; o 28 of those responding that it should be used for other purposes; o 2 of those responding felt that it should be used for a large-scale housing development. x Just under half of those responding (105 or 45.7%) indicated that they felt that there were no business facilities or employment opportunities that were lacking in the Parish, whilst 52 (22.6%) indicated that Light Industry facilities/opportunities were lacking, 49 (21.3%) that other facilities/opportunities were lacking and 24 (10.4%) that Commercial facilities/opportunities were lacking. x An overwhelming majority of those responding (166 or 85.1%) indicated that better links (footpaths/bridleways) to Storrington are required, whilst 126 (72.4% of those responding) that better links to West Chiltington are required and 94 (61.4% of those responding) that better links to Washington were required. x Of the green spaces in Thakeham Parish, 159 respondents (78.3% of those responding) indicated that they used Thakeham Sports field, 126 respondents (62.1% of those responding) used Glebe Field, 122 (60.1% of those responding) used High Bar Lane children’s playground, 112 (55.2% of those responding) used Rydon Playing Field, 73 (36.0% of those responding) used Laybrook Fishing Ponds and 47 (23.2% of those responding) used other areas. x An overwhelming majority of those responding (202 or 89.8%) indicated that they felt that Thakeham Parish and neighbouring Parishes (e.g. narrow gap between Thakeham & West Chiltington at Hardbarrow Copse) should be maintained to avoid settlements joining up, whilst 9 (4.0%) felt that it should not and 14 (6.2%) didn’t know. x Approaching two-thirds of those responding (139 or 61.8%) indicated that they were concerned about the sub-division of agricultural land into small plots (e.g. land to the north of The Street and Coolham Road) can adversely affect landscape character, whilst 52 (23.1%) indicated that it did not and 34 (15.1%) didn’t know. x Three quarters of those responding (167 or 75.2%) indicated that they felt that the Parish would benefit from having a shop, whilst 29 (13.1%) would not and 26 (11.7%) didn’t know. x If a shop were required in the Parish, of the 179 respondents to the question, 122 (68.2%) indicated that they felt that it should be a Community Shop, 107 (59.8%) that it should be a Farm shop, 30 (16.8%) that other forms of shop would be preferable and 24 (13.4%) would prefer a Supermarket. A total of 48 respondents out of the 227 to the survey did not complete the question (30.0%). Thakeham Neighbourhood Plan: State of the Parish Report August 2014 24 x Two thirds of those responding indicated that if a Community Shop was established that they would not be prepared to run the shop (134 or 66.7%), 36 (17.9%) indicated that they didn’t know and 31 (15.4%) were prepared to help run it. x Just over half of those responding (160 or 71.1%) indicated that they felt that the Parish would benefit from a regular shuttle bus to Storrington, whilst 43 (19.1%) didn’t know and 22 (9.8%) thought that it would not. x In terms of the average number of journeys made a week by respondents: o Car/vans were used by 219 respondents (or 99.1% of those responding); o Motorcycles were used by 37 respondents (or 16.7% of those responding); o Trains were used by 48 respondents (or 21.7% of those responding); o Buses were used by 53 respondents (or 24.0% of those responding); o Cycles were used by 59 respondents (or 26.7% of those responding); o Walking was undertaken by 144 respondents (or 65.2% of those responding). Summary of Key Issues for the Parish of Thakeham 3.38 An analysis of the Parish and wider issues indicates a series of actual or perceived ‘strengths’ or ‘assets’ or ‘advantages’ relative to other places. It also indicates the Parish has actual or perceived ‘weaknesses’ or ‘disadvantages’. In both cases, they present a combination of opportunities and challenges for the Thakeham Neighbourhood Plan to address, given there is likely to be a direct influence of land use planning and development decisions. Strengths x Strong sense of community. x High quality attractive landscape and countryside, including sunken lanes x Good quality natural environment. x High quality attractive built environment, incorporating many public and private green spaces. x Range of community facilities: - schools, places of worship, public house, playgrounds and sports field. x High quality listed buildings including several with historical and architectural significance and several farmsteads in original settings, plus well defined conservation area with many listed buildings. x Reasonable footpath and bridleway networks. x Low crime rate. x Local primary and middle schools. x Views of the South Downs and North Downs. Weaknesses x Poor public transport connections to the wider area. x Poor cycling and walking connections to nearby settlements. x Reducing natural environment and landscape quality. x Reducing quality of historic built environment and its landscape settings. x Lack of community ownership of green spaces. x Lack of retail shops in the Parish. (although this is expected to resolved) x Poor quality village hall (although this is expected to be resolved). x Lack of youth facilities. x Poor mobile and internet communications quality. Thakeham Neighbourhood Plan: State of the Parish Report August 2014 25 x Poorly maintained infrastructure, including roads, power and water supply networks. x Sunken Lanes form part of the B2139, the main road through the village. Geological and environmental characteristics prevent road widening Opportunities x To respect the strengths of the Parish in shaping the future use and development of land, especially for large-scale planning permissions granted. x To shape and control future planning decisions by refining District-wide policies to suit the circumstances of Thakeham Parish. x To protect agricultural and horticultural land from inappropriate development proposals. x To identify appropriate locations for proven affordable housing needs plus suitable delivery mechanisms. x To ensure the Parish Design Statement has planning status. x To promote and safeguard green open spaces. x To secure planning-related funding for investment in supporting infrastructure and transportation routes. x To protect viable community assets from inappropriate development proposals. x To protect gaps between local settlements. Challenges x To successfully integrate, accommodate and assimilate large-scale housing developments which are beyond the emerging Horsham District local plan's housing supply requirement. x To address potential development pressure arising from vacant employment sites x To ensure the continuation of the rural and countryside character of the Parish whether or not existing horticultural and other businesses remain in the Parish through the plan period. x To ensure the continuation of successful agricultural and horticultural enterprises on agricultural land, particularly the best and most versatile land, including avoiding subdivision of fields into small plots. x To ensure improvement of the built environment to maintain the quality of life for residents and visitors and to maintain the quality of the historic buildings and their landscapes. x To ensure improvement of the natural environment and avoid loss of biodiversity and geodiversity. x To avoid coalescence of existing settlements. x To understand future education strategy, particularly concerning middle schools. x To maintain the mix of social groups and ages. x To create safe walking and cycling routes to nearby settlements, plus improving facilities for those using nearby train stations. Thakeham Neighbourhood Plan: State of the Parish Report August 2014 26 4. The Planning Context 4.1 The National Planning Policy Framework (NPPF) published by the Government in 2012 and the Planning Practice Guidance (PPG) of March 2014 are important guides in preparation of neighbourhood development plans. At examination, the submitted TNP must demonstrate that it is consistent with the policies and intent of the NPPF and has followed the guidance of the PPG. 4.2 In relation to TNP, the development plan for Horsham currently comprises (excluding minerals and waste matters): x 2007 Horsham District Core Strategy Development Plan Document (DPD) x 2007 Horsham District General Development Control Policies DPD x 2007 Horsham District Site Specific Allocations of Land DPD x 2007 Horsham District Proposals Map 4.3 There are also the following relevant Supplementary Planning Documents (SPD): x 2007 Planning Obligations x 2009 Facilitating Appropriate Development 4.4 The Horsham District Planning Framework (HDPF) will replace all the above documents once adopted. The Proposed Submission version was published by HDC in May 2014 and may be adopted in 2015. The precise timing of the respective examinations of the TNP and HDPF is not yet known. They may coincide or the TNP may be examined prior to the HDPF. In which case, the TNP will have to be in general conformity with the saved strategic policies of the 2007 Local Plans and will at least have to take account of the reasoning and evidence of the emerging HDPF. National Planning Policy Framework 4.5 The NPPF contains a number of key policy principles that will shape the TNP. These are itemised below: • The presumption in favour of sustainable development (para. 14) • The role of NDPs (16) • Boosting the supply of housing (47) • Delivering a wide choice of high quality homes (50) • The quality of development (58) • Promoting healthy communities (69) • The designation of Local Green Spaces (76/77) • Conserving and enhancing the natural environment (109-115) • Conserving and enhancing the historic environment (126-141) • Neighbourhood plans (183-185) 4.6 The principles in section 4.5 are those of most relevance to the TNP but many other principles in the framework will have some bearing on the preparation of the document in due course. Thakeham Neighbourhood Plan: State of the Parish Report August 2014 27 Planning Practice Guidance 4.7 The PPG was published in March 2014 and contains a series of guidance statements of importance to the preparation of neighbourhood plans, notably: x What communities can use neighbourhood planning for (ID 41-002) x What should a neighbourhood plan address (ID 41-004) x Must a community ensure its neighbourhood plan is deliverable (ID 41-005) x Can a neighbourhood plan come forward before an up-to-date Local Plan is in place (ID 41-009) x What evidence is needed to support a neighbourhood plan (ID 41-040) x How should the policies in a neighbourhood plan be drafted (ID 41-041) x Can a neighbourhood plan allocate sites for development (ID 41-042) x Should a neighbourhood plan consider infrastructure (ID 41-045) x What is meant by general conformity (ID 41-074) x What is meant by strategic policies (ID 41-075) x What are the relevant EU obligations (ID 41-078) x Does a neighbourhood plan require a strategic environmental assessment (ID 11- 028) x How does the five year housing supply relate to neighbourhood planning (ID 3-041) x How can neighbourhood plans use housing need guidance (ID 2a-007) x Design – good plan and policy formulation (ID 26-031) x Local Green Space designation (ID 37-005 – ID37-022) x How should viability be assessed in plan making (ID 10-005 – ID 10-015) 4.8 The PPG has replaced the majority of previous national planning guidance and it is expected that it will be regularly updated. The Core Strategy and other DPDs (2007) 4.9 There are a number of policies of the 2007 DPDs that are especially relevant to the TNP. In Table C are listed these policies with a brief commentary on the issues for the TNP to take into account. All TNP policies and proposals will be expected to be well-evidenced as a matter of course. No. Saved Policy Policy Extract and Commentary CP5 Built-Up Area and Previously Developed Land Category 2 Settlements: villages with a more limited level of services which should accommodate only small scale development or minor extensions that address specific local needs. “Priority will be given to locating new development within … towns and villages which have been defined built-up areas … the boundaries of the following built-up areas are defined on the Proposals Map … Thakeham”. Category 1 Settlements: towns and villages with a good range of services and facilities as well as some access to public transport – capable of sustaining some expansion, infilling and redevelopment – Storrington & Sullington (the small part of Storrington that belongs to Thakeham Neighbourhood Plan: State of the Parish Report August 2014 28 Thakeham Parish). The emphasis will be on the reuse of suitable previously developed land for housing. ‘Local need’ … will be assessed on the basis of the contribution to meeting identified local requirements for housing, including affordable housing, the retention or enhancement of community facilities and services, and the extent to which the addition of new development will not reinforce unsustainable patterns.” The TNP may review the settlement boundaries. It also provides the basis on which to begin the assessment of the scale and type of development that is appropriate in the various parts of the Parish. The emerging District Local Plan will be adopted in due course and its settlement hierarchy should be taken into account alongside this policy. CP8 Small Scale ‘Greenfield’ Sites “Beyond this (the Site Specific Allocations of Land Development Plan Document) provision, permission will only exceptionally be granted where additional local, social or economic needs arise or where development would result in substantial environmental enhancement compatible with the character of the location.” This reinforces Policy CP5 in relation to the scale and type of development that is appropriate in the Parish. CP12 Meeting Housing Needs “Development should provide a mix of housing sizes, types and tenures to meet the needs of the District’s communities. Provision should particularly be made for smaller homes to meet the needs of existing and new households. In settlements with a population of less than 3,000, permission will only be granted for schemes providing 100% affordable housing unless it is demonstrated that market housing is required under Policies CP5 or CP8. In such cases the target of 40% provision will apply to development of five dwellings or more (or on sites of 0.16 hectare and above).” This policy together with the TNP’s own Housing Needs Survey, will help inform the future housing principles and to determine the level of affordable housing in Thakeham. CP14 Protection and Enhancement of Community Facilities and Services “New or improved community facilities or services will be encouraged in order to enrich the overall quality of the life within the District and, particularly, where they meet the identified needs of the local communities.” This policy enables the TNP to safeguard community facilities or services and the Parish may wish to identify premises that are of community value. Thakeham Neighbourhood Plan: State of the Parish Report August 2014 29 CP15 Rural Strategy “Appropriate development within the smaller towns and villages will be considered positively where it can be show the support their role in acting as a focus for meeting rural community needs. In the countryside, development which maintains the quality and character of the area whilst sustaining its varied and productive social and economic activity will be supported in principle.” This policy encourages suitable development in the country side to enhance the social and economic activities. Table C: Summary of Adopted Horsham Strategy Policies 4.10 It should be noted that the policies in the table above are for general application across the Horsham District and that the emerging strategic policies are considered alongside these. 4.11 The following policies of the 2007 General Development Control Policies DPD also apply to the TNP area: x DC1 Countryside protection and Enhancement x DC2 Landscape Character x DC3 Settlement Coalescence x DC5 Biodiversity and Geology x DC6 Woodlands and Trees x DC7 Flooding x DC9 Development Principles x DC10 Archaeological Sites and Ancient Monuments x DC11 Historic Parks and Gardens x DC12 Conservation Area x DC13 Listed Buildings x DC21 Protection of Existing Open Space, Sport and Recreation Facilities x DC23 Sustainable Farm Diversification x DC24 Conversion of Agricultural and Rural Buildings for Industrial, Business or Residential Uses x DC25 Rural Economic Development and the Expansion of Existing Rural Commercial Sites / Intensification of Uses x DC26 Replacement Buildings for Commercial Uses in the Countryside x DC27 Essential Rural Workers Dwellings x DC28 House Extensions, Replacement Dwellings and Ancillary Accommodation x DC29 Equestrian Development x DC30 Rural Exception Sites x DC34 Primary and Secondary Shopping Frontages x DC40 Transport and Access 4.12 The Site Specific Allocations of Land DPD does not identify any policies or proposals in the Parish. Thakeham Neighbourhood Plan: State of the Parish Report August 2014 30 The Horsham District Planning Framework, Proposed Submission (2014) 4.13 The Proposed Submission version of the Horsham District Planning Framework (HDPF) was published for consultation during May to June 2014 prior to its examination later in the year. This version of the HDPF provides an indication of the direction of future strategic planning and development management policy in the District, of which the TNP should be mindful. 4.14 The HDPF has included two strategic allocations, land north of Horsham and land west of Southwater. Apart from these, site specific allocations of land are to be allocated by neighbourhood plans and will therefore not be updated as a separate Site Specific Allocation DPD. 4.15 Once adopted, the TNP will be the primary means by which planning applications in the Parish will be judged, where it contains specific policies and proposals that complement the Local Plan or replaces its policies. 4.16 The vision for the Horsham District Planning Framework is: “… a dynamic District where people care and where individuals from all backgrounds can get involved in their communities and share the benefits of a District that enjoys a high quality of life … the District has retained its remote but not isolated, rural identity and villages their separate, distinctive and varied characters and have been able to accommodate appropriate development for local people and to support the community.” (para 3.5 & 3.8) 4.17 Of its strategic objectives, the following are especially relevant to the TNP: “1: Ensure that future development in the District is based on sustainable development principles that strike the correct balance between economic, social and environmental priorities and delivers living, working and balanced communities which contribute to community cohesion. 5: To promote a living and working rural economy where employment opportunities exist which reduce the need for residents to travel including reducing commuting distances, and facilitate and promote innovation in business including such as high speed broadband. 6: Provide a range of housing developments across the District that: delivers the target number of new homes; respects the scale of existing places; and so far as is possible caters for the needs of all residents, including the delivery of a range of housing sizes and types including affordable housing. 7: To locate new development in sustainable locations that respect environmental capacity and which have appropriate infrastructure, services and facilities in place or where these can realistically be provided; and to encourage the appropriate re- use of brownfield sites in sustainable locations. Thakeham Neighbourhood Plan: State of the Parish Report August 2014 31 10: Identify and preserve the unique landscape character and the contribution that this makes to the setting of rural villages and towns and ensure that new development minimises the impact on the countryside.” (para 3.14) Plan E: Horsham District Proposed Submission Plan Proposals Map Inset – Thakeham 4.18 The Proposed Submission “seeks to be relevant and unique and meet the objectively identified needs of Horsham District”. It also sets the scene and allows for communities to “develop their own, more detailed, local Neighbourhood Plans to meet the needs of their community as they see fit and has regard to the wider area beyond the District boundary” (para 3.15) Thakeham Neighbourhood Plan: State of the Parish Report August 2014 32 4.19 It states that, “villages have the potential to address identified local needs and limited development should be pursued to meet these needs and support rural services and infrastructure. However, a balance needs to be struck between environmental constraints and fundamentally altering local character … in the future the needs of local areas can be met, hopefully building on this existing work through the new Neighbourhood Planning system” (para 3.24) Plan F: Horsham District Proposed Submission Plan Proposals Map – part of Storrington within Thakeham Parish 4.20 The document contains a number of strategic and development management policies that provide an insight into the direction of future local planning policy, for the TNP to consider. The accompanying proposals map inset of Thakeham in Plan E and part of Thakeham Neighbourhood Plan: State of the Parish Report August 2014 33 Storrington in Plan F, identify the built up area boundaries for the Parish. The policies below are some of the most relevant to the TNP. x DP 2 Strategic development x DP 3 Development hierarchy x DP 4 Settlement expansion x DP 9 Rural economic development x DP 11 Vitality and viability of existing retail centres - This policy recognises the settlement hierarchy in its support for the districts existing retail centres. Thakeham has been identified as one of the ‘Tertiary centres and outlying small retail units: Smaller village centres and shops’ x DP 14 Housing provision x DP 15 Meeting local housing needs x DP 19 Rural workers accommodation x DP 24 The natural environment and district character - This policy requires that Neighbourhood Plans demonstrates that its proposals; o conserve and enhance the landscape character of the district o has considered the landscape capacity of the land it is allocating o has considered the townscape character and pattern of settlements and coalescence o contribute to the green infrastructure o protect the biodiversity and contribute to the enhancement of the hierarchy of designated sites. x DP 25 Countryside protection x DP26 Settlement coalescence x DP28 Equestrian development x DP 30 Green infrastructure and biodiversity x DP 32 Development principles x DP 33 Cultural and heritage assets x DP 35 Appropriate energy use x DP 37 Flooding x DP 38 Infrastructure provision x DP39 Sustainable transport x DP 42 Community facilities, leisure and recreation 4.21 Of these policies, three are especially important. Firstly, in Policy 3 the settlement hierarchy of the District, Thakeham has been identified as one of the ‘Smaller Villages’. As such it has “limited services, facilities, social networks but with good accessibility to larger settlements (e.g. road or rail) or settlements with some employment but limited services facilities or accessibility. Residents are reliant on larger settlements to access most of their requirements.” Storrington (along with Sullington), with its northern part within Thakeham Parish, has been identified as a large larger village “with a good range of services and facilities as well as some access to public transport – capable of sustaining some expansion, infilling and redevelopment”. 4.22 In the supporting text to Policy 3 it states that the policy “seeks to ensure development takes place in a manner that ensures that the settlement pattern and the rural landscape character for the District is retained and enhanced, but still enables settlements to develop in order for them to continue to grow and thrive. The mechanism by which this will be achieved is through the designation of built-up area boundaries and Thakeham Neighbourhood Plan: State of the Parish Report August 2014 34 the planned expansion of existing settlements through the Local Plan or Neighbourhood Planning.” (para 4.6) Plan G: Horsham District Council Preferred Strategy 2013 - Key Diagram 4.23 Secondly, Policy 4 supports the expansion of built-up area boundaries in order to meet the need identified in the local area. These can be expanded through a Neighbourhood Plan where it adjoins the existing settlement boundary, is appropriate in scale and function, meet the identified local needs, does not conflict with the development strategy of the area and that the land is within an existing defensible boundary where the landscape and townscape character is preserved. This policy will help the TNP set its site allocation assessment criteria in order to find the most suitable sites for development. Thakeham Neighbourhood Plan: State of the Parish Report August 2014 35 4.24 Thirdly, Policy 14 establishes the proposed housing provision for the District from 2011 to 2031. It requires that at least 1,500 homes are provided through Neighbourhood Plans, to be allocated in accordance with the settlement boundary. Separately a number of 750 homes are expected to come forward through ‘windfall’ sites. The policy does not specify how this number will be apportioned across the settlement hierarchy of Policy 3. 4.25 Although the settlement hierarchy is unlikely to change as the HDPF proceeds through completion and examination, the preferred housing provision strategy may change. The TNP may therefore use the reasoning and evidence of the hierarchy and, to an extent, the 1,500 homes total provision number, to help determine its own housing policies. Thakeham and Storrington joint consultation area 4.26 Rydon College is located in the Parish of Thakeham in close proximity to the Storrington, Sullington & Washington Neighbourhood Plan area. As such the two Neighbourhood Plan areas of Thakeham and of Storrington, Sullington & Washington have agreed that there will be a joint consultation area straddling the two NDP’s around where the college is located to ensure representation from both. The three Parish chairmen have signed a Memorandum of Understanding and are working together to ensure a consistent planning approach to the area. Community Infrastructure Levy 4.27 In addition, HDC is preparing its Community Infrastructure Levy Charging Schedule. The Levy will complement its Local Plan and will replace the adopted 2007 Planning Obligations DPD, which remains the means by which HDC will secure funding from development schemes to contribute to investment in supporting infrastructure in the meantime. 4.28 The Council is currently working on the Preliminary Draft Charging Schedule which is due to be published for consultation later this year. Neighbourhood Development Orders & Community Right to Build Orders 4.29 The Localism Act 2011 enables local communities to make orders that grant planning permission for specified types of development. Although not essential, it is expected that the process of preparing a Neighbourhood Plan will provide an opportunity to the Parish Council to propose, consult on and make an order in accordance with the regulations. 4.30 A Neighbourhood Development Order could identify types of development (that would require planning permission) in all or part of the Parish area and grant consent. This could, for example, provide for the TNP to propose change of uses from retail to a business use in the village centre. 4.31 A Community Right to Build Order, which is a more specific type of Neighbourhood Development Order, could grant consent for a specific development proposal in the Parish promoted by the Parish Council as a qualifying body. This could, for example, enable the Parish Council in the TNP to propose a local housing scheme on land in the Parish. In both cases, the orders can only be made by the District Council as local Thakeham Neighbourhood Plan: State of the Parish Report August 2014 36 planning authority once the TNP has been examined, subject to a referendum and is made. Other Strategies, Plans & Studies 4.32 There are a number of other strategies, plans and studies that may influence the TNP. All form part of the evidence base of the Horsham District Planning Framework and therefore have some relevance to the Parish. Their key points of relevance to the Parish are summarised here: Settlement Sustainability Review (2014) 4.33 Horsham District Council has divided the settlements in the district into two categories in order to allocate the most sustainable locations for development. Of the three built-up areas in Thakeham Parish, two of these are located in the village of Thakeham that has been identified as a Category 2 Settlement – Smaller village and the third built-up area is the northern part of Storrington which is a Category 1 Settlement – Larger village. The remainder of the Parish is in the countryside. 4.34 The population in general is of an older age structure with 20% of the Thakeham residents being over 65 years old. The largest local employer is the Thakeham Mushroom business, owned by Monaghan Mushrooms. Most of its employees come from outside the district. Planning permission for 20 key worker houses has been approved. This will improve the sustainability of the employment site. 4.35 There is a strong sense of community in the Parish as can be seen from the number of societies and clubs. The community facilities comprise of the local village hall and the primary school, however the retail provision is poor with four shops (Southdown Saddlery, GJ’s Guitar Emporium, Tip Top Tutors and Amneh’s Beauty Salon)) in the southern part of the Parish. Therefore residents travel to nearby larger villages (e.g. Storrington, Billingshurst and Pulborough) for services and facilities. The bus services to Storrington run every two hours at its most frequent. 4.36 The main sustainability issue for Thakeham is the reliance on car journeys to reach services and facilities. Therefore the provision of public transport services need to improve if a high level of development is to take place in the Parish. Landscape Character Assessment (2014) 4.37 The Horsham District Council report identifies 32 character areas throughout the district. Most of the district is undeveloped with a very rural character and most of the settlements are well-integrated to this setting with the help of mature trees and hedges. Out of the 32 character areas identified, 22 were found sensitive to change whereas the rest were considered being of moderate sensitivity. West Sussex County Council has also produced a Landscape Character Assessment which will be considered during the preparation of the TNP. Thakeham Neighbourhood Plan: State of the Parish Report August 2014 37 4.38 The main issues and potentially leading to a negative change of the character areas are: x loss of trees and hedges due to declining land management; x tall structures such as masts altering the visual aspect of the countryside; x increased traffic, especially on the A24, A29 and the A283; x loss of rural character in settlements through road network changes, lighting, close boarded fences etc.; x engineered flood defences; and x large scale development. Plan H: Horsham District Landscape Character Areas 4.39 The Character Areas identified in Thakeham Parish are E1, F1 and J2. x E1 Parham and Storrington wooded farmlands and heaths This area is in the southern part of the Parish and in the northern part of the Storrington and Sullington Parish. The landform of the area is varied of sandy ridges with small narrow stream valleys and extensive woodlands of pine and oak-birch and small areas of heathland. Further there are ancient hedgerow oaks and small pasture fields. The area has a strong rural character with the tranquil area around Thakeham Neighbourhood Plan: State of the Parish Report August 2014 38 Parham Park. The overall sensitivity to change is high due to the area’s landscape qualities and the visibility from the escarpment to the south. x F1 Pulborough, Chiltington and Thakeham Farmlands This area is located to the north of Parham and Storrington and is situated on a lower ridge with a mixture of farmland both arable and horticultural and with small areas of pastures. Its hedgerow pattern is varied and there are a few small woodlands in places. The northern area has a greater woodland coverage and there are leafy sunken lanes and orchards that help contribute to the rural character of the area, this northern bit has the more sensitivity to change. However the overall sensitivity to change is moderate. This is due to the landscape quality and the indivisibility, such as the intrusive views from the small scale industry uses and derelict nursery in the area. x J2 Broadford Bridge to Billingshurst Farmlands This area covers the north western and northern part of the parish and is one of the larger character areas in the district. The general landscape is low lying and flat, undulating gently to the northern and southern parts of the area. The terrain is mainly made up of small pastures with small scattered woods, copses, shaws and hedgerows. There are however some larger open arable fields to the western and central parts. Apart from the more suburban areas of Ashington and Coolham, the landscape is more rural in character. The overall sensitivity to change is moderate as the intervisibility and intrinsic landscape qualities are both moderate. Landscape Capacity Assessment (2013) 4.40 This study aims to inform the landscape capacity for housing in the district, which will help determine the suitable sites for housing development. Part two of the study assesses the Category 2 settlements to which Thakeham belongs. These types of settlements have been identified for the capacity of Smaller Scale Housing Development which has been defined as follows: “Housing development of no more than ~100 dwellings associated with the edge of villages. It is assumed that this development would be solely of one or two storey development up to 8.5m height and average 35-40 dwellings per hectare.” 4.41 The potential development sites, as seen in Plan I, in the Parish of Thakeham were identified as having no to moderate capacity for development and one site was identified as land committed for development. Thakeham Neighbourhood Plan: State of the Parish Report August 2014 39 Plan I: Horsham District Landscape Development Capacity – Thakeham 4.42 Part one of the study also assessed Storrington as a Category 1 settlement to the south of the TNP. These types of settlements have been identified for the capacity of Large Scale Housing Development and large scale employment development which have been defined as follows: “Large Scale Housing Development- Housing development of approximately 150 or more dwellings associated with urban extensions or new settlements . It is assumed Thakeham Neighbourhood Plan: State of the Parish Report August 2014 40 that this development would comprise mainly two storey developments of no more than 8.5m in height, at an average of 35-40 dwellings per hectare. This type of development may include some smaller areas of no more than 3 storey height flats, as well as community/retail facilities.” “Large Scale Employment Development - Commercial employment development including offices, warehouses and other large buildings with extensive floorspace of up to 12m height.” Plan J: Horsham District Landscape Development Capacity – Storrington and Chiltington 4.43 As shown in Plan J, the southern area of the parish, the sites immediately below Thakeham (54 and 58) village show no to low capacity, whereas the areas just north of the Storrington settlement boundary (59 and 60) show moderate capacity. 4.44 It is important to note that the scope of this study is to assess the landscape capacity only; other considerations also need to be included such as infrastructure constrains, access and air quality etc. It should further be noted that specific site allocations are Thakeham Neighbourhood Plan: State of the Parish Report August 2014 41 expected to carry out further analysis to the sensitivity and capacity of a specific land plot as this study describes a generalised statement of the character areas. The Horsham District Sport, Open Space and Recreation Assessment (2014) 4.45 This assessment is an upgraded and updated version of the Open Space Study from 2005. It has improved the former report through changing the groups assessed such as Allotments, Artificial Sport Pitches etc., and has reviewed the provision of these to better reflect today’s provision of the Horsham District’s open space and recreation spaces and facilities. x Allotments – There are no allotments identified in the Parish. The study suggests that the district adopt a policy that requires residential developments to contribute to allotment provision where there is a clear local need. x Bowling Greens – there is adequate provision of bowling greens in the district according to the study. Although the Parish of Thakeham does not have any greens, most of the Parish falls within the 5km driving distance threshold identified by the study. The closest bowling greens are in Storrington, Pulborough and Billingshurst. x Built Sports Provision – this subject includes artificial turf pitches, athletics tracks, fitness facilities, indoor bowls facilities, indoor tennis courts, sport halls and swimming pools. o Artificial Sport Pitches – There are no identified pitches of this sort in the Parish. The closest ones are in the Parish of Billingshurst and Steyning. A small part of the Parish to the north falls within the 5km distance threshold for sand–based ATP’s. o Athletics tracks – There is no provision in Thakeham Parish, however there are two places in the district that have superficial athletic tracks. The nearest one is in Broadbridge Heath LC and has 6 lane tracks. o Indoor Bowls – The only indoor bowls facility in the district is in Horsham, and Thakeham is outside the 20min driving distance threshold identified in the study. o Health and Fitness – there are no Fitness facilities in the Parish, although a large part of the Parish is within 15 minutes driving distance to Chanctonbury Sports Centre in Storrington and the local centre in Billingshurst. o Indoor tennis – There is no indoor tennis court provision in the district. The closest ones are in Wickswoods Country Club just outside the district boundary in Mid Sussex to the south east and one facility in Arun District. o Sports Hall - There are no sports halls (3+ badminton courts) identified in the Parish, the Chanctonbury Sports Centre in Storrington and the Weald School in Billingshurst are the closest sport halls, there are both pay and play halls. o Swimming Pools – There are no swimming pools identified in the Parish. The closest one is in the Parish of Billingshurst and has a 25m long pool. Thakeham Neighbourhood Plan: State of the Parish Report August 2014 42 x Village and Community Halls – Thakeham has one rural hall identified in the study. x Play Provision – One local play area, High Bar Lane*, and one toddlers play area by Linfield Copse* have been identified in Thakeham. The Parish has a surplus of provision against the quantity standard. *As the District’s assessment does not state the name of the local play area nor the neighbourhood play area, therefore the local knowledge has been inserted by the TNP steering group to better describe the play provision. x Golf – There are no golf courses in the Parish. There are however two golf courses nearby. The one in West Chiltington has a 27 hole facility and the West Sussex Golf Course in Storrington has an18 hole facility. Both of these also have driving ranges. x Multifunctional green space is a new classification due to the fact that the three types included are sometimes very similar and are often used for the same purpose. The new classification include the following; o Amenity greenspaces are usually small green settings provided in residential areas to enhance the visual amenity. o Natural greenspaces are managed green spaces in urban areas, usually providing and protecting habitats. o Parks and Recreation Grounds are larger spaces that enable village or urban residents to engage in formal sports, informal recreation and they usually have a range of other uses such as playgrounds, tennis courts and other sport pitches. o There are two amenity green spaces and three park and recreation grounds identified in Thakeham. x Sport Pitches including the following; o Cricket Pitches, Club and Public – Thakeham no longer has a Cricket Pitch, but this will be resolved soon. The closest ones are in Storrington and West Chiltington. o Adult, Youth and Mini Football pitches, Club and Public – Thakeham has two football pitches with additional facilities in the surrounding Parishes of, Storrington, West Chiltington, Shipley and Ashington. o Rugby pitches – There are none identified in the Parish and the closest ones are in the Parishes of Storrington and Pulborough. x Tennis and Multi-courts – There are no tennis or multi-courts identified in the Parish. The two closest facilities are in the Parishes of Storrington & Sullington, West Chiltington and Ashington. x Youth Areas are defined as dedicated provision for young people such as skateboard parks, youth shelters and basketball areas. There are no neighbourhood youth areas in the Parish identified in the study. The closest neighbourhood youth areas are in the parishes of Storrington & Sullington and Ashington. There is sub-district youth area in West Chiltington. Thakeham Neighbourhood Plan: State of the Parish Report August 2014 43 4.46 The study recommends planning policy for the emerging local plan following this study and states that medium and small villages should have the facilities of a traditional village. Some of these may already be provided for, however the minimum provision suggested is set out below; x “A recreation ground at least large enough for a football pitch – whether there is an adult, youth or mini-soccer pitch will depend on local circumstances – and where there is a local club using the site as its “home” ground, there should also be a changing pavilion x A multi-court with an appropriate all-weather surface designed for at least tennis and 5-a-side football x A children’s play area x A teenage shelter x A village hall “ 4.47 It should be noted that Thakeham is not on the list of the medium and small villages in the paragraph 13.5 of the report; however it is recognised as a Small Village in the proposed submission plan. Sussex Biodiversity Report – Thakeham Parish (2014) x Bat sp. (Chiroptera) -13 x Brown Long-eared Bat (Plecotus auritus) -14 x Common Pipistrelle (45 kHz) (Pipistrellus pipistrellus) - 4 x Daubenton's Bat (Myotis daubentonii) -1 x Long-eared sp. (Plecotus) - 4 x Natterer's Bat Myotis nattereri - 1 x Pipstrelle sp. Pipistrellus - 10 x Serotine Eptesicus serotinus - 8 x Soprano Pipstrelle (55 kHz) Pipistrellus pygmaeus - 4 x Whiskered Bat Myotis mystacinus - 1 Thakeham Neighbourhood Plan: State of the Parish Report August 2014 44 Plan K: Map of Biodiversity Sites – Thakeham Thakeham Neighbourhood Plan: State of the Parish Report August 2014 45 Plan L: Map of Habitat Sites - Thakeham Thakeham Neighbourhood Plan: State of the Parish Report August 2014 46 Horsham District Council Strategic Flood Assessment (2007) 4.48 This study was produced to support and inform suitable future growth and development in the District. 4.49 As a Category 2 Settlement, Thakeham was assessed in Appendix B of the report and does not fall within the Flood zones 2 and 3. The map from the Environment (see plan M) further confirms the absence of flood zone 2 and 3 in the Parish. Part of the Category 1 Settlement of Storrington, in Thakeham Parish is in Flood zone 3. The Assessment shows that there are functional floodplains along with flood zones 2 and 3. The areas follow the three branches of the river Stor, and the most eastern of these crosses the northern part of Storrington within Thakeham Parish. There is some risk of groundwater flooding in the area as previously mentioned in section 2. In addition to this the Environment Agency’s map (see Plan N) shows the surface water flooding in the area. © Environment Agency copyright and database rights 2013. © Ordnance Survey Crown copyright. All rights reserved. Environment Agency, 100026380. Contains Royal Mail data © Royal Mail copyright and database right 2013 Plan M: Environment Agency - Fluvial Flood Risk in Thakeham Parish Thakeham Neighbourhood Plan: State of the Parish Report August 2014 47 © Environment Agency copyright and database rights 2013. © Ordnance Survey Crown copyright. All rights reserved. Environment Agency, 100026380. Contains Royal Mail data © Royal Mail copyright and database right 2013. High Medium Low Very Low Plan N: Environment Agency – Surface Water Flood Risk in Thakeham Parish 4.50 The Strategic Flood Risk Assessment Report also states that a Flood Risk Assessment (FRA) would need to be made for any development in Flood Zones 2 and 3. Residential developments with dwellings of 11 or more or, on a piece of land greater than 0.5 ha in Flood Zone 1, should also undertake a FRA. The Flood Zones are defined as follows; FLOOD ZONE DEFINITION PROBABILITY OF FLOODING F LUVIAL TIDAL Flood Zone 1 < 1 in 1000 year (< 0.1%) < 1 in 1000 year (< 0.1%) Low Probability Flood Zone 2 Between 1 in 1000 year (< 0.1%) and 1 in 100 year (1%) Between 1 in 1000 year (< 0.1%) and 1 in 200 year (0.5%) Medium Probability Flood Zone 3a > 1 in 100 year (> 1%) > 1 in 200 year (> 0.5%) High Probability Flood Zone 3b Either > 1 in 20 (5%) or as agreed by between the EA and LPA Either > 1 in 20 (5%) or as agreed by between the EA and LPA Functional Floodplain Table D: Horsham District Strategic Flood Risk Assessment - Flood Zone definitions Thakeham Neighbourhood Plan: State of the Parish Report August 2014 48 Horsham Green Infrastructure Study (2014) 4.51 The study assesses the current provision of green infrastructure (as defined in the NPPF) provision through its existing strengths and its weaknesses which highlights the potential future need. 4.52 Horsham District has been divided into three areas, the northern, the middle and the southern parts. Thakeham belongs to the southern part of the district that generally already has good access and provision of green infrastructure. 4.53 Apart from the South Downs National Park which covers a large part of the southern end of the district, there are a range of parks, leisure centres and allotments. One of the key features of the area in relating to Thakeham is the Adur river valley which is important for flood attenuation, biodiversity and for recreation. The river Adur provides green infrastructure provision outside the district towards the coast. This is an important asset. 4.54 The main weakness of this area is in the neighbouring Parish of Ashington, where the A24 limits access to the green infrastructure and the footpath network is in need of improvement. Horsham Infrastructure Study (2010) 4.55 This study set out to inform the Framework on its infrastructure requirements for the district. The study looks at economic, demographic and political changes which will contribute to the plans for future development in the Parish. This in turn will help inform the infrastructure need and increased pressure on infrastructure capacity increased housing numbers will bring. 4.56 The different infrastructure themes have been prioritised and have been put into three different infrastructure types; x Fundamental – infrastructure must be provided up-front to support development (including transport, wastewater, waste and utilities such as gas, electricity and water) x Essential – infrastructure required to ensure development can be implemented with no detrimental impacts on site x Required – infrastructure to ensure sustainable communities are created. 4.57 Future requirements in the Parish of Thakeham have not specifically been mentioned in the study, however the key issue identified for Storrington & Sullington is the capacity constraint at Steyning Grammar School. The Parish has a joint working agreement with the Storrington, Sullington and Washington Neighbourhood Plan to ensure that any growth in the two neighbourhood areas should consider the school capacity and any increase in traffic generated. The study further notes that the Category 2 settlement areas have specific infrastructure needs and a wide range of individual infrastructure pressures. Thakeham Neighbourhood Plan: State of the Parish Report August 2014 49 Annex A – Evidence Base The list below contains all those documents collected and reviewed in the process of preparing this report. All are available to view or via links on the Thakeham Parish Council website’s neighbourhood plan pages. Thakeham Parish Plan Review (2013) Thakeham Parish Design Statement The Heath Common Design Statement Thakeham NDP Community Survey (2014) Thakeham NDP Housing Needs Survey (2010) Horsham District Council Green Infrastructure Study (2014) Horsham District Council Infrastructure Study (2010) Horsham District Council Landscape Capacity Assessment (2013) Horsham District Council Landscape Character Assessment (2003) Horsham District Council Strategic Flood Assessment (2007) Horsham District Council Retail Healthcheck (2005) Horsham District Council Sport, Open Space and Recreation Assessment (2014) Crawley Borough Council, Horsham District Council, Mid Sussex District Council Employment Land Review Summary Report (2009) Horsham District Council Retail Healthcheck (2005) Thakeham Neighbourhood Plan: State of the Parish Report August 2014 50 Annex B – Strategic Housing Land Availability Assessment The table E below contains a list of all the sites in the Parish assessed (or excluded from assessment) by HDC in the Strategic Housing Land Availability Assessment (SHLAA) from 2014. The SHLAA sites can be found on Plan K on the following page. SHLAA ref. no. Site address No. of dwellings Deliverable (1-5 years) SA114 Abingworth Farm and Nursery, Storrington Road, Thakeham 146 units SA115 Land West of Storrington Road, Storrington Road, Thakeham (St. Mary’s Close) 15 units (built) SA339 Land at Threals Lane, West Chiltington 8 units Developable (6-10 years) SA039 Land at High Bar Lane, Land at Rushfield Bungalows, High Bar Lane, Thakeham 20 units SA012 Thakeham Tiles, Rock Road Thakeham 50 units Not Currently Developable SA104 Land at Water Lane, and North of Water Lane, Thakeham SA239 Abingworth Hall Hotel, Land North of Water Lane, Thakeham Excluded sites SA022 Picketty, Coolham Road, Thakeham Unrelated to BUAB SA023 Lower Voakes, West Chiltingham Road, Thakeham Unrelated to BUAB SA133 Former Chesswood Nursery, Storrington Road, Thakeham, Pulborough Assessed in SA114 SA231 40 Crescent Rise Below SHLAA threshold SA335 Town House Farm, Coolham Road, Thakeham Unrelated to BUAB Table E: Breakdown of SHLAA capacity Thakeham Neighbourhood Plan: State of the Parish Report August 2014 51 Plan O: Horsham District - SHLAA sites in Thakeham Thakeham Neighbourhood Plan: State of the Parish Report August 2014 52 nfrastructure requirements for the district. The study looks at economic, demographic and political changes which will contribute to the plans for future development in the Parish. This in turn will help inform the infrastructure need and increased pressure on infrastructure capacity increased housing numbers will bring. 4.56 The different infrastructure themes have been prioritised and have been put into three different infrastructure types; x Fundamental – infrastructure must be provided up-front to support development (including transport, wastewater, waste and utilities such as gas, electricity and water) x Essential – infrastructure required to ensure development can be implemented with no detrimental impacts on site x Required – infrastructure to ensure sustainable communities are created. 4.57 Future requirements in the Parish of Thakeham have not specifically been mentioned in the study, however the key issue identified for Storrington & Sullington is the capacity constraint at Steyning Grammar School. The Parish has a joint working agreement with the Storrington, Sullington and Washington Neighbourhood Plan to ensure that any growth in the two neighbourhood areas should consider the school capacity and any increase in traffic generated. The study further notes that the Category 2 settlement areas have specific infrastructure needs and a wide range of individual infrastructure pressures. Thakeham Neighbourhood Plan: State of the Parish Report August 2014 49 Annex A – Evidence Base The list below contains all those documents collected and reviewed in the process of preparing this report. All are available to view or via links on the Thakeham Parish Council website’s neighbourhood plan pages. Thakeham Parish Plan Review (2013) Thakeham Parish Design Statement The Heath Common Des