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COLL 101 08
Second Project Proposal
Thesis Statement: England's failed ability to represent, recognize, or understand the British colonies ultimately led to the conflict between them.
1."We Are All Equally Free": New York City Workingmen Demand A Voice in the Revolutionary Struggle:
Context: May, 1770 in New York City; A broadside or one sheet piece of paper
Brutus, Sons of Liberty, Alexander McDougall
"Has not our Mother Country, by solemn Act of Legislation, declared that she has a Right to impose internal Taxes on us?"
Gained nothing from the Seven Years' War (French & Indian War)
British colonies were not allowed to cross over into the French land that was won after the war
The colonists believed they shouldn’t be taxed for the military debt because of it
Navigations Acts (commercial restrictions of items to favor England's wealth/taxes) and the Townshend Revenue Acts (Taxes on tea, paper, glass, etc.)
England imposed different laws in an attempt to please the British colonies
It was the principle of representation for the colonies, not the actual taxes that upset them
There was much miscommunication between both the colonies and England when it came to understanding what would please the people in the colonies
"...the Majority of the community, are not to be consulted on a Point of universal, of dreadful Concern."
Meaning, the British colonies were not addressed, noticed, and didn't have representation in Parliament when it came to major events or concerns with the world
Eventually leading to the famous phrase "No Taxation Without Representation!"
2. An Account of an Anti-Tea Tax Demonstration in Rhode Island:
Context: Newspaper article from March 4, 1775 describing a political demonstration in Providence, Rhode Island
An announcement of a public burning
"All true friends of their country, lovers of Freedom, and haters of shackles and hand-cuffs, are hereby invited...by bringing... a needless her, which for a long time has been detrimental to our liberty, interest, and health."
Satisfied reaction/approval from the community
Demonstrations such as there were used to persuade people to join boycotts and uprisings
Created strong attitudes in communities
3. A Shoemaker and the Tea Party by George Robert Twelve Hewes:
Context: December 16, 1773 in Boston Massachusetts; A witness account
Following the Tea Act, the community refused to let ships carrying tea to come ashore
A force land of tea would occur if no withdrawal occurred before December 17, 1773
This shows conflict between two supposed allies
Magnitude of colonists actions show how serious they are and how important of a matter it really is
A meeting in Boston was held to discuss how to prevent tea from coming ashore/taxes
The Governor/leader of the meeting disappeared...
"Let every man do his duty, and be true to his country; and there was a general huzza for Griffin's wharf."
The disappearance of the governor left the people without any leadership... the people of Boston immediately headed for the tea ships to stop them from coming ashore (The Boston Tea Party)
The people loved tea, just not the taxation on it
The article mentions sailors and citizens rowing out into the harbor and beating the tea with oars and paddles to ensure total destruction
Also mentions an incident where a captain attempted to smuggle tea while he was supposed to be destroying it
"He had however to run a gauntlet through the crowd... each one, as he passed; giving him a kick or a stroke."
Both events show serious conflict between England and the British colonies and indicate no peaceful resolution or compromise in the forseeable future