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October 9, 2016
The film 12 Years a Slave is very accurate historical portrayal of that period of time. During that time frame there was no slavery in the north, but it was widespread in the southern states. In the movie two men from the south offered Solomon a job in Washington playing music since he was an excellent fiddle player. This offer was a pretense, and he was really kidnapped, taken south and he became a slave. He attempted to convince them he was really a free man, but no one would believe him.
He was sold in 1843 to Edwin Epps.
In 1853 Samuel an anti-slavery Canadian carpenter visited Beouf’s plantation and became friendly to Solomon. At Solomon’s request, he reached out to his friends back in Saratoga Spring to get verification that Solomon had been a freed man of the community. (Editors). This ultimately resulted in Solomon getting his freedom back.
During this time frame, the black slaves were used to both breed additional slaves and were also abused by the slave-owners. The breeding was done to increase the wealth of the slave-owners without them being required to purchase additional slaves. Many of the colored women were forced to have children which were fathered by the whites.
If slaves said no or were disrespectful to the overseers or owners, they would get whipped and beaten, and in some cases they were hanged. The slave traders would buy young and able farm men and well developed young girls with fine physique to barter and sell. The enslaved women were forced to submit to their master’s sexual advances.
. The slave owners treated the slaves harsh and inhumane. The slaves suffered physical abuse since the government allowed it. Small slave holders worked together with their slaves and sometimes treated them more humanely. In 1740, Maryland limited slaves working hours to 15 per day in the summer and 14 in the winter with no work on Sunday. The slaves would get punished for working too slow, breaking a law, and leaving the plantation without permission.
In the movie there were blacks, slaves, and rich people. The black people in the north were free. There were 13,059 in New England, 13975 in New York, New Jersey, and Pennsylvania. They were required to carry passes when traveling in some places. The blacks in the north were better educated than the blacks in the south and were allowed to attend public schools. The schools were at the mercy of the white- controlled state government for funding. Many whites didn’t want blacks to become educated.The black schools had fewer books, worse buildings and less well paid teachers.
The south had a different view of blacks. The black people were not free. They were slaves. The slaves would work on cotton plantations. Most plantations had fifty or fewer slaves. The slaves raised rice, corn, tobacco, and sugarcanes. The slaves would help build the economic foundations of the new nation.
The black slaves in the south were very religious. Every Sunday they would have their master would have a gospel reading. They would not work on Sundays. Many slaves spoke different languages. Many tribes and people acknowledged a powerful, distant god. Most slaves accepted Christianity. They would singsongs while working and while burying someone.
The north slaves began helping the fugitive’s slave’s escape from southern plantations. This is called the underground railroad. They got the right to vote in 1870. The northerners cared about the fugitive slave. They helped them be free. President Abraham Lincoln wanted the slaves to be free too.
The black slaves in the south were very religious. Every Sunday they would have their master provide a gospel reading. They would not work on Sundays. Many slaves spoke different languages. Many tribes and people acknowledged a powerful, distant god. Most slaves accepted Christianity. They would singsongs while working and while burying someone.