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Embed code for: Exam 2 PS 348 Study Guide (9)
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PS 348 Women and Politics
Exam 2 study sheet
REMINDER: You need a green book
Prepare the following questions prior to the exam. ONE of the following will be on the exam. *NOTE: In preparing your answers, be sure to provide more than just summaries of the readings but offer analysis as well. You should demonstrate your understanding of the subject matter by connecting and explaining themes in the course. Having a short introduction and conclusion is also strongly recommended.
1. We have discussed different notions of gender inequality from Betty Friedan, Simone DeBeauvoir, Casey Hayden and Phyllis Schafly. What were these ideas in reaction to? Explain each of their notions of gender inequality, and what it contributes to the debate on women’s equality. Make sure to make compare and contrast these ideas. (Make sure to state the name of the author and their notion of gender inequality.)
2. Explain why the readings by Angela Davis, Gloria Anzaldua, the Combahee River Collective and Audre Lorde can be understood as intersectional accounts of politics. How does each author use the notion of intersectionality in her work and what does it tell us? Please be sure to define intersectionality in your answer. Lastly, how is the concept of intersectionality important and useful for understanding women’s politics?
Below I have listed class outlines to assist you in your review of the material.
Section II: Identity Politics and Feminism: Race, Sexual Orientation and Class
Foundations of Second Wave
a. 1960s-1970s resurgence of feminism
1. Women’s lives changed, more opportunity
2. Did not transform attitudes of proper place for women
3. 60s rise of social movements – antiwar, student, civil rights
b. New Issues on the Agenda over focus on vote
c. Theoretical Foundations
1. Two Tracks: Liberal and Radical
2. Disagreement on solutions
3. More theoretical discussion of origins of gender oppression
b. Questions and Themes on gender difference
1. How to define woman? How to organize a “woman” politics?
2. Relationship to other movements
3. Reform or revolution approach to changing woman’ status
Legal Gains in the 60s
a. Equal Pay Act, 1963
b. Civil Rights Act, 1965
c. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission, 1965
Simone de Beauvoir, The Second Sex, 1949
a. Second Sex – pre-sixties theory on gender
b. Two important points
1. One is not born, but rather becomes, a woman
2. Woman as Other
Betty Friedan, The Feminine Mystique, 1963
b. The Feminine Mystique, 1963
1. What is the Feminine Mystique?
2. “The problem with no name”
3. Her response to the problem
c. Critique - Issues of class/race/privilege
Casey Hayden and Mary King, Memo to SNCC, 1965
a. Feminism and Civil Rights
b. Compare women’s equality to racial equality
c. Caste system of gender, where does it function?
Two tracks in second wave
2. Liberal idea and practices, reform focused
3. National Organization of Women, 1966, Statement
a. Started by Betty Friedan
2. Radical ideas and practices
3. Redstockings Manifesto, 1969
Three notions of gender inequality
a. Woman as Other
b. Problem with no name
c. Gender as caste system
a. Social vs political rights
b. Institutionalized notions of gender discrimination
c. Sameness or difference from men and intersections
d. Difference among women, different notions of feminism
b. How does it relate to women’s politics and solutions to gender inequality?
Combahee River Collective Statement, 1974
a. What is black feminism based on? Where does it come from?
b. What is it?
a. Traits and critiques of white liberal feminism
b. Similarities and differences to radical and liberal feminism
c. Notions of a new womanhood
a. Location of black women in legacy of slavery
b. Debunks stereotypes of black women
c. New Womanhood traits
a. What is the borderlands?
b. Mestiza and Mestiza consciousness
c. Her theoretical solution?
a. Social conservative and fiscal conservative women
1. Views of women’s interests
2. Concerned Women for America, Eagle Forum
3. Independent Women’s Forum
b. Themes of conservative women
1. Feminism as attack on family
2. Me first approach
3. Feminism attacks homemaker
4. Big Government, anti-states rights
c. Difference from feminists?
Phyllis Schlafly, The Positive Woman, 1977
b. Dogmas of Feminism
c. Positive Woman, who is she?
Equal Rights Amendment
a. Rights vs. Substance and idea of gender roles
b. History and tensions
1. Why so close to passing?
2. Equality idea v practice, what would it do gender roles? And changing
a. Background on gay politics
1. Stonewall Riots
b. Tensions with women’s rights, “lavender menace”
a. What is meaning of the label or term “lesbian”?
b. Role of sexism
c. Feminine role is both wife and heterosexual
Audre Lorde, Age, Race, Class and Sex, Women Redefining Difference, 1984
b. Mythical norm
c. Difference is not deviance
c. New W