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Embed code for: Case Study-Construction Wall-(Village Mena Tehsil Mamund Bajaur)
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SAVING COMMUNITY CAPITALS FROM FLOOD THROUGH MITIGATION STRUCTURES MADE UNDER CASH FOR ASSETS ACTIVITIES OF WFP/SDC FUNDED PROJECT
A Case Study of Village Mena Protection Wall, Tehsil Mamund (Bajaur Agency)
Village Meena, Tehsil Mamund, Bajaur is situated 213 KM north of Peshawar, 11 KM before Pak Afghan border. Two of the natural streams Gabarai and Safarai draining a large watershed in which the village is located. The stream gradients and general geomorphology of the area exposed the village to a number of natural disasters but predominantly flash floods (in rainy seasons) and drought (water scarcity in dry seasons). The risk of the flood is also influenced by the fact that most of the housing and agriculture stock are located in the low lying flat area near the confluence of the two streams. The area was also severely affected by the militancy in which the whole population of the area was temporarily displaced.
Flash flood history
During an assessment FGD (community meeting) an elder of the village Khan Zarin Kaka (65 years) stated that “Each year flash floods hit our village. The mega flash flood started due to the severe cloud bursting and caused devastating damages in 1973. After three years (1974) and then after six year of the second flood another flash flood hit our village in 1983. In these floods the village was completely evacuated three times. In flash flood of 1983 four persons, while passing through the natural stream, suddenly hit by the flash flood and washed away. At that time few people who were standing on the nearby raised platform were warned by being hit by the flood water but they didn’t hear them, as being on distance. Mega flash floods also came in 1990, 1992, 2000, 2010 and 2013. In early floods 1974-1983”
Historical flood damages
By asking, another elder, Abdul Ghafoor Khan added that significant number of springs (fresh water sources), 80 acre agriculture land, trees and seven water mills completely washed away. Up-to 35 people including five women also lost their lives in these floods. In 1983 floods four people were stuck in flood water which was evacuated through ropes in midnight”. Another elder Abdul Wali (55 years old) reported that “the flood destroyed six numbers of water mills in our village”
Flash flood early warning (signs and practices)
“Haven’t noticed any warning sign and practice for flash floods during my life span (43 years) and the situation is not different till now” added by the Laal Por, an inhabitant of the village.
Self-defense efforts by the poor community
The community on self-help basis constructed loose stone protection walls on the side of natural stream but these protection walls were not helpful in mitigating damages of the disaster because of weak structure.
The village located in disasters prone setting with aggravated dynamic risk and vulnerability factors, thereby selected for project intervention by applying geographic targeting and vulnerability criteria. Upon formation of Village Disaster Management Committee-VDMC, Mena participatory risk assessment was carried in the village in which the community decided to construct a protection walls on main natural stream as an immediate need.
The first cycle of Cash for Assets (CFA) successfully completed by the selected participants as a result 880’*4’*6’ (21120cft) loose stone protection walls constructed. Construction stones, as a community share, have been utilized in the scheme. Due to its proper design and engineer supervised work the protection walls have the ability to protect the agriculture land and other communal assets from low and medium level flash floods.
The impacts of the scheme were participatory evaluated by the community. During an interview with HUJRA team one of the inhabitant expressed his views as “because of the construction of protection wall about 80 acre of agriculture land, orchard and around 100 houses have been protected from the flash floods”. Another participant added that “we don’t have any employment and work opportunity in these days. The scheme accumulated 269 unskilled labors and a number of skill labor for wages at door step.
“In the long run we are expecting that these protection walls will save our village and we will not face evacuation, life or assets losses in future” added by a youth from the village. By consulting the VDMC Chairman of the village he requested for the plantation along the protection walls which will further improve resilience to flash floods. He also added that because of the dire need and the good mobilization my villagers show keen interest and made an additional 180 CFT to the estimated CFT. (water scarcity in dry seasons). The risk of the flood is also influenced by the fact that most of the housing and agriculture stock are located in the low lying flat area near the confluence of the two streams. The area was also severely affected by the militancy in which the whole population of the area was temporarily displaced.
The impacts of the scheme were participatory evaluated by the community. During an interview with HUJRA team one of the inhabitant expressed his views as “because of the construction of protection wall about 80 acre of agriculture land, orchard and around 100 houses have been protected from the flash floods”. Another participant added that “we don’t have any employment and work oppor