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Human Resource Management
Welcome to the class of HRM !!!
Human Resources Management (HRM)
Team Focus Corporate Solutions LLP
Introduction to Human Resource Management , Job Analysis , HR Planning and Recruiting, Employees Testing and Selection, Interviewing Candidates, Training and development
Performance Management and Appraisal, Establishing Strategic Pay Plans, Pay for Performance and Financial incentives.
Industrial Relations – Definitions and Main Aspects, Trade Union Legislations, Methods of settling Industrial Disputes, Collective Bargaining, Legislations Concerning Settlement of Industrial Disputes, Factories Act.
Labour Management Cooperation/Workers’ Participation in Management , Payment of Wage Legislation, Minimum Wage Legislation, The Strategic Role of Human Resources Management, Managing Global Human resources, International Labour Organization
Applications of Module I to IV – Live Cases / Case Studies, Role Play, Team-based Games etc.
Basic Text Books
“Human Resource Management”
“Essential of Human Resource Management and Industrial Relatives.”
Introduction to Human Resource Management
Human resources means the collection of people and their characteristics at work. These are distinct and unique to an organization in several ways.
Human resources: Meaning
Human resources: Definition
Human Resource are ”A whole consisting of inter-related, inter-dependent & interacting psychological, sociological & ethical components”.
“Having good talent people in the organisation was important yesterday, but today it is critical !!”
What is HRM?
Human Resource Management is “the planning, organizing, directing and controlling of the procurement, development, compensation, integration, maintenance and separation of human resources to the end that individual, organizational, and social objectives are accomplished.”
Human resource management: Definition
Human resource management is concerned with policies and practices that ensure the best use of the human resources for fulfilling the organizational and individual goals.
Characteristics of HRM
Development – oriented
Science as well as art
Objectives of HRM
To act as a liaison between the top management and the employees.
To arrange and maintain adequate manpower inventory
To devise employee benefit schemes
To ensure and enhance the quality of work life
To offer training
To help keep up ethical values and behaviour amongst employees both within and outside the organization.
To maintain high morale and good human relations within the organization.
HR Objectives of Team Focus
Team Focus shall provide equal opportunities to all its employees.
HR policies shall promote diversity and equality in the workplace.
Employees shall be treated with dignity.
Maintain a work Environment free of all forms of harassment.
Respect for the right to privacy and the right to be heard.
Equal opportunity to all eligible.
Decisions are based on merit.
Scope of HRM
Personnel or Labour Aspect
Planning, recruiting, selection, placement, transfer, promotion, training and development, Lay-offs, retrenchment, remuneration, incentives and productivity
Housing, transport, medical assistance, canteen, rest rooms, health and safety, education, etc.
Industrial Relation Aspect
Union-management relations, collective bargaining, grievance and disciplinary actions, settlement of disputes.
Difference between HRM and PM
HRM is proactive in nature while PM is reactive.
HRM is a resource-centred activity whereas PM is a employee-centred activity.
HRM emphasizes on flexible, open-ended contracts but PM emphasizes the strict observance of defined rules, procedures and contracts.
HRM views better performance as a cause of job satisfaction whereas PM considers job satisfaction as a source of better performance….
HRM seeks to develop the competencies of the employees on a sustained basis while PM is a regular, status quo–based administrative function.
Difference between HRM and PM (contd.)
Functions of human resource management
Operative functions of HRM
Teamfocus Corporate Solutions LLP offers various Corporate Training Programs to small, medium and MNC’s to increase the employees productivity. Corporate Training programs are delivered by highly qualified consultants with extensive experience in their industries. The Training activity is carried out underTeamfocus Corporate Solutions LLP Academic Training Initiatives. We have been conducting various training programs both in education and the corporate sectors. Teamfocus Corporate Solutions LLP have also been a partner of corporate in their Campus Connect initiative to run the Human Resource & Soft Skills training sessions.
Significance of HRM
Significance for an enterprise
Attracting & retaining the required human resource, recruitment & selection , placement , orientation, compensation & promotion policies.
Developing the skills & necessary attitude among the employees by T&D & performance evaluation
Providing them social & job security by grievance handling, motivating & participation in mgt
Utilizing effectively the available human resources
Ensuring that the enterprise will have in future a team of competent & dedicated employees.
Providing maximum opportunities for personal development of each employee.
Maintaining healthy relationships among individual & different work groups.
Allocating work properly.
Sound human resources management has a great significant for the society. It help to enhance the dignity of labour in the following ways.
Providing suitable employment that provides social & psychological satisfaction to people.
Maintaining a balance between the job available & the jobseekers in terms of numbers, Qualification, needs & aptitudes.
Eliminating waste of human resource through conservation of physical & metal health
Human resource & their management plays a vital role in the development of a nation. The effective exploitation & utilisation of a nation’s natural, physical & financial resources require an efficient & committed manpower.
There are wide differences in development between countries are with similar resources due to differences in the quality of their people.
Countries are underdeveloped because their people are backward. The level of development in a country depends primarily on the skills , attitudes & values of its human resources. effective management of human resources helps to speed up the process of economic growth which in turn leads to higher standards of living & fuller employment
Human resource Management is the central subsystem of an organisation.
Increase in the size & complexity of organisation eg.MNC employees ,Rapid technological development like automation, computerisation
Rise of professional & knowledgeable workers, Increasing proportion of women in the workforce Growth of powerful nationwide trade unions.
Widening scope of legislation designed to protect the interests of the working class.
Revolution in the information technology that might affect the work force.
Rapidly changing jobs & skills requiring long-term manpower planning.
Growing Expectations of society from employers.
Evolution of HRM
The Industrial Revolution(beyond 1820 to 1840)
Trade unionism(1841 to 1909)
Scientific Management (1910 evolve & 1920 implementation to 1940)
Industrial Psychology (1945 to 1970)
Human Relation Movement Era( 1971 to 1980)
Behavioural Science (1980 to 1990)
The Contemporary HRM Era (1990 onwards)
The Industrial Revolution(beyond 1820 to 1840 )
Usages of the machinery
Mass level of production
To satisfied the human need
Profit maximization form the factor of production like land , labour, capital, entrepreneur
World have been separated in two type of economy one is capitalization which has a motive of profit maximization other other side labour intensive economy
Labour class reflected their provouge by strike, slowdown, pen down, boycott & sabotage of the work for resolution of the problem where new redressal procedure had been developed to subside the chaos like collective bargaining, grievance handling system, arbitration, disciplinary practices
Construction of titanic & child labour pathetic condition
Development of true science
Scientific selection & training
Friendly co-operation between management
Development of every worker to his fullest aspects.
Man become machine human factors were completely avoided.
Industrial psychology era (1945 to 1970)
Mainly focused on the part on IQ of the employees through MMPIT(Minnesotta multiple personality test )or MBTI( Myer Brigg Jung topology) & assigned them skill & aptitude based job.
Human relation movement ( 1971 to 1980)
Interaction with the employee increase the productivity
Basic facilities are required for the production
Empathized view towards workes have increased productivity of worker
Behavioural Science era (1980 to 1990)
Multiple branch discipline like sociology , anthropology, psychology, economics & politics
Contributors:- Abraham Maslow, Douglas mc gregeor, Fredrik Herzberg, Rensis Likert, Robert black, Robert Owen, kurt lewin, burke letwin, fidler contingent theory, victor vroom theory, grid theory, Aldofer ERG theory, Mclland N-ach theory
The Contemporary HRM era (1990 onwards)
More focused on gaining competitive advantage in market through HR.
Focuses on developing HR strategies, aligning them with corporate strategy and achieving organizational goals effectively.
Evolution of HRM in India
1920s – 30s
Pragmatism of capitalists
1940s – 50s
1970s – 80s
Professional, legalistic, impersonal
History of HRM in India
1 Available in scatter manner
2 So many informal ways on implementation
3 In 1920 due the recommendation of S.S. Bengali under the title of the Royal commission(1931), labour welfare officers had been employed on every manufacturing unit
4 Tata steel have informally started HRM practices in their organisation under the title of Administration & vigilance department.
5 In 1948 first in charge president of India approached for the Factory act & stipulated working hours for female & teen age worker & security about female worker .
6 Soon T V Rao & Udai pareek have started to implement the Personnel management & Indian institute of personnel management(IIPM) & National Institute of Labour Management were set up.
7. By 1970, there was shift in professional values & New technologies, HR challenges and HRD was discussed.
7 In 1980 IIPM and NILM merged to form National Institute of Personnel Management(NIPM)
8 In 1990, emphasis shifted to human values and productivity through people.
Objectivity and fairness
Leadership and motivational qualities
Emotional maturity and
Qualities of an HR manager
Thank you class.
The Industrial Revolution(beyond 1820