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Institutional Review Board
A. GENERAL INFORMATION
Project/Study Title: The Influence of Social Inclusion on Self- Esteem
Principle Investigator #1
Name: Maddison McRae
Name: Jaime M. Cloud, Ph.D.
College Name: Liberal Arts and Sciences
College Department: Psychological Sciences
College Address: 318 Todd Hall
B. PURPOSE & DESIGN (Please describe the purpose of your study. Then clearly describe the research design and procedures; i.e., what participants will experience.)
There is a significant relationship between social exclusion, social anxiety, jealousy, loneliness, depression, and low self-esteem. Many behavior and emotional problems have been attributed to lack of self-esteem due to social exclusion. Exclusion often stems from common issues such as failure to contribute to welfare, violating group rules, and having socially undesirable attributes. The sociometer theory involves the assumption that high self-esteem appears to act as a buffer for people against feelings of exclusion. Thus, much of social behavior reflects attempts to improve one’s social inclusionary status.
First, participants will be recruited through the SONA program. The participants will sign up for designated time to do the study in the Hamserly Library at Western Oregon University. Once at the study, the participants will be provided an informed consent form, which they will read through and sign if they choose to proceed with the study. This study consists of 19 questions total. The first three are demographic questions, including “What is your age, gender, and ethnicity,” which they are provided with multiple options with a broad range of answers. (e.g. 18-24, Male/ Female, Trans Male/Female, Hispanic or Latino, White/Caucasian, ect.) Next on the survey is the Rosenberg Self- Esteem Scale(1995), that includes ten statements, which the participant will be provided with the choices strongly agree, agree, disagree, and strongly disagree. This scale includes questions such as “I feel that I have a number of good qualities.” The last six questions/statements of this survey are based off of the last four weeks of the participant. They will be asked to respond to questions from the Hawthorne Friendship Scale(2006), such as “I had someone to share my feelings with”, being provided with the options: almost always, most of the time, about half of the time, occasionally, not at all. To collect data, the survey answers will be based off of the scoring guide provided by both scales. Along with that, there will be reverse scoring on questions when stated to do so.
The purpose of the present study was to determine if self-esteem is influenced by social inclusion. It is predicted that social inclusion positively correlated with self-esteem, people will have higher self-esteem evaluations when they feel socially included.
Write in the space below or attach separate Word document:
C. DATA COLLECTION
1. Check (X) the methods to be used:
Survey, administered by:
Investigator (in person)
Email or online
Online[ BECAUSE SURVEY MONKEY- MAYBE- QUESTION 10/19!!]
If Other, please describe:
Observation of Public Behavior
Examination of Archived Data
At public meetings
Note: If you are using a survey or conducting interviews, you must submit a copy of the survey items or interview questions.
2. Data from participants – select one (X):
Anonymous – you will not ask for participants’ names
Confidential – you will ask for participants’ names, but will keep the names confidential.
If anonymous or confidential, describe how anonymity or confidentiality will be maintained (e.g., coded to a master list and separated from data; locked filing cabinet, restricted computer, etc.)
The participants will not be instructed to provide their names or any other identifying information on the survey.
Intentionally identified If participants will be identified, describe how you will obtain permission to use data in connection with participants’ identities.
3. Will any of the following be recorded? Check (X) to indicate yes:
If you answered YES for any of the above, where will the tapes/recordings or photographs be stored? When will this material be destroyed (e.g., within 5 years of published paper)? How will confidentiality be maintained? Describe below:
D. DESCRIPTION OF PARTICIPANTS
1. Approximate number: 40; Age range (e.g., 18 – 24): 18-65
2. How will participants be selected or recruited?
WOU students will be made aware of this opportunity to participate in a study, via SONA, a web- based system designed to connect researchers with student participants.
3. Will participants be compensated (including extra credit)? Yes No
If yes, how much, when, and how will participants be compensated? Must participants complete the study to be compensated?
WOU students will be given on unit of participation credit which they may apply to a Psychology or Gerontology course of their choice to meet a course requirement or earn extra credit.
4. Will any ethnic group or gender be excluded from the study pool? Yes No
If yes, please justify the exclusion.
If the research protocol is designed to withhold complete information when consent is obtained, then some level of deception is involved. If deception is required for the validity of the study, please explain why this is necessary. Include a description of when and how participants will be debriefed regarding the deception.
Participants will not be made explicitly made aware of study predictions as knowledge of the predictions may cause participants to respond in a manner consistent (or inconsistent) with the predictions. I will fully debrief the participants as to the purpose of this study following the task competition. If participants do not want their data included after learning of the study’s purpose, they will be instructed to contract the principal investigator, at which point the participant’s data will be permanently deleted.
1. What form of consent will be obtained? (In most situations, a written consent is required.)
Verbal (attach consent script)
Written (attach consent form)
2. Are any participants not legally competent to give consent (e.g., minors)? Yes No
If yes, please describe how consent will be obtained. Please note: A parent or guardian must sign and return an informed consent form for participants who are under 18 years of age.
G. RISKS & BENEFITS
1. Describe any potential risks to participants and how you will minimize these risks. These include stress, discomfort, social risks (e.g., embarrassment), legal risks, invasion of privacy, and potential side effects.
There is a chance that some participants may feel upset that some participants may feel upset by answering questions relation to their relationship status, or by imagining a romantic relationship with a depicted individual. To address these concerns, participants will be made aware that participation in this study is completely voluntary and that they may exit the survey at any time.
2. Describe the expected benefits to the individual participants and to members of society.
This participant may benefit by understanding the importance of social inclusion and relationships. The societal benefit is the knowledge that will be gained regarding personal relationships and their influence on self-esteem.
I. INVESTIGATOR’S ASSURANCES
This investigation involves the use of human participants. I understand the university’s policy concerning research involving human participants and I agree:
To obtain voluntary and informed consent of persons who will participate in this study, as required by the IRB.
To report to the IRB any adverse effects on participants which become apparent during the course of, or as a result of, the activities of the study.
To obtain prior approval from the IRB before amending or altering the study or before implementing changes in the approved consent form.
To not collect any data until full approval by the IRB has been acknowledged.
To treat participants in the humane manner specified in this form.
Principle Investigators By signing below, I certify that the information provided in this application is accurate and complete to the best of my knowledge. I understand that research involving human participants, including the recruitment, may not begin until full approval has been granted by the IRB, and that the project will be conducted in accordance with the above assurances.
Maddison McRae Maddison McRae 10/18/16 Signature (typed is fine) Print name Date
Signature (if applicable) Print name (if applicable) Date (if applicable)
Faculty Sponsor (if PI is a student) The information provided in this form is accurate and the project will be conducted in accordance with the above assurances.
__________________________ Jaime M. Cloud
Signature Print name
PSY 301 – Cloud
[Type text][Type text][Type text]Will any ethnic group or gender be excluded from the study pool? Yes No
To report to the IRB any adverse effects on participants which become apparent during the course of,