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By: Austin Flippen
Titanium was actually discovered by William Gregor and Martin Klaproth.
How was Titanium discovered?
Gregor found a black, magnetic sand that looked like gunpowder in a stream in the parish of Mannacan in Cornwall, England.
Gregor analyzed the sand, finding it was largely magnetite (Fe3O4) and the rather impure oxide of a new metal, which he described as ‘reddish brown calx.’
Klaproth discovered titanium in the mineral rutile, from Boinik, Hungary.
How was Titanium discovered? (cont.)
In 1797 Klaproth read Gregor’s account from 1791 and realized that the red oxide in which he had found titanium and the red oxide in which Gregor had found manaccanite were in fact the same; titanium and maccanite were the same element and Gregor was the element’s true discoverer. Gregor may have beaten Klaproth to the new metal, but scientists preferred Klaproth’s ‘titanium’ to Gregor’s ‘manaccanite.’
Titanium metal is used for alloys with aluminium, molybdenum, manganese, iron, and other metals. These alloys of titanium are used principally in the aerospace industry, for both airframes and engines, where lightweight strength and ability to withstand extremes of temperature are important.
Most stable isotopes and their mass
Titanium is composed of 5 stable isotopes; 46Ti, 47Ti, 48Ti, 49Ti and 50Ti with 48Ti being the most abundant. Their masses are 46Ti- 45.9526294, 47Ti- 46.9517640, 48Ti- 47.9479473, 49Ti- 48.9478711, 50Ti- 49.9447921.
The melting point is 1933.15 K and the boiling point is 3560.15 K.
There are 22 protons and electrons in Titanium yet there are 26 neutrons.
The name, titanium, is derived from the Titans, the sons of the Earth goddess of Greek mythology.
"Titanium Element Facts." Chemicool.com. N.p., n.d. Web. 12 Sept. 2016.
Woodford, Chris. Titanium. N.p.: Marshall Cavendish, 2003. Print.
Manfred Peters and Christop Leyens. Titanium and Titamium Alloys. N.p.: WILEY-VCH, 2003. Print.