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The Impact Background Music has on Memory and Recall Information
While performing a task a common theme is people will play music in the background, or will have some form of noise in the background. These sources of music or background noise can be displayed to improve one’s ability to recall information. The information asked to recall, could be words, or images as seen in the studies that are going to be described. Many studies have found results into whether music is helpful or detrimental. Along with other concepts, such as; what kind of music impacts memory, and if the person themselves is the cause of why the music or noise in the background is a benefit or a distraction. The present study will relate to these factors, and will show results to whether music has an impact on memory and recalling skills.
Listening to background music, or noise is a commonly done while studying, writing, reading, etc. Music or background noise can cause a positive and negative impact on tasks related to memory, depends on a number of factors. One factor would be how well the participants’ eyes can adjust to reading a paragraph after being interrupted with some sort of background noise. Cauchard, Cane, & Weger (2012) conducted a study describing how reading is an everyday activity, and that music or background noise does not impact what one would see on the screen, but impacts how long it takes for one to process what they read, and how long the task took. However, this study used an audio story to interrupt the paragraph the participant was reading, and usually an audio story would not be playing the background when a college student is performing a task. In another study conducted by Kang and Williamson (2014), explains that music can aid second language learning. Learning another language is a complex, and difficult task. This study used CDs and melodies to help the participant memorize words within the language. The CDs and melodies were chosen for the participants, and were instrumental music that seemed to help memory. The study supports that different types of music, and different type of backgrounds noise, and interruptions (audio story) can determine how music improves memory or not. A conflict that rises is this study shows a great complexity, and participants are under pressure to learn a new language, while the present study being conducted is to only measure how well one can remember a set of words, and images when music is playing in the background. However, knowing that the type of music chosen helped those participants to learning a new language finds that music can help build better memory skills.
When the concept of how the skill of memory works there is another skill is intertwined. This skill would be to encode. How well one is able to encode information in one sitting, and then be able to retrieve that information when asked too. Whether or not the skill of encoding is improved or impaired can depend on what kind of setting one finds themselves in. In a study done by Ferreri, Bigand and Bugaiska (2015) they measured how well the participants could recall a word they read with music, environmental noise, or silence in the background. They found that the sound of music helped to encode context better than silence and especially better than environmental sounds. This study helps support the fact that music can improve one’s ability to encode the information being read. The present study can be the most compared to this one, since we are testing how well one can read and process what they were shown while music is playing in the background. The study conducted by Ferreri, Bigand, et al (2015) also provides information for the present study that is not being tested which is the process how well one encodes in silence, and environmental noise.
Since found that music helps in a memory related task than in silence, and normal everyday sounds, studies found results stating how well a participant can recall information can depend on the type of music. If the participants, choose the music they listen to while doing the task it can affect how well the remember the content of material. The present study is using a pop song that was previously chosen. What if one does not like that specific genre? Carr and Rickard (2015) conducted an experiment where they measured how easily it was for the participants to remember images they were shown while listening to music. The music consisted of two tracks that specific participant liked, two tracks chosen from another participant, and a radio interview. The conclusion of the study was that when participants listened to the music they choose while doing the task they were about to recall the images better than the music chosen by the experimenters’. Having evidence that discusses how what type of music is in the background describes who that person, and if the music is what that specific person enjoys then they would show a positive affect when asked to recall certain material from a task.
When categorizing people in determining who they are, and what music or what type of environment they work better in can be put into two types of groups: introverts and extraverts. A participant being an extravert or introvert can impact how well they are able to have successfully recalled the information with the presence of music or silence. The present study is not concerned whether if one is an introvert or extravert, but having this knowledge is beneficial because if one participant shows negative results many factors including the fact that person may not enjoy that type of music. Furnham and Bradley (1997), Cassidy and Macdonald (2007), and Furnham and Strbac (2002), all conducted studies using the concept of that depending whether one was an introvert or extravert weighed heavily on how well their memory recall was. The tasks included were a reading comprehension test, a memory prose test, and a mental arithmetic task. The background noise used was a collection of office sounds, radio music, and silence. The results stayed in the same realm for each of the three studies. Introverts preformed lower, but not by a significant amount when music and noise were playing. Extraverts performed better when it was nosier in the background. These tasks are excessive what the present study will measure, but knowing that music can possibly be an improvement in memory or a distraction in certain tasks when performed by certain people builds the argument how music impacts memory, and recall.
Every individual is different, especially in college when one is finding themselves. Their cognitive ability does depend on who they are, and if the reason for one not having an improved memory recall because of music can be because of the person they are. Studies conducted before using the same idea as the present study gives evidence that music can improve memory along with negatively affects one’s memory performance. Meaning the present study will bring in concepts of how good participants adapt to their surroundings. Along, with how well a memory task with words and images, while music is playing in the background is performed.
IMPACT MUSIC HAS ON MEMORY AND RECALL
IMPACT OF MUSIC ON MEMORY AND RECALL noise, or silence in the background. They found that the sound of music helped to encode context better than silence and especially better than environmental sounds. This study helps support the fact that music can improve one’s ability to encode the information being read. The present study can be the most compared to this one, since we are testing how well one can read and process what they were shown while music is playing in the background. The study conducted by Ferreri, Bigand, et al (2015) also provides information for the present study that is not being tested which is the process how well one encodes in silence, and environmental noise.
Since found that music helps in a memory related task than in silence, and normal everyday sounds, studies found results stating how well a participant can recall information can depend on the type of music. If the participants, choose the music they listen to while doin