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Annotated Bibliography : Early Childhood Development
India N. Forde-Jones
Etowah High School
Karoly, L. A., & Gonzalez, G. C. (2011). Early care and education for children in immigrant families. Future of Children, 21(1), 71-101
This article was written in 2011; therefore, it is a current source. This source was found on Galileo, a library subscription resource. This article was published in Future of our Children magazine.
This articles explains the struggles of immigrant children growing up in the united states. There is a growing population of immigrants in America, and their children have to deal with various problems that makes life hard for them. Their parents make low minimum wage, some may not even speak English which may put the child at risk for developmental delay and poor academic performance. Lynn Karoly and Gabriella Gonzalez examine the current role of and future potential for early care and education (ECE) programs in promoting healthy development for immigrant children. Participation in center-based care and preschool programs has been shown to have substantial short-term beneﬁts and may also lead to long-term gains as children go through school and enter adulthood.
I will use this in my research paper to show that there are development problems in all children. I will use this to compare the risks in all children with developmental problems.
“A substantial and growing share of the population, immigrant children are more likely than children with native-born parents to face a variety of circumstances, such as low family income, low parental education, and language barriers that place them at risk of developmental delay and poor academic performance once they enter school.”
“According to data from the 2005–06 American Community Survey, of the 15.7 million immigrant children in the United States, nearly 5.7 million are age ﬁve or younger”
“Among immigrant children under age eighteen, for instance, 28 percent are in a linguistically isolated household where no one age fourteen or older speaks English “very well,” 26 percent have parents without a high school degree, and 22 percent have family income below the poverty line.
“The potential for high-quality early-learning settings to advance school readiness and academic achievement in absolute terms and to narrow gaps between less advantaged and more advantaged groups of children has spurred greater interest in promoting access to such programs, especially for disadvantaged children.”
Kenney, M. (2012). Child, family, and neighborhood associations with parent and peer interactive play during early childhood. Maternal & Child Health Journal, 88-101.
This source was written in 2012; therefore, it is a current source. This source was found on Galileo, a library subscription resource. It was published by Maternal &Child Health Journal. This journal is read by pediatricians, child psychologists and other doctors to understand growth in children.
This is a scientific proven survey to prove that children develop more with interactions with families and others. In the first 5 years of life brain development is very critical. Studies supporting the value of regular, sustained play interactions with peers and caregivers during a period of highly active neural network formation are derived from investigations across many disciplines. Even modern media is ‘‘Taking Play Seriously’’ and highlighting parent and professional concerns about the perceived loss of play in the lives of today’s children. Peer play in early childhood is a primary context for the acquisition of social and linguistic skills, preparing the child for school readiness and success. Physically active play is hypothesized to function primarily for strength, endurance, and ﬁtness for children. Language is also a key factor to help the child express emotions with parents and friends. If the parents don’t engage in the child’s life or develop then the child won’t improve through the critical stages.
I will use this information to show how interactions with other people and things help develop the mind of a small child. It will show that introducing children to new things can help them get through the critical 5 years that they are supposed to learn.
” Recent increases in single headed households and work schedules in which both parents in a 2-parent household are employed leave little time for parent-initiated/led play.”
” Considerable literature exists on the developmental functions and beneﬁts of children’s play activities, including contributions to cognitive, physical, and social/emotional well-being”
“The purpose of this study was to examine national patterns with respect to opportunities that children 1–5 years of age have for taking advantage of signiﬁcant early learning/socialization opportunities through peer and parent interaction.”
“The current ﬁndings indicate children in poor, non-English-speaking households with limited education, poorer maternal health and greater parenting stress were read to/told stories less than children from the highest level income, English-speaking households with more education, better maternal mental health and limited parenting stress
Ma, X., Shen, J., Lu, X., Brandi, K., Goodman, J., & Watson, G. (2013). Can quality improvement system improve childcare site performance in school readiness? Journal of Educational Research, 106(2), 146-156.
This source was written in 2013; therefore, it is a current source. This source was found on Galileo, a library subscription resource. This source was published in Journal of Educational Research, which is read by scientist and psychologist.
The authors evaluated the effectiveness of the Quality Improvement System (QIS) developed and implemented by Children’s Services Council of Palm Beach County (Florida) as a voluntary initiative to improve the quality of childcare and education. They adopted a growth model to investigate whether child care improved school readiness. Their control group is a group of children in preschool and the other group is children not in preschool. The goal is to see if preschool helps with school readiness. It is proven the children who went to preschool grew up more successful than the ones that didn’t.
The information in this source is used to explain the processes in child development. I will use this to compare preschool versus not going to preschool for a child.
“Formative years, referring to the age from newborn to 5 years, represent a critical stage of child development. Maria Montessori (1909) viewed the mind of children at this stage as so absorbent that the quality of education can have a long-lasting beneﬁt in their entire lives.”
“Compared with individuals in the preschool control group, those in the preschool intervention group completed signiﬁcantly more years of education, were signiﬁcantly more likely to attend a 4-year college, and achieved signiﬁcantly better in intellectual and academic tests as young adults.”
“Many characteristics of childcare in the home, childcare facility, and community impact school readiness, according to Thompson (2002) who maintained that home is the primary setting for developing school readiness but emphasizes that experiences from childcare facility are critically important.”
” Particularly for Children’s Services Council of Palm Beach County in Florida designed and implemented its QIS as a comprehensive, voluntary, systematic initiative to prepare children for school readiness, with goals to(a)produce positive outcomes for children; (b) provide consumer education for parents; and (c) deﬁne, advocate for, and obtain the resources necessary to encourage, support, and promote quality early care and education. children who spend considerable time there.”
Rossin- Slater, M. (2015). Promoting health in early childhood., Future of Children 25(1), 35- 64.
This source was written in 2015; therefore, it is a current source. This source was found on Galileo, a library subscription resource. It is published by Future of Children which is a book that is read by pediatricians all over the word. It explains the positive effects of promoting health in children.
Children who are healthy early in life grow up to be healthier adults, they also become better educated. The US falls behind other advanced countries in early childhood health putting the health of future generations in risk. The strong connection between early ages and adult ages, early childhood gives a critical window to improve children’s disadvantages through evidence-based interventions and reduce inequality. Maya Rossin-Slater examines the evidence behind a variety of programs that target three groups: women at risk of getting pregnant, pregnant women, or children through age five.
This information will be used to show that promoting health in a child’s life is very important in child development. I will use it to show the differences and outcomes of a child whose parents don’t promote health care versus a child whose parents that does.
“Though it’s among the wealthiest countries in the world, the United States fares relatively poorly by standard indicators of early childhood health.”
“For example, according to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), the U.S. infant mortality rate was ranked 32nd among the 34 countries of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development in 2010”
“The idea that early-life conditions can have lasting consequences on lifelong human welfare was most famously put forth by David J. Barker, a British physician and epidemiologist, who coined the phrase “fetal origins hypothesis.” Barker argued that adverse in utero conditions can “program” a fetus to have metabolic characteristics that are associated with future disease.”
” People with low birth weight were 25 to 44 percent less likely to pass English and math exams at age 16, and 9 to 16 percent less likely to be employed in their 20s and 30s.”
5 They adopted a growth model to investigate whether child care improved school readiness. Their control group is a group of children in preschool and the other group is children not in preschool. The goal is to see if preschool helps with school readiness. It is proven the children who went to preschool grew up more successful than the ones that didn’t.
This source was written in 2015; therefore, it is a current source. This source was found on Galileo, a library subscription resource. It is published by Future of Children which is a book that is read by pediatricians all over the word. It explains the positive effects of prom