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Study on: Filipinos Satisfied with Duterte's Drug War,
But Want Suspects Alive – SWS
A Case Analysis
PROF. GERLIETA S. RUIZ, PHD.
University of Mindanao
In Partial Fulfillment
Of the Requirements for the Subject
MAC 103 (Media Laws and Ethics)
MAYBELLE FLORES-MINA, MPA
Metro Manila (CNN Philippines) — amid international criticism on the Philippines' bloody drug war, a Social Weather Stations (SWS) survey showed eight in 10 Filipinos are "satisfied" with President Rodrigo Duterte's anti-drug campaign.
Of 1,200 adults interviewed for the nationwide survey, 84 percent said they are satisfied with the government's crackdown on illegal drugs. Only eight percent said they are dissatisfied, while the rest are undecided. The results yielded an "excellent" net satisfaction rating of +76. SWS classify ratings over +70 percent as "excellent."
However, 71 percent of the respondents said it is "very important" for drug suspects to be caught alive. Some 83 percent of respondents also said the government's crackdown on illegal drugs does not discriminate by social classes. The poll was conducted September 24-27 and has a margin of error of 3 percent. The results were first published on Business World Friday.
The same Third Quarter 2016 Social Weather Survey also showed Duterte bagging a "very good" satisfaction rating, gaining the approval of 76 percent of Filipino respondents. The survey results validate Duterte's "landslide victory in the May elections based on his campaign pledge to eliminate the drug menace," Communications Secretary Martin Andanar said in a statement Friday. Andanar added the government is putting up more rehabilitation centers to accommodate over 730,000 drug surrenderees.
The identified key problems and issues in this case study.
President Rodrigo Duterte's hardline approach to stamping out drugs is creating a treatment crisis in the Philippines, hitting treatment centers and prisons hard as they struggle to cope with the numbers. They are handing themselves in to police in their thousands. Seven hundred and twelve thousand at last count. Addicts and drug suppliers from all over the country are terrified of being shot, as the death toll from President Rodrigo Duterte's brutal war on drugs reaches more than 3,400.
“The Kill List”
Controversial though they are, statistics like that are even harder to bear when they have a name. Like for example the published news in daily in the Inquirer. "A 17-year-old girl ("Miah") who was with a suspected drug pusher, and a seven-month pregnant woman (Yvonne Grace Tapales) and her live-in partner (Mark Jones Bacaluyos), both of whom were allegedly killed in a dawn shootout with police, but later found lying naked on their bed." The local Barangays — elected heads of neighborhoods — have cooperated with police in flushing out addicts and pushers. Police have a "Double Barrel" approach: high value targets who deal in large quantities of drugs are raided, and sometimes shot; street level pushers and users are encouraged to turn themselves in. Some of these too have been shot, and vigilante shootings are indiscriminate.
“Rehab centers, jails overloaded”
With only 44 drug rehabilitation centers across the nation, the authorities have been caught massively underprepared. And jails are full to bursting. Quezon City, with a population of 3 million people in north Manila, is one of the drug war epicenters. Dozens have been killed and the city administrator, Aldrin Cuna, says 7,000 addicts have already surrendered. "We have to cope with this sudden surge and find ways to accommodate them," he said. "We did not anticipate so many would surrender and come out openly." The city is short of police, short of therapists, and short on facilities. "We have the funds to build new center’s but you know, you don't just order a rehab center and voila!" he said, clicking his fingers. "We hope to have six new centers’ open within six months to a year."
“A cry for help”
They are proud of the successes at Tahanan Rehabilitation Centre, where the ABC spoke with a recovering addict, Alan, who counts himself extremely lucky. "I feel safe here, I feel love here, and everything is available to help me," he said. "Outside it's dangerous with all the killings going on."
Despite being concerned about how many are dying, he still supports Mr. Duterte's hard line, but he thinks the Government also needs to focus on rehabilitation. Like most of the country's 3.7 million addicts, Alan's problem was "shabu" — a widely available and cheap form of methamphetamine. "My addiction got worse when I was having problems with my family and arguments with my sisters. They blamed me for our mother's death, even though I did all I could," he said from his dormitory bed. "I went from casual use, to spending up to 1000 pesos ($30) for two or three hits a day. “It got out of control. I guess it was a bit of rebellion, and a cry for help."
Although the usual picture of addicts is of young, poor men from the slums, caught in a life of crime, far broader slices of the population are trapped. More than 20 per cent of addicts are women; some are wealthy; others, like Alan, who is 51 and a registered nurse, are working, middle class people, who have been tempted by the temporary oblivion on offer. "Tahanan is a place where you can change your life, as long as you follow the rules," he said. "I just hope people won't judge me about my past when I leave here."
“Little help for addicts”
Dr. Alvin Vergara, one of the center’s top doctors said a disciplined daily routine of exercise, music, and counseling was essential to overcome addiction. But Tahanan can process just 150 patients every six months. Across the Philippines, there is capacity for only 5,000 at a time. For most of the addicts suddenly putting their hands up in surrender, there is little help. "In Quezon city they have been registered by police, sent home and will be monitored to check if they continue using," said Quezon City administrator Mr. Cuna. Hard-core cases, and those the police catch who haven't surrendered, are thrust into chronically overcrowded jails. "We have a jail. It was built to accommodate 800 inmates, but now the congestion is over 4, 000," he said. The jail is so crowded; some of the inmates take it in turns for space to sleep.
“Help needed for former addicts”
Mr. Cuna hopes the Duterte government will cough up funds for a new prison, while he is also in urgent talks with the justice system about speeding up court delays. The United Nations has blasted Mr. Duterte's war on drugs and his seeming contempt for human rights. "The people of the Philippines … have a right to a police force that serves justice," UN High Commissioner for Human Rights Zeid Ra'ad Al Hussein said. So far, Mr. Duterte has responded with scorn. In the meantime, Mr. Cuna is battling many fronts to deal with a sudden and overwhelming crisis. But he has not given up hope that the drug problem can be beaten. "Our President is committed to eradicating the supply of drugs. But you also need to have a moral recovery program," he said. "We need to help those who have been into drugs back to being productive members of society after treatment."
This study attempts to analyzed the concerning issues of the public with regards to the strategy of the new administration on how to eradicate and or totally ban drugs in the country. These will also lead to identify the specific measures and their effectiveness on the reduction of illegal trades.
Set the scene: background information, relevant facts, and the most important issues.
In a bid to reduce the illegal drug trade, a campaign of drug prohibition, military intervention, and military aid was established. It includes effective drug policies that are designed to discourage distribution, consumption, and production of psychoactive drugs that were made illegal by the UN and participating governments.
While declaring war on drugs seems to be logical, opponents think it might be a waste of time and resources. Some claim that criminal acts are a consequence of drugs being declared illegal. Because people can’t acquire these substances through official channels, they will resort to illegal production, distribution and consumption.
The Philippine Drug War (Filipino: Giyera o kampanya laban sa iligal na droga sa Pilipinas), officially named Oplan Double Barrel and Oplan Tokhang (portmanteau for Cebuano words, tuktok (knock) and hangyo (persuade); for low-level drug users and pushers), is a campaign against illegal drugs in the Philippines.
Rodrigo Duterte won the 2016 Philippine presidential election on May 9 promising to kill tens of thousands of criminals, and urging people to kill drug addicts. As Mayor of Davao City, Duterte was criticized by groups like Human Rights Watch for the extrajudicial killings of hundreds of street children, petty criminals and drug users carried out by the Davao Death Squad, a vigilante group with which he was allegedly involved.
Despite earlier pronouncements in front of the media and public crowds, Duterte has denied any involvement in the alleged vigilante killings, and said that the Davao Death Squad does not exist. According to a spokesman, Duterte does not support or endorse the extrajudicial killings of drug suspects. Foreign affairs secretary Perfecto Yasay Jr. stated that Duterte "has always ensured that there will be investigations of any allegations of extrajudicial killings."
According to the Philippines Dangerous Drugs Board, the government drug policy-making body, out of a population of approximately 100 million, 1.8 million Filipinos used illegal drugs in 2015, the latest official survey published, down from 6.7 million in 2004. Duterte said in his state of the nation address that data from the Philippines Drug Enforcement Agency showed there were 3 million drug addicts 2 to 3 years ago, which he said may have increased to 3.7 million.
President Duterte has alleged that the Philippines is becoming a "narco-state" in order to justify the so-called war on drugs. There is little evidence to show this is true. The Philippines has a low prevalence rate of drug users, compared to the global average, according to the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC).
In speeches made after his inauguration on June 30, Duterte urged citizens to kill suspected criminals and drug addicts. He said he would order police to adopt a shoot-to-kill policy, and would offer them a bounty for dead suspects. On July 2, the Communist Party of the Philippines stated that it "reiterates its standing order for the NPA to carry out operations to disarm and arrest the chieftains of the biggest drug syndicates, as well as other criminal syndicates involved in human rights violations and destruction of the environment" after its political wing Bagong Alyansang Makabayan accepted Cabinet posts in the new government. On July 3, the Philippine National Police said they had killed 30 alleged drug dealers since Duterte was sworn in as president on 30 June. They later stated they had killed 103 suspects between May 10 and July 7.
On July 9, a spokesperson of the president told critics to show proof that there have been human rights violations in the Drug War. The situation likened to the dictatorship of Ferdinand Marcos. Later that day, the Moro Islamic Liberation Front said it was open to collaborate with police in the Drug War.
On August 3, Duterte said that the Sinaloa cartel and the Chinese triad are involved in the Philippine drug trade. A presidential spokesperson said that Duterte welcomed a proposed Congressional investigation into extrajudicial killings to be chaired by Senator Leila de Lima, his chief critic in the government. On August 7, Duterte named more than 150 drug suspects including local politicians, police, judges, and military. On August 8, the United States expressed concerns over the extrajudicial killings.
On August 17, Duterte announced that de Lima had been having an affair with a married man, her driver, Ronnie Palisoc Dayan. Duterte claimed that Dayan was her collector for drug money, which had also himself been using drugs. In a news conference on August 21, Duterte announced that he had in his possession wiretaps and ATM records which confirmed his allegations. He stated: "What is really crucial here is that because of her [romantic] relationship with her driver which I termed 'immoral' because the driver has a family and wife, that connection gave rise to the corruption of what was happening inside the national penitentiary." Dismissing fears for Dayan's safety, he added, "As the President, I got this information … as a privilege. But I am not required to prove it in court. That is somebody else's business. My job is to protect public interest. She's lying through her teeth." He explained that he had acquired the new evidence from an unnamed foreign country.
On August 18, United Nations human rights experts called on the Philippines to halt extrajudicial killings. Agnes Callamard, the UN Special Rapporteur on summary executions, stated that Duterte had given a "license to kill" to his citizens by encouraging them to kill. In response, Duterte threatened to withdraw from the UN and form a separate group with African nations and China. Presidential spokesperson Ernesto Abella later clarified that the Philippines was not leaving the UN. As the official death toll reached 1,800, a Congressional investigation of the killings chaired by de Lima was opened.
On August 23, the Philippine human rights commission said that the International Criminal Court may have jurisdiction over the mass killings. On August 25, Duterte released a "drug matrix" supposedly linking government officials, including de Lima, with the New Bilibid Prison drug trafficking scandal. De Lima stated that the "drug matrix" was like something drawn by a 12-year-old child. She added, "I will not dignify any further this so-called 'drug matrix' which, any ordinary lawyer knows too well, properly belongs in the garbage can."
On August 26, the official death total reached 2,000. On August 29, Duterte called on de Lima to resign and "hang herself". In a speech Duterte rejected comparisons between his policies and those of the Islamic State or Syrian President Bashar Assad.
Following the September 2 bombing in Davao City that killed 14 people in the city's central business district, on September 3 Duterte declared a "state of lawlessness", and on the following day signed a declaration of a "state of national emergency on account of lawless violence in Mindanao". The Armed Forces of the Philippines (AFP) and the Philippine National Police (PNP) were ordered to "suppress all forms of lawless violence in Mindanao" and to "prevent lawless violence from spreading and escalating elsewhere". Executive Secretary Salvador Medialdea said that the declaration "does not specify the imposition of curfews", and would remain in force indefinitely. He explained: "The recent incidents, the escape of terrorists from prisons, the beheadings, and then eventually what happened in Davao. That was the basis." The state of emergency has been seen as an attempt by Duterte to "enhance his already strong hold on power, and give him carte blanche to impose further measures" in the Drug War:
Never previously has a state of emergency been declared as a result of a single bombing or kidnappings, which were in any event far more serious a decade ago than they are today. And, in fairness, bombings have regrettably become commonplace in areas of the southern Philippines over the past two decades.
On September 5, 2016, with 2,400 people dead so far, Duterte repeated that "plenty will be killed" in the Drug War. U.S. President Barack Obama cancelled a scheduled meeting with Duterte after Duterte referred to Obama as a "son of a whore".
The execution-style killing of Aurora Moynihan on September 9 was widely reported. She was the sister of well-known actress Maritoni Fernandez and the daughter of Antony Moynihan, 3rd Baron Moynihan. Moynihan had been added to the "drug watch list" of the Taguig Police after being arrested in 2013.
On September 13, Duterte said he feared that certain unnamed members of the Liberal Party might orchestrate a campaign to impeach him by blaming him for the Drug War killings. Reiterating that Americans were "hypocrites" for criticizing the killings, he displayed photos of US troops in 1906 standing over a pile of bodies at the Bud Dajo Massacre. In the previous week he had shown the same photos to delegates at the East Asia Summit in Laos.
On September 15, Edgar Matobato, an ex-hitman who claimed he had worked for the Davao Death Squad, testified to the senate committee chaired by de Lima that he had witnessed Duterte carry out an execution and order killings sometime in the 1990s, allegations which his office denies. Duterte announced that he has a new list of at least 1,000 politicians and public officials who were involved in a drug trade.
On 19 September the Senate voted 16-4 to remove de Lima from her position heading the Senate committee, in a motion brought by senator and boxer Manny Pacquiao. Duterte's allies in the Senate argued that by allowing Matobato's testimony, de Lima had damaged the country's reputation. She was replaced by Senator Richard Gordon, an ally of the president. Duterte told reporters that he wanted "a little extension of maybe another six months" in the Drug War, as there were so many drug offenders and criminals that he "cannot kill them all". On the following day, a convicted bank robber and two former prison officials testified that they had paid bribes to de Lima. She denies the allegations.
At a press conference on September 30, on his arrival in Davao City after a two-day official visit in Vietnam, Duterte appeared to make a comparison between the Drug War and The Holocaust. He said that "Hitler massacred three million Jews. Now there are three million drug addicts. I’d be happy to slaughter them." His remarks generated an international outcry. US Secretary of Defense Ash Carter said the statement was "deeply troubling". The German government told the Philippine ambassador that Duterte's remarks were "unacceptable." On October 2, Duterte made an apology to the Jewish community following his remarks. He said that he did not mean to derogate the memory of 6 million Jews slaughtered by the Germans.
At the beginning of October, a senior police officer told The Guardian that 10 "special ops" official police death squads had been operating, each consisting of 15 police officers. The officer said that he had personally been involved in killing 87 suspects, and described how the corpses had their head wrapped in masking tape with a cardboard placard labeling them as a drug offender so that the killing would not be investigated, or they were dumped at the roadside ("salvage" victims). The chairman of the Philippines Commission on Human Rights, Chito Gascon, was quoted in the report: "I am not surprised, I have heard of this." The PNP declined to comment. The report stated: "although the Guardian can verify the policeman's rank and his service history, there is no independent, official confirmation for the allegations of state complicity and police coordination in mass murder."
Some politicians such as Liza Maza of Bagong Alyansang Makabayan, allies of the government, and Ifugao congressman Teodoro Baguilat, asked Duterte to investigate the killings. Others have taken the opportunity to propose radical new Senate bills to lower the age of criminal responsibility from 15 to 9, and to restore capital punishment. Senator Risa Hontiveros, an opponent of Duterte, claimed that the Drug War was a political manoeuvre intended to convince people that "suddenly the historically most important issue of poverty was no longer the most important." De Lima expressed frustration with the attitude of Filipinos towards extrajudicial killing: "they think that it's good for peace and order. We now have death squads on a national scale, but I'm not seeing public outrage." According to a Pulse Asia opinion poll conducted from 2 to 8 July 2016, 91% of Filipinos "trusted" Duterte.
The Archbishop of Manila Luis Antonio Tagle acknowledged that people were right to be "worried about extrajudicial killings", along with other forms of murder: abortion, unfair labor practices, wasting food and "selling illegal drugs, pushing the youth to go into vices".
The Chairman of the Philippine Chamber of Commerce and Industry, Sergio Ortiz-Luis Jr., quelled fears that foreign investors might be put off by the increasing rate of killings in the country, explaining at a press conference on 19 September that investors only care about profit: "They don't care if 50 percent of Filipinos are killing each other so long as they're not affected". On the following day the Wall Street Journal reported that foreign investors, who account for half of the activity on the Philippine stock exchange, had been "hightailing it out of town", selling $500 million worth of shares over the past month, putting pressure on the Philippine peso which was close to its weakest point since 2009.
Philippine National Police chief Ronald dela Rosa announced on September 16 that the Drug War had "reduced the supply of illegal drugs in the country by some 80 to 90 percent". On September 26, he said that the Drug War was already being won, based on statistical and observational evidence. Aljazeera reported that John Collins, director of the London School of Economics International Drug Policy Project, had a different assessment: "Targeting the supply side can have short-term effects. However, these are usually limited to creating market chaos rather than reducing the size of the market. ... What you learn is that you're going to war with a force of economics and the force of economics tends to win out: supply, demand and price tend to find their own way." He said it was a "certainty" that "the Philippines' new 'war' will fail and society will emerge worse off from it."
On 3 September, actor Baron Geisler demanded that Baste Duterte, the son of Rodrigo, take a drug test. On early morning of 7 October, actress Agot Isidro criticizing Duterte for recent tirades against European Union and United Nations — stating that Philippines will survive without the foreign aid — on her official Facebook page.
Protest against the Philippine war on drugs in front of the Philippine Consulate General in New York City. The protesters are holding placards which urge Duterte to stop the killings of alleged drug users.
On 19 July 2016, Lingxiao Li, spokesman for the Chinese Embassy in Manila announced China's support for the Drug War: "China fully understands that the Philippine government under the leadership of H. E. President Rodrigo Duterte has taken it as a top priority in cracking down drug-related crimes. China has expressed explicitly to the new administration China's willingness for effective cooperation in this regard, and would like to work out a specific plan of action with the Philippine side." The statement made no reference to extrajudicial killings, and called illegal drugs the "common enemy of mankind". On 27 September, the Chinese Ambassador Zhao Jianhua reiterated that "Illegal drugs are the enemy of all mankind" in a statement confirming Chinese support for the Duterte administration.
The European Parliament expressed concern over the extrajudicial killings after a resolution on September 15, stating: "Drug trafficking and drug abuse in the Philippines remain a serious national and international concern, note MEPs. They understand that millions of people are hurt by the high level of drug addiction and its consequences in the country but are also concerned by the 'extraordinarily high numbers killed during police operations in the context of an intensified anti-crime and anti-drug campaign." In response, at a press conference Duterte made an obscene hand gesture and called British and French representatives "hypocrites" because their ancestors had killed thousands of Arabs and others in the colonial era. He said: "When I read the EU condemnation I told them fuck you. You are doing it in atonement for your sins. They are now strict because they have guilty feelings. Who did I kill? Assuming that it’s true? 1,700? How many have they killed?"
Indonesian National Police Chief General Tito Karnavian commented in regards to Indonesia's rejection of a similar policy for Indonesia: "Shoot on sight policy leads to abuse of power. We still believe in presumption of innocence. Lethal actions are only warranted if there is an immediate threat against officers... there should not be a deliberate attempt to kill". In September 2016 Budi Waseso, head of Indonesia's National Narcotics Agency (BNN), said that he was currently contemplating copying the Philippines' hardline tactics against drug traffickers. He said that the Agency planned a major increase in armaments and recruitment. An Agency spokesman later attempted to play down the comments, stating: "We can't shoot criminals just like that; we have to follow the rules."
On 16 October, prior to Duterte's departure for a state visit to Brunei, the President said he would seek the support of that country for his campaign against illegal drugs and Brunei's continued assistance to achieve peace and progress in Mindanao. This was responded positively from Brunei Sultan Hassanal Bolkiah in the next day according to Philippine Foreign Affairs Secretary Perfecto Yasay Jr.
The International Criminal Court (ICC) chief prosecutor Fatou Bensouda expressed concern, over the drug-related killings in the country, on 13 October. In her statement, Bensouda said that the high officials of the country "seem to condone such killings and further seem to encourage State forces and civilians alike to continue targeting these individuals with lethal force." She also warns that any person in the country who provoke "in acts of mass violence by ordering, requesting, encouraging or contributing, in any other manner, to the commission of crimes within the jurisdiction of ICC" will be prosecuted before the court. About that, Duterte is open for the investigation by the ICC, Malacañang said.
Demonstrate that you have researched the problems in this case study.
The title of this case study alone is very attention-grabbing because this is actually happening. On the scenario, people are involved even as audience or an ordinary person because we can feel a little bit changes of people’s perceptions, attitudes and on how people acquire fear to be get involved into drugs and or instead to quit on trading and or using of it. I have so many readings when I decided to choose this topic, and on the past few months when War of Drugs started I always kept myself updated on the development of the administration’s campaign on drugs and criminalities. Watching television, listening news on radio’s and even I interviewed people who have had reactions and comments on this program, and the conjoint thing are they’ve felt secure in this administration because criminalities will be lessen due to eradication of drugs in the country. And since our President believed that everything that happened in our community are all started and or effect of using and trading illegal drugs.
The outlined possible alternatives.
Deter or lessen drug-related crimes.
When drug addicts will not have easy access to illegal substances, they will not experience the highs or hallucinations that will drive them to commit crimes. They wouldn’t need to steal either so they can buy drugs. Put simply, without the pushers there will be little to no users.
Culprits will be penalized.
Included in the policies of war on drugs is the penalty that will be afforded to manufacturers, distributors and users of illegal drugs. The level of punishment that will be imposed depends on the gravity of the crime. Knowing that there are consequences to be paid will make people think twice before embroiling in any stage of the illegal drug trade.
Helps create a place that is drug free.
A drug-free area or community may seem impossible given the present situation, but it is achievable as long as everyone does their share in the fight against drugs. War on drugs should not only involve the government and local authorities, but also friends and family of drug users or sellers.
An explaination why alternatives were rejected.
Alternatives will possibly reject maybe because first the never-ending chain reaction.One man incarcerated for drug abuse or drug-related crimes is likely to have children who are growing up without a father. Statistics show how this can have a bad effect on the little ones. If they are in the same situation as their father before them, they could end up drug users or sellers as well, whichever comes first. So the cycle just goes on and on. It will be a never-ending ride of history repeating itself. And secondly the increases risk on the lives of policeman and military.
Missions against drug lords is no joke, considering that they too have their own army that has no care about the lives that will be lost during a shootout or drug bust operation. What do policemen have against assassins and mercenaries? Not to belittle the skills and capacity of law enforcement, but a mission against drug pushers and manufacturers are increasingly worse. The safety risks on the lives of many policemen are also very high. Friends and family of these brave men and women would be very unhappy if something happened to them.
A global policy shift is underway after the war on drugs that dragged on for decades saw no success. In the Philippines, the same war is just beginning and despite popular support, may be doomed to the same fate. Over the past months, a country of 100 million watches President Rodrigo Duterte try applying nationally a formula his supporters find to have worked in Davao City, long hailed a haven to honest citizens and a hell to crooks. There, as mayor for 22 years, his iron-fist approach restored security amid vigilante killings and set up social services unusual in the underdeveloped south.
On the campaign trail, Duterte vowed an end to crime and illegal drugs within his first year as president. To do this, he chose to suppress the drug trade through an aggressive, even violent, crackdown on the market. An all-out war. John Collins, executive director of London School of Economics IDEAS International Drug Policy Project, said the Philippines has declared a war "identical" to those launched in the United States and parts of Latin America and Asia in the past decades. The campaigns led to arrests and deaths but did little to hold back the stream of substances. "The policies pursued, in this case prohibition and repression, don't succeed in reducing the size of the market and in many cases inflame the violence and corruption associated with the market".
Why are alternatives not possible at this time?
Alternatives were not possible by this time because as we can see the Duterte’s administrations were just started a few months ago, and drugs and criminalities rooted over decades. As to the definition of the Government of the Philippines (Filipino: Pamahalaan ng Pilipinas) it is the national government of the unitary state of the Philippines. It is a presidential, representative, and democratic republic where the President of the Philippines is both the head of state and the head of government within a pluriform multi-party system. The government has three interdependent branches: the legislative branch, the executive branch, and the judicial branch. The powers of the branches are vested by the Constitution of the Philippines in the following: Legislative power is vested in the two-chamber Congress of the Philippines—the Senate is the upper chamber and the House of Representatives is the lower chamber.
But base on the evidences and or alleged discussions presented in the congress and senate almost all of the branches of our government have had an engagement of corruption, illegal drug protection and criminalities. Instead of promoting peace and drug free country, they make use of these trades for their personal monetary intentions. And furthermost some of our government officials instead of contributing support, they tried to pull this program due to so many reasons like violations of Human Rights and so on. What the administration should do first is to strengthen the force of government, orientation of policies and always have a union or team work for every program for the benefits of every Filipino.
Provide one specific and realistic solution.
We will never, ever be able to eradicate illegal drug use immediately. It is time that we educate ourselves and realize that strict and effective enforcement of the law—not vigilantism—minimizes crime. But we have a long way to go. And sadly, more bodies to count before that day come.
Explain why this solution was chosen.
We can even disregard the fact that many of these people may be innocent and or a member of poorest individuals. We can even disregard the fact that many of these people may be innocent. Our president seems to forget that like it or not, as the head of our nation he also represents the rights of these criminals and addicts. No matter whom they are, they have a right to educate, the right to undergo due process and the right to be provided sustainable aid by the government.
Support this solution with solid evidence.
To justify the statements mentioned above, the solid evidence for these was the news of Drug war a success – Palace By Alexis Romero and Roel Pareño (The Philippine Star) | Updated September 12, 2016 - 12:00am. It was said that The Philippines’ drug problem was one of the topics discussed by Duterte during the recently concluded Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) meet in Laos, his first international engagement as president.
“On the illicit drugs trade, I underscored the Philippines’ grave concern over social illness that breeds corruption at the highest levels, tears apart the fabric of our society and the basis of human dignity,” Duterte said in a speech in Davao City upon his arrival from Indonesia where he had a working visit last Friday after the ASEAN and other summits in Laos.
“I said our campaign against illegal drugs will be relentless, and it will be comprehensive, encompassing suppression, prosecution and rehabilitation. All these measures are within the bounds of our laws. I called on greater cooperation in the region, particularly in the capacity building and law enforcement efforts,” he added.
Concepts from class (text readings, discussions, lectures).
“On the illicit drugs trade, I underscored the Philippines’ grave concern over social illness that breeds corruption at the highest levels, tears apart the fabric of our society and the basis of human dignity,” (Duterte said in a speech in Davao City upon his arrival from Indonesia where he had a working visit last Friday after the ASEAN and other summits in Laos.)
The statements give more ideas to the citizen to discuss and listen more about the effects and output of these campaign. Every time we had an idle time in the office we always discussed about the updates on this issues, like we’ve never experience before on the past administration. Those who were killed are all investigated and some are killed by their friends in drug trade so that to zipper the mouth for the protection of their illegal trading.
But then Filipinos are too judgmental, instead of support to this campaign sometimes they interpreted it as a judicial killings and maybe because of the idea brought by the media and also with the interviews of some politicians that against on this campaign. There will be no problem instead if everybody is equipped on knowledge about this by heart and by mind. That the president really pushing this for the betterment of this country, to stop criminalities, corruption and DRUGS.
From social media to the streets, President Duterte’s first month in office has been bloody. Whether we like it or not, killings have now become integral to the story of the Philippines’ war against drugs. Our President’s remarks have a lot to do with building this story, but it is unfair to lay blame squarely on the President for promoting this kind of discourse. This story is much bigger than Mr. Duterte. Underpinning the President’s tough talk on drugs is a deeply worrying public sentiment that affirms, legitimizes and even celebrates the spike on drug-related killings.
A cursory observation of comments in online forums and everyday talk is revealing of the kind of society in which we now live. First, it tells a story of a society that has cast doubt on what were once considered inalienable principles of human rights. It turns out that this discussion is far from settled, that there are vocal segments of society who continue to think that some are less human than others, that human rights are particular, not universal and that suspicion is enough to shoot someone dead.
Today, what we see is a renegotiation of these universal principles. We hear citizens unapologetically arguing that there are lives worth protecting and lives worth sacrificing for the sake of a political project. Some, if not many, have given up on the ideal of building a nation based on principles of social justice and compassion. We are living in times of crisis, where rights and liberties are suspended to save the nation from itself.
Personal experience (anecdotes)
Illegal drug education campaign was already been started decades ago, for example the DARE program of the government or the Drug Addiction Resistance Education campaign, this orientation initiative was spread all over the country for in-school and out-of-school youth in partnership of DepEd and PNP that seeks to prevent use of controlled drugs, membership in gangs, and violent behavior. It was successfully launched and implement but if we look at the effect in the community still drugs was the main problem, it could be an influence or maybe hunger for those who used to trade for it. Still it’s up to the person if you get into it, because they’ve already know the consequences that they’ve can get. The strict and effective enforcement of the law should be implementing from the national down to the local government, due process, equal justice for everybody regardless of status in life that’s the only way that the government can gain back the trust of the people. Because government cannot act its function if and only if its component will not support and or cooperate for the betterment of the country.
Determine and discuss specific strategies for accomplishing the proposed solution.
It seems like the discussion of crime and punishment today is overwhelmingly driven by emotions than evidence. Even though there is no compelling scientific evidence that death penalty is a deterrent to crime and no “war against drugs” has ever succeeded, none of these facts matter to an anxious public bent on punishing people they perceive to be scum of society.
Penal populism is the term sociologists use to describe this phenomenon. It is driven by feelings of anger and disillusionment with the slow procedures of the criminal justice system. Toughness and immediate gratification are prioritized while the long-term and tedious strategy of reforming the criminal justice system is viewed as a policy supported by politicians with no balls and citizens who are biased and out of touch.
The killings have driven a wedge into our society. Instead of cultivating a sense that we are responsible for each other, it has only served to make others feel better about themselves. It perpetuates an individualistic thinking that we do not end up as cadavers wrapped in a garbage bag and packing tape because we are much better people than those degenerates who do not deserve a fair trial.
What we conveniently forget is how easy it is to fall into the cracks. Alice Goffman’s book On the Run brilliantly documents this in the case of Philadelphia although the insights put forward apply to the Philippines. Communities with limited life choices can easily be enveloped in the web of criminality, as in the case of too familiar stories of desperate youths ending up as drug mules and children running away from an abusive home only to land in the hands of drug syndicates.
Anyone can end up as a drug pusher, young sociologist Adrienne Onday has rightfully pointed out. And often, misfortune, rather than deliberate life choices, creates the conditions that make one vulnerable to summary executions.
If applicable, recommend further action to resolve some of the issues.
First is to hold our officials accountable. Philippine National Police Chief Ronald dela Rosa provides hope for his clear commitment to the rule of law and rejection of summary killings. It is good news that our police force has gained morale in performing their duties, as they are now emboldened to go after drug syndicates who used to be untouchable because they are protected by narco-politicians. I want our law enforcers to succeed. I want them to succeed in arresting, filing cases, trying and convicting guilty drug offenders.
It would be tragic if what we consider as virtuous cops today evolve to be the butchers of the future. The best assurance that our law enforcement agencies do not spiral into the use of excessive force is to secure the integrity of our checks and balances even if this means subjecting themselves to the investigation of the administration’s political opponents. “There is nothing to fear if you did nothing wrong,” the police officers often tell us. This must also apply to them when there are calls for congressional inquiries, probes and investigations.
Second, we need to hold ourselves, as citizens, accountable. I, personally, have been thoroughly impressed with what the Duterte administration has achieved in the past few weeks. These achievements, however, can easily be overshadowed by failing to bring in the voices of the victims of extra-judicial killings in our nation’s quest for change. There is blood in our hands if we fail to speak up and condone the troubling spike of summary killings. It is not unsupportive of this government to say we can do better than this.
Citizens can still change the narrative of the Duterte administration. It can still be an administration that is competent, efficient and trustworthy while shifting its gears to a firm yet humane and creative but evidence-based approach to crime. My ideal society is one where citizens look after each other, one where we turn others’ misfortune, and even bad decisions, into redemption.
What should be done and who should do it?
Engaging in an all-out war against drugs is beyond the power of the government alone. This campaign can only be deemed successful with the engagement of the public. (AJPress)
The members of the community are now seeing the hope that the nations need for several decades passed, Filipinos to be free on drugs and criminalities, they are now motivated and inspired to support our governments campaign because this would really become a true story to tell, a problem with solution and a complaint with an answer. What should be exactly to do are that to be more vigilant and a law abiding citizen in this country. Information should always be addressed to the liable agents for a fast action and resolution. Just like what Vice President Robredo told on her statement “While we are one with the fight against drugs, we are concerned with the growing culture of vigilantism and violence. We hope that the war is not done at the expense of the innocent and defenseless,”
The problem and its solution are both coming from the government and community. To clear this statement, there are so many proven cases and investigations that a politician and or a law enforcer, government employees and officials are involved in several criminalities, corruption and drugs and so with the community who are doing the same, rubbery, rape, drug addiction and many more. But talking about REFORMATION everybody is involved and has given a chance to cooperate and support instead, given a chance to live a new life and a new beginning. It is a call of CHANGE for a CHANCE… to live…. to build a new government…. And to create new environment for the future generation…
Filipinos satisfied with Duterte's drug war, but want suspects alive - SWS
By Eimor P. Santos, CNN Philippines
Updated 14:42 PM PHT Fri, October 7, 2016
Drug war critics urge priority on rehab and harm-reduction to curb drug abuse
By Isabella Montano, CNN Philippines
Updated 11:29 AM PHT Tue, October 4, 2016
Filipinos say Duterte's drug war 'excellent' but want suspects alive
By Ruth Abbey Gita
Friday, October 07, 2016
Amnesty International, October 7, 2016
Vanda Felbab-Brown Urban violence and drug policy expert, Brookings Institution
Rolles, S., Kushlick D., Jay, M.,
‘After the War on Drugs: Options for Control’, Transform Drug Policy Foundation, 2005.
Fields, G., ‘White House Czar Calls for End to “War on Drugs”’, Wall Street Journal, 14/05/09
Kleiman, M., ‘Surgical Strikes in the Drug Wars: Smarter Policies for Both Sides of the Border’, Foriegn Affairs,
Vol 90, No. 5, September/October 2014.
Harm Reduction International, ‘What is Harm Reduction?’.
For a more comprehensive review, see: Rosmarin, A. and Eastwood, N., \
‘A Quiet Revolution: Drug Decriminalization Policies in Practice Across the Globe’ Release, 2012.
Bewley-Taylor, D. and Jelsma, M., ‘The Limits of Latitude: The UN drug control conventions’, TNI/IDPC, 2012.http://www.druglawreform.info/images/stories/documents/dlr18.pdf
"Our faith is faith in someone else's faith, and in the greatest matters this is most the case.
Our belief in truth itself, for instance, that there is a truth, and that our minds and it are made for each other,
--what is it but a passionate affirmation of desire, in which our social system backs us up?
We want to have a truth; we want to believe that our experiments and studies and discussions
must put us in a continually better and better position towards it;
and on this line we agree to fight out our thinking lives."
Author: William James
It can still be an administration that is competent, efficient and trustworthy while shifting its gears to a firm yet humane and creative but evidence-based approach to crime. My ideal society is one where citizens look after each other, one where we turn others’ misfortune, and even bad decisions, into redemption.
The problem and its solution are both coming from the government and community. To clear this statement, there are so many proven cases and investigations that a politician and or a law enforcer, government employees and officials are involved in several criminalities, corruption and drugs and so with the community who are doing the same, rubbery, rape, drug addiction and many more. But talking about REFORMATION everybody is involved and has given a chance to cooperate and support instead