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World History Chapter 1 Questions
Reviewing Content Vocabulary
Civilization - A complex culture in which large numbers of people share some basic elements, such as a social structure, religion, and art.
3. Pharaoh - An Egyptian monarch originally meaning “great house” or “palace.”
4. Judaism - Monotheistic religion developed among the Israelites.
5. Monotheistic - Having one god
9. Hinduism - A major Indian religious system, which had its origin in the religious beliefs of the Aryans who settled India after 1500 BC.
10. Buddhism - A religious doctrine introduced in Northern India in the Sixth Century BC by Siddhartha Gautama, known as the Buddha, or “Enlightened One.”
11. Confucianism - The system of political and ethical ideas formulated by the Chinese philosopher Confucius toward the end of the Zhou Dynasty; it was intended to help restore order to a society that was in a state of confusion.
14. Democracy - “The rule of the many,” government by the people, either directly or through their elected representatives.
17. Philosophy - An organized system of thought. The term comes from the Greek word meaning “love of wisdom.”
23. Christianity - Monotheistic religion that emerged during the first century.
Reviewing the Main Ideas
42. Mesopotamian and Egyptian city-states developed concepts of law codes and divine kingship based on strict justice, in order to prevent conflict. Penalties for criminal offenses were severe and took no account of motive or accidental circumstances. Retaliation was fundamental to the code. Penalties for the same crime differed among social classes. In the code the importance of family was focused.
44. Citizenship was connected to the Greek polis among 3 different groups: citizens with political rights (adult males), citizens with no political rights (women and children), and non citizens (slaves and resident aliens). Citizens had rights, but coupled with responsabilities.
46. The Roman standards of justice included many standards that are familiar to us today, for example, a person was regarded innocent until proved otherwise. People accused of wrongdoing were allowed to defend themselves before the judge. A judge in turn , was expected to weigh evidence carefully in making his decision.These principles lived on long after the fall of the Roman Empire. They are in fact part of the legal system of many European countries and of the United States.
48. Islam was meant to complete of what Judaism and Christianity as prophetic successor traditions to the teachings of Abraham Lincoln. Muslims believe that the text that Christians and Jews use, have been disoriented through interpretation. Judaism came first, Christianity perfected Judaism, and Islam was the final stage in God’s plan.
51. I will predict that the role of the English Parliament will react to a controlling ruler because Edward I needs the money in order to maintain the English Parliament. The parliament had two houses, the upper and the lower. Nobles and church lords sat in the House of Lords. During the reign of Edward I, the Parliament approved taxes, discussing politics, and passed the laws.
Chapter 2 Questions