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Embed code for: Housing Needs Survey Report Final
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Action In Rural Sussex
List of Appendices 3
Thakeham Parish 5
Part 1 – You and Your Household 8
Second Homes 8
Description of Current Home 8
Number of Bedrooms in Current Home 8
Tenure of Current Home 8
Other Family Members 9
Does any family member need to move now or in the next 5 years? 10
Support for Affordable Housing 10
Length of Residency 11
Part 2 – Housing Needs 12
Local Connection 12
Housing Register 12
Current place of residence 12
When accommodation is required 12
Household composition 17
Summary of Need 17
List of Appendices
Appendix 1 – Thakeham Housing Needs Survey
Appendix 2 – Housing Needs Survey Letter
Appendix 3 – Suggested Sites
Appendix 4 – Additional Comments
Action in rural Sussex was asked by Thakeham Parish Council to carry out a Housing Needs Survey in Thakeham. The aim of the survey was to determine the existing and future housing needs of residents in Thakeham, particularly those on low or modest incomes. This report identifies the affordable housing that is required by local people in Thakeham and reports on the views of residents regarding an affordable housing development within the parish.
The role of the Rural Housing Enabler (RHE) is to provide independent support, advice and information to Parish Councils and community groups concerned about the lack of affordable housing in their rural communities.
Action in rural Sussex (AirS) is a registered charity (No.1035401) whose purpose is to improve the quality of life of local communities, particularly for disadvantaged people, and to facilitate the development of thriving, diverse and sustainable communities throughout rural Sussex.
Thakeham is a village and civil parish in the Horsham District of West Sussex, England located 3.5 kilometers (2 miles) to the north east of Storrington.
The name Thakeham means "thatched homestead" and the original village had just one main street ("The Street") which is home to the village's only pub, The White Lion, and church. The parish has a land area of 1170.6 hectares (2891 acres). In the 2001 census 1794 people lived in 702 dwellings.
Table 1. Housing Type in the Horsham District and Thakeham Parish
Housing Type Horsham District Thakeham Parish Detached 20,633 (41%) 410 (58%) Semi-detached 22,792 (45%) 262 (37%) Flat / Maisonette 6,164 (13.5%) 30 (4%) Second Homes 263 (0.5%) 4 (1%) (Source: Census 2001)
From the 2001 Census data and as seen in Figure 1, the predominant tenure in Thakeham is Detached followed by Semi-Detached and Flats or Maisonettes.
Table 2. Housing Tenure for the UK, Horsham District and Thakeham parish
Tenure UK Horsham Thakeham Owner occupied 70% 80% 88% (604) HA / Council rent 19% 11% 2% (19) Private rent 10% 8.5% 9% (62) (Source: Census 2001)
Action in rural Sussex worked with Thakeham Parish Council and Horsham District Council to agree the method and process by which the housing need survey would be conducted. The standard Defra Housing Need Survey with amendments was agreed and consisted of two parts, the first part was for all households to fill in and the second was for those who are in housing need to complete. A copy of the covering letter and the housing need survey are included in the appendices.
The survey was delivered by post to the 625 households in the parish. A pre-paid envelope was included for residents to return the survey by March 2010 to Action in rural Sussex for analysis.
Overall 625 questionnaires were sent out one to each household in the parish. A total of 188 forms were returned, giving a response rate of 30% from the 188 households. This is a good response rate for a housing need survey.
From the responses that were received, 186 households were living in their main home and 2 households said it was their second home. Therefore the number of respondents analysed for this survey is 186, as the respondents who stated their property was their second home were not required to fill in the questionnaire.
Part 1 – You and Your Household
2 respondents said the property was their second home, 186 respondents said that the property was their main home. All respondents answered this question.
Description of Current Home
The majority of respondents (149) described their homes as a house, this was followed by 32 respondents describing their home as a bungalow, 2 respondents live in a flat/maisonette and can be seen in Table 3. 3 respondents described their property as ‘other’, with 2 stating their homes as converted barns, and one describing their home as a cottage.
Table 3. Current property description
Description of Current Home Number of respondents House 149 Bungalow 32 Flat / Maisonette 2 Other 3 No Response 0 TOTAL 186
Number of Bedrooms in Current Home
Table 4 demonstrates that 3 respondents said that they had a bed-sit or one bedroom, 32 had two bedrooms, 80 respondents had 3 bedrooms and 70 respondents have 4 or more bedrooms. 1 person did not answer this question.
Table 4. Number of bedrooms in current property
Number of bedrooms Number of respondents Bed-sit / one bedroom 3 Two bedrooms 32 3 bedrooms 80 4 or more bedrooms 70 No Response 1 TOTAL 186
Tenure of Current Home
As seen in Figure 2, an equal amount of respondents owned their homes outright, and with a mortgage. 1% is renting from a Housing Association and 4% of respondents are renting from a private landlord.
Figure 2. Current Tenure of Home
In summary from Figure 2,
94% of households are owner occupiers
1% rent their property from a housing association
4% rent the property from a private landlord
In comparison with the percentages for the Horsham district in Table 2, Thakeham has a higher number of owner occupiers and a smaller number of households in private rented or housing association rented properties.
8 respondents said that their current home required adaptations to become suitable for the needs of a household member. 176 respondents said that their home did not require any adaptations and 2 households did not respond to this question.
Other Family Members
16 households reported knowing of a family member who has had to move away from the parish in the last 5 years due to the difficulties in finding a suitable home locally.
Does any family member need to move now or in the next 5 years?
From Table 5, it can be seen that 28 respondents said that a household member will need to move, 20 said it was needed within 5 years and 8 said they needed to move in 5 or more years. 150 respondents said that they did not need to move and 8 households did not answer this question.
Table 5. Does the household need to move
Does the household need to move Number of households Yes, within 5 years 20 Yes, in 5 or more years 8 No 150 No Response 8 TOTAL 186
Support for Affordable Housing
Out of all the responses to the survey 116 (62%) of households were in favour of a small affordable housing development for local people in Thakeham if there was a proven need, as seen in Figure 3. 59 respondents (32%) said that they would not support an affordable housing development and the remaining 11 respondents did not answer the question.
Figure 3. Support for an Affordable Housing Development in Thakeham
Table 6. Support for Affordable Housing in Thakeham and length of residency
Number of years of residency Yes No No Response TOTAL Less than 3 7 6 1 14 3 – 10 37 21 3 61 11 – 20 33 15 2 50 21 – 30 23 10 3 36 31 – 40 6 1 2 9 41 – 50 4 1 0 5 51 + 0 0 7 7 Did not state length of residency 0 4 0 4 TOTAL 110 58 18 186
Length of Residency
From Table 6 it can be seen that approximately 59% of respondents have lived in the parish for more than 10 years. 32% of households have lived in the parish for over 20 years.
Appendix 3 highlights additional comments which respondents made on the survey.
Part 2 – Housing Needs
There were 21 respondents to part 2 of the questionnaire, each respondent was able to identify up to 3 households in need out of which a total of 27 households were identified.
Of these 27, all of the households have a strong local connection, either having used to live in the parish (6 households) or currently living in the parish themselves (20 households). 1 household did not respond to this question or provide contact details, therefore they have been excluded from the number in need.
Only 2 of the 26 households with a local connection who indicated a housing need are on the housing register.
Current place of residence
16 of the households that are in housing need are a household who are currently in the parish, 10 are living with their parents within the parish and 6 are currently living together as a family within the parish. 7 households are currently living outside the parish and 3 did not respond to the question.
When accommodation is required
10 households in housing need stated that they would need to move within 2 years, as demonstrated in Figure 4, this was closely followed by 9 households wishing to move in 5 or more years, and 8 households wishing to move in 2-5 years. As shown in Table 7, when asked why the household needed to move, 18 respondents said it was to set up an independent home, 3 households wanted a cheaper home. 2 households stated their reasons as other, with one stating that they were retiring soon, and another saying that they wanted to get on the property ladder. 3 households did not respond to this question.
Figure 4. When would you need to move home?
Table 7. Reason for needing to move house
Reason for moving Number of respondents Need to set up an independent home 18 Need a smaller home 0 Need a larger home 0 Need a cheaper home 3 Need a more secure home 0 Need to change tenure 0 Need to be closer to carer 0 Need physically-adapted home 0 No response 3 Other 2 TOTAL 26
To enable an accurate calculation of the number of people that are in housing need and cannot afford to either purchase or rent on the open market, respondents were asked for their gross annual income and the amount of savings they have. Figure 5 outlines the annual incomes for those in housing need and have a local connection. Those respondents who have the highest income were still below the figure determined by the Housing Need Survey Report 2005 to be able to afford a two bed terrace house. Figure 5 shows that in Thakeham, the average annual income of those in housing need is between £9,999 and £40,000+. 1 respondent did not answer this question and therefore due to insufficient data they have been excluded from the total of households in need.
Figure 5. Annual Incomes of Households in Housing Need with a local connection
From Figure 5 it can be seen that
10 households have an income below £18,000 which is the lowest level income that would be considered for shared ownership housing
Approximately 38% of respondents in need have an income of less than £18,000 per annum
Approximately 57% have an income below £25,000
34% (9) households have an income of over £29,999, however, due to the compositions of their households, 6 of these households would not be able to afford the size of property they require on the open market but could be considered for shared ownership housing. The remaining 3 households are able to satisfy their housing needs on the open market and therefore have been excluded from the total of households in housing need
Figure 6. Savings of Households in Housing Need with a local connection
From Figure 6, it can be seen that 13 households that are in housing need have savings below £3,000. 4 had savings between £3,001 - £5,000 and 4 had savings between £5,001 - £10,000. 5 respondents did not answer this question.
Table 8. Average House Prices in Horsham District
Average Price Income Required Detached £397,030 £112,302 Semi-Detached £243,877 £68,982 Terrace £201,780 £56,954 Flat £145,112 £41,045
Table 8 shows the Land Registry’s figures for Horsham from April – June 2009. From these figures the cheapest entry levels have been calculated for purchasing a property in the district. On the basis of a 90% mortgage and a 3.5 x gross income lending ratio it can be seen that the lowest income needed to purchase a flat would be £41,045.
In this analysis none of these households could afford an entry level home which would suit their needs. In addition, it is worth noting that these are District wide figures which include urban areas where prices are often significantly lower than in rural areas. Therefore, a home Thakeham would in reality is likely to be more costly, than the average figures in Table 8.
In order to assess the eligibility of respondents for a local needs housing scheme it is necessary to ensure that each has a local connection to the parish and that they are unable to meet their needs on the open market.
23 respondents filled the local connection criteria, and are unable to fulfill their needs on the open market.
A property search on www.rightmove.co.uk was also carried out to provide a snapshot of the current prices of properties available in Thakeham, and to demonstrate availability in the area. Table 9 shows the lowest prices for properties on sale in Thakeham and Table 10 shows the lowest prices for renting in the area.
Table 9 indicates that there were no 1 bedroom properties for sale within the parish of Thakeham at the time of the property search, demonstrating a lack of smaller housing available within the parish. The nearest properties available for sale were found in Storrington following a search within a 1 mile radius of the parish.
From this study undertaken in March 2010, an entry level home (lower quartile of prices) was £112,000 for a 1 bed flat in Storrington, this rises to £219,950 for a 2 bed detached house in Thakeham, £299,995 for a 4 bed semi-detached house and £ 309,500 for a 3 bed bungalow.
Table 9. Lowest current property purchase prices in Thakeham.
Property Type Location Lowest Price Income Required 1 bed flat *Storrington £112,000 £31,680 2 bed semi-detached house Thakeham £219,950 £62,214 3 bed bungalow Thakeham £309,500 £87,544 4 bed semi-detached house Thakeham £299,995 £84,855
Table 10. Lowest current property rental prices in Thakeham.
Property Type Location Lowest Price 1 bed flat *Storrington £525 pcm 2 bed cottage *Storrington £650 pcm 3 bed maisonette *Storrington £795 pcm 4 bed house *Storrington £1050 pcm
The high private rents in Horsham District are also a reflection of the more restricted supply of private rented properties in the area. This property search revealed no accommodation for rent in Thakeham. A search on the same website to buy in Thakeham also reveals the limited availability of properties to purchase and provides an indication of their considerable cost.
Table 10 demonstrates that there are no properties of any kind for rent within the parish of Thakeham, at the time of the property search. The nearest available properties were located in Storrington, following a search within a 3 mile radius of the parish
The household makeup of the 23 households in housing need with a local connection and who cannot afford to buy or rent on the open market are as follows and are also shown in figure 7.
Figure 7. Composition of Households in Need
As a percentage breakdown this equates to the following:
22% in housing need are one person households
39% in housing need are couples
17% in housing need are families with children
4% did not respond
9% described themselves as other.
Table 11. Composition of families in need
Family – 1 child 2 Family – 2 children 0 Family – 3 children 1 No Response 3 Total 6
Summary of Need
There are 23 households in housing need who have a local connection and who cannot afford to either purchase or rent on the open market.
Single person households 5 Couple without children 9 Families with children 6 Other 2 No response 1 Total 23
2009. From these figures the cheapest entry levels have been calculated for purchasing a property in the district. On the basis of a 90% mortgage and a 3.5 x gross income lending ratio it can be seen that the lowest income needed to purchase a flat would be £41,045.
There are 23 households in housing