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UNIVERSITY OF THE SOUTHERN CARIBBEAN MARACAS ROYAL ROAD, MARACAS, ST JOSEPH
An Assignment Prepared in Partial Fulfillment
For the Requirements of the Course Anth200-02:
Instructor: Terrance Browne
Shenelle La Fleur
Chapter five (5) entitled language and communication focuses on the means of communication that is prevalent throughout the cultures of the word, and also their understanding from an anthropologist’s point of view.
In answering the question what is language, the author states that language may be spoken (speech ) or written,a statement that I am in agreement with since persons can communicate via body language without the use of words and have their message clearly understood.
Primates like humans also have the need to communicate, however, they do so via call systems. These sounds are produced only when particular environmental stimuli are encountered, Unlike humans who within themselves has the capacity to generate new expressions by combining other expressions, primates lack this ability, for instance, when primates encounter danger and food simultaneously they can only make one call they cannot combine the call for food and danger into a single utterance stating that both a present.
Some Experiments carried out has been successful in getting chips to learn ASL,(American Sign Language) this a communication system that is widely used by hearing impaired Americans. This system employs a limited number of basic gestures that can be used in the place of words to guarantee understanding between individuals. The author later on went on to say that human evolution was needed for linguistic symbols to become language, he later went on to claim that the mutated gene known as FOXP2 helps explain why humans speak and chimps don’t citing that those who have the non speech version of this gene cannot make the fine tongue and lip movements that are necessary for clear speech.
Throughout evolution with language being introduced it provide an advantage to human beings, since we can speak in responses to stimuli and even convey our emotions through it, when having a conversation with someone based on their tone, pitch and even speed of speech we can easily detect their mood and feelings present, with aid of their non verbal communication such as demeanor, this is known as Kinesics, which Is the study of communication through body movements, stances gestures and facial expressions
Where there is language, there is also dialect here in Trinidad the main language is English, Trinidad is known as an English speaking country, however over the years there has been development of our very own lingo, through acculturation these cultural words and terms that are passed on from generation to generation that Hass it’s own specific meaning, lingo is also culture specific since although many countries within the Caribbean are English speaking it would be very difficult for persons to understand out dialect, as they would to standard English.
Linguist Noam Chomsky (1995) presents the argument that the human brain contains a listed sets of rules for organizing language so that all languages have a common structural basis, he calls this set of rules universal Grammar, in support of this it is stated that the mere fact that persons can learn forgein language where the words can be translated from one language to another proves that we unknowing abide by a universal Grammar, since he also suggests that all humans have similar linguistic abilities and thought processes.
In society the situation exists where individuals can be at the same place yet experiencing different things, thus individualism extends even to the way we speak. When speaking we engage in style shifts, where dependant on our location and social setting ,we may decide to change the way we speak, either it is from “Broken English “ to Proper English or the opposite, since we as humans are able to adapt to new environments and conform to the cultures that may be a new one to us .
In society the situation exists where individuals can be at the same place yet experiencing different things, thus individualism extends even to the way we speak. When speaking we engage in style shifts, where dependant on our location and social setting ,we may decide to change the way we speak, either it is from “Broken English “ to Proper English or the opposite, since we as humans are able