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A SCIENTIFIC DISSENT FROM DARWINISM—1 WWW.DISSENTFROMDARWIN.ORG A SCIENTIFIC DISSENT FROM DARWINISM “We are skeptical of claims for the ability of random mutation and natural selection to account for the complexity of life. Careful examination of the evidence for Darwinian theory should be encouraged.” This was last publicly updated January, 2016. Scientists listed by doctoral degree or current position. Philip Skell* Emeritus, Evan Pugh Prof. of Chemistry, Pennsylvania State University Member of the National Academy of Sciences Lyle H. Jensen* Professor Emeritus, Dept. of Biological Structure & Dept. of Biochemistry University of Washington, Fellow AAAS Maciej Giertych Full Professor, Institute of Dendrology Polish Academy of Sciences Lev Beloussov Prof. of Embryology, Honorary Prof., Moscow State University Member, Russian Academy of Natural Sciences Eugene Buff Ph.D. Genetics Institute of Developmental Biology, Russian Academy of Sciences Emil Palecek Prof. of Molecular Biology, Masaryk University; Leading Scientist Inst. of Biophysics, Academy of Sci., Czech Republic K. Mosto Onuoha Shell Professor of Geology & Deputy Vice-Chancellor, Univ. of Nigeria Fellow, Nigerian Academy of Science Ferenc Jeszenszky Former Head of the Center of Research Groups Hungarian Academy of Sciences M.M. Ninan Former President Hindustan Academy of Science, Bangalore University (India) Denis Fesenko Junior Research Fellow, Engelhardt Institute of Molecular Biology Russian Academy of Sciences (Russia) Sergey I. Vdovenko Senior Research Assistant, Department of Fine Organic Synthesis Institute of Bioorganic Chemistry and Petrochemistry Ukrainian National Academy of Sciences (Ukraine) Henry Schaefer Director, Center for Computational Quantum Chemistry University of Georgia Paul Ashby Ph.D. Chemistry Harvard University Israel Hanukoglu Professor of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology Chairman The College of Judea and Samaria (Israel) Alan Linton Emeritus Professor of Bacteriology University of Bristol (UK) Dean Kenyon Emeritus Professor of Biology San Francisco State University David W. Forslund Ph.D. Astrophysics, Princeton University Fellow of American Physical Society Robert W. Bass Ph.D. Mathematics (also: Rhodes Scholar; Post-Doc at Princeton) Johns Hopkins University John Hey Associate Clinical Prof. (also: Fellow, American Geriatrics Society) Dept. of Family Medicine, Univ. of Mississippi Daniel W. Heinze Ph.D. Geophysics (also: Post-Doc Fellow, Carnegie Inst. of Washington) Texas A&M University Richard Anderson Assistant Professor of Environmental Science and Policy Duke University David Chapman* Senior Scientist Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution Giuseppe Sermonti Professor of Genetics, Ret. (Editor, Rivista di Biologia/Biology Forum) University of Perugia (Italy) Stanley Salthe Emeritus Professor Biological Sciences Brooklyn College of the City University of New York Marcos N. Eberlin Professor, The State University of Campinas (Brazil) Member, Brazilian Academy of Science A SCIENTIFIC DISSENT FROM DARWINISM—2 WWW.DISSENTFROMDARWIN.ORG Bernard d'Abrera Visiting Scholar, Department of Entomology British Museum (Natural History) John C. Walton Professor of Reactive Chemistry (Ph.D. & D.Sc.) University of St. Andrews (UK) Fellow Royal Society of Chemistry Fellow Royal Society of Edinburgh Mae-Wan Ho Ph.D. Biochemistry The University of Hong Kong Donald Ewert Ph.D. Microbiology University of Georgia Russell Carlson Professor of Biochemistry & Molecular Biology University of Georgia Scott Minnich Professor, Dept of Microbiology, Molecular Biology & Biochemistry University of Idaho Jeffrey Schwartz Assoc. Res. Psychiatrist, Dept. of Psychiatry & Biobehavioral Sciences University of California, Los Angeles Alexander F. Pugach Ph.D. Astrophysics Ukrainian Academy of Sciences (Ukraine) Ralph Seelke Professor of Molecular and Cellular Biology University of Wisconsin, Superior Annika Parantainen Ph.D. Biology University of Turku (Finland) Fred Schroeder Ph.D. Marine Geology Columbia University David Snoke Associate Professor of Physics & Astronomy University of Pittsburgh Frank Tipler Prof. of Mathematical Physics Tulane University John A. Davison Emeritus Associate Professor of Biology University of Vermont James Tour Chao Professor of Chemistry Rice University Pablo Yepes Research Associate Professor of Physics & Astronomy Rice University David Bolender Assoc. Prof., Dept. of Cell Biology, Neurobiology & Anatomy Medical College of Wisconsin Leo Zacharski Professor of Medicine Dartmouth Medical School Joel D. Hetzer Ph.D. Statistics Baylor University Michael Behe Professor of Biological Science Lehigh University Michael Atchison Professor of Biochemistry University of Pennsylvania, Vet School Thomas G. Guilliams Ph.D. Molecular Biology The Medical College of Wisconsin Arthur B. Robinson Professor of Chemistry Oregon Institute of Science & Medicine Joel Adams Professor of Computer Science Calvin College Abraham S. Feigenbaum Ph.D. Nutritional Biochemistry Rutgers University Yasuo Yoshida Ph.D. Physics Kyushu University (Japan) Domingo Aerden Professor of Geology Universidad de Granada (Spain) Kevin Farmer Adjunct Assistant Professor (Ph.D. Scientific Methodology) University of Oklahoma D.R. Eiras-Stofella Director, Electron Microscopy Center (Ph.D. Molecular Biology) Parana Federal University (Brazil) Neal Adrian Ph.D. Microbiology University of Oklahoma Kerry N. Jones Professor of Mathematical Sciences Ball State University Ge Wang Professor of Radiology & Biomedical Engineering University of Iowa Moorad Alexanian Professor of Physics University of North Carolina, Wilmington Richard Spencer Professor (Ph.D. Stanford) University of California, Davis, Solid-State Circuits Research Laboratory Mark Krejchi Ph.D. Polymer Science & Engineering (Post-docs, Stanford & Caltech) University of Massachusetts Braxton Alfred Emeritus Professor, Anthropology University of British Columbia (Canada) R. Craig Henderson Associate Professor, Dept. of Civil & Environmental Engineering Tennessee Tech University Michael J. Kavaya Senior Scientist NASA Langley Research Center Wesley Allen Professor of Computational Quantum Chemistry University of Georgia James Pierre Hauck Professor of Physics & Astronomy University of San Diego Olen R. Brown Former Professor of Molecular Microbiology & Immunology University of Missouri, Columbia Eshan Dias Ph.D. Chemical Engineering King’s College, Cambridge University (UK) A SCIENTIFIC DISSENT FROM DARWINISM—3 WWW.DISSENTFROMDARWIN.ORG Joseph Atkinson Ph.D. Organic Chemistry Massachusetts Institute of Technology Dennis Dean Rathman Staff Scientist MIT Lincoln Laboratory Richard Austin Assoc. Prof. & Chair, Biology & Natural Sciences Piedmont College Raymond C. Mjolsness Ph.D. Physics Princeton University John Baumgardner Ph.D. Geophysics & Space Physics University of California, Los Angeles Glenn R. Johnson Adjunct Professor of Medicine University of North Dakota School of Medicine George Bennett Associate Professor of Chemistry Millikin University Robert L. Waters Lecturer, College of Computing Georgia Institute of Technology David Berlinski Ph.D. Philosophy Princeton University James Robert Dickens Ph.D. Mechanical Engineering Texas A&M University Phillip Bishop Professor of Kinesiology University of Alabama Jeffrey M. Jones Professor Emeritus in Medicine (Ph.D. Microbiology and M.D.) University of Wisconsin-Madison Donald R. Mull Ph.D. Physiology University of Pittsburgh John Bloom Ph.D. Physics Cornell University William Dembski Ph.D. Mathematics University of Chicago Ben J. Stuart Ph.D. Chemical & Biochemical Engineering Rutgers University Raymond Bohlin Ph.D. Molecular & Cell Biology University of Texas, Dallas Christa R. Koval Ph.D. Chemistry University of Colorado at Boulder John Bordelon Ph.D. Electrical Engineering Georgia Institute of Technology David Richard Carta Ph.D. Bio-Engineering University of California, San Diego Lydia G. Thebeau Ph.D. Cell & Molecular Biology Saint Louis University David Bossard Ph. D. Mathematics Dartmouth College Robert W. Kelley Ph.D. Entomology Clemson University David Bourell Professor Mechanical Engineering University of Texas, Austin Carlos M. Murillo Professor of Medicine (Neurosurgery) Autonomous University of Guadalajara (Mexico) Walter Bradley Distinguished Professor of Engineering Baylor University Sami Palonen Ph.D. Analytical Chemistry University of Helsinki (Finland) John Brejda Ph.D. Agronomy University of Nebraska, Lincoln Bradley R. Johnson Ph.D. Materials Science University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign Rudolf Brits Ph.D. Nuclear Chemistry University of Stellenbosch (South Africa) Gary Kastello Ph.D. Biology University of Wisonsin-Milwaukee Karen Rispin Assistant Professor of Biology LeTourneau University Frederick Brooks Kenan Professor of Computer Science University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Omer Faruk Noyan Assistant Professor (Ph.D. Paleontology) Celal Bayar University (Turkey) Neil Broom Associate Professor, Chemical & Materials Engineering University of Auckland (New Zealand) Malcolm D. Chisholm Ph.D. Insect Ecology (M.A. Zoology, Oxford University) University of Bristol (UK) John Brown Research Meteorologist National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Joseph A. Kunicki Associate Professor of Mathematics The University of Findlay John Brumbaugh Emeritus Professor of Biological Sciences University of Nebraska, Lincoln Thomas M. Stackhouse Ph.D. Biochemistry University of California, Davis Nancy Bryson Associate Professor of Chemistry Mississippi University for Women Walter L. Starkey Professor Emeritus of Mechanical Engineering The Ohio State University Donald Calbreath Professor, Department of Chemistry Whitworth College Pingnan Shi Ph.D. Electrical Engineering (Artificial Neural Networks) University of British Columbia (Canada) John B. Cannon Ph.D. Organic Chemistry Princeton University A SCIENTIFIC DISSENT FROM DARWINISM—4 WWW.DISSENTFROMDARWIN.ORG John L. Burba Ph.D. Physical Chemistry Baylor University Stephen J. Cheesman Ph.D. Geophysics University of Toronto Mike Forward Ph.D. Applied Mathematics (Chaos Theory) Imperial College, University of London (UK) Lowell D. White Industrial Hygiene Specialist (Ph.D. Epidemiology) University of New Mexico Brian Landrum Associate Professor of Mechanical & Aerospace Engineering University of Alabama, Huntsville David Chambers Physicist Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory Michael T. Goodrich Professor of Computer Science University of California, Irvine T. Timothy Chen Ph.D. Statistics University of Chicago Sarah M. Williams Ph.D. Environmental Engineering (emphasis in microbiology) Stanford University Donald Clark Ph.D. Physical Biochemistry Louisiana State University John Frederick Zino Ph.D. Nuclear Engineering Georgia Institute of Technology Shing-Yan Chiu Professor of Physiology University of Wisconsin, Madison Todd A. Anderson Ph.D. Computer Science University of Kentucky John Cimbala Professor of Mechanical Engineering Pennsylvania State University Chris Swanson Tutor (Ph.D. Physics, University of Oregon) Gutenberg College Kieran Clements Assistant Professor, Natural Sciences Toccoa Falls College John K. Herdklotz Ph.D. Physical Chemistry Rice University Jan Chatham Ph.D. Neurophysiology University of North Texas George A. Gates Emeritus Emeritus Professor of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery University of Washington John Cogdell Professor of Electrical & Computer Engineering University of Texas, Austin David R. Beaucage Ph.D. Mathematics State University of New York at Stony Brook Leon Combs Professor & Chair, Chemistry & Biochemistry Kennesaw State University Laraba P. Kendig Ph.D. Materials Science & Engineering University of Michigan Nicholas Comninellis Associate Professor of Community and Family Medicine University of Missouri-Kansas City William J. Arion Emeritus Professor of Biochemistry Cornell University Stephen Crouse Professor of Kinesiology Texas A&M University Cham Dallas Professor, Pharmaceutics & Biomedical Science University of Georgia Charles N. Verheyden Professor of Surgery Texas A&M College of Medicine Melody Davis Ph.D. Chemistry Princeton University Thomas Deahl Ph.D. Radiation Biology The University of Iowa Shun Yan Cheung Associate Professor of Computer Science Emory University Robert DeHaan Ph.D. Human Development University of Chicago Gage Blackstone Doctor of Veterinary Medicine Texas A&M University Harold Delaney Professor of Psychology University of New Mexico Jonathan C. Boomgaarden Ph.D. Mechanical Engineering University of Wisconsin Greg Tate Ph.D. Plant Pathology University of California, Davis William Bordeaux Chair, Department of Natural & Mathematical Science Huntington College Michael Delp Professor of Physiology Texas A&M University Keith F. Conner Ph.D. Electrical Engineering Clemson University David DeWitt Chair, Department of Biology & Chemistry Liberty University Aaron J. Miller Ph.D. Physics Stanford University Gary Dilts Ph.D. Mathematical Physics University of Colorado Gerald Chubb Associate Professor of Aviation Ohio State University Robert DiSilvestro Ph.D. Biochemistry Texas A & M University Daniel Dix Associate Professor of Mathematics University of South Carolina A SCIENTIFIC DISSENT FROM DARWINISM—5 WWW.DISSENTFROMDARWIN.ORG Allison Dobson Assistant Professor, Chemistry Georgia Southern University David Prentice Professor, Department of Life Sciences Indiana State University Kenneth Dormer Ph.D. Biology & Physiology University of California, Los Angeles Ernest Prabhakar Ph.D. Experimental Particle Physics California Institute of Technology John Doughty Ph.D. Aerospace & Mechanical Engineering University of Arizona Jeanne Drisko Clinical Assistant Professor of Alternative Medicine University of Kansas, School of Medicine Robert Eckel Professor of Medicine, Physiology & Biophysics University of Colorado Health Sciences Center Seth Edwards Associate Professor of Geology University of Texas, El Paso Eduard F. Schmitter Ph.D. Astronomy University of Wisconsin Lee Eimers Professor of Physics & Mathematics Cedarville University William J. Hedden Ph.D. Geology Missouri University of Science & Technology Daniel Ely Professor, Biology University of Akron Pattle Pun Professor of Biology Wheaton College Thomas English Adjunct Professor of Physics & Engineering Palomar College Rosalind Picard Sc.D. Electrical Engineering & Computer Science Massachusetts Institute of Technology Danielle Dalafave Associate Professor of Physics The College of New Jersey Richard Erdlac Ph.D. Structural Geology University of Texas (Austin) Michael C. Reynolds Assistant Professor of Mechanical Engineering University of Arkansas-Fort Smith Bruce Evans Ph.D. Neurobiology Emory University Gary Achtemeier Ph.D. Meteorology Florida State University William Everson Ph.D. Human Physiology Penn State College of Medicine Susan L.M. Huck Ph.D. Geology/Geography Clark University James Florence Associate Professor, Department of Public Health East Tennessee State University Douglas R. Buck Ph.D. Nutrition and Food Sciences Utah State University Fellow American College of Nutrition Margaret Flowers Professor of Biology Wells College Étienne Windisch Ph.D. Engineering McGill University (Canada) Mark Foster Ph.D. Chemical Engineering University of Minnesota Suzanne Sawyer Vincent Ph.D. Physiology & Biophysics University of Washington Clarence Fouche Professor of Biology Virginia Intermont College Robert Blomgren Ph.D. Mathematics University of Minnesota Kenneth French Chairman, Division of Natural Science Blinn College Richard N. Taylor Professor of Information & Computer Science University of California, Irvine Stephen C. Knowles Ph.D. Marine Science University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill Marvin Fritzler Professor of Biochemistry & Molecular Biology University of Calgary Medical School (Canada) Mark L. Psiaki Professor of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering (Ph.D., Princeton) Cornell University Walter E. Lillo Ph.D. Electrical Engineering Purdue University Mark Fuller Ph.D. Microbiology University of California, Davis Daniel Galassini Doctor of Veterinary Medicine Kansas State University Stanley E. Zager Professor Emeritus, Chemical Engineering Youngstown State University Andrew Fong Ph.D. Chemistry Indiana University John Garth Ph.D. Physics University of Illinois, Champaign-Urbana John K. G. Kramer Adjunct Professor, Dept. of Human Biology & Nutrition Sciences University of Guelph (Canada) Glen O. Brindley Professor of Surgery, Director of Ophthalmology Scott & White Clinic, Texas A&M University H.S.C. Ann Gauger Ph.D. Zoology University of Washington A SCIENTIFIC DISSENT FROM DARWINISM—6 WWW.DISSENTFROMDARWIN.ORG Pamela Faith Fahey Ph.D. Physiology & Biophysics University of Illinois Paul Brown Assistant Professor of Environmental Studies Trinity Western University (Canada) Mark Geil Ph.D. Biomedical Engineering Ohio State University Ibrahim Barsoum Ph.D. Microbiology The George Washington University Jim Gibson Ph.D. Biology Loma Linda University John W. Balliet Ph.D. Molecular & Cellular Biology University of Pennsylvania, William Gilbert Emeritus Professor of Biology Simpson College Joe R. Eagleman Professor Emeritus, Department of Physics & Astronomy University of Kansas Dexter F. Speck Associate Professor of Physiology University of Kentucky Medical Center Warren Gilson Associate Professor, Dairy Science University of Georgia Raul Leguizamon Professor of Medicine (Pathology) Autonomous University of Guadalajara (Mexico) Steven Gollmer Ph.D. Atmospheric Science Purdue University Sun Uk Kim Ph.D. Biochemical Engineering University of Delaware Gene B. Chase Professor of Mathematics and Computer Science (Ph.D. Cornell) Messiah College Chris Grace Associate Professor of Psychology Biola University James A. Ellard, Sr. Ph.D. Chemistry University of Kentucky Richard Gunasekera Ph.D. Biochemical Genetics Baylor University Jennifer M. Cohen Ph.D. Mathematical Physics New Mexico Institute of Mining and Technology Russel Peak Senior Researcher, Engineering Information Systems Georgia Institute of Technology Graham Gutsche Emeritus Professor of Physics U.S. Naval Academy Olivia A. Henderson Ph.D. Pharmaceutics University of Missouri, Kansas City Dan Hale Professor of Animal Science Texas A&M University Robert L. Jones Associate Professor, Department of Ophthalmology University of California, Irvine James Harbrecht Clinical Associate Professor, Division of Cardiology University of Kansas Medical Center George W. Benthien Ph.D. Mathematics Carnegie Mellon University James Harman Associate Chair, Dept. of Chemistry & Biochemistry Texas Tech University Frederick T. Zugibe Emeritus Adjunct Associate Professor of Pathology Columbia Univ. College of Physicians and Surgeons William Harris Ph.D. Nutritional Biochemistry University of Minnesota Thomas H. Johnson Ph.D. Mathematics University of Maryland Paul Hausgen Ph.D. Mechanical Engineering Georgia Institute of Technology Gregory A. Snyder Ph.D. Geochemistry Colorado School of Mines Walter Hearn Ph.D. Biochemistry University of Illinois Janice Arion Ph.D. Animal Science Cornell University Howard Martin Whitcraft Ph.D. Mathematics University of St. Louis Nolan Hertel Professor, Nuclear & Radiological Engineering Georgia Institute of Technology Joseph Francis Associate Professor of Biology Cedarville University Roland Hirsch Ph.D. Analytical Chemistry University of Michigan Todd Peterson Ph.D. Plant Physiology University of Rhode Island Charles Edward Norman Ph.D. Electrical Engineering Carleton University (Canada) Dewey Hodges Professor, Aerospace Engineering Georgia Institute of Technology James P. Russum Ph.D. Chemical Engineering Georgia Institute of Technology Marko Horb Ph.D. Cell & Developmental Biology State University of New York Joe Watkins Military Professor, Department of Mechanical Engineering United States Military Academy Barton Houseman Emeritus Professor of Chemistry Goucher College Mark Pritt Ph.D. Mathematics Yale University A SCIENTIFIC DISSENT FROM DARWINISM—7 WWW.DISSENTFROMDARWIN.ORG Edward Peltzer Ph.D. Oceanography University of California, San Diego (Scripps Institute) Cornelius Hunter Ph.D. Biophysics University of Illinois Rodney Ice Principle Research Scientist, Nuclear & Radiological Engineering Georgia Institute of Technology Malcolm W. MacArthur Ph.D. Molecular Biophysics University of London (UK) Rafe Payne Ph.D. Biology University of Nebraska Muzaffar Iqbal Ph.D. Chemistry University of Saskatchewan (Canada) Mark P. Bowman Ph.D. Organic Chemistry Pennsylvania State University David L. Elliott Chair, Division of Natural Sciences/Mathematics Louisiana College David Ives Emeritus Professor of Biochemistry Ohio State University Amiel G. Jarstfer Professor & Chair, Department of Biology LeTourneau University Stephan J. G. Gift Professor of Electrical Engineering The University of the West Indies Tony Jelsma Ph.D. Biochemistry McMaster University (Canada) George C. Wells Professor of Computer Science Rhodes University (South Africa) Fred Johnson Ph.D. Pathology Vanderbilt University Raleigh R. White, IV Professor of Surgery Texas A&M University, College of Medicine Jerry Johnson Ph.D. Pharmacology & Toxicology Purdue University Harold D. Cole Professor of Physiology Southwestern Oklahoma State University Yongsoon Park Ph.D. Nutritional Biochemistry Washington State University Richard Johnson Professor of Chemistry LeTourneau University David Hagen Ph.D. Mechanical Engineering University of Minnesota David Johnson Associate Professor of Pharmacology & Toxicology Duquesne University Jay Hollman Assistant Clinical Professor of Cardiology Louisiana State University Health Science Center Lawrence Johnston Emeritus Professor of Physics University of Idaho Albert J. Starshak Ph.D. Physical Chemistry Illinois Institute of Technology Robert Jones Associate Professor of Mechanical Engineering University of Texas-Pan America Scott T. Dreher Ph.D. Geology (Royal Society USA Research Fellow) University of Alaska, Fairbanks David Jones Professor of Biochemistry & Chair of Chemistry Grove City College Robert Kaita Ph.D. Nuclear Physics Rutgers University Kenneth Demarest Professor of Electrical Engineering University of Kansas Edwin Karlow Chair, Department of Physics LaSierra University Francis M. Donahue Professor Emeritus, Chemical Engineering The University of Michigan James Keener Professor of Mathematics & Adjunct of Bioengineering University of Utah Shawn Wright Ph.D. Crop Science North Carolina State University Douglas Keil Ph.D. Plasma Physics University of Wisconsin, Madison Dave Finnegan Staff Member (Ph.D. Chemistry, University of Maryland) Los Alamos National Laboratory Micheal Kelleher Ph.D. Biophysical Chemistry University of Ibadan (Nigeria) Christine B. Beaucage Ph.D. Mathematics State University of New York at Stony Brook Rebecca Keller Research Professor, Department of Chemistry University of New Mexico Gerald E. Hoyer Retired Forrest Scientist (Ph.D. Silviculture, University of Washington) Washington State Department of Natural Resources Michael Kent Ph.D. Materials Science University of Minnesota Richard Kinch Ph.D. Computer Science Cornell University Irfan Yilmaz Professor of Biology (Ph.D. Systematic Zoology) Dokuz Eylul University (Turkey) Bretta King Assistant Professor of Chemistry Spelman College Mauricio Alcocer Director of Graduate Studies (Ph.D. Plant Science, University of Idaho) Autonomous University of Guadalajara (Mexico) R. Barry King Prof. of Environmental Safety & Health Albuquerque Technical Vocational Institute A SCIENTIFIC DISSENT FROM DARWINISM—8 WWW.DISSENTFROMDARWIN.ORG Hiroshi Ishii M.D., Ph.D. Behavioral Neurology Tohoku University (Japan) Michael Kinnaird Ph.D. Organic Chemistry University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill Lasse Uotila M.D., Ph.D. Medicinal Biochemistry University of Helsinki (Finland) Donald Kobe Professor of Physics University of North Texas, Denton Martin Emery Ph.D. Chemistry University of Southampton (UK) Charles Koons Ph.D. Organic Chemistry University of Minnesota Miguel A. Rodriguez Undergraduate Lab. Coordinator for Biochemistry University of Ottawa (Canada) Carl Koval Full Professor, Chemistry & Biochemistry University of Colorado, Boulder Magda Narciso Leite Professor, College of Pharmacy & Biochemistry Universidade Federal de Juiz de Fora (Brazil) Bruce Krogh Professor of Electrical & Computer Engineering Carnegie Mellon University Tetsuichi Takagi Senior Research Scientist Geological Survey of Japan Daniel Kuebler Ph.D. Molecular & Cellular Biology University of California, Berkeley William Notz Professor of Statistics Ohio State University Don Ranney Emeritus Professor of Anatomy and Kinesiology University of Waterloo (Canada) Wesley Nyborg Emeritus Professor of Physics University of Vermont Peter William Holyland Ph.D. Geology University of Queensland (Australia) Paul Kuld Associate Professor of Biological Science Biola University Larry B. Rainey Principal Space Systems Engineer Missle Defense Agency Heather Kuruvilla Ph.D. Biological Sciences State University of New York, Buffalo Nancy L. Swanson Ph.D. Physics Florida State University Martin LaBar Ph. D. Genetics & Zoology University of Wisconsin, Madison William B. Hart Assistant Professor of Mathematics University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign Teresa Larranaga Ph.D. Pharmacology University of New Mexico Yuri Zharikov Post-Doctoral Research Fellow (Ph.D. Zoology) Simon Fraser University (Canada) Ronald Larson Professor and Chair of Chemical Engineering University of Michigan Wolfgang Hutter Ph.D. Chemistry University of Ulm (Germany) Robert Lattimer Ph.D. Chemistry University of Kansas, Lawrence Robert J. Graham Ph.D. Chemical Engineering Iowa State University M. Harold Laughlin Professor & Chair, Department of Biomedical Sciences University of Missouri Samuel C. Winchester Klopman Distinguished Professor Emeritus (Ph.D. Princeton) North Carolina State University George Lebo Associate Professor of Astronomy University of Florida Kurt J. Henle Professor Emeritus (Ph.D. Biophysics, University of Pennsylvania) University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences J.B. Lee Assistant Professor of Electrical Engineering University of Texas, Dallas James O. Dritt Ph.D. Civil Engineering & Environmental Science University of Oklahoma Matti Leisola Professor, Laboratory of Bioprocess Engineering Helsinki University of Technology Manuel Garcia Ulloa Gomez Director of Marine Sciences Laboratory Autonomous University of Guadalajara (Mexico) E. Lennard Sc. D. Surgical Infections & Immunology University of Cincinnati Glen E. Deal Ph.D. Electrical Engineering Florida Institute of Technology Lane Lester Ph.D. Genetics Purdue University Paul Whitehead Ph.D. Chemical Thermodynamics University of Natal (South Africa) Catherine Lewis Ph.D. Geophysics Colorado School of Mines John R. Goltz Ph.D. Electrical Engineering University of Arizona Peter Line Ph.D. Neuroscience Swinburne University of Technology (Australia) Gerald P. Bodey Emeritus Professor of Medicine, Former Chairman Department of Medical Specialties, University of Texas M.D. Anderson Cancer Center A SCIENTIFIC DISSENT FROM DARWINISM—9 WWW.DISSENTFROMDARWIN.ORG Garrick Little Ph.D. Organic Chemistry Texas A & M University John Nichols Ph.D. Mathematics University of Tennessee Mark Bearden Ph.D. Electrical & Computer Engineering Carnegie Mellon University Harry Lubansky Ph.D. Biological Chemistry University of Illinois, Chicago Daniel L. Moran Ph.D. Molecular & Cellular Biology Ohio University Fulbright Scholar Ken Ludema Emeritus Professor of Mechanical Engineering University of Michigan Jed Macosko Ph.D. Chemistry University of California, Berkeley Nigel Surridge Ph.D. Electrochemistry & Photochemistry University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill Christopher Macosko Ph.D. Chemical Engineering Princeton University David Keller Associate Professor of Chemistry University of New Mexico Allen Magnuson Ph. D. Theoretical & Applied Mechanics University of New Hampshire Amy Ward Ph.D. Mathematics Clemson University Donald Mahan Professor of Animal Nutrition Ohio State University Shane A. Kasten Post-Doctoral Fellow (Ph.D. Biochemistry, Kansas State University) Virginia Commonwealth University Robert Marks Professor, Signal & Image Processing University of Washington Chi-Deu Chang Ph.D. Medicinal Chemistry State University of New York, Buffalo Jesus Ambriz Professor of Medicine Autonomous University of Guadalajara (Mexico) Julie Marshall Ph.D. Chemistry Texas Tech University Jay L. Wile Ph.D. Nuclear Chemistry University of Rochester Manfredo Pansa Ph.D. Computer Science University of Turin (Italy) David McClellan Assistant Professor of Family & Community Medicine Texas A&M University College of Medicine Evgeny Shirokov Faculty Lecturer (Nuclear and Particle Physics) Moscow State University (Russia) Charles E. Hunt Professor of Electrical & Computer Engineering, Professor of Design University of California, Davis Also, Visiting Professor of Physics University of Barcelona (Spain) Andy McIntosh Full Professor of Thermodynamics and Combustion Theory University of Leeds (UK) Mark A. Robinson Ph.D. Environmental Science Lacrosse University Hsin-Yi Lin Assistant Professor, Dept. of Chemical Engineering & Biotechnology National Taipei University of Technology (Taiwan) Tom McMullen Ph.D. History & Philosophy of Science Indiana University David G. Durrett Ph.D. Chemistry Louisiana State University Haim Shore Professor of Quality and Reliability Engineering (Ph.D. Statistics) Ben-Gurion University of the Negev (Israel) Tony Mega Ph.D. Biochemistry Purdue University Carl Poppe Ph.D. Physics University of Wisconsin Keith P. Birch Ph.D. Atmospheric Physics University of Southampton (UK) James Menart Associate Professor of Mechanical Engineering Wright State University Theodor Liss Ph.D. Chemistry Massachusetts Institute of Technology James Keesling Professor of Mathematics University of Florida Brian Miller Ph.D. Physics Duke University Christopher D. Beling Associate Professor of Physics The University of Hong Kong (China) Art Nitz Ph.D. Anatomy & Neurobiology University of Kentucky Thomas Milner Associate Professor of Biomedical Engineering University of Texas, Austin David Ness Ph.D. Anthropology Temple University Christian W. Puritz Ph.D. Mathematics University of Glasgow (UK) Forrest Mims Atmospheric Researcher Geronimo Creek Observatory S. W. Pelletier* Emeritus Distinguished Professor of Chemistry University of Georgia, Athens A SCIENTIFIC DISSENT FROM DARWINISM—10 WWW.DISSENTFROMDARWIN.ORG Richard L. Carpenter, Jr. Ph.D. Meteorology University of Oklahoma Paul Missel Ph.D. Physics Massachusetts Institute of Technology Jeffrey Sabburg Ph.D. Physics Queensland University of Technology (Australia) Dónal O'Mathúna Ph.D. Pharmacognosy Ohio State University Steve D. Figard Ph.D. Biochemistry Florida State University Lennart Möller Professor, Center for Nutrition & Toxicology Karolinska Institute (Sweden) Victoriano Saenz Professor of Medicine Autonomous University of Guadalajara (Mexico) Takeo Nakagawa Chancellor (Ph.D. Physics, Monash University, Australia) White Mountains Academy (Japan) David Monson Ph.D. Analytical Chemistry Indiana University James T. Fowler Ph.D. Mathematics University of Durham (UK) Hugh Nutley* Professor Emeritus of Physics & Engineering Seattle Pacific University Terry Morrison Ph.D. Chemistry Syracuse University Bijan Nemati Ph.D. High Energy Physics University of Washington William Russell Belding Ph.D. Mathematics University of Notre Dame Bridget Ingham Ph.D. Physics Victoria University of Wellington (New Zealand) Paul Nesselroade Associate Professor of Experimental Psychology Asbury College Kevin L. Kendig Ph.D. Materials Science & Engineering University of Michigan Marco Bernardes Professor & Chair, Department of Mechanical Engineering Federal Center of Tech. Ed., Minas Gerais (Brazil) Robert Newman Ph.D. Astrophysics Cornell University Angus Menuge Ph.D. Philosophy of Psychology University of Wisconsin-Madison Khawar Sohail Siddiqui Senior Research Associate (Protein Chemistry) University of New South Wales (Australia) Janet Parker Professor of Medical Physiology Texas A&M University, Health Science Center Scott Northrup Chair and Professor of Chemistry Tennessee Tech University John Omdahl* Professor of Biochemistry & Molecular Biology University of New Mexico Matthew A. Jenks Professor of Horticultural Science Purdue University Fazale Rana Ph.D. Chemistry Ohio University Cevat Babuna Professor Emeritus of Gynecology (Post-doc, University of Chicago) Istanbul University (Turkey) Bruce L. Gordon Ph.D. Philosophy of Physics Northwestern University Lawrence Overzet Professor of Engineering & Computer Science University of Texas, Dallas J. C. Meredith Assistant Professor, Chemical Engineering Georgia Institute of Technology Siddarth Pandey Assistant Professor of Chemistry New Mexico Institute of Mining and Technology Bruce Holman, III Ph.D. Organic Chemistry Northwestern University Gordon Mills Emeritus Professor of Biochemistry University of Texas, Medical Branch A. Clyde Hill Ph.D. Soil Chemistry Rutgers University Aric D. Blumer Ph.D. Computer Engineering Virginia Tech Stephen C. Meyer Ph.D. Philosophy of Science Cambridge University (UK) William Purcell Ph.D. Physical Chemistry Princeton University Paul Randolph Ph.D. Mathematical Statistics University of Minnesota Christopher Morbey Astronomer (Ret.) Herzberg Institute of Astrophysics, National Research Council of Canada Stephen C. Tentarelli Ph.D. Mechanical Engineering Lehigh University David Reed Ph.D Entomology University of California, Riverside Charles D. Johnson Ph.D. Chemistry University of Minnesota J. Ishizaki Associate Professor of Neuropsychology (M.D., Ph.D. Medicine) Kobe Gakuin University (Japan) David Rogstad Ph.D. Physics California Institute of Technology A SCIENTIFIC DISSENT FROM DARWINISM—11 WWW.DISSENTFROMDARWIN.ORG Mark Shlapobersky Ph.D. Virology Bar-Ilan University (Israel) Arthur John Jones Ph.D. Zoology & Comparative Physiology Birmingham University (UK) Patricia Reiff Director, Rice Space Institute Rice University Oleh Havrysh Senior Research Assistant, Protein & Peptide Structure & Function Dept. Institute of Bioorganic Chemistry & Petrochemistry Ukrainian National Academy of Sciences (Ukraine) W. Christopher Schroeder Associate Professor of Mathematics Morehead State University Gail H. Allwine Professor of Electrical Engineering (retired) Gonzaga University Dan Reynolds Ph.D. Organic Chemistry University of Texas, Austin Gildo Magalhães Professor of the History of Science & Technology University of São Paulo (Brazil) Andrew Steckley Ph.D. Civil Engineering University of Western Ontario (Canada) Terry Rickard Ph.D. Engineering Physics University of California, San Diego Arlen W. Siert Ph.D. Environmental Health Colorado State University Mubashir Hanif Ph.D. Plant Biology University of Helsinki (Finland) Eliot Roberts Ph.D. Soil Chemistry Rutgers University Mario Beauregard Associate Researcher, Department of Psychology (Ph.D. Neuroscience) University of Montreal (Canada) Mehmet Pakdemirli Professor of Mechanical Engineering Celal Bayar University (Turkey) Quinton Rogers Prof. of Physiological Chemistry, Dept. of Molecular Biosciences Univ. of California, Davis, School of Vet. Medicine Liang Hong Associate Professor, Dept. of Dental Public Health & Behavioral Science University of Missouri, Kansas City Daniel Romo Professor of Chemistry Texas A&M University David Sabatini Professor Civil Engineering & Environmental Science University of Oklahoma Richard Buggs DPhil Plant Ecology & Evolution Oxford University (UK) Etienne Y. Vernaz Professor & Director of Research Director CEA (French Atomic Energy Agency) (France) Theodore Saito Ph.D. Physics Pennsylvania State University Jussi Meriluoto Professor, Department of Biochemistry & Pharmacy Abo Akademi University (Finland) Kay Roscoe Ph.D. High Energy Particle Physics University of Manchester (UK) Thomas Saleska Professor of Biology Concordia University James F. Drake Ph.D. Atmospheric Science University of California, Los Angeles Daniel M. Brown Ph.D. Physics Catholic University of America Fernando Saravi Professor, Department of Morphology and Physiology Med. Sciences, Univ. Nacional de Cuyo (Argentina) Harold Toups Ph.D. Chemical Engineering Louisiana State University Raúl Erlando López Ph.D. Atmospheric Science Colorado State University Beverly W. Miller Ph.D. Biology Carnegie Mellon University Seyyed Imran Husnain Ph.D. Bacterial Genetics University of Sheffield (UK) Gayle Livingston Birchfield Ph.D. Biology University of Missouri, Columbia Dale Schaefer Professor, Materials Science & Engineering University of Cincinnati Russell C. Healey Ph.D. Electrical Engineering University of Cambridge (UK) James Gilchrist Ph.D. Physics University of Texas, Austin Stuart C. Burgess Professor of Design & Nature, Dept. of Mechanical Engineering Bristol University (UK) Charles W. Bell Professor Emeritus of Biological Sciences San Jose State University Norman Schmidt Professor of Chemistry Georgia Southern University Flemming Nyboe Ph.D. Electrical Engineering Technical University of Denmark (Denmark) Steve Maxwell Associate Professor of Molecular and Cellular Medicine Texas A&M University, H.S.C. Rowan Seymour Ph.D. Computer Science Queen’s University, Belfast (Northern Ireland) Leslie J. Wiemerslage Emeritus Professor (Ph.D. Cell Biology, Univ. of Pennsylvania) Southwestern Illinois College Andrew Schmitz Ph.D. Inorganic Chemistry University of Iowa A SCIENTIFIC DISSENT FROM DARWINISM—12 WWW.DISSENTFROMDARWIN.ORG Anne E. Vravick Ph.D. Environmental Toxicology University of Wisconsin, Madison Granville Sewell Professor of Mathematics University of Texas, El Paso Richard A. Strong Ph.D. Chemistry Northeastern University Marshall Adams Ph.D. Marine Sciences University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill Stephen Sewell Assistant Professor of Family Medicine Texas A&M University Mark C. Biedebach Professor Emeritus of Physiology California State University, Long Beach Gregory Shearer Ph.D. Physiology University of California, Davis Douglas Nelson Rose Research Physicist United States Army David Shormann Ph.D. Limnology Texas A&M University Paul Lorenzini Ph.D. Nuclear Engineering Oregon State University Mark Apkarian Ph.D. Exercise Physiology University of New Mexico Dale Spence Emeritus Professor of Kinesiology Rice University Edson R. Rocha Research Assistant Professor, Microbiology East Carolina University David W. Dykstra Ph.D. Computer Science University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign Arnold Sikkema Associate Professor of Physics Dordt College Larry S. Helmick Senior Professor of Chemistry Cedarville University Georgia Purdom Ph.D. Molecular Genetics Ohio State University John Silvius Ph.D. Plant Physiology West Virginia University Philip S. Taylor Research Fellow, Computer Science Queen’s University Belfast (UK) Fred Skiff Professor of Physics University of Iowa Giulio D. Guerra First Researcher of the Italian National Research Council (Chemistry) Istituto Materiali Compositi e Biomedici, CNR (Italy) Ken Smith Professor of Mathematics Central Michigan University Audris Zidermanis Ph.D. Nutrition & Molecular Biology Texas Woman’s University Jeff Tomkins Ph.D. Genetics Clemson University Lakhi Goenka Ph.D. Fluid Dynamics University of Texas at Austin Stephen A. Batzer Ph.D. Mechanical Engineering Michigan Technological University Jacquelyn W. McClelland Professor (Ph.D. Nutritional Biochemistry) North Carolina State University, NCCE Robert Smith Professor of Chemistry University of Nebraska, Omaha Fred Van Dyke Professor of Biology and Chair of the Biology Department Wheaton College (Illinois) Ian C. Fuller Senior Lecturer in Physical Geography Massey University (New Zealand) Wolfgang Smith Emeritus Professor of Mathematics Oregon State University Jorge Pimentel Cintra University Professor, Earth Sciences University of São Paulo (Brazil) Wayne L. Cook Ph.D. Inorganic Chemistry University of Kentucky John Stamper Research Physicist Naval Research Laboratory Alfred Tang Visiting Scholar (Ph.D. Physics, University of Wisconsin, Madison) The Chinese University of Hong Kong (China) Jeffrey L. Vaughn Ph.D. Engineering University of California, Irvine Timothy Standish Ph.D. Environmental Biology George Mason University Robert W. Kopitzke Professor of Chemistry Winona State University William Hankley Professor of Computer Science Kansas State University Walt Stangl Associate Professor of Mathematics Biola University Karl Stephan Associate Professor, Dept. of Technology Texas State University, San Marcos Cahit Babuna Ph.D. Radiology Istanbul University (Turkey) Richard Sternberg Ph.D. Biology (Molecular Evolution) Florida International University Also: Ph.D. Systems Science (Theoretical Biology) Binghamton University Reid W. Castrodale P.E., Ph.D. Structural Engineering University of Texas, Austin A SCIENTIFIC DISSENT FROM DARWINISM—13 WWW.DISSENTFROMDARWIN.ORG Michael Strauss Associate Professor of Physics University of Oklahoma Jason David Ward Ph.D. Molecular Biology and Biochemistry Glasgow University (UK) Scott A. Renner Ph.D. Computer Science University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign John Studenroth Ph.D. Plant Pathology Cornell University Peter M. Rowell D.Phil. Physics University of Oxford (UK) Mark Swanson Ph.D. Biochemistry University of Illinois Ricardo Bravo Méndez Professor of Zoology and Ichthyology Universidad de Valparaíso (Chile) João Jorge Ribeiro Soares Gonçalves de Araújo, Assistant Professor, Department of Mathematics Open University (Portugal) Rafi Ahmed Ph.D. Computer Science University of Florida James Swanson Professor of Biological Sciences Old Dominion University Wade Warren C.J. Cavanaugh Chair in Biology Louisiana College Justin Holl Ph.D. Animal Science University of Nebraska, Lincoln Bela Szilagyi Ph.D. Physics University of Pittsburgh Gary J. Baxter Ph.D. Synthetic Organic Chemistry Monash University, Melbourne, Australia András Vukics Ph.D. in Physics University of Szeged, Hungary Wildon Fickett Ph.D. in Chemistry Caltech Richard Mann Ph.D. Physical Chemistry Princeton University Daniel Tedder Associate Professor, Chemical Engineering Georgia Institute of Technology Derek Linkens Senior Research Fellow and Emeritus Professor (Biomedical Eng.) University of Sheffield (UK) Charles Thaxton Ph.D. Physical Chemistry Iowa State University Lee M. Spetner Ph.D. Physics Massachusetts Institute of Technology Christopher L. Thomas Ph.D. Analytical Chemistry University of South Carolina J. Benjamin Scripture Ph.D. Biochemistry University of Notre Dame Douglas C. Youvan Former Associate Professor of Chemistry (Ph.D., U.C., Berkeley) Massachusetts Institute of Technology Jeff W. Johnson Ph.D., Industrial, Organizational, & Cognitive Psychology University of Minnesota Sture Blomberg Associate Professor of Anesthesia & Intensive Care Medicine The Sahlgren University Hospital (Sweden) Pavithran Thomas Ph.D. Mechanical Engineering Ohio State University Leonard Loose Ph.D. Botany University of Leeds (UK) Richard Thompson Ph.D. Computer Science University of Connecticut D. Albrey Arrington Ph.D. Wildlife & Fisheries Sciences Texas A&M University Kjell Erik Wennberg Ph.D. Petroleum Engineering Norwegian Univ. of Science & Technology (Norway) Orhan Kural Professor of Geology Technical University of Istanbul (Turkey) Stephen Lloyd Ph.D. Materials Science University of Cambridge (UK) James R. Thompson Noah Harding Professor of Statistics Rice University Denis M. Boyle Ph.D. Medical Biochemistry University of Witwatersrand (South Africa) Ide Trotter Ph.D. Chemical Engineering Princeton University Kevin E. Spaulding Ph.D. Optical Engineering University of Rochester Royal Truman Ph.D. Organic Chemistry Michigan State University Robert VanderVennen Ph.D. Physical Chemistry Michigan State University Tibor Tóth Professor of Product Information Engineering (D.Sc. Hungarian Academy) University of Miskolc (Hungary) Nigel E. Robinson Ph.D. Molecular Biology University of Nottingham (UK) Vincente Villa Emeritus Professor of Biology Southwestern University Margil Wadley Ph.D. Inorganic Chemistry Purdue University Clifton L. Kehr Ph.D. Chemistry University of Delaware Carston Wagner Associate Professor of Medicinal Chemistry University of Minnesota A SCIENTIFIC DISSENT FROM DARWINISM—14 WWW.DISSENTFROMDARWIN.ORG Karl Heinz Kienitz Professor, Department of Systems & Control Instituto Technologico de Aeronautica (Brazil) William F. Fechter Ph.D. Technology Arizona State University Linda Walkup Ph.D. Molecular Genetics University of New Mexico Medical School James Tumlin Associate Professor of Medicine Emory University David Van Dyke Ph.D. Analytical Chemistry University of Illinois, Urbana John Walkup Emeritus Professor of Electrical & Computer Engineering Texas Tech University Tom Belanger Professor of Environmental Science Florida Institute of Technology Joel Lantz Ph.D. Chemistry University of Rhode Island Pieder Beeli Ph.D. Physics University of Notre Dame Robert Waltzer Associate Professor of Biology Belhaven College James R. Brawer Professor of Anatomy & Cell Biology (Ph.D., Harvard) McGill University (Canada) Todd Watson Assistant Professor of Urban & Community Forestry Texas A & M University Weimin Gao Microbiologist Brookhaven National Laboratory Woody Weed Mechanical Engineer, Science & Technology Division Sandia National Labs Heikki Martikka Professor of Machine Design Lappeenranta University of Technology (Finland) Gerald Wegner Ph.D. Entomology Loyola University Richard R. Neptune Associate Professor, Department of Mechanical Engineering University of Texas, Austin Jonathan Wells Ph.D. Molecular & Cell Biology University of California, Berkeley Alexandre S. Soares Ph.D. Mathematics Federal University of Rio de Janeiro (Brazil) Robert Wentworth Ph.D. Toxicology University of Georgia James Wanliss Associate Professor of Physics Embry-Riddle University Einar W. Palm Professor Emeritus, Department of Plant Pathology University of Missouri, Columbia Anthony Reynolds Ph.D. Philosophy of Science (thesis on the Argument for Design) University of London (UK) R. P. Wharton Ph.D. Electrical Engineering Georgia Institute of Technology Lawrence Dickson Ph.D. Mathematics Princeton University Sandra Gade Emeritus Professor of Physics University of Wisconsin, Oshkosh Elden Whipple Affiliate Professor of Earth & Space Sciences University of Washington Chee K. Yap Professor of Computer Science (Ph.D., Yale University) Courant Institute, New York University Mark White Professor of Chemical Engineering Georgia Institute of Technology Charles Detwiler Ph.D. Genetics Cornell University Terrance Murphy Professor of Chemistry Weill Cornell Medical College Ed Neeland Professor of Chemistry Okanagan University Gregg Wilkerson Ph.D. Geologic Science University of Texas, El Paso Noel Funderburk Ph.D. Microbiology University of North Texas Joseph M. Marra Director, Interventional Radiology, & Adjunct Professor of Medicine Niagara Falls Memorial Medical Center Ken Pascoe Ph.D. Electrical Engineering Air Force Institute of Technology John H. Whitmore Associate Professor of Geology Cedarville University Ernest L. Brannon Professor Emeritus, Distinguished Research Professor (Ph.D. Fisheries) University of Idaho Miroslav Hill Former Director of Research Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (France) Christopher Williams Ph.D. Biochemistry Ohio State University Georg A. Speck Ph.D. Biology, Molecular Pharmacology University of Heidelberg (Germany) J. Mitch Wolff Professor of Mechanical Engineering Wright State University Thomas D. Gillespie Research Professor Emeritus Transportation Research Institute, Univ. of Michigan John Worraker Ph.D. Applied Mathematics University of Bristol (UK) Hans Degens Reader in Muscle Physiology Manchester Metropolitan University (UK) A SCIENTIFIC DISSENT FROM DARWINISM—15 WWW.DISSENTFROMDARWIN.ORG Alexander Yankovsky Assistant Professor of Physical Oceanography Nova Southeastern University Begona M. Bradham Ph.D. Molecular Biology University of South Carolina Christopher Scurlock Ph.D. Chemistry Arizona State University John C. Zink Former Assistant Professor of Engineering University of Oklahoma Patrick Young Ph.D. Chemistry Ohio University Bruno Lemaire Professor, Decision Science & Information Systems (Ph.D. Mathematics) HEC Paris (France) David Zartman Ph.D. Genetics & Animal Breeding Ohio State University Charles T. Rombough Ph.D. Engineering University of Texas Ingolf Kanestrøm Professor Emeritus, Department of Geoscience University of Oslo (Norway) Henry Zuill Emeritus Professor of Biology Union College Jane M. Orient Clinical Lecturer in Medicine University of Arizona College of Medicine John C. Sanford Courtesy Associate Professor of Horticultural Sciences Cornell University Frank Young Ph.D. Computer Engineering Air Force Institute of Technology Murray E. Moore Ph.D. Mechanical Engineering Texas A&M University William J. Powers Ph.D. Physics University California, San Diego William DeJong Ph.D. Computer Science University of Groningen (The Netherlands) Max G. Walter Associate Professor of Radiology Oklahoma University Health Science Center Rosa María Muñoz Head of Biopharmacy Department Autonomous University of Guadalajara (Mexico) Scott R. Fulton Ph.D. Atmospheric Science Colorado State University Don Olson Ph.D. Analytical Chemistry Purdue University Graham Marshall Ph.D. Analytical Chemistry University of Pretoria (South Africa) Ke-Wei Zhao Ph.D. Neuroscience University of California, San Diego Philip R. Page Ph.D. Theoretical Particle Physics University of Oxford (UK) Roger Wiens Ph.D. Physics University of Minnesota Mark Toleman Ph.D. Molecular Microbiology Bristol University (UK) Robert O. Kalbach Ph.D. Physical Chemistry University of South Florida Gregory J. Brewer Prof. of Neurology, Medical Microbiology, Immunology and Cell Biology Southern Illinois University School of Medicine Neil Huber Dr. rer. nat. (Ph.D. Anthropology) Tuebingen University Marc C. Daniels Associate Professor of Biology William Carey University J.D. Moolenburgh Ph.D. Epidemiology University of Rotterdam (The Netherlands) Roger Lien Ph.D. Physiology North Carolina State University Dean Schulz Ph.D. Computer Science Colorado State University John Millam Ph.D. Computational Chemistry Rice University Joseph Lary Epidemiologist and Research Biologist (retired) Centers for Disease Control Richard S. Beale, Jr. Ph.D. Entomology University of California, Berkeley Ernest M. Thiessen Ph.D. Civil & Environmental Engineering Cornell University Tianyou Wang Research Scientist Center for Advanced Studies in Measurement & Assessment, University of Iowa Øyvind A. Voie Ph.D. Biology University of Oslo (Norway) David K. Shortess Professor of Biology (retired) New Mexico Tech A.D. Harrison* Emeritus Professor of Biology University of Waterloo William P. Shulaw Professor of Veterinary Preventive Medicine The Ohio State University Darrell R. Parnell Ph. D. University Level Science Education Kansas State University Daniel W. Barnette Ph. D. Aerospace Engineering Stanford University David William Jensen Professor of Biology Tomball College A SCIENTIFIC DISSENT FROM DARWINISM—16 WWW.DISSENTFROMDARWIN.ORG Edward M. Bohn Ph. D. Nuclear Engineering University of Illinois Robert G. Vos Ph.D. Civil/Structural Engineering Rice University Yvonne Boldt Ph. D. Microbiology University of Minnesota William B. Collier Ph. D. Physical Chemistry Oklahoma State University Edward Gade Professor Emeritus of Mathematics University of Wisconsin, Oshkosh James E. Nymann Emeritus Professor of Mathematics University of Texas at El Paso Malcolm A. Cutchins Ph. D. Engineering Mechanics Virginia Tech Lisanne D’Andrea-Winslow Ph. D. Cell Biology & Biochemistry Rutgers University Holger Daugaard Ph. D. Agronomy Danish Institute of Agricultural Sciences (Denmark) Shieu-Hong Lin Assistant Professor of Computer Science (Ph.D., Brown University) Biola University W. John Durfee Assistant Professor of Pharmacology Case Western Reserve University Dominic M. Halsmer Ph. D. Mechanical Engineering UCLA Charles B. Lowrey Ph.D. Chemistry University of Houston Jeffrey H. Harwell Ph. D. Chemical Engineering University of Texas, Austin Frank Cheng Associate Professor of Chemistry University of Idaho Yoshiyuki Amemiya Professor of Advanced Materials Science & Applied Physics The University of Tokyo Barbara S. Helmkamp Ph.D. Theoretical Physics Louisiana State University David C. Kem Professor of Medicine University of Oklahoma College of Medicine C. Thomas Luiskutty Ph.D. Physics Univ. of Louisville Wusi Maki Research Asst. Professor, Dept. of Microbiology, Mol. Biology, & Biochem. University of Idaho A. Cordell Perkes Ph.D. Science Education Ohio State University John D. Cook Head of Software Development (Ph.D. Mathematics, U.T. Austin) Department of Biostatistics & Applied Mathematics, U. of Texas, M.D. Anderson Cancer Center Tony Prato Prof. of Ecological Economics University of Missouri Charles G. Sanny Prof. of Biochemistry Oklahoma State University Ctr. for Health Sciences Jairam Vanamala Postdoctoral Research Associate, Faculty of Nutrition Faculty of Nutrition, TAMU, College Station Gordon L. Wilson Ph.D. Environmental Science and Public Policy George Mason University Robin D. Zimmer Ph.D. Environmental Sciences Rutgers University Karl Duff Sc.D. Mechanical Engineering Massachusetts Institute of Technology David Jansson Sc.D. Instrumentation and Automatic Control Massachusetts Institute of Technology Alfred G. Ratz Ph.D. Engineering Physics University of Toronto (Canada) Chris Cellucci Associate Professor of Physics Ursinus College Gary Maki Director, Ctr. for Advanced Microelectronics and Biomolecular Research University of Idaho Ronald S. Carson Ph.D. Nuclear Engineering University of Washington Joseph A. Strada Ph.D. Aeronautical Engineering Naval Postgraduate School Olaf Karthaus Associate Professor, Chemistry Chitose Institute of Science & Technology (Japan) Arnold Eugene Carden Professor Emeritus of Engineering Science & Mechanics University of Alabama John B. Marshall Professor of Medicine University of Missouri School of Medicine Robert B. Sheldon Ph.D. Physics University of Maryland, College Park B. K. Nelson Research Toxicologist (retired) Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Hansik Yoon Ph.D. Fiber Science Seoul National University (South Korea) David Conover Ph.D. Health Physics Purdue University Luis Paulo Franco de Barros D.Sc. Mechanical Engineering Pontificia Universidade Católica (Brazil) Richard W. Pooley Professor of Surgery (retired) New York Medical College Arthur Chadwick Ph.D. Molecular Biology University of Miami A SCIENTIFIC DISSENT FROM DARWINISM—17 WWW.DISSENTFROMDARWIN.ORG Lennart Saari Adjunct Professor, Wildlife Biology University of Helsinki (Finland) Douglas G. Frank Ph.D. Surface Electrochemistry University of Cincinnati James G. Tarrant Ph.D. Organic Chemistry University of Texas, Austin N. Ricky Byrn Ph.D. Nuclear Engineering Georgia Institute of Technology Jeffrey E. Lander Ph.D. Biomechanics University of Oregon Curtis Hawkins Asst. Clinical Professor of Dermatology Case Western Reserve Univ. School of Medicine Mary A. Brown DVM (Veterinary Medicine) Ohio State University Thomas H. Marshall Adjunct Professor, Food Agricultural and Biological Engineering Ohio State University Charles H. McGowen Assistant Professor of Medicine Northeastern Ohio Universities College of Medicine Ronald R. Crawford Ed.D. Science Education Ball State University Matti Junnila DVM, Ph.D. Veterinary Pathology University of Helsinki (Finland) Dean Svoboda Ph.D. Electrical Engineering The Ohio State University Ruth C. Miles Professor of Chemistry Malone College Mark J. Lattery Associate Professor of Physics University of Wisconsin-Oshkosh William McVaugh Associate Professor of Biology Department of Natural Sciences, Malone College Jeffrey M. Goff Associate Professor of Chemistry Malone College Jarrod W. Carter Ph.D. Bioengineering University of Washington David B. Medved* Ph.D. Physics University of Pennsylvania Theodore W. Geier Ph.D. Forrest Hydrology University of Minnesota Christian Heiss Post-Doctoral Associate Complex Carbohydrate Res. Ctr., Univ. of Georgia G. Bradley Schaefer Professor of Pediatrics University of Nebraska Medical Center Bruce Simat Associate Professor of Biology Northwestern College Teresa Gonske Assistant Professor of Mathematics Northwestern College Thomas Mundie Dean of the School of Science & Technology Georgia Gwinnett College Scott S. Kinnes Professor of Biology Azusa Pacific University James A. Huggins Chair, Dept. of Biology & Dir., Hammons Center for Scientific Studies Union University Jonathan A. Zderad Assistant Professor of Mathematics Northwestern College Michael R. Egnor Professor and Vice-Chairman, Dept. of Neurological Surgery State University of New York at Stony Brook I. Caroline Crocker Ph.D. Immunopharmacology University of Southampton (UK) Donald J. Hanrahan Ph.D. Electrical Engineering University of Maryland Gintautas Jazbutis Ph.D. Mechanical Engineering Georgia Institute of Technology Paul S. Darby Ph.D. Organic Chemistry University of Georgia Changhyuk An Ph.D. Physics University of Tennessee L. Kirt Martin Professor of Biology Lubbock Christian University Gerald Schroeder Ph.D. Earth Sciences & Nuclear Physics Massachusetts Institute of Technology Rod Rogers Ph.D. Agronomy/Plant Breeding Iowa State University David W. Herrin Research Assistant Professor in Mechanical Engineering University of Kentucky Glen Needham Associate Professor of Entomology The Ohio State University E. Byron Rogers Professor of Chemistry; Chair, Dept. of Mathematics & Physical Sciences Lubbock Christian University Vladimir L. Voeikov Vice-Chairman, Chair of Bio-organic Chemistry, Faculty of Biology Lomonosov Moscow State University (Russia) Ricardo Leon Dean of School of Medicine Autonomous University of Guadalajara (Mexico) Eugene C. Ashby Regents’ Professor and Distinguished Professor Emeritus Georgia Institute of Technology JoAnne Larsen Assistant Professor of Industrial Engineering University of South Florida, Lakeland Douglas Axe Director (Ph.D. Chemical Engineering, California Institute of Technology) Biologic Institute Joel Brind Professor of Biology Baruch College, City University of New York A SCIENTIFIC DISSENT FROM DARWINISM—18 WWW.DISSENTFROMDARWIN.ORG Olufemi Dokun-Babalola Professor of Ophthalmology and Head of Department of Surgery Bingham University (Nigeria) L. Nathan Tumey Ph.D. Chemistry Duke University William F. Basener Associate Professor of Mathematics Rochester Institute of Technology L. Whit Marks Emeritus Professor of Physics University of Central Oklahoma Jan Peter Bengtson Associate Professor (M.D., Ph.D. Intensive Care Medicine) University of Gothenburg (Sweden) Perry Mason Professor of Mathematics and Physical Science Lubbock Christian University Timothy A. Mixon Assistant Professor of Medicine Texas A&M University Lawrence DeMejo Ph.D. Polymer Science and Engineering University of Massachusetts at Amherst Charles Garner Professor of Chemistry Baylor University Lynne Parker Professor of Computer Science (Ph.D. MIT) Distributed Intelligence Lab, University of Tennessee Ivan M. Lang Ph.D. Physiology and Biophysics Temple University David J. Lawrence Ph.D. Physics Washington University, St. Louis John G. Hoey Ph.D. Molecular and Cellular Biology City University of New York Graduate School Theodore J. Siek Ph.D. Biochemistry Oregon State University John P. Rickert Ph.D. Mathematics Vanderbilt University Christian M. Loch Ph.D. Biochemistry and Molecular Genetics University of Virginia David W. Rusch Sr. Research Scientist, Laboratory for Atmospheric and Space Physics University of Colorado Charles A. Signorino Ph.D. Organic Chemistry University of Pennsylvania Luke Randall Ph.D. Molecular Microbiology University of London (UK) Jan Frederic Dudt Associate Professor of Biology Grove City College Glenn A. Marsch Associate Professor of Physics Grove City College Eduardo Sahagun Professor of Botany Autonomous University of Guadalajara (Mexico) Mark A. Chambers Ph.D. Virology University of Cambridge (UK) Gary Hook Ph.D. Environmental Science Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences Daniel Howell Ph.D. Biochemistry Virginia Tech Joel D. Hubbard Associate Professor, Dept. of Lab. Science and Primary Care Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center C. Roger Longbotham Ph.D. Statistics Florida State University Hugh L. Henry Lecturer (Ph.D. Physics, University of Virginia) Northern Kentucky University Jonathan D. Eisenback Professor of Plant Pathology Dept. of Plant Pathology and Weed Science Virginia Tech Eduardo Arroyo Professor of Forensics (Ph.D. Biology) Complutense University (Spain) Peter Silley Ph.D. Microbial Biochemistry University of Newcastle upon Tyne E. Norbert Smith Ph.D. Zoology Texas Tech University Peter C. Iwen Professor of Pathology and Microbiology University of Nebraska Medical Center Paul Roschke A.P. and Florence Wiley Professor, Dept. of Civil Engineering Texas A&M University Luman R. Wing Associate Professor of Biology Azusa Pacific University Edward F. Blick Ph.D. Engineering Science University of Oklahoma Wesley M. Taylor Former Chairman of the Division of Primate Medicine & Surgery New England Regional Primate Research Center, Harvard Medical School Don England Professor Emeritus of Chemistry Harding University Wayne Linn Professor Emeritus of Biology Southern Oregon University James Gundlach Associate Professor of Physics John A. Logan College Guillermo Gonzalez Associate Professor of Astronomy Iowa State University Tim Droubay Ph.D. Physics University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee Gregory D. Bossart Director and Head of Pathology Harbor Branch Oceanographic Institution Barry Homer Ph.D. Mathematics Southampton University (UK) A SCIENTIFIC DISSENT FROM DARWINISM—19 WWW.DISSENTFROMDARWIN.ORG Jiøí Vácha Professor Emeritus of Pathological Physiology Institute of Pathophysiology, Masaryk University (Czech Republic) Richard J. Neves Professor of Fisheries, Dept. of Fisheries and Wildlife Sciences Virginia Tech David Deming Associate Professor of Geosciences University of Oklahoma Gregory A. Ator Associate Professor, Department of Otolaryngology University of Kansas Medical Center Erkki Jokisalo Ph.D. Social Pharmacy University of Kuopio (Finland) John S. Roden Associate Professor of Biology Southern Oregon University Donald W. Russell Adjunct Assistant Clinical Professor University of North Carolina School of Medicine Neil Armitage Associate Professor of Civil Engineering University of Cape Town (South Africa ) Geoff Barnard Senior Research Scientist, Department of Veterinary Medicine University of Cambridge (UK) Richard Hassing Ph.D. Theoretical Physics Cornell University Olivia Torres Professor-Researcher (Human Genetics) Autonomous University of Guadalajara (Mexico) Donald A. Kangas Professor of Biology Truman State University Alvin Masarira Senior Lecturer for Structural Engineering and Mechanics University of Cape Town (South Africa) George A. Ekama Professor, Water Quality Engineering, Dept of Civil Engineering University of Cape Town (South Africa) Alistair Donald Ph.D. Environmental Science/Quaternary or Pleistocene Palynology University of Wales (UK) Thomas C. Majerus PharmD; FCCP University of Minnesota Ferenc Farkas Ph.D. Applied Chemical Sciences Technical University of Budapest (Hungary) Scott A. Chambers Affiliate Professor of Chemistry and Materials Science & Engineering University of Washington Cris Eberle Ph.D. Nuclear Engineering Purdue University Dennis M. Sullivan Professor of Biology and Bioethics Cedarville University Rodney M. Rutland Department Head & Associate Professor of Kinesiology Anderson University Alastair M. Noble Ph.D. Chemistry University of Glasgow (Scotland) Robert D. Orr Professor of Family Medicine University of Vermont College of Medicine Laverne Miller Clinical Associate Professor of Family Medicine Medical College of Ohio Laura Burke Former Associate Professor of Industrial Engineering Lehigh University Terry W. Spencer Former Chair, Department of Geology & Geophysics Texas A&M University Bert Massie Ph.D. Physics University of California, Los Angeles Mark C. Porter Ph.D. Chemical Engineering Massachusetts Institute of Technology S. Thomas Abraham Assistant Professor of Pharmacology & Toxicology Campbell University School of Pharmacy John L. Hoffer Professor of Engineering; Texas A&M University College of Engineering; (also) Professor of Anesthesiology Texas A&M Univ. Syst. Health Science Center Herman Branover Professor of Mechanical Engineering Ben-Gurion University (Israel) Martin Krause Research Scientist (Astronomy) University of Cambridge (UK) James G. Bentsen Ph.D. Chemistry Massachusetts Institute of Technology Charles N. Delzell Professor of Mathematics (Ph.D. Stanford) Louisiana State University Curtis Hrischuk Ph.D. Electrical Engineering Carleton University (Canada) Guang-Hong Chen Assistant Professor of Medical Physics & Radiology University of Wisconsin-Madison Doug Hufstedler Ph.D. Animal Nutrition Texas A&M University Justin Long Ph.D. Chemical Engineering Iowa State University James E. Rankin Ph.D. General Relativity Yeshiva University (Israel) Donald F. Smee Research Professor (Microbiology) Utah State University Colin R. Reeves Professor of Operational Research (Ph.D. Evolutionary Algorithms) Coventry University (UK) Eugene K. Balon University Professor Emeritus, Department of Integrative Biology University of Guelph (Canada) William F. Smith Ph.D. in Molecular & Cellular Biology McGill University A SCIENTIFIC DISSENT FROM DARWINISM—20 WWW.DISSENTFROMDARWIN.ORG William A. Eckert III Ph.D. in Cell & Molecular Physiology University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill Hannes Fischer Ph.D. in Molecular Biology University of Pennsylvania Ronald D. DeGroat Ph.D. Electrical Engineering University of Colorado at Boulder John R. Fritch Ph.D. in Chemistry University of California Berkeley Emilio Cervantes Ph.D. in Molecular Biology University of Salamanca, Spain Charles A. Rodenberger Ph.D. in Aerospace Engineering University of Texas at Austin William Murphy Ph.D. in Chemistry Columbia University Valdemar W. Setzer Ph.D. in Applied Mathematics University of São Paulo, Brazil Brandon van der Ventel Ph.D. in Theoretical Nuclear Physics Stellenbosch University Eric Montgomery Ph.D. in Physics Stellenbosch University Neil Steiner Ph.D. in Electrical Engineering Virginia Tech Jeffery R. Layne Ph.D. in Electrical Engineering The Ohio State University Ferenc Tóth Ph.D. in Agricultural Sciences Szent István University, Gödöllő, Hungary Christian A. Widener Ph.D. Mechanical Engineering Wichita State University Timothy H. Heil Ph.D. in Computer Engineering University of Wisconsin, Madison Fred B. Maas Ph.D. in Agronomy Purdue University Mike Viccary Ph.D. in Sold State Chemistry University of Bradford Michael N. Keas Professor of History and Philosophy of Science The College at Southwestern Gérald Pech Ph.D. in Satellite Communications & Networking Supaero (Higher Inst. of Space and Aeronautics), France Marco Fasoli Ph.D. in Biochemistry University of Cambridge (UK) Chrystal L. Ho Pao Assistant Professor of Biology (Ph.D. Molecular Genetics, Harvard U.) Trinity International University Donald E. Johnson Ph.D. Computer & Information Sciences University of Minnesota Also: Ph.D. Chemistry Michigan State University James Campbell Ph.D in Physics Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University Alex Chediak Professor of Engineering and Physics California Baptist University J. Richard Kiper Ph.D. in Computing Technology in Education Graduate School of Computer and Information Sciences, Nova Southeastern University Steve Overell Ph.D. in Solid State Physics Edinburgh University Zoltán Süttő M.D., Ph.D. in Medicine, Dept. of Pulmonology Semmelweis University Budapest, Hungary Kristian M. Arason Ph.D. in Medicinal Chemistry Ohio State University Robert Beckett Ph.D. in Animal Genetics Ohio State University Kirk Cameron Ph.D. in Statistics Stanford University William E. Solomons Ph.D. Medicinal Chemistry The University of Mississippi School of Pharmacy Everett T. Solomons Ph.D. Medicinal Chemistry The University of Mississippi School of Pharmacy James N. Cummins Emeritus Professor of Pomology Cornell University Chad Dechow Assistant Professor of Dairy Genetics Penn State University Dale A. Dickinson Assistant Professor & Graduate Program Director, School of Public Health University of Alabama Birmingham Gerald C. Van Dyke Professor of Botany & Plant Pathology North Carolina State University Paul N. Dunlap Ph.D. in Chemical Engineering California Institute of Technology Yupeng (David) He Ph.D. in Microbiology University of Washington Matthew Harvey Jones Ph.D. in Mechanical and Aeronautical Engineering University of California, Davis Donald Linn Ph.D. in Chemistry University of Georgia James R. Matthews Ph.D. in Materials Engineering MIT Doug Peters Ph.D. in Electrical Engineering University of Virginia A SCIENTIFIC DISSENT FROM DARWINISM—21 WWW.DISSENTFROMDARWIN.ORG Terry L. Rathman Ph.D. in Organic Chemistry Virginia Tech Philip C. Sekar Ph.D. in Medical Chemistry University of Delhi Evgeny Selensky Ph.D. in Physics and Mathematics Moscow State University Craig Thomas Ph.D. in Animal Science University of Florida Ron Voss Ph.D. in Chemistry University of Manitoba Wesley Brewer Ph.D. in Computational Engineering Mississippi State University Keith Diaz Ph.D. in Integrative Exercise Physiology Temple University Clifford Hull, Jr. Ph.D. in Analytical and Biological Chemistry University of South Carolina Luis Santamaria Professor of Histology, Dept. of Anatomy, Histology, and Neuroscience Autonomous University of Madrid David Tong Ph.D. in Experimental Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics University of Connecticut Amaro Carvalho Camilo Ph.D. in Cellular and Structural Biology University of Viçosa David (Dale) Gottlieb Ph.D. in Philosophy – Mathematical Logic Brandeis University Jeng-Kuang Hwang Ph.D. in Electrical Engineering National Tsing-Hua University Rasmin Khoshabeh Ph.D. in Electrical and Computer Engineering University of California, San Diego Ming-blu Leung Ph.D. in Civil Engineering University of Illinois Pekka Maattanen Ph.D. in Biochemistry McGill University (Canada) Gerald K. McEwen Ph.D. in Chemistry Iowa State University Suzanne Phillips Chair of Biology Department Southwestern Adventist University Wei H. Ruan Professor of Mathematics Purdue University, Calumet Terry Strout Ph.D. in Chemical Engineering University of Maine Paolo Cioni Contract Professor, Psychology, Faculty of Medicine University of Pisa and Florence George A. Damoff Ph.D. in Forestry Stephen F. Austin State University Charles W. Slack Ph.D. in Psychology Princeton Stefano Brillanti Associate Professor of Gastroenterology University of Bologna Ryan F. Estevez Assistant Professor, Dept. of Psychiatry and Neurosciences University of South Florida College of Medicine Monty Craig Johnson Ph.D. in Microbiology Southern Illinois University William Soo Hoo Ph.D. in Biochemistry University of Illinois, Champaign-Urbana David L. MacQuarrie Ph.D. in Evaluation, Measurement and Research Western Michigan University Mustafa McPherson Ph.D. in Agronomy Mississippi State University Michael Barfield Research Fellow, Dept. of Surgery Duke University Medical Center Lucija Tomljenovic Ph.D. in Biochemistry James Cook University (Australia) David W. Chester Ph.D. in Biochemistry University of Connecticut Julio A. Gonzalo Professor of Solid State Physics, 1983-2006 Universidad Autónoma de Madrid John G. Leslie Ph.D. Experimental Pathology University of Utah Hamza Saouli Ph.D. Computer Science University of Biskra, Algeria Peter-Brian Andersson DPhil Experimental Pathology Oxford University (UK) Mark Tabladillo Ph.D. Industrial and Systems Engineering Georgia Institute of Technology Jean-Michel Olivereau Professor of Neurosciences (retired) University of Paris-Descartes Timothy P. Gilmour Ph.D. Electrical Engineering Pennsylvania State University Mark Liebe Ph.D. Water Resources Engineering Iowa State University Edward Schmeichel Emeritus Professor of Mathematics San Jose State University James Hodge Ph.D. Chemistry Pennsylvania State University Ernst Lutz Ph.D. in Agricultural and Resource Economics University of California, Berkley Istvan Fodor Ph.D. in Molecular Biology USSR Academy of Sciences (USSR) Kelson Mota T. Oliveira Associate Professor, Physical Chemistry Universidade Federal do Amazonas (Brazil) A SCIENTIFIC DISSENT FROM DARWINISM—22 WWW.DISSENTFROMDARWIN.ORG Rob Redfield Professor, Dept. of Engineering Mechanics US Air Force Academy Brian E. Hunt Associate Professor, Applied Health Science Wheaton College David Rolf Ph.D. in Bioorganic Chemistry University of Minnesota Wayne Rossiter Assistant Professor of Biology Waynesburg University Ralph A Henderson Jr. Professor Emeritus, Department of Clinical Sciences Auburn University, College of Veterinary Medicine Carlos Alberto Mourão Jr Chief of Physiology Department Universidade Federal de Juiz de Fora (Brazil) Moses Noh Ph.D. in Mechanical Engineering Georgia Institute of Technology Allan L. Bleecker Ph.D. Biology Rutgers University John Rokos Ph.D. Biochemistry University of London Dave B. Tribble Professor of Physics (retired) Loyola University of Chicago Edgar P. Moraes Professor of Chemistry Federal University of Rio Grande do Norte (Brazil) James P. O’Halloran Ph.D. Psychology University of California, Irvine Izak J van der Walt Professor, Philosophy of Science and Technology North West University (South Africa) Rex A. Parker Ph.D. Biochemistry Indiana University Richard Webb Ph.D. Physics Washington State University Robert W. West, Jr. Emeritus Professor, Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology SUNY Upstate Medical University Matthew Weeks Ph.D. Materials Science and Engineering University of California, Irvine Timothy D. Blackburn Ph.D. Systems Engineering The George Washington University Teemu Langsjo M.D., Ph.D. Anatomy University of Eastern Finland Peter Knibbe Ph.D. Experimental Physics University of Pennsylvania Sebastian Michael Ph.D in Anthropology University of Bombay John Thatcher Ph.D. Mathematics (Theoretical Astrophysics) University of Sydney John Rousseau Ph.D. Physics Oxford University Alberto Vigato Ph.D. Information Engineering University of Padua, Italy Kjell J. Tveter Professor of Urology (retired) University of Oslo Rodrigo M. Pontes Professor of Chemistry The State University of Maringa (Brazil) George-Adrian Lungu Ph.D. Physics University of Bucharest Kirk Durston Ph.D. Biophysics University of Guelph Márcio Lazzarotto Professor, Organic Chemistry Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul (Brazil) Greg W. Burgreen Ph.D. Mechanical Engineering Mississippi State University Silviu Podariu Ph.D. Cosmology Kansas State University Catherine K. Luk Ph.D. in Biophysics University of Rochester Moshe Marikovsky Ph.D. in Biology Weizmann Institute of Science (Israel) J.W. Sam Stevenson Ph.D. in Organic Chemistry University of South Carolina Christopher Q. Lan Associate Professor, Chemical and Biological Engineering University of Ottawa (Canada) Paul Craddock Assistant Professor, Experimental Psychology University of Lille (France) Wilton Remigio Assistant Professor, Department of Physical Therapy Misericordia University Samuel Valença Professor of Histology Federal University of Rio de Janeiro (Brazil) Yongfang Zhang Ph.D. Electrical Engineering California Institute of Technology Betsy Siewert Ph.D. in Biostatistics University of Colorado, Denver Edgar Andrews Emeritus Professor of Materials Science University of London, UK Ryan T. Hayes Ph.D. Chemistry Northwestern University Sam S. Yoon Professor of Mechanical Engineering Korea University, Seoul, Korea Iuliana Pasuk Senior Researcher National Institute of Materials Physics, Romania Martin Klvana Ph.D. Microbiology Masaryk University, Czech Republic A SCIENTIFIC DISSENT FROM DARWINISM—23 WWW.DISSENTFROMDARWIN.ORG Wessel P. Dirksen Ph.D. in Molecular Biology and Microbiology Case Western Reserve University Günter Bechly Ph.D. Paleontology Eberhard‐Karls‐University Tübingen Patricia Wolfe Ph.D. Molecular Pharmacology Cornell University Doo Jin Cho Professor of Electronics Ajou University, Korea Jang Hoon Kim Professor of Architecture Ajou University, Korea Rémi Plus Doctor of Sciences Paris University Former member, Société Française de Chimie Physique D. David Nowack Ph.D. Nutritional Biochemistry Purdue University Dusan Fiala Ph.D. Biophysics/Systems Biology De Montfort University Michael R. Shepard Ph.D. Chemistry University of Florida Victor Enrique Vizcarra Ruiz Professor of Physics Universidade Estadual de Maringá PremRaj Pushpakaran Ph.D Biotechnology Jamia Hamdard, New Delhi, India Dudley Eirich Ph.D Microbiology University of Illinois, Champaign-Urbana Guy F. Birkenmeier Ph.D Biochemistry Washington State University Paul Keough Ph.D Health Sciences Northwestern University *= Deceased since signing statement. Note: Unless updated information has been received, positions listed are those held by signatories when they signed the statement. Ph.D. in Mechanical Engineering Georgia Institute of Technology Allan L. Bleecker Ph.D. Biology Rutgers University John Rokos Ph.D. Biochemistry University of London Dave B. Tribble Professor of Physics (retired) Loyola University of Chicago Edgar P. Moraes Professor of Chemistry Federal University of Rio Grande do Norte (Brazil) James P. O’Halloran Ph.D. Psychology University of California, Irvine Izak J van der Walt Professor, Philosophy of Science and Technology North West University (South Africa) Rex A. Parker Ph.D. Biochemistry Indiana University Richard Webb Ph.D. Physics Washington State University Robert W. West, Jr. Emeritus Professor, Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology SUNY Upstate Medical University Matthew Weeks Ph.D. Materials Science and Engineering University of California, Irvine Timothy D. Blackburn Ph.D. Systems Engineering The George Washington University Teemu Langsjo M.D., Ph.D. Anatomy University of Eastern Finland Peter Knibbe Ph.D. Experimental Physics University of Pennsylvania Sebastian Michael Ph.D in Anthropology University of Bombay John Thatcher Ph.D. Mathematics (Theoretical Astrophysics) University of Sydney John Rousseau Ph.D. Physics Oxford University Alberto Vigato Ph.D. Information Engineering University of Padua, Italy Kjell J. Tveter Professor of Urology (retired) University of Oslo Rodrigo M. Pontes Professor of Chemistry The State University of Maringa (Brazil) George-Adrian Lungu Ph.D. Physics University of Bucharest Kirk Durston Ph.D. Biophysics University of Guelph Márcio Lazzarotto Professor, Organic Chemistry Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul (Brazil) Greg W. Burgreen Ph.D. Mechanical Engineering Mississippi State University Silviu Podariu Ph.D. Cosmology Kansas State University Catherine K. Luk Ph.D. in Biophysics University of Rochester Moshe Marikovsky Ph.D. in Biology Weizmann Institute of Science (Israel) J.W. Sam Stevenson Ph.D. in Organic Chemistry University of South Carolina Christopher Q. Lan Associate Professor, Chemical and Biological Engineering University of Ottawa (Canada) Paul Craddock Assistant Professor, Experimental Psychology University of Lille (France) Wilton Remigio Assistant Professor, Department of Physical Therapy Misericordia University Samuel Valença Professor of Histology Federal University of Rio de Janeiro (Brazil) Yongfang Zhang Ph.D. Electrical Engineering California Institute of Technology Betsy Siewert Ph.D. in Biostatistics University of Colorado, Denver Edgar Andrews Emeritus Professor of Materials Science University of London, UK Ryan T. Hayes Ph.D. Chemistry Northwestern University Sam S. Yoon Professor of Mechanical Engineering Korea University, Seoul, Korea Iuliana Pasuk Senior Researcher National Institute of Materials Physics, Romania Martin Klvana Ph.D. Microbiology Masaryk University, Czech Republic A SCIENTIFIC DISSENT FROM DARWINISM—23 WWW.DISSENTFROMDARWIN.ORG Wessel P. Dirksen Ph.D. in Molecular Biology and Microbiology Case Western Reserve University Günter Bechly Ph.D. Paleontology Eberhard‐Karls‐University Tübingen Patricia Wolfe Ph.D. Molecular Pharmacology Cornell University Doo Jin Cho Professor of Electronics Ajou University, Korea Jang Hoon Kim Professor of Architecture Ajou University, Korea Rémi Plus Doctor of Sciences Paris University Former member, Société Française de Chimie Physique D. David Nowack Ph.D. Nutritional Biochemistry Purdue University Dusan Fiala Ph.D. Biophysics/Systems Biology De Montfort University Michael R. Shepard Ph.D. Chemistry University of Florida Victor Enrique Vizcarra Ruiz Professor of Physics Universidade Estadual de Maringá PremRaj Pushpakaran Ph.D Biotechnology Jamia Hamdard, New Delhi, India Dudley Eirich Ph.D Microbiology University of Illinois, Champaign-Urbana Guy F. Birkenmeier Ph.D Biochemistry Washington State University Paul Keough Ph.D Health Sciences Northwestern University *= Deceased since signing statement. Note: Unless updated information has been received, positions listed are those