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Chapter 13: Latin Europe 1200-1500
Rural Growth and Crisis (pgs. 351-355)
What factors led to the rapid growth in Europe’s population?
What factors brought higher agricultural yields and what factors caused these yields to fall again?
How did the Black Death spread?
How did people respond to the sudden death that accompanied the plague?
Although the gap between rich and poor remained wide, how did the lives of surviving poor people improve following the destruction of the Black Death?
Why do some historians speak of an “industrial revolution” in medieval Europe?
How did this “industrialization” change the landscape of Europe?
Urban Revival (pgs. 355-361)
Urbanization increased after 1200 in the Latin West as a result of ___________ & __________.
Discuss how the following became centers of trade:
Italian states of Venice & Genoa:
What advantage did European cities have over those in China and the Islamic world?
Explain why the Jews were generally welcomed in urban areas?
How did guilds contribute to or hinder economic and social life?
Persecution and Protection of Jews (pgs. 360-361)
Why is Thomas Aquinas opposed to forced conversion of Jews?
What protections does Pope Gregory X (1272) extend to the Jews?
Why did persecutions increase in times of crisis such as the Black Death? What forms did this take?
The Clock (page 362
Why do historians consider the clock as one of the most important technological devices of the later Middle Ages? How did the European clock differ from the Chinese clocks?
Learning, Literature, and the Renaissance (pgs. 362-366)
Explain 4 different ways in which learning increased in Europe between the 11th and 13th centuries.
Explain scholasticism. Why was scholasticism necessary during this time period?
Explain the humanist movement during the Renaissance. Who were some famous humanists and what were their contributions?
Explain the importance of the printing press. Why was this invention necessary and how did it affect European society?
Describe the themes of Renaissance art. What factors set this artistic period apart from other periods? How was it also influenced by previous artistic periods?
Who were some of the most famous Renaissance artists and what are they famous for?
Political & Military Transformations (pgs. 366-371)
Explain how new technology changed warfare in Europe beginning in the 1200s.
What were the causes and effects of the Great Western Schism (1378-1415)?
Explain the significance of the Magna Carta.
What were the causes and effects of the Hundred Years War?
How were the monarchies of France and England different following the Hundred Years War?
How was royal power “checked”?
How did Portugal and Spain become unified kingdoms?
Summary/Question to Ponder
Explain ways in which Europe was changed by the Black Death. Explain differences in the ways that various social groups were affected by the changes brought about by the end of the Black Death and the arrival of the Renaissance.