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Articulation and diction
By Joseph Reveles and Joshua Taylor
Diction is defined as the choice and use of words and phrases in speech or writing. It’s all about proper the use of language for certain situations, and it can definitely heighten your skills as a writer!
Tom is a great friend! He would be great for the team!
I am happy to recommend Tom. He is amazing on bringing great ideas to team settings, and brings an amazing energy.
Volume and pitch
Enunciating one’s self while talking can make a difference in overall clarity and excitement!
Your favorite team won the world series.
YOUR FAVORITE TEAM WON THE WORLD SERIES!
Types of language & how they connect to diction
Slang and Colloquial Language
Technical and Occupational Language: Neologisms and Jargon
Pompus Language, Euphemisms, and Doublespeak
Slang, or extremely informal language, is often confined to a relatively small group and usually becomes obsolete rather quickly, though some slang gains wide use as well.
Let me take a selfie!
That was lit!
Colloquial language is slightly less informal, more widely used, and longer lasting than most slang.
I hit the snooze button on my alarm clock.
Technical and occupational language
Neologisms and Jargon
Neologisms are defined as words that have not yet found their way into dictionaries, and are specifically useful in rapidly changing fields, such as business and sciences.
Jargon is defined as the special vocabulary of a trade or profession, enabling members to speak and write concisely to one another.
Pompous language can be to complex in meaning and audience and context, and should be avoided.
Utilize vs. Use
Commence vs. Begin
Optimal vs. Best
Euphemisms are words and phrases that make unpleasant ideas seem less harsh.
Pass on vs Die
Fat vs Plus Sized
Doublespeak is language that is used to hide or distort the truth.
Layoff’s vs Proactive Downsizing
Unpaid Time Off vs. Proactive Downsizing
Articulation is the action of putting into words an idea or feeling of a specified type.
Excitement, Joyfulness, Obsession, and Passion
All of these words have similar meanings, but are used to describe different situations in positive and negative ways.
The different connotations of articulation
The group Students Against Inequality erected a temporary barrier on the campus oval. Members say it symbolizes “the many barriers to those discriminated against by university policies.”
Left-wing offenders planted an eyesore right on the oval to try to trap the university into giving in to their every demand.
Supporters of human equality for all students challenged the university’s investment in racism by erecting a protest barrier on campus.
Balancing general and specific language
Less General: Harry Potter
Specific: The first book
Very Specific: Harry Potter and the Philosopher’s Stone
Using figurative language
Similes use like, as, as if, or as though to make an explicit comparison between two things.
Rain falls from the clouds heavily, as if they were crying.
You can see where the comic book are in the store by all the young kids who are around them like it’s the coolest and greatest thing ever.
He compared our situation as a blessing compared to his.
The principal called my as though anyone would for a death sentence.
Metaphors are implicit comparisons, omitting the like, as, as if, or as though of similes.
The café is the new town square.
My old work truck is built like a mule.
Analogies compare similar features of two dissimilar things; they explain some thing unfamiliar by relating it to something familiar.
Nature has a natural sense of motherhood, because it grows and develops everything.
A Cliché is a frequently used expression.
It’s not you its me
You complete me
Mixed metaphors are comparisons that are not consistent.
The images were brilliant comets streaking through the night sky, showering its viewers with a torrential rain of insight.
Allusions are indirect references to cultural works, people, or events.
The Achilles heel of their team is a lack of showmanship.
Signifying is when the speaker cleverly needles or insults the listener.
“I could’ve told him that”
“It’s not like a certain someone caused all of this”l and Occupational Language: Neologisms and Jargon
Analogies compare similar features of two dissimilar things; they explain some thing unfamil