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‘What has influenced Society’s perception of crime and offending behaviour?’
This essay will explore what the society’s perception of crime and offending behaviour. It will focus upon the definitions of crime from different perspectives. It will also underpin the theories of crime and converse the numerous reports as to why individuals commit crime and what factors and theories support it. Natarajan (2010) defined crime as the violation of the law to the general public. It could also an act or the commission of an action that is prohibited or the oversight of a responsibility that is demanded by the public law and that makes the offender liable to punishment by that law. There are four perspectives when defining crime, criminological, political, sociological and physiological. Croall (2011) Recommended crime from a sociological perspective is an antisocial act of such a nature that its domination is necessary or is supposed to be necessary to the protection of the existing system of society. Crime is a violation against human relationships first, a harm of law second.
There are many factors which have influenced society perspective of crime and offending behaviour such as, Sociological Exclusions, Poverty, Gang culture, alcohol and drugs and biological factors. However in today’s society poverty has a massive impact in society because it affects the lives of many individuals ……. Emphasised that poverty effects the whole well beings of an individual’s life style. This may include there health, family life, education and there relationship with people in the outside community. This could lead to anti-social behaviour. For example a young child who may have experienced a poor abuse, material deprivation due to poverty this may lead to them being involved with the wrong group of individuals at school or local community, resulting in them committing crime to gain money so they can purchase clothing, mobile phones etc. Research by the Ministry of Justice (2015) report states that in the United Kingdom, there were 87,160 verified offences by young people. Furthermore from a sociological theoretical perspective, Marxists augured that legislation are there to control society rather than maintaining order and peace. Marxists argues that different social classes are controlled inversely, with the working class being profoundly policed in the belief that they will be more criminal and therefore rising the probabilities of their crimes being highlighted within society. Additionally Marxist argued that media plays a vital role increasing the level of relative deprivation among the poor, working class and marginalised social groups of society by creating negative of an community institutions such as the London riots 2011 in which the media portrayed the murder of Mark Duggan which played a role in promoting the negative portrayal of the police force regarding his death.
Poverty is a neighbouring factor to gang crime. This could lead to broken homes .These factors could lead to the development of gangs. For example youngsters such as teenagers seeking family and love from outside family life which could lead to them being involved in gang culture at a young age. This plays an essential role in society’s perceptions of crime and offending behaviour because according to the research Home Office 'There has been increasing public concern in contemporary years about gun and knife crime. Moreover the numeral of such crimes is relatively low and within in a universal population illustration survey such as the BCS the number of victims is too small within the United Kingdom' this shows that there the correlation between crime and peoples crime is inconsistent, showing that were as people think gang crime is rising in actual fact is falling.
Another essential factor is alcohol and drugs, this is a factor in how the public may perceive towards crime and offending behaviour. Research states that 40% of violent crimes are caused by being under the influence of alcohol and 17% of state prisoners and 18% of federal inmates said they committed their current offense to get money for drugs (Ncadd.org, 2016). To elaborate this Chohen (1955) developed the theory of the “Status Frustration”. He viewed this from a functional standpoint of subcultural behaviour which is the desire to improve a group’s status.Also this may relate to the problems faced by many working class young people who cannot gain status justifiably due to their family lifestyle. This could lead to them becoming frustrated and therefore they may try to gain status through illegitimate ways which could may lead to the use of Alcohol and drugs. Also they may generate their individual subculture and discard the standards and morals of conventional civilization in today’s modern culture.
Equally significantly the media also plays an essential role in society’s perceptions in today’s society because people are exposed to all various different types of crime through the instant access to mobile phones, internet, television radio and social networking websites. The social media such as internet can be used to promote negativity about a certain topic to influence individuals who use internet for news and researching other topics related to crime. According to research despite the fact the crime rates in Wales and England has dropped since 2010 two out of three people still believe that the crime rate is on the risen .Another the survey by the British Survey stated that “60% of adults aged 16 and over in England and Wales thought crime had risen at the national level.”The report also highlighted that British public believe that they are most ta
The detailed findings also showed that people believe their chances of becoming victim of burglary, car crime and violent crime are a lot higher than actual rates
http://cpag.org.uk/content/impact-povertyhttp://cpag.org.uk/content/impact-povertyed within society. Additionally Marxist argued that media plays a vital role increasing the level of relative deprivation among the poor, working class and marginalised social groups of society by creating negative of an community institutions such as the London riots 2011 in which the media portrayed the murder of Mark Duggan which played a role in promoting the negative portrayal of the police force regarding his death.
Another essential factor is alcohol and drugs, this is a factor in how the public may perceive towards crime and offending behaviour. Research states that 40% of violent crimes are caused by being under the influence of alcohol and 17% of state prisoners and 18% of federal inmates said they com