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Child Sexual Abuse
Mrs. Kalpana Kishorekumar Microsoft Innovative Educator Expert Microsoft Master Trainer Head of Humanities Department Chung Hwa Middle School, BSB Brunei Darussalam
STOP CHILD SEXUAL ABUSE!
“No violence against children is justifiable, and all violence against children is preventable.”
Survivors of childhood sexual abuse make up a large proportion of certain at-risk populations
What is Child Sexual Abuse?
Child sexual abuse is when
a young or less powerful person is used by an older or more powerful child, adolescent or adult for sexual gratification.
Secrecy shrouds both contact and non-contact types of sexual abuse.
maltreatment in the form of emotional, physical or sexual abuse, exploitation, neglect or bullying and harassment.
Sexual Abuse is a process through which “the child is treated as a sexual object and as a commercial object”
Child sexual abuse includes a wide range of sexual behaviors that take place between:
a child and an older person(adult) or between two children.
CSA occurs when full consent of involved parties is not possible due to differences in size, power, age, developmental level, or authority.
Commercial Sexual Exploitation of Children
Causes - How does it happen?
What motivates a person to sexually abuse a child?
How does a person convince him/her self that his / her abuse of children is acceptable?
How does a person create opportunities whereby s/he can abuse children?
Why don’t children resist a person’s sexual advances, or tell afterwards?
Consider the influence of gender, religion, culture or disability.
How Abuse Happens – Step 1 What motivates a person to sexually abuse a child?
Emotional congruence to children
Sexual arousal to children
Blockage to adult relationships
Need for affection, closeness, intimacy
Belief there is no other way of obtaining this pleasure
Poor impulse control or desire to impose controls
Revenge – for rejection or for own abuse
Desire for power and control, Money
How Abuse Happens – Step 2 How does a person convince him/herself that his/her abuse of children is acceptable?
“ S/he’s enjoying it …. It won’t cause any harm… Kids like sex …I have a right…Women are tarts…Damn the consequences… I wasn’t getting sex from my wife… It just happened… we have a special relationship… “I’ll only touch him, it won’t hurt her…. It didn’t hurt me”
How Abuse Happens – Step 3 How does a person create opportunities whereby s/he can abuse children?
Grooming the non-offending parent
“I’ll gain her trust
Make myself indispensable
Help out with childcare
Make sexual play seem innocent
and normal ”
How Abuse Happens – Step 4 Why don’t children resist a person’s sexual advances, or tell afterwards?
“I’ll tell them it’s a game
I’ll get them used to touch on their privates
Give them lots of attention
Give them a present
Frighten them – ‘you will be taken away from mum
Use force if they say “No ”
“I love you”
“You like it”
“You began the game”
“You could have said no”
“I wont do it again”
“If you tell it will kill mum”
“Tell & you’ll be sent away”
Tell & we’ll be in trouble”
This is love
I must have asked for it
I did, it’s my fault
I could have but didn’t
This is being special
I must have wanted it
He did – don’t trust men
I’ll be sent away, I’m bad
I’m as responsible as him
Consider the implications for caring for children
KEY TERMS AND EFFECTS
Stress : non-specific response of the– positive and negative stressors
Trauma : threat to one ’s life or bodily integrity
Traumatic stress: a normal reaction of the mind and body to an overwhelming event that threatens life and/or limb
Post-traumatic Stress: traumatic stress that has not been processed by the body
Panic attacks: a sudden overwhelming feeling of acute & disabling anxiety
Two exercises :
Circle every fourth woman ’s name and every sixth men ’s name, this is how prevalent csa is
SHAME exercise :
On a piece of paper, write something you feel alone with
Make a list of feelings, describing how you feel when you think about that thing
What qualities would you need in someone else in order to trust them with that secret?
What would you experience if you found someone or a group of people who had those qualities, and you didn ’t have to keep the secret to yourself anymore?
EXERCISE – PRECONDITIONS TO SEXUAL ABUSE
Your group has been asked to discuss one of the following questions:
What motivates a man to sexually abuse a child?
How does a man convince himself that his abuse of children is acceptable?
How does a man create opportunities whereby he can abuse children?
Why don’t children resist men’s sexual advances, or tell afterwards?
Record the main points of your discussion on flip paper for presentation to the larger group.
Robert G Tucker RGT Training & Consultancy
Mention a few sexual behaviors from the list and if you have stories to share to illustrate each of the points will be better …
Child sexual abuse is a wide range of behaviors. It ranges from molestation and rape to penetration to psychological sexual abuse such as showing pictures on a magazine or showing movies to a child who is not mentally prepared to see those pictures and which are shown for sexual gratifications.
Safety: always develop safety inside and outside of therapy before beginning any trauma therapy
Develop a good relationship : she/he must be able to trust you
Slow down: know how to apply the brakes
Identify and build on current resources: don ’t start from scratch
Regard defenses as resources: always work to include more coping mechanisms, not just eliminate current ones
Trauma is a pressure cooker: always work to reduce pressure, not increase it
Adapt the therapy to the client: not the other way around
Have a broad theory of knowledge: each individual will require different strategies
Recognize your client is an individual
Be prepared just to talk
Robert G Tucker RGT Training & Consultancyp 3 How does a person create opportunities whereby s/he can abuse children?
Post-traumatic Stress: traumatic stress t