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1 The “Trump Effect” By Oran Spector On November 9th 2016 the world was at loss of words in reaction to the election of Donald Trump as the new US president. As someone who was considered an underdog, lacking the necessary knowledge and experience, who was an outsider to the political game and according to most polls was supposed to lose to Hillary Clinton, especially after his controversial remarks on subjects such as women and immigrants- he succeeded big time. In a way, Trump is a mystery. He lacks any political experience, throughout his whole campaign he never presented solid beliefs and is known for a few inconsistencies. When asked during a radio interview on September 11th 2002 if he is in favor of entering Iraq he answered by saying “Yes, I guess so…”1 This however did not bother him to deny this saying throughout his campaign and claim that he was opposed to the war that took place during George W. Bush’s presidency. For this reason and others people and leaders worldwide were stunned when he was chosen for this most wanted job. They don’t know how to react to this new reality that fell on them, they don’t know how to read him, his thoughts or his moves and are trying with difficulty to figure out how to deal with him and the new pending regime. 1 http://bzfd.it/2fXaulc 2 The Guide for the Perplexed So who is Donald Trump? Donald Trump is first and for most a business man. His father was in real estate and he joined him later on expanding the company and becoming the real estate god and billionaire that he is known for. He majored in economy, commerce and trade while business is his real love. “To quit is to die” he said2 . He isn’t afraid of taking risks, sees in to the future, is very experienced in negotiating and will do everything to win and that is what he preaches in his books as well. How does this influence his beliefs in foreign policy and his thoughts on the Middle East?- Trump sees the Middle East through the dollar as well. During his campaign he mentioned several times the money that the US wasted in the Middle East according to him. “We are wasting all our money on the Middle East3” he said and gave Saudi Arabia as an example. On a different occasion he said “We wasted 2 trillion dollars on the Middle East. With that money we could of rebuilt our country twice!4. Regarding Iraq- He feels that if the US already invaded the country it should have put to use its natural resource-oil, which is known to be worth a fortune. Instead, ISIS is the one who got to enjoy the scraps.5 And it doesn’t stop here. Also regarding the help to the weaker countries issue he brings up the benefits that are to be made. He claims that the US should demand compensation for the tremendous amount of help it provides: “ America should tell the rebels in the Middle East- we will help you if you give us 50% of your oil in return”… and added:” The only reason I don’t ask for 75% is because I’m a good person”6. He sees the Israeli- Palestinian conflict in a business matter as well. He believes that as a good mediator he should remain neutral in order to be considered believable by both parties. “This is the ultimate deal” he said and added “As someone who makes deals I want to create an unattainable deal7”. Regarding the nuclear agreement that was already made with Iran, he said at the AIPAC convention that as a business man who is an expert on making deals this was a bad deal 2 http://bit.ly/2f05uqN 3 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8Cr3aPe3QnU 4 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=cZopp-yJWgM 5 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=kSFxL0BLcGQ 6 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CKKsXQy0rw0 7 http://on.wsj.com/2epbL2V 3 for Israel, the US and the whole Middle East8. On a different occasion he mentioned that the US should have taken advantage of the agreement that was made with Iran to make one with North Korea as well and was surprised and disappointed that it didn’t happen. China has great influence on North Korea. He said, and the Chinese are taking the Americans money. His perception of “America First”9, with no need to invest in weaker countries without accepting anything in return, was what caught the attention of a lot of voters. The American citizens that care above all about their own welfare and economy, want to put themselves and their needs first before they are willing to reach out and give aid to weaker countries that are sometimes thousands of kilometers away from them. Before they are willing to open their country to the large amounts of immigrants that flooded the country over the past few years, who came from the bleeding Middle East, they demand lowering taxes, helping them improve foundations and bringing back the jobs and factories that were taken from them. Not coincidentally Trumps campaign slogan was:” Let’s make America GREAT again”. Trumps perception demands to think big, if not huge, in order to perceive the strength and power. “I’m going to rebuild our army to be the greatest and most powerful ever10” he said. Another emphasis of the slogan: Let’s make AMERICA great again”- don’t forget the main subject here is America- first we need to take care of the citizens, the people that were born in America and were left behind, the unemployed: cutting down expenses, demanding what we are owed from other countries and bringing back lost jobs. As opposed to Trump, Clinton’s slogan was: “Stronger Together”. The together that Clinton was referring to, included the immigrants, refugees, minorities, women and whoever was in a disagreement with Trump throughout the campaign. Liberalism, Globalization and More Many will claim that Trump is the total opposite of a Liberal: pro limiting immigration- he talked about banning the entrance of Muslims to the US, talked against abortions11, he disrespected women and immigrants in his sayings and more. On the other hand some will claim that at least some of his beliefs are liberal: for example he is against 8 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bHmINZRwiZU 9 http://brook.gs/2fMpWx2 10 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8Cr3aPe3QnU 11 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jGSttcyn2RI 4 America involving itself in foreign issues in some cases. Some will define this as separatism. Either way its agreed that Trump isn’t in favor of globalism. As a person who puts his country first, is cautious about letting foreigners in, wants to increase local industry, he does not stand with the people who want to bring down nationalism. When going about his plans for the first 100 days of his presidency he said that he is interested in stopping the funding of billions towards UN programs that are working against climate changes. Instead, he wants to invest that money in improving water and environment foundations in the US12. Here we see again that his main interest is to invest in in- country issues. We can see an example to the extreme polarization of these two different systems in Facebook founder Mark Zuckerberg’s words: He continues saying that he wants to erase walls and borders between people using technology, Internet, wire connections, solving international issues (curing diseases, education for all, giving equal opportunities for every human)13 and on the other end, Trump is repeating the saying “America First”. Zuckerberg is interested in bringing the walls down and Trump wants to put them up. It’s no surprise that Zuckerberg was supporting Clinton in the past elections. Another extreme belief difference is between Trump and the current Pope. The Pope said in reference to Trump:” A person that wants to put up walls instead of building bridges is not a Christian14”- a very harsh saying when coming from a man such as the Pope. Of course Zuckerburg and the Pope’s beliefs are fundamentally different but it was hard not to comment on Trumps sayings towards the Pope. Speaking of the Pope, it was interesting to see that in Trumps victory speech he didn’t finish off with the known saying: “G-d bless America” and by doing so he was the first president to do so since Ronald Reagan in 1984. Despite this he mentioned in an interview that he does believe in G-d and loves Christianity15. It’s not clear if the feeling is mutual. House of Cards Trump has used the term: “Element of Surprise” several times and explained how important it is when talking about foreign policy. On the issue of the Israeli-Palestinian conflict he said: “We are showing too much of our cards” and wasn’t willing to share any 12 http://n.pr/2fmMuDB 13 http://bit.ly/1bZeFit 14 http://wapo.st/2fHXegd 15 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=TLlolVjf3h8 5 personal views on the matter or what deal he thinks should be made16. In one of the political debates against Clinton he mentioned the “Element of Surprise” and said that it is a mistake to reveal your intentions to the enemy and declare for example where the US is planning on attacking ISIS. Another prominent issue from Trumps sayings on the foreign policy matter is his preference towards dictator leaders who know how to impose order in their countries, over terror organizations and armed underground military groups. He explained that Sadam was preferred over ISIS because he at least took action against terror organizations17. “I’m the most militarist person in this room” he once said while criticizing the war in Iraq, “but you need to know when to use it (power)”18 . Same with Assad, he claims that the main focus should be fighting ISIS in Syria and not trying to remove Assad as the leader19. He supported Russia’s actions in Syria saying that Putin is fighting ISIS, according to him20. A Promise is a Promise Trump is considered an Israel supporter: throughout his campaign he said more than a few remarks that show his support and he surrounded himself with pro-Israel advisors. This support was shown during the AIPAC convention when he said that he is a true friend and ally to Israel, declared that he wants to cancel out the nuclear agreement, promised that he will transfer the American embassy to Jerusalem, that he will use the American veto right against any anti-Israel decisions that will come up in the UN and not to force Israel to do anything regarding the Israeli-Palestinian conflict until both sides agree to sit down to negotiate21. During an interview to the Daily Mail, he made his support clearer while answering the question if he thinks Israel should stop building in the settlements and answering that not only should they not stop they should continue (building)22. As someone who is considered an Israel supporter but on the other hand a 16 atch?v=xUGiOHG_kEUhttps://www.youtube.com/w 17 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=YINmCEx6JmI 18 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=cBD9cDn52w8 19 http://on.wsj.com/2epbL2V 20 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=YINmCEx6JmI 21 om/watch?v=bHmINZRwiZUhttps://www.youtube.c 22 http://dailym.ai/1TkAFsJ 6 pragmatic and even unexpected person, it should be interesting to see if he will keep his promise. Only time will tell. n people using technology, Internet, wire connections, solving international issues (curing diseases, education for all, giving equal opportunities for every human)13 and on the other end, Trump is repeating the saying “America First”. Zuckerberg is interested in bringing the walls down and Trump wants to put them up. It’s no surprise that Zuckerberg was supporting Clinton in the past elections. Another extreme belief difference is between Trump and the current Pope. The Pope said in reference to Trump:” A person that wants to put up walls instead of building bridges is not a Christian14”- a very harsh saying when coming from a man such as the Pope. Of course Zuckerburg and the Pope’s beliefs are fundamentally different but it was hard not to comment on Trumps sayings towards the Pope. Speaking of the Pope, it was interesting to see that in Trumps victory speech h