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Embed code for: Ch. 8 - Emotions Pt. 2
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Biological sex is best predictor of ability to detect & interpret emotional expression
Some truth to cultural stereotype: “inexpressive male ” and “demonstrative female ”
Fathers mask emotions more than mothers
Internet: Same differences between male/female emotional expressiveness
Some men become more emotionally expressive later in life
Social Conventions and Roles
U.S.: Unwritten rules discourage direct expressions of most emotions
Threaten the “face ” of others
Limited to the requirements of social roles, that is, line of work
Capacity to recognize and act on certain emotions decreases without practice.
Emotional self-disclosure feels risky
People express more emotions online than in person
Social media can feed emotional responses
People experience emotions more intensely online
The process by which emotions are transferred from one person to another: a “social virus ”
Process can occur quickly with little or no verbal communication
Guidelines for Expressing Emotions
Know how to share = healthier
Overexpress = problems
Key is to express constructively
Sharing emotions improves relationships
Recognize your Feelings
Choose the best language
Share multiple feelings
Recognize difference between feeling and acting
Accept responsibility for your feelings
Choose best time and place to express your feelings
Contributes to effective
Certain amount of anger/
irritation can be construc-
tive when improving
A little bit of nervousness
can boost performance
Hinder or prevent effective
Comm. apprehension can
lead to variety of problems
Thoughts Cause Feelings
Rational-emotive approach: Change feelings by changing unproductive thinking.
Consider activating event and the consequent emotion.
Work on self-talk, listen to “thinking voice. ”
Activating Event Thought or Belief Consequences
Being called names “I’ve done something wrong” Hurt, upset