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While the general definition of a puppet is that of an object manipulated by someone, the history of puppets is In fact a long and varied one. While today they are widely considered to be entertainment for children, more and more people are discovering that puppets have always held a place in entertainment for all ages. By taking a look at the history of puppets, you’ll be able to see that the contribution of puppets and puppeteers to the arts has been inestimable.
While it is impossible to be certain, puppetry had its birthplace in India, almost a thousand years B.C. from this era, you can find stick puppets that were used to play out the Indian epics like Maha-Bharata and the Bala-Ramayana.
While these puppet shows described very scared and beloved texts, there was still a very real element of entertainment in them. The performances far from being solemn affairs, were loud and boisterous. This aspect of puppetry would be continued by Indonesians with their use of the Walang puppets. The Indonesians puppet shows would be opened with a speech from a holy person and treated with a certain degree of seriousness.
There are many reasons why the use of puppets might develop. Centuries later, Bunraku puppets Large extremely expressive. Japanese puppets were handily replacing human actors on the stage. Legend has it that a famous playwright grew tired of actors demanding that their parts be enlarged and that his plays could be much better acted by wood puppets.
To accommodate the historical dramas and deeply emotional love stories that were current in this era, the puppets themselves were highly sophisticated. There could be as many as 3 men designated to each puppet. Each man would be clothed and hooded in black, even though they were in plain sight of the audience they were simply not acknowledged.
In Europe puppets were no less popular. In many places puppets were used to act of morality plays. Acting in ways that would never have been acceptable for humans to behave. It was during the 18th century that puppetry flourished in Italy, and many serious plays like Dr Faust were performed in this method. By the 19th century under the direction of Pietro Radillo, a venetian puppeteer. Puppets were upgraded from 2 strings and a rod to controls that included as many as 8 strings. This enhanced control gave the puppets a wider range of movement as well as a great degree of believability.
In the 19th century, puppets were divided from actor theaters forever and puppeteers took their places as buskers and wanders, sharing the same social class as juggler’s gypsies and other foreigners.
At this point, puppetry would start to compete with vaudeville and the music hall theatre. Both venues that were considered low-brow entertainment compared to the classical acting tradition. Like other performers in these venues puppeteers grew very adaptable and versatile, coming up with new routines overnight and often finding their talents of use at places like seaside resorts, which had only recently opened up. There was an interest in leisure during the 19th century and puppetry played strongly to that.
Even at the beginning of the 19th century, there were those who praised puppetry as being a finer art, and there were discussions of the advantages of puppets over real human actors. There was an essay written by one Heinrich Von Kleist called “On the marionette theatre” Where puppets were praised as being less self-conscious than humans, and therefore would always be the better choice. There was the argument made, one that is still recurrent in several forms of media today. While the human actor imitates the emotion, the puppet by virtue and its unchanging nature always expresses that key emotion.
Despite the history of puppets going back so far, it is interesting to note that puppetry is still a thriving medium in our world today. There has been a resurgence of interest in puppetry in the 20th century. It is possible to see puppets in many different places.
The Muppets created by the Jim Hansen Company are one immediately recognizable fixture of the puppetry scene and with even that one word, many people have a certain image called to mine.
The satirical movie team America: World police was produced entirely using puppets for much the same reason that Bunraku puppets were used in Japan. The producers simply did not want to deal with human actors (although of course, puppets need puppeteers)
While it is easy to see that puppets are holding their own when to comes to pure entertainment, it is also worth noting there have been some very important strides made in terms of fine art. Ulie Taymor for instance, who was responsible for the musical The Lion King and the movie Titus Andronicus. Taymor was first inspired by a presentation of the Indonesian wayang kulit shadow puppets and went on to study pre-bunruku puppets in early japan. Thanks to their studies, the puppets used in the Lion King and the musical Juan Darien have won countless awards as adding to the rich cultural history of puppetry.
I have touched on thousands of years in the history of puppets. As you can see, puppetry has a great deal to offer in terms of art and entertainment, and though it has been with us for a very long time, it has shown no signs of slowing down. Puppetry is constantly involving art form and the only time will show us where it will go next! The History of puppets continues today…..
2 marionette a puppet worked by strings. You should have strings and you move the string around to make the puppet move. What you need to do to make a marionette draw your design. Lay the cardboard or poster board on a flat surface, Sketch out individual body parts for the marionette. The puppet will need two separate arms, two separate legs and a torso section with the head attached. Cut out the pieces. Decorate the sketched puppet with markers, crayons or paint and cut out the pieces. Lay out your puppet.
Assemble the puppet face up on a flat surface. Lay the torso piece down first, then arrange the arms and legs on the marionette so that a section of each overlaps with the torso piece. Create the joints. Push a brass brad through each joining in the puppet; punch the holes in the paper if it is too thick to be pierced by the brad alone. The joints should remain loose and flexible enough for the limbs to move easily. Create the handle. Lay down two chopsticks or pencil to form a cross. Tape the sticks together where they intersect. Attach the strings. Thread a needle with the fishing line. Piercing a hole through the cardboard just above to knees and the wrists, knot the line and draw the fishing line through. Knot and cut the line marking each attachment. The length of fishing line extending from each section needs to be long enough to reach the sticks. Which should be at least 6 inches (15.2cm) above the shoulders (longer if the head is larger). Connect the strings, knot the fishing lien extending from the puppets shoulders to the centre of the cross. Knot each of the four strings connected to the puppets limbs to an individual arm of the cross.
Dot school glue on each knot to keep it from untying. Finished. 3 good things about a marionette 1: it would look nice. 2:it would look cool when you show it to people. 3: would look good with music,
3 bad points, 1: it could be to hard to make 2:it might not look that good 3: it could break really easy.
Sock puppet…a puppet which is a sock with things on it. You put your hands in the sock puppet and move your hand around. You need a sock which is not a pair, you need buttons glue string and eye stickers.
3 good points about a sock puppet…1: it would be easy to make 2:it could look good 3: could make people laugh and have fun. 3 bad points…if you find the other sock 2: it could be stinky 3: it could have holes.
Finger puppet…a puppet that you put your finger in. You need a rubber glove, cut the bit where you put your finger in. you need glue buttons eyes and string. 3 good points…1:easy make 2: could entertain people 3: make people laugh. 3 bad points…1: waist of materials 2: could make your hand sore 3:waste of a glove.
Shadow puppet… a puppet that you make with your hand. Move your hand around in front of a flashlight.
All you need is a torch and your hands. 3 good things …1: looks cool 2: easy to do 3: can make anything you like. 3 bad things...1: you could have no hands or fingers 2: could hurt yourself 3: could have no flashlight. You need to be able to change your voice in different ways and sound. You need to be clear and speak properly. Be clever you should know what you’re going to do before you do it.
Sesame street.. is a long running American children’s television series, produced by the sesame workshop and created by Joan Ganz Cooney and Lloyd Morrisett. The program is known for its educational content, and images communicated through the use of Jim Hensons muppets animation, short films and cultural references. The series premiered on November 10, 1969 to positive reviews. Some controversy’s and high viewership it has aired on the is national public television provider (PBS) since its debut, with its first run moving to premium channel HBO on January 16, 2016. The show had undergone significant changes throughout history. The format of sesame street consists of a combination of commercial television production elements and techniques which has evolved to reflect the changes in American culture and the audiences viewing habits. With the creation of sesame street producers and writers of a children’s television show used for the first time, educational goals and a curriculum to shape its content. It was also the first time a shows educational effects were studied.
Shortly after creating sesame street, its producers developed what came to be called the “CTW model” (named for the shows production company’s previous name, the children’s television workshop) a system of television show planning, production, and evaluation based on collaborations between producers, writers, educators and researchers. The show was initially funded by government and private foundations but has become somewhat self-supporting due to revenues from licensing arrangements, international sales and other media. By 2006 there were independently produced versions, or co-productions od sesame street broadcast in twenty countries. In 2001 there were over 120 million viewers of various international versions of sesame street, and by the shows 40th anniversary in 2009, it was broadcasted in more than 140 countries. By the 40th anniversary in 2009 sesame street was the 15th highest rated children’s television show in the united states. A 1996 survey found that 95% of all American preschoolers had watched the show by the time they were 3 years old. As of 2014 sesame street has won 167 Emmy awards and 8 Grammy awards – more than other children’s chows. They use mechanical puppets and they use hand puppets. They perform in New York on a tv, because it was the only good show in 1924.
Julians work puppets shoulders to the centre of the cross. Knot each of the four strings connected to the puppets limbs to an individual arm of the cross.