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Evolution of Mankind
There are several important milestones in the origin of mankind and they include the discovery of human fossil remains in various parts of the world.
Several past discoveries indicate that hominid fossil remains in the past were based on uncivilized human behaviors such as hunting and eating fruits and other natural foods.
Neanderthal mankind remains found in various parts of Africa indicate ape-based skulls and low intelligence levels of the past human kind.
Evolution of Mankind
The assertion that majority of past human beings mainly migrated from Africa and spread to other areas and regions in the world is evidenced from the location of fossils.
In the early 1960s and late 1970s, several fossils were found in East Africa.
The great rift valley of Africa runs from the forests in Tanzania to the deserts of Ethiopia. Here, the fossil remains of our earliest ancestors can be found.
As you look back in time, our ancestors begin to look less and less like us and more like our closest relatives, African apes.
Since our physical and genetic characteristics are similar, evidence shows that ancestral humans had a very close relationship to apes.
Humans, chimpanzees, gorillas and the large apes of Africa share a common ancestor that lived 5 to 8 million years ago.
As well as physical characteristics, social systems of humans share similarities with other primates.
Chimps live, groom, feed and hunt together as well as form strong family bonds & early humankind probably had a very similar lifestyle.
Nearly 98% of the genes in humans and chimpanzees are identical, however, there are fundamental differences between modern day humans and our primate relatives.
The human brain is much larger and a lot more complex, therefore humans can communicate through language, art and symbols.
Bipedalism, the ability to walk upright on two legs, is one of the earliest defining human traits.
From the artifacts collected by archeologists over the years, past human activities involved the use of various stone tools.
Some tools were primitive in nature while others used broken bones as tools for hunting and gathering activities, especially in Africa.
The appearance of stone tools happened between 2 or 3 million years ago and were the extent of technology for nearly a million years.