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Build a Brain Outline
Discuss the target audience (teen moms in foster care), the purpose of choosing this population, and the end goal.
Use quotes; pictures, and statistics
*We are going to show you a video that could be used in a support group or psycho-educatioal intervention for parenting to support improved outcomes for the infant and reduce recidivism
Teen brain: Dymisha and Jan
Developmental parts of the teen brain:
Cortical Development 4 lobes of the brain
(Jan) Occipital lobe: (first to fully develop) responsible for interpreting visual stimuli and information via the retinas of the eyes. It is located in the back portion of the brain. It is the smallest of the 4 paired lobes and is the ‘visible processing center’. The lobes have to be ‘fast’ to process the rapid information that the eyes are seeing. Information is received by the primary sensory cortex and sent directly to the sensory association cortex lying adjacent to it. Allows us to be able to correctly understand what our eyes are seeing.
Parietal lobe: processing tactile sensory information such as pressure, touch and pain and is immature until approx age 16
(Jan) Temporal lobe: Located in the cerebral cortex in each brain hemisphere. Has an important role in organizing memory sensory input, auditory perception, language and speech production as well as memory association and formation. Sound is picked up by the auditory cortex and taken to the ear to process and send out. The lobes communicate with the hippocampus/plays a key role in formation of explicit long term memory modulated by the amygdala which is the ‘seat of emotion’.
High risk behaviors
The prefrontal cortical region is in the immature development stage and the prefrontal cortex is out of balance in its role in regulation. There is a
rapid growth in the subcortical systems. (i.e. dopamine reward pathway which affects pleasure and pain).
This increase in dopamine in the subcortical region causes the adolescent to have an affinity for risk taking. The arousal/reward system overpowers the regulatory cognitive functions. This is a critical period which makes teens vulnerable due to the uneven development in their arousal systems. They experience ‘fast’ growing synapses at the same time that they have some sections that are unconnected or poorly corrected. The connectivity between the two brain regions is not strong and not able to integrate information between the cortical and subcortical regions to aid self-regulation.
High levels of impulsivity are displayed during the critical time of
immature development of the self-regulatory system and
de-regulation of their arousal systems. This impulsivity will generally
peak at age 16 as teens progress in their ability to control the risk taking
need for increased sleep, etc. (DyMisha)
Possibly include substance abuse and impact on brain (DyMisha)
Infant: Lora and Jill
Developmental parts of the infant brain: Prenatal-1 year
Occipital lobe: Lora
Parietal lobe: Lora
Temporal lobe: Jill
Prefrontal cortex: Jill.
Highlighting following topics: attachment, rapid growth and development, impact of toxic stress/trauma
Develop a list of basic skills for parents: need for eye contact (play patty cake), show pictures from I love you Language, parenting goals and efforts to break the cycle (keep children out of foster)