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A PowerPoint show about our hobby and our club
The Surrey Amateur radio Club
Neat Things You Can Do With Ham Radio
Lets get started
What is the Amateur Radio Service?
Its for everyone
Amateur Radio Is For Everyone
About Amateur Radio
Amateur Radio is…
Communicating wherever and whenever…
Without the phone company
Amateur Radio is not…
CB Radio… There is structure, discipline and knowledge in Amateur Radio and a history of public service.
Classes of License
all the Amateur Radio Bands above 30MHz
may construct, install and operate transmitters from commercial kits
formerly Morse Code
all the Amateur Radio bands
Morse Code Endorsement
build non-commercial radio equipment, sponsor repeaters
Ham Radio is Fun!
Once you get your certificate, that’s it!
You’re licensed for life
You can operate several “modes”
Experiment and build things
On many amateur radio “bands”
You Get To Build Stuff!
Commercial vs. Amateur Radio
Characteristics of commercial radio systems
Those of the “amateurs”
Cutting edge - Experimentation
Amateur radio was superior
Innovation and discovery
With communications as in other tasks…
if the ‘best’ tools are not available, Hams improvise
Hardware and software
Practical digital radio
What’s Neat About Ham Radio
There’s something for everybody
As hams you have a range of frequencies available, you get to choose the band and exact frequency to operate on!
You can also choose the mode in which to operate
No other radio service has this privilege!
Can I Talk Around the World?
even with a hand-held radio!
But Is It Yesterday’s Technology?
Project started by a local ham
Links handheld voice radios to other regions
The Internet serves as the linkage medium
Digital communication mode developed in the US
WinLink – Telpac – Airmail
Internet-compatible email via amateur radio frequencies
Send your video around the world
HF, VHF, UHF
Download weather photos from ham satellites
Lots of local activity on this mode
What you need:
Old camcorder, cheap transceiver, say $200
“Maxwell House” 1.2 GHz antenna
Typifies amateur approach to problem solving
Amateur Radio Satellites
We have an active Satellite Group in the club
Free software to predict passes
Does not require expensive equipment
Hams talk to astronauts – NA1SS
Using your gear and your skills for direction finding to hunt for hidden transmitters
Collect QSL Cards
APRS – Where is my car?
GPS via radio
Tracks your vehicle, or you
APRS – Or My Horse?
Personalized License Plate!
We hope you will join The Hobby
Q - What is Amateur Radio?
At the scene of a traffic accident on a BC highway, a radio amateur calls for help, using a palm-sized hand-held radio.
A retired school teacher in BC makes friends over the radio with another radio amateur in New Zealand.
A British Columbia teenager uses her computer to upload a chess move through her amateur radio transceiver to an orbiting space satellite, where it is retrieved by a fellow chess enthusiast in Florida.
A truck driver in Alberta swaps call signs with hams in 100 countries during a single weekend "DX Contest".
In Salmon Arm, volunteers save lives as part of their involvement in an emergency communications network.
In Burnaby, an Amateur uses a club ‘phone-patch’ to telephone home to say he’ll be late for dinner.
And yet another has a conversation with a Ham in Newfoundland to ease the boredom of his drive to work
Q - What do Amateur Radio operators do during and after disasters?
A - Amateur Radio operators set up and operate organized local and long-distance communication networks, as backup for governmental and emergency officials, as well as non-commercial communication for private citizens affected by the disaster. Amateur Radio operators are most likely to be active after disasters that damage regular lines of communications due to power outages and destruction of telephone lines.
Q - How do Amateur Radio operators help local officials?
A - Many radio amateurs are active as communications volunteers with local public safety organizations. In addition, in some disasters, coordinated radio communications among relief officials fails when radio towers and other elements in the normal communications infrastructure are damaged. Amateur Radio operators help to coordinate such communication.
Q - What Are the Amateur Radio Bands?
A - Look at the dial on a old AM radio and you'll see frequencies marked from 540 to 1600 kilohertz. Imagine that band extended out many thousands of kilohertz, and you'll have some idea of how much additional radio spectrum is available for amateur, government and commercial radio bands. It is here you'll find aircraft, ship, fire and police communication, as well as the so-called "shortwave" stations, which are worldwide commercial and government broadcast stations. Amateurs are allocated nine basic "bands" (i.e. groups of frequencies) in the High Frequency (HF) range between 1800 and 29,700 kilohertz, and another seven bands in the Very High Frequency (VHF) bands and Ultra High Frequency (UHF) ranges, as well as Super High Frequency (SHF) or microwave bands. Even though many Amateur Radio conversations may be heard around the world by anyone with a suitable radio receiver, given the right frequency and propagation conditions, Amateur Radio is basically two-way communication between radio amateurs.
Q – What is the History of Amateur Radio in Canada?
A - Amateur Radio is as old as the history of radio itself. Not long after Marconi transmitted the Morse code letter "S" from Poldhu, Wales, to St. John's, Newfoundland in 1901, amateur experimenters throughout the world were trying out the capabilities of the first "spark gap" transmitters. In 1913, Parliament passed the Radiotelegraph Act, and in 1914 the Minister of the Naval Service issued the Radiotelegraph Regulations prescribing the first operating and technical proficiency standards for Amateur Radio operators. By then, amateur experimenters were communicating across long distances. Using networks of stations, communication could be extended nation-wide. Under various government departments, Canadian radio communications and Amateur Radio grew to its present form with almost 50,000 licensees.
In an Emergency, Communications can be the one of the most crucial needs and one of the greatest challenges.
As we all know:
If you have to rely on the telephone system for your emergency communications plan… you don’t have a plan
As Amateur Radio operators we have a distinct advantage… (slide)
We are the standby systems for many services that have a radio system of their own, but most importantly, we are the only radio communications system for many critical functions that have no other option except telephones. These include ESS, Red Cross, Salvation Army, Hospitals and many others.
Q – How are Amateur Radio operators regulated in Canada?
A - Amateur Radio is presently regulated by Industry Canada under the Radiocommunication Act and Regulations. It is also subject to numerous international agreements. Amateur Radio stations cannot operate without specific authorization from Industry Canada. In Canada authorization is granted upon presentation of an Amateur Radio Operator Certificate. There are four possible qualification levels shown on a certificate:
The Basic Qualification - The Basic Qualification is the entry-level. To earn the Basic Qualification requires passing an examination totalling 100 questions on radio theory, regulations and operating practices with a minimum 70 correct answers. The Basic Qualification gives access to all Amateur Radio bands above 30 megahertz in all modes.
Holders of only the BASIC Qualification may now construct, install and operate transmitters from kits that have been commercially designed and packaged. BASIC-only holders still are not authorized to modify or install and operate modified commercially manufactured equipment.
The Basic Qualification with Honours – (new July 2005) This replaces Morse Code as the doorway to operating privileges on all Amateur Radio bands. It requires a pass of the Basic exam with a minimum 80 correct answers. Basic with Honours grants the holder access to the 40 (7.0 – 7.3 MHz), 30 (10.1 – 10,.15 MHz), 20 (14.0 – 14.35 MHz), 17 (18.068 – 18.168 MHz), 15 (21.0 – 21.45 MHz), 12 (24.89 – 24.99 MHz) and 10 M (28.0 – 29.7 MHz) bands in all modes permitted on the respective bands.
The Morse Code Qualification - To earn this Qualification, one must pass a 5 words-per-minute Morse code test. The 5 WPM Qualification is added to the Basic Qualification on the Amateur Radio Operator Certificate but carries no additional privileges.
The Advanced Qualification - To earn the Advanced Qualification requires passing an examination totalling 50 questions on advanced radio theory. The Advanced Qualification added to the Basic Qualification on the Amateur Radio Operator Certificate permits the holder to build radio transmitting equipment, operate high-powered transmitters, and to sponsor a voice repeater or club station.
Amateur Radio in Canada
Amateur radio in Canada began in the early 1900s. The activity was formally addressed by the federal (then Dominion) government in subsection 6 of the Wireless Telegraphy Act of 1905:
“Where the applicant for a licence proves to the satisfaction of the Minister that the sole object of obtaining the licence is to enable him to conduct experiments in wireless telegraphy, a licence for that purpose shall be granted, subject to such special terms, condition, and restrictions as the Minister thinks proper” (Bird 1988 #38, “The Wireless Telegraph Act”).
Q - What's the Appeal of Amateur Radio?
Some radio amateurs are attracted by the ability to communicate across the country, around the globe, even with astronauts on space missions. Others build and experiment with electronics. Computer hobbyists find packet radio to be a low-cost way to expand their ability to communicate. Those with a competitive streak enjoy "DX contests" where the object is to see how many hams in distant locations they can contact. Some like the convenience of a technology that gives them portable communication. Others use it to open the door to new friendships over the air, or through participation in one of hundreds of Amateur Radio clubs across Canada. Many radio amateurs are also computer hobbyists and often combine amateur radio with the internet in various ways.
Many Amateurs use amateur radio as a reliable resource in the event of a major emergency or disaster
Q - Why Do Radio Amateurs Require a Certificate of proficiency?
A - Although the main purpose of Amateur Radio is recreation, it is called the "Amateur Radio Service" because it also has a serious face. The government created this "Service" to fill the need for a pool of experts who could provide backup emergency communications. In addition, the government acknowledged the ability of Amateur Radio to advance communication and technical skills, and to enhance international goodwill. This philosophy has paid off. Countless lives have been saved where skilled hobbyists act as emergency communicators to render aid, whether it's during or following a hurricane, tornado, ice storm, earthquake or other disaster. Proof of operating and technical proficiency of amateur radio operators has been required in Canada since 1914.
Internet Relay Linking Protocol
A relatively new mode developed by an Amateur Radio Operator
May be used with a Basic license using common, low power 2 meter equipment – even handheld
IRLP stands for the Internet Radio Linking Project. The aim of this project is to link radio systems separated by long distance without the use of expensive leased lines, satellites, or controllers.
The IRLP uses Voice-Over-IP software and the power of the Internet to link a radio site to the world. The system uses its own custom interface board and software suite which makes interfacing your radio system to the world simple and cost effective.
The IRLP runs a large network of dedicated servers and nodes to offer the very best in voice communications. The heart of the IRLP is its Amateur Radio network which reaches hundreds of towns and cities across North America, linking them all with a full dynamic range, telephone quality sound.
Contact is made with a link in an adjacent city of around the world by keying in a DTMF code from the keypad of your radio.
in 100 countries during a single weekend "DX Contest".
A - Amateur Radio operators set up and operate organized local and long-distance communication networks, as backup for governmental and emergency officials, as well as non-commercial communication for private citizens affected by the disaster. Amateur Radio operators are most likely to be active after disasters that damage regular lines of communications due to power outages and destruction of tel