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Audience: The audience is someone ages 10-20, that have an interest in mermaids. They would not need to have much background information on mermaids, because most basic knowledge will be covered in the text. Readers could be people who do believe mermaids exist, or those who would just like further confirmation that mermaids are not real. Their political background and religious standpoint do not matter when reader this text. They should have a basic educational level, but no specific education is needed.
Forum: Legendary Monsters
Purpose: To inform readers that mermaids do not exist.
Mermaids have been a mystery all throughout history, and the human imagination has lead many to believe that mermaids actually exist. Science has yet to prove that to be the case.
Radford also uses the example of The Odyssey, written around 800 B.C., where the character who encountered sirens, another name for mermaids.
The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Association mentions in it’s article Are Mermaids Real? that images of mermaids were found in some cave paintings about 30,000 years ago. (NOAA)
Benjamin Radford, who regularly journals on skeptical topics, gives a brief description of mermaids in religion when he says “…and several modern day religions, including Hinduism and Candomble (an Afro-Brazilian belief), worship mermaid goddesses to this day” (Radford).
In the Smithsonian article, From Mermaids to Manatees: the Myth and the Reality, Caty Fairclough, a major in environmental studies, begins writing by stating
In centuries past, the ocean was thought to be full of krakens, sea serpents, sea monsters and other fantastic creatures. They helped to bring the mysterious ocean into the more familiar realm of the ‘known' by introducing human traits and an element of storytelling. One creature that shows up in such stories throughout history is the mermaid. (Fairclough).
Mermaid sightings have been noted for years as well.
Joseph Castro, who has a Bachelor of Science in physics and is a professional writer, says Columbus spotted meremaids near Haiti in 1493. (Castro)
Radford also tells a story in his LiveScience article, of a report made in 2009 of a mermaid being sighted in Kiryat Yam. (Radford)
The image here shows the mermaid that was supposedly sighted in Kiryat Yam. From the image it is very difficult to distinguish what the actual subject is.
In 2012 Animal Planet featured a very realistic, fictional documentary-style show that lead people to believe that mermaids had existed in human history.
Mermaids have been described in many varied ways through history. They’ve been shown to have many personality variations and relationships with humans.
Radford details many of the different forms that mermaids have appeared in over time. He begins my describing Oannes, who appears as a half-fish, half-human creature around 4BCE (Radford).
He continues on in mentioning the Greek god Triton who takes on the form of a merman. He also mentions Homer’s Odyssey from around 800 BC and the encounters with sirens a more dangerous form of mermaids.
It is said in Radford’s article that some legends from Scotland and Wales tell stories of people befriending mermaids, as opposed to the dangerous sirens.
There are many theories surrounding the idea of mermaid existence, including the “aquatic ape” theory and the “mistaken identity” theory. The “aquatic ape” theory discussed in a scientific critique titled Aquatic Ape Theory: Sink or Swim? Jim Moore gathered information from many sources to create a website that provides the readers with plentiful information on the Aquatic Ape Theory. Moore describes the theory as the idea that during the transition from ape to hominid the creatures went through an aquatic phase due to living in an aquatic environment.
There are many theories shurrounding the idea of mermaid existence, including the “aquatic ape” theory and the “mistaken identity” theory.
Although there are many theories, there is insufficient evidence proving the existence of mermaids in real. Like it is said in the article Are Mermaids Real? of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, “No evidence of aquatic humanoids has ever been found” (National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration). When the scientist of NOAA cannot present any evidence of mermaids ever existing, then it is clear that mermaids have never, do not currently exist anywhere, other than in the human imagination.
"Are Mermaids Real?" National Ocean Service, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, 26 Feb. 2015, oceanservice.noaa.gov/facts/mermaids.html. Accessed 13 Sept. 2016.
Castro, Joseph. "Are Mermaids Real?" Live Science, 25 May 2014, www.livescience.com/45733-are-mermaids-real.html. Accessed 13 Sept. 2016.
Fairclough, Caty. "From Mermaids to Manatees: the Myth and the Reality." Ocean Portal Find Your Blue, Smithsonian, 2016, ocean.si.edu/ocean-news/mermaids-manatees-myth-and-reality. Accessed 13 Sept. 2016.
"The New Evidence: Uncovering the Aquatic Ape Theory." Animal Planet, Discovery Communications, 2016, www.animalplanet.com/tv-shows/mermaids/videos/uncovering-the-aquatic-ape-theory/. Accessed 13 Sept. 2016. Interview.
Radford, Benjamin. "Mermaids and Mermen: Facts and Legends." Live Science, 15 Nov. 2014,
http://www.livescience.com/39882-mermaid.html.%20Accessed%2013%20Sept.%202016www.livescience.com/39882-mermaid.html. Accessed 13 Sept. 2016.
Peer Review Questions:
What else can I add to the conclusion to clarify my standpoint, and to make the conclusion feel more wrapped up?
Is there anywhere that the wording needs to be fixed, or more information added, for the paper to flow more smoothly?
Lohrenz 11iliar realm of the ‘known' by introducing human traits and an element of storytelling. One creature that shows up in such stories throughout history is the mermaid. (Fairclough).
Although there are many theories, ther