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Embed code for: Circassian
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This presentation is about Circassians
Who are Circassians?
The Circassians call themselves Adyghe
In Circassian language, Adyghe means High S un
They originally inhabited an area of the northwestern Caucasus
During the Circassian-Russian War which lasted 101 years, half the population were lost.
In 1864 Russia invaded Circassia completely and 90 percent of the survived population were exiled to Ottoman lands.
The vast majority of Circassians live outside the ir homeland a nd their exact numbers are impossible to determine. They live in old Ottoman provinces such as Turkey, Jordan, Syria, Israel.
Most numbered Circassian diaspora lives in Turkey
Where was Circassia?
Circassia ( Адыгэ Хэку, Черке́сия) is a region and historical country in the North Caucasus and along the northeast shore of the Black Sea. It is the ancestral homeland of the Circassian people.
Adyghe cuisine consists of many different traditional dishes, varying by season
The summer time traditional dishes are mainly dairy products and vegetables
In winter and spring, the traditional dishes mostly consist of flour and meat
Circassian cheese is the most popular one
Relatives and family members take a position according to their age and statu in the society at the table
Dinner is not started before the speech of the eldest participant
Religion and Xabze
The ethnic religion of Circassians was Xabze . Adyghe Xabze functions as the Circassian unwritten law
Xabze a philosophical and religious system that defines the relationship of an individual to others, to the world, and to the Higher Mind .
It is Circassians’ code of honour and is based on mutual respect and above all requires responsibility, discipline and self-control.
In the 6th century, under Byzantine influence, small group of Circassians became Christian, then under the growing influence of the Ottomans, other small group of them became Muslims. Majority of the population stayed loyal to their ethnic religion, Xabze.
Nowadays Diaspora Circassians and Cirassians live in Caucasus are mostly Muslims.
Dance and Music
Dancing has always had a special place in the life of the Circassians. In mythical times, the Narts held annual festivals and tournaments in which dances were held.
I n Circassian music, there are several dances that are performed differently .
A religious ritual, Circassian Circle (Wuic) The most sacred class of dances , which was performed by dancers forming a circle round a venerated object. It later turned into a dance performed by couples with music, losing all religious significance.
Qafe is a stately slow dance, performed with pride and with a great self-control. It is the dance of the princes. There have been hundreds of tunes devised for this dance throughout th e ages such as Prince Qafe, Nobility Qafe.
Circassians have their own dress which considered the oldest dress in the world that have never changed. They designed their dress based on their life style.
The traditional female clothing was very diverse and highly decorated and mainly depends on the region, class of family and tribes.
The traditional male costume includes a coat with wide sleeves, shirt, pants, a dagger, sword, and a variety of hats and shoes.
Following are the symbols of the Kabardian horse breeds. After the Circassian-Russian war, only one breed survived. Other breeds were annihilated.
Circassians have not used a national flag untill 19th century.
Each principality used it’s own banner.
In 19th century during the war against the Russian Empire following national flag was used
The twelve stars on the Circassian flag symbolize the individual tribes of the Circassians
Abdzakh, Baslaney, Bzhedug, Hatuqwai, Kabarday, Mamkhegh, Natukhai, Shapsugs, Temirgoy, Ubykh, Yegeruqay, and Zhaney
Old Kabardian Principality Banners
Banner of Kabardian Inal Dynasty of Circassia
Symbol of Kabardian Princapility with old Circassian Alphabet
Banner of Prince Janxot of Kabardia
Banner of Prince Talostan and Gilakstan of Kabardia
Each Circassian family used to have a unique symbol which was marked on belongings and used as a decoration pattern and to brand cattle s and horses. No family was allowed to use another’s.
The allocation of these emblems was the prerogative of the Council of the Nobles.
Major:Sociologyrdan, Syria, Israel.