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Embed code for: Ch. 5 - Language
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Nature of language
Naming and identity
Affiliation and Power
Sexism and racism
Precision and vagueness
Language and responsibility
Gender and language
Nature of Language
Meanings are in people, not in words
Ogden & Richard’s Triangle of Meaning
Naming and Identity
Married women - Surnames
Affiliation – Building solidarity with others through speech
Convergence – Adapting to match others
Divergence – Emphasizes differences
Qualities that characterize powerful speech
Powerless speech mannerisms
Sexism and Racism
Precision and Vagueness
Language of Responsibility
“I,” “You,” and “We” statements
“I” “You” and “We” Statements
“ When your ‘ I’ language reflects your position without being overly self-absorbed…
Your ‘you ’ language shows concern for others without judging them…
Your ‘we ’ language includes others without speaking for them…
You will probably come as close as possible to the ideal mix of pronouns! ”
Evaluative (emotive) language
Evaluative words are really editorial statements
Gender and Language
1) Two culture theory
2) Minor differences
Accounting for Gender Differences
Occupation can trump gender as an influence on speaking style.
Power trumps sex differences.
“ As men and women grow to have equal opportunities and more similar social experiences, we can expect that there will be fewer differences—both real and perceived—in the ways they speak.”