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Digestive System Review; Urinary System Overview
Be respectful. to me and your fellow classmates.
Pay attention. stay off your phone.
Have a good attitude.
Ask questions. I won’t know all of them but I’ll do my best.
Digestive System Review
Flow of Food
Liver (Bile Flow); Gall Bladder and Pancreas Stuff
Membranes and Mesenteries
Urinary System Overview
Practice Questions (10)
Pre-Exam Review Discussion
There are 6 days of regular classes left! (3 more Anatomy Lectures)
Practical 3 Monday, December 5th Sign up for a time!
Practical 3 Review: Thursday, December 1st, 8:00-10:00 PM, Rotunda D
Lecture Exam 4 Wednesday, December 14th, 9:15-11:15 AM Rotunda D
Lecture Exam 4 Review: Thursday, December 8th, 8:00-10:00 PM, Rotunda D
Anatomy Internship: LAST DAY TO APPLY IS DECEMBER 1st!
This is a fantastic opportunity. Period.
It will undoubtedly enhance your understanding of anatomy.
It will allow you to log cadaver dissection hours which most people don’t even get until their first year of medical school!
Doc writes a killer letter of recommendation.
It will develop your interpersonal skills and help you become a better presenter/teacher/person capable of contributing to society.
If you’re interested at all, send Doc an email.
Digestive System Review
Bile and Pancreatic Secretion Flow:
Functions of the Liver:
-Storage vitamins and minerals
-Detoxify ammonia, urea, alcohol
-Filter drugs and hormones
-Produce Bile to emulsify lipids
Functions of the Pancreas:
-Glucagon raise blood glucose
-Insulin lower blood glucose
-Proteinases degrade proteins
-Lipases degrade fats
-Nucleases degrade nucleic acids
Regions of the Stomach:
What is another name for Bile?
Internal Anal Sphincter = Involuntary Control
External Anal Sphincter = Excretion Control
Where will exocrine secretions from the pancreas go?
Where will endocrine secretions from the pancreas go?
Pancreatic duct Duodenum
Hepatic Portal System
Digestive System Overview
Serous Membranes and Mesenteries
The falciform ligament lies between what two structures?
A. Liver and diaphragm
B. Liver and abdominal wall
C. Liver and Stomach
D. Liver and Duodenum
E. None of the above
Which of the following pathways is in the correct order?
A. Esophagus, cardia, stomach duodenum, pylorus
B. Pylorus, pyloric sphincter, duodenum, ilium, jejunum
C. Duodenum, jejunum, ilium, iliocecal valve, cecum
D. ilium, iliocecal valve, cecum, ascending colon, hepatic flexure
E. None of the above.
Which of the following is NOT true regarding the pancreas?
A. It uses mainly endocrine secretions (99%)
B. It is highly vascularized.
C. It is elongated and lumpy with a granular tetxture
D. It is located between the stomach and the small intestine.
E. All of the above are true statements.
A cyst made out of a muscular sac that stores bile is called?
Quadrate Lobe of the Liver
None of the above
What structure is attached directly to the inferior/lateral portion of the stomach?
All the following are functions of the liver except?
Store minerals and vitamins
Filter hormones from the blood
Metabolism under anaerobic conditions
Production of bile
All of the above are functions of the liver
What is similar and different about rugae and plicae circularis?
Both increase the surface area of the guts; Rugae help in absorption of nutrients.
Both help in the mechanical breakdown of food; Plicae circularis are used for increasing the diameter of the guts.
Both increase the surface area of the guts; plicae circularis house villi and microvilli.
A and C
None of the above.
Clinical Applications: Matching
Inflammation of the gallbladder
Surgical opening to empty small intestine
Out-pocketing of colon (presence)
Presence of gallstones in gallbladder
Destruction of hepatocytes
Out-pocketing of colon (problem)
Rupturing of blood vessels near anus.
-Renal Blood Flow
Retroperitoneal: What does it mean?
Not suspended by the mesentery!
Behind the mesentery.
What structures are in this region?
What does secondarily retroperitoneal mean?
Held by mesentery but not able to move freely.
Urinary System Functions:
Filter out important nutrients from nitrogenous waste (urea).
Ion balance (Sodium, Potassium, Chloride, Calcium)
Blood Pressure (volume of blood)
Renal Blood Supply:
Which of the following are retroperitoneal?
All of the above.
Which of these is not a function of the kidneys?
Regulate the blood concentration of excess carbon
Assist in balancing the blood pH
Filter out nitrogenous waste to form urine.
Regulate the internal blood pressure by controlling water volume in the blood.
What do you want me and Andrew to focus on in this Practical Review? (Systemic Cardiovascular/Respiratory/Digestive/Urinary/Repro)
What techniques do we use that you want us to reiterate?
Are there any topics specifically that you found difficult?
Recap: What did we talk about tonight? What was something you found helpful? What concepts do you still need to work on?
Stay gold, everyone. Stay Gold.
How presentation will benefit audience: Adult learners are more interested in a subject if they know how or why it is important to them.
Presenter’s level of expertise in the subject: Briefly state your credentials in this area, or explain why participants should listen to you.
Lesson descriptions should be brief.patic Portal System
Both help in the mechanical breakdown of food; Plicae circula