What email address or phone number would you like to use to sign in to Docs.com?
If you already have an account that you use with Office or other Microsoft services, enter it here.
Or sign in with:
Signing in allows you to download and like content, and it provides the authors analytical data about your interactions with their content.
Embed code for: Cognition--Thinking 10/18
Select a size
You will know key approaches and obstacles to thinking.
You will be able to test the functional fixedness of several common objects
1. Cognition Notes and brainteasers
2. Functional fixedness group activity
1. Me Book/Project Rough Drafts due 10/28
Take a few minutes and sketch Burke’s campus from memory.
How did you do?
Would it be easier to sketch the layout of your house or your room?
The mental activities associated with thinking, knowing, remembering, and communicating
What makes a “chair” a “chair”? Think of a chair.
Mental grouping of similar objects, events, ideas, or people. Ex. Chairs, dogs, friends
Mental image or best example of a category or concept.
Close your eyes. Picture a bird.
Is This a Bird?
Is this a bird?
A methodical, logical rule or procedure that guarantees solving a particular problem.
A simple thinking strategy that often allows us to make judgments and solve problems quickly—faster, but more error prone than algorithms.
Using an algorithmic approach, how could you unscramble the following word?
Using an heuristic approach, how could you unscramble the following word?
A sudden and often novel realization of the solution to a problem. This contrasts with strategy based solutions.
Insight is satisfying.
“Ah-ha!” moments feel awesome.
Insight may be connected to humor…Ohhhh, I get it! HAHAHAHA!
Obstacles to Problem Solving
A tendency to approach a problem in a particular way, especially a way that has been successful in the past.
O – T – T – F - ? - ? - ? - ? What are the next four letters?
Why are these numbers arranged in this order?
8, 5, 4, 1, 7, 6, 3, 2, 0
Luchin’s Water-Jar Problem
In your groups, solve the Luchin’s water jar problems by adding water to and subtracting water from the 3 jars in each problem to get the desired amount.
Obstacles to Solving Problems
The tendency to think of things only in terms of their usual function.
In your groups, what could your objects be used for?
Make a list of 10 uses
Pass the object and the list to the next group. Try to add as many additional uses as you can think of.
What assumptions would you make about this guy?
Making Decisions and Forming Judgments
A common fallacy wherein people determine the probability or frequency of an event based on assumptions or past experience
Steven is articulate, outgoing, artistic, and politically liberal. Is it more likely that he a. is an engineering major, or b. started out as an engineering major and switched to journalism?
The tendency to be more confident than correct – to overestimate the accuracy of one’s beliefs and judgments.
The way an issue is posed; how an issue is framed can significantly affect decisions and judgments.
Ex. Would you rather eat ground beef that is “75% lean” or “25% fat”?
Clinging to one’s initial conceptions after the basis on which they were formed has been discredited.