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nationmultimedia.com I facebook.com/nationnews I twitter: @nationNews I FRIDAY, October 14, 2016 12 PAGES, VOLUME 41, NO 54920 / Bt30 INSIGHTFUL, IN TREND, INDEPENDENT KINGDOM GRIEVES His Majesty King Bhumibol Adulyadej 1927-2016 THE NATION I Friday, October 14, 2016 I 2 END OF A GREAT REIGN URISARA KOWITDAMRONG THE NATION HIS MAJESTY King Bhumibol Adulyadej rose to the greatest heights in modern Thai history and was, in his lifetime, the pillar and soul of his nation. Like his grandfather King Rama V, His Majesty made enor- mous contributions to his country, commanding deep love and loyal- ty from his people. He was the guiding light, helping his Kingdom in times of crisis time and again. During his seven-decade-long reign, His Majesty peacefully defused several political situa- tions, such as the tumult in October 1973 and Black May in 1992 – something no Thai politi- cian was able to accomplish then or later. His reign spanned the terms of more than 30 governments, sev- eral military regimes, coups and numerous coup attempts, and even the defeat of the communist threat that raged through Southeast Asia a few decades ago. At the time of his passing yes- terday, he was the world’s longest-reigning monarch and had been recognised with sever- al international awards for his contributions in various fields. Among the honours were the UNDP Human Development Lifetime Achievement Award, Time magazine’s “Asian Hero King Bhumibol Adulyadej for Shaping the Asia of Our Times” and the World Intellectual Property Organisation Global Leaders Award. In an unprecedented gather- ing of royalty, the kings, queens and royal representatives from 26 countries arrived at the Ananta Samakhom Throne Hall in Bangkok in 2006 to pay trib- ute to His Majesty on the 60th anniversary of his accession to the throne. In Thailand, he was consid- ered the father of many innova- tions and technology. These accolades, however, pale before his significance to the Thai people – he was their inspiration, their leading light, and the King of their hearts. His Majesty won the hearts of his subjects because he fully hon- oured his oath of accession: “We shall reign with righteousness, for the benefits and happiness of the Siamese people.” This oath was taken on the day of his coronation in 1950, when His Majesty was just 23. Born on December 5, 1927 in Cambridge, Massachusetts, His Majesty was the third and youngest child of Their Royal Highnesses Prince Mahidol of Songkhla and Princess Srinagarindra. He spent much of his childhood overseas, visiting Thailand sometimes with his older brother King Ananda Mahidol to see their country and their elder- ly grandmother HM Queen Savang Vadhana. The younger royal never expected to become a monarch, but had to take over after his brother’s untimely death on June 9, 1946. He was once quoted as saying after his brother’s death: “I had never thought of becoming a king. I only wanted be your younger brother”. After King Ananda’s passing, the course of the younger royal’s life changed completely. He had to change his subject of education from science to political science and law, so he could equip himself with proper knowledge for his reign. After completing his educa- tion in Switzerland, His Majesty returned for the royal corona- tion and faithful devotion to his country and his people. For most of his reign, His Majesty trav- elled the length and breadth of the Kingdom, visiting the poor- est and remotest corners to learn about the problems faced by his people. During his travels, the beloved monarch spoke to his subjects and most importantly, listened to them. He learned of their needs and problems first hand and set about trying to find a way to give immediate help, before studying the issue in depth to find a per- manent solution. He had to stop making these trips only after his health began to fail. Yet, even during his time at Siriraj Hospital, the beloved monarch read reports on issues affecting his people and gave advice when he could. Since 1952, His Majesty ini- tiated more than 3,000 innova- tive programmes in agriculture, environment, public health, water resources, communica- tions, public welfare, occupa- tional promotion and education with the aim of easing the lives of Thai people. He also actively promoted sus- tainable development and the phi- losophy of sufficiency economy. His Majesty passed away peacefully at the age of 89 yester- day. He is survived by Her Majesty Queen Sirikit and their four chil- dren. His death has plunged the nation into mourning. But the revered monarch will live in the hearts of Thai people forever. THE ROYAL Household Bureau announced the passing of His Majesty the King in a statement released yesterday. It said that King Bhumibol Adulyadej passed away at 3.52pm at Siriraj Hospital,where he had been treated since October 3, 2014. “The team of physicians offered treatment to the best of their ability.But his illness did not ease and his condition worsened gradually.His Majesty the King passed away peacefully at 3.52pm on October 13 in the 89th year of his life,”the Royal Household Bureau said.The statement also noted that the King had been on the throne for 70 years. – The Nation ❛❛ WE SHALL REIGN WITH RIGHTEOUSNESS,FOR THE BENEFITS AND HAPPINESS OF THE SIAMESE PEOPLE.” His Majesty King Bhumibol Adulyadej Truly the King of hearts THE LONGEST-REIGNING MONARCH WON THE DEVOTION OF HIS SUBJECTS WITH HIS COMMITMENT TO THEIR WELFARE Statement by Royal Household Bureau His Majesty is crowned King at the coronation ceremony in May,1950. The King waves to a crowd of hundreds of thousands gathered at the Royal Plaza on June 9,2006 to celebrate his 60th anniversary on the throne. The Royal Household Bureau yesterday announced HM King Bhumibol Adulyadej’s passing. THE NATION HIS ROYAL Highness Crown Prince Maha Vajiralongkorn maintained yes- terday that he was ready to assume the throne, but would prefer to “wait for a proper time” as the country was still mourning the passing of His Majesty the King. Prime Minister Prayut Chan-o-cha quoted the Crown Prince’s remarks at a press conference held at Government House last night. The PM said he had an audience with the 64-year-old Crown Prince in the evening, when he was informed of his wish. “The Crown Prince prefers to join the entire nation in expressing his grief at this time. He asked that the process of accession to the throne be held back until a proper time,” Prayut said. “He is aware of his duties as heir to the throne and will continue carrying out his Royal responsibilities in his capacity as Crown Prince.” The PM called a press conference after a joint meeting of the Cabinet, the National Council for Peace and Order and National Legislative Assembly (NLA). The Crown Prince was born on July 28, 1952. On December 28, 1972, at the age of 20, he was bestowed the title of “Somdech Phra Boromma-orasadhiraj Chao Fa Maha Vajiralongkorn Sayam Makut Rajakuman”, which translates as “Prince Maha Vajiralongkorn, the Royal Son and Crown Prince of Siam” by His Majesty the King. The ceremonial bestowing of the title was held at the Ananta Samakhom Throne Hall as per the 1924 Royal Family Law on Succession to the Throne. This ceremony was fol- lowed by the Crown Prince taking an oath of allegiance at the Temple of the Emerald Buddha inside the Grand Palace. At the ceremony, the Crown Prince announced that he would be loyal to the country and sincere to the people. “I will perform my duties to the best of my intelligence and ability, and also with devotion, for the peace and pros- perity of Thailand,” he said. The Prince graduated from the Royal Military College of Duntroon in Canberra, Australia. An officer in the Thai military, he trained with the Australian, British and the United States armed services, qualifying as a military helicopter pilot. He also holds the titles of Army General, Navy Admiral and Air Chief Marshall of the Air Force. Last night, the NLA convened a meeting at which its president Pornpetch Wichitcholchai read a statement from the Royal Household Bureau announcing the passing of His Majesty. The NLA members then observed nine minutes of silence in honour of the beloved monarch. Pornpetch later told the meeting that the NLA would not convene a normal meeting until relevant proceedings under the Royal Family Law on Succession to the Throne and the Constitution have been imple- mented. CROWN PRINCE PREFERS TO OBSERVE PERIOD OF NATIONAL MOURNING BEFORE TAKING THRONE AT ‘PROPER TIME’ THE NATION MANAGING EDITOR: JINTANA PANYAARVUDH BUSINESS EDITOR: KWANCHAI RUNGFAPAISARN REGIONAL NEWS EDITOR: SUPALAK GANJANAKHUNDEE LOCAL NEWS EDITOR: CHULARAT SAENGPASSA POLITICAL NEWS EDITOR: PIYAPORN WONGRUANG XP EDITOR: KHETSIRIN PHOLDHAMPALIT SPORT EDITOR: PREECHACHAN WIRIYANUPAPPONG WEB CO-EDITORS: MARISA CHIMPRABHA, PAISAL CHUENPRASAENG ONLINE CONTENT EDITOR: ASINA PORNWASIN EDITOR-AT-LARGE: TULSATHIT TAPTIM CHIEF SUB-EDITOR: KUMAR KRISHNAN A MEMBER OF THE ASIA NEWS NETWORK (www.asianewsnet.net) PARTNER WITH PHUKET GAZETTE (www.phuketgazette.net) NATION MULTIMEDIA GROUP GROUP EDITOR-IN-CHIEF: THEPCHAI YONG THE NATION I Friday, October 14, 2016 I 3 END OF A GREAT REIGN Succession can wait,PM told His Majesty the King bestows the title of Crown Prince on then-Prince Vajiralongkorn in a ceremony at the Ananta Samakhom Throne Hall in December 1972. THE NATION I Friday, October 14, 2016 I 4 END OF A GREAT REIGN THE NATION THAIS should follow in His Majesty the King’s footsteps by upholding the Kingdom’s sover- eignty and heeding his advice to bring prosperity to the country, so that his example would not be in vain, Prime Minister Prayut Chan- o-cha said yesterday. In a national televised address, Prayut called on Thai people to mourn for their beloved King but also to celebrate his good deeds. The prime minister was speak- ing after the Royal Household Bureau announced that His Majesty the King Bhumibol Adulyadej had peacefully passed away. He was 89. “The late King named his heir as per the Laws of Succession on December 28, 1972. The National Legislative Assembly will imple- ment the process,” Prayut said. In his speech, the prime minis- ter said His Majesty’s passing was the country’s “biggest loss” since the death of King Rama VIII in 1946. “Today, a day that all Thais did not want to think about or hear about, has arrived. The 70-year reign of King Bhumibol has come to an end,” he said. Thais had been closely follow- ing news about His Majesty’s ill- ness and medical treatment at Siriraj Hospital, Prayut said, adding that whenever the beloved monarch felt well enough, he con- tinued working for the benefit of Thai people “October 13 will live in the memory of Thais forever, like October 23 which is King Chulalongkorn Day,” Prayut said. The King’s 70-year reign began after the end of World War II, when the country was recovering from the aftermath of the war. At that difficult time, the country was blessed with a new King who turned people’s desperation into strength and was absolutely com- mitted to tackling their problems. “For 70 years, the King has been deeply loved and has been the centre for Thai people. He spent 70 years reigning the Kingdom with righteousness for the benefit of the people,” Prayut said. The government has two important missions at hand – the first being the succession, which will be in line with the constitu- tion and the Law of Succession; and the second being prepara- tions for the Royal funeral. Information about prepara- tions for the funeral will be announced later, Prayut said. The government has called on people to wear mourning colours for a year and has ordered govern- ment offices and educational insti- tutes to fly the national flag at half- mast for 30 days. Also, all sectors of society should consider sus- pending any entertainment for 30 days as a mark of respect, the PM said. The public should use this opportunity to offer moral support to each other as there is just one “Father of the Kingdom”, he said before ending his speech by saying “Long Live the new King”. PM calls on Thais to follow HM’s example HAILS LONG REIGN OF ‘RIGHTEOUSNESS FOR THE BENEFIT OF THE PEOPLE’ Prime Minister Prayut Chan-o-cha speaks to the nation in a televised address last night.The government has called on people to wear mourning colours for a year and has ordered government offices and educational institutes to fly the national flag at half-mast for 30 days. Prayut issues warning over economy and security of nation THE NATION PRIMEMinister Gen Prayut Chan-o-cha yesterday warned of economic manipulation and security concerns as oppor- tunists might create difficulties after the death of His Majesty the King. “Please help maintain our monetary and financial status in place and don’t try to discredit the country’s economy by manipulating the stock market,” Prayut said as he addressed the nation with his second statement on TV last night. “Please don’t let them take advantage of the moment,” he said. Prayut’s remarks came after days of stock market declines following reports from the Palace on the King’s critical health condition since Monday. Earlier yesterday, the government ordered a search for a person who had allegedly spread false rumours regarding His Majesty’s health the previous day. In his broadcast, Prayut also said that security measures are being tightened across the nation following the King’s passing. “The most important thing now is to maintain safety of lives and property,” Prayut said. “We are coordinating and keeping watch [on the country]. Measures [for security] are also elevated. Should you have any doubts, please contact police or military officers across the country.” Colonel Winthai Suvaree, spokesperson of the National Council for Peace and Order (NCPO), reiterated that the NCPO would post officers at several focal points across the country ahead of the upcoming Royal funeral ceremony. “Please cooperate with the officers,” Winthai said. “Please avoid any acts that could be deemed inappropriate in this atmosphere. Please also use your discretion when following updates and news.” THE NATION THE KING’Sphilosophy of a suf- ficiency economy has contributed significantly to the theory of development for the well-being of humankind. His initiatives in this crucial field have also been proposed to the United Nations for the pro- motion of sustainable develop- ment worldwide. Prasopchoke Mongsawad, of Thailand’s National Institute of Development Administration, wrote that the King’s philosophy of sufficiency economy highlights a balanced way of living based on three principles – moderation, reasonableness, and self-immu- nity along with the conditions of morality and knowledge. In addition, the Royal initia- tives could be used at any level of the society – from an individual to a country. In the aftermath of 1997 Asian financial crisis, the King reiterat- ed and expanded on the concept of the sufficiency economy in remarks made at his birthday speech in December 1997 and the following years. The concept points the way for a Thailand recovery that will lead to more resilient, balanced and sustainable development, which is better able to meet the chal- lenges arising from globalisation and other changes. In 1999, the National Economic and Social Development Board invited a group of eminent persons to con- struct the definition of the philosophy of sufficiency econ- omy. They determined that a “Sufficiency economy is a philos- ophy that stresses the middle path as an overriding principle for appropriate conduct by the pop- ulace at all levels. “This applies to conduct start- ing from the level of the families, communities, as well as the level of nation in development and administration so as to mod- ernise in line with the forces of globalisation.” According to Prasopchoke, developing countries face many challenges in their efforts to improve the well being of citizens. These challenges include dysfunctional institutions, poor quality of people’s lives, environ- mental degradation, and the opti- mal role of government. In his paper, he concludes that the philosophy of the sufficiency economy provides a new para- digm for development that also includes trustworthiness, hon- esty, integrity, sharing and altru- ism, representing the necessary moral conditions appropriate for sustainable national develop- ment. These elements can be regard- ed as social capital embedded in a society that encourages proper economic and non-economic activities. In addition, the author concludes that the philosophy can serve as an informal institution substituting for a formal institu- tion in cases of a dysfunctional or missing formal institution. One of the most important applications of the philosophy is to help improve human well being with emphasis on the self- reliance of an individual and of a community, together with the essentials of education. Poverty reduction can also be achieved by implementing meas- ures along with royal initiatives to help people reduce their vulner- ability, build their capability to shape their lives, and have choices. In other words, people will be moderate and reasonable with self-immunity. Therefore, they will not overexploit or abuse the environment or natural resources. They will embrace the environment, conserve it for the future and live in harmony with nature. Also, a government with a mindset of this philosophy will be able to achieve the optimal role in maximising its people’s welfare. Such a government will make pol- icy with prudence and vigilance, resulting in good governance and a culture of honesty. Over the past three decades, the King graciously reminded Thais, through his royal remarks on many occasions, of a step-by- step and balanced approach to development, according to suffi- ciencyeconomy.org. The following is an excerpt from a speech he gave in 1974: “Economic development must be done step by step. It should begin with the strengthening of our economic foundation, by assuring that the majority of our population has enough to live on ... Once reasonable progress has been achieved, we should then embark on the next steps, by pur- suing more advanced levels of economic development. “Here, if one focuses only on rapid economic expansion with- out making sure that such a plan is appropriate for our people and the condition of our country, it will inevitably result in various imbalances and eventually end up as failure or crisis, as found in other countries.” The wise royal warning was made many years before Thailand encountered its biggest econom- ic crisis in modern history, when the baht was sharply devalued and the government had to seek a massive bailout financial pack- age from the International Monetary Fund in 1997. THE NATION I Friday, October 14, 2016 I 5 END OF A GREAT REIGN THE PHILOSOPHY OF BALANCED LIVING AND SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT CAN HELP SOCIETIES COPE WITH MODERN CHALLENGES King’s sufficiency economy a blueprint for humankind An outstanding contribution to global development THE NATION AS THE WORLD’S longest reigning monarch, His Majesty the King was admired internationally for his efforts in leading Thailand to play a significant role in its contribution to the planet’s development. And as the country’s head of state, the King had numerous duties involving the forging of ties with various countries, regardless their political ideology. He visited over 25 countries in Asia, Europe and America, while welcoming to Thailand numerous heads of state and government. He made frequent foreign visits during 1960s. In June 1960 he embarked with Her Majesty the Queen on a seven-month series of state visits to the United States and 13 European countries. Their Majesties arrived in Washington on June 28 that year, and were met at Washington National Airport by President Dwight D Eisenhower. The Washington Post & Times Herald said in its headline, “President and 75,000 in Streets Greet Thailand King and Queen”. The following day, the King addressed a joint session of the United States Congress. During the visit, the King reached out to locals, who were impressed by his talents, particularly in music. He visited the apartment of Benny Goodman and spent two hours playing music with the jazz supremo, along with fellow jazz greats Gene Krupa, Teddy Wilson, Urbie Green, Jonah Jones, and Red Norvo. While in California, he toured Paramount and Desilu Movie Studios, where the chatted with ease with Hollywood executives and legendary stars like Elvis Presley, Bob Hope, and Lucille Ball. From September 29 to October 5, 1964, their Majesties embarked on a memorable state visit to Austria, where the King’s musical compositions were performed by the Nieder Osterreich Tonkunstler Orchestra in the Vienna Concert Hall. He did not make another foreign visit for more than two decades through the 1970s and 1980s. But in 1994, he inaugurated the Thai-Lao Friendship Bridge and crossed it to visit Laos where, on the other side of the Mekong River, the people revered him in a similar manner to Thais. Laos was the last country he made a state visit to. His Majesty was the only monarch to hold patents – a 1993 patent for a wastewater aerator, Chai Pattana, as well as several rainmaking patents since 1955, including for the so- called Sandwich rainmaker in 1999 and the Super-sandwich in 2004. He received many awards and other forms of recognition from various organisations and agencies under the United Nations, for his contributions to the improvement of the environment and nature conservation. In May 2006, he was presented with the first United Nations’ Human Development Lifetime Achievement Award, for his efforts towards human development in improving the lives of his people. The award was presented by then-UN chief Kofi Annan. The awards he received are just a part of his contribution to the world. Contributions such as the sufficient economy philosophy were designed to enhance the wellbeing of not only Thais but of people all over the world. THE NATION LEADERS of countries around the world expressed their condolences to the people of Thailand yesterday on the passing of His Majesty King Bhumibol Adulyadej. In a message addressed to the Royal Family, the government and people of Thailand, United States President Barack Obama said: “As the revered leader and only monarch that most Thais have ever known, His Majesty was a tireless champion of his country’s development and demonstrated unflagging devotion to improving the standard of living of the Thai people. “With a creative spirit and a drive for innovation, he pioneered new technologies that have rightfully received worldwide acclaim,” the White House press release read. “His Majesty leaves a legacy of care for the Thai people that will be cherished by future generations.” Obama met His Majesty in 2012. At the United Nations headquarters in New York, representatives of member countries held a minute’s silence before their meeting as a mark of respect on the passing of the monarch. UN Secretary-General Ban Ki- Moon said he hoped Thailand would honour the King’s legacy of commitment to universal values and respect for human rights, his spokesman said in a statement yesterday. Malaysia’s Prime Minister Najib Razak paid tribute on his Facebook page, saying “King Bhumibol was a towering presence whose contribution to Thailand, and the rest of the region, is beyond words. We join the Thai people in mourning his loss.” The Myanmar President Office also extended condolences on Facebook. Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi, meanwhile, tweeted: “[The] people of India and I join the people of Thailand in grieving the loss of one of the tallest leaders of our times, King Bhumibol Adulyadej.” Jesus Miguel Sanz, ambassador and head of the European Union delegation to Thailand, posted on Facebook: “During my time here I have felt the true love of the Thai people for King Bhumibol, whose contributions touched the lives of many and will be remembered for many generations to come.” Britain’s Ambassador to Thailand Brian Davidson said on Facebook: “Deeply saddened to hear of death of His Majesty. He will be sorely missed within and outside Thailand. I offer our heartfelt condolences.” Bhutan has gone one step further by announcing today as a day of mourning. King Jigme Khesar Namgyel Wangchuk and the Royal Grandmother are scheduled to lead prayers today to mark His Majesty’s passing. Bhutan’s national flag will be flown at half- mast, while offices and schools will be closed so people can visit temples and offer prayers for the beloved monarch. Special prayers will be chanted and butter lamps lit at several sacred spots in Bhutan for the next seven days. “His Majesty the King [Jigme] received the news of the passing of His Majesty King Bhumibol Adulyadej of Thailand with immense sorrow,” said a statement posted on the Bhutanese royal’s Facebook page. Their Majesties the King and the Queen pose with royals from across the world during the 60th anniversary of His Majesty’s accession to the throne in 2014. The then-UN chief Kofi Annan presents His Majesty the King with the first United Nations Human Development Lifetime Achievement Award in 2006. US President Barack Obama speaks with His Majesty during a royal audience granted in Siriraj Hospital in 2012. His Majesty the King waves to people during his visit to the United States in 1960. His Majesty the King plays the saxophone in a jam session with clarinettist Benny Goodman in 1960. Japanese Emperor Akihito, second right, and Empress Michiko, second left, pose with Their Majesties the King and the Queen at the Grand Palace in 1991. World leaders pay tribute to ‘creative spirit and drive’ THE NATION I Friday, October 14, 2016 I 10 END OF A GREAT REIGN THE NATION I Friday, October 14, 2016 I 11 END OF A GREAT REIGN Kingdom plunges into sorrow after King’s passing JUTHATHIP LUCKSANAWONG THE NATION THE GRIEF of thousands reverberated throughout the grounds of Siriraj Hospital in Bangkok yesterday evening fol- lowing the news that His Majesty the King had died – a scene echoed nationwide. After the official announce- ment of the King’s death from the Bureau of the Royal Household at around 7pm, the outpouring of grief at the hospi- tal began, with many learning through social media that he passed away at the hospital at 3.52pm. They shouted: “Long live the King”. All day yesterday at the hos- pital, people sat on the ground around a monument of His Majesty the King’s father and wept. Some passed out. Nurses performed first aid. “Please don’t leave us,” screamed a tearful Pornprapa Srisang, a 43- year-old busi- nesswoman, who arrived at the hospital late yesterday after- noon. “Please wake up and stay with your people. You just sleep, I know. You are so tired and you just fall asleep. Please stay with us.” Royal songs Waraporn Sertsurin, a 28- year-old corporate employee from Bangkok, had refused to believe the rumour that the King was dead, which spread until about 7pm. After composing themselves, people sang royal songs express- ing their best wishes for the King before shouting relentlessly: “May the King go to heaven”. The singing continued for almost half-an-hour before fad- ing as the crowds descended into a quiet period of mourning. Some tried to edge closer to the hospital, while others thought they saw a curtain close in a hospital room. It could not be confirmed it was the room where the King had been treat- ed. At 9pm, some people began to leave the hospital grounds, while others stayed and continued to sing the royal songs and shout: “Long live the King”. Nationwide, millions of peo- ple simultaneously were grief stricken. Several residents in the far Western Tak province, who were praying with monks in tem- ples, burst into tears after learn- ing the news. In Chiang Mai, people had followed reports on the King’s health in major venues includ- ing the busy markets via TV, before falling into silence upon learning of his death. The old city went quieter than usual. Ubon Ratchathani resident Supit Phongsri was shocked by the news, and struggled to accept it. “I feel today is the saddest day in my life, but I do wish he rests in peace and goes to heaven,” Supit said. A retired Royal Irrigation Department chief who worked for His Majesty, Pramote Maiklad, said he felt very lucky to have had the chance to serve him closely. Pramote said that in the King he saw genius, which he whole- heartedly embraced as a guide for his own life. “His Majesty the King was very knowledgeable and mas- terful,” he said. “He was also extremely patient, not giving things up eas- ily. And more importantly, he worked well with others for the best outcomes.” Rattana Vejjanchai, a civil official, wished that the news of the King’s death was not true but she would continue to follow in his footsteps – working for the people without thinking of her- self. State agencies including the Secretariate of the House of Representatives, praised His Majesty the King as a champion of democracy. The Office of the Prime Minister issued an instruction to government officials nation- wide to wear black to mourn the King for one year and fly flags at half mast for 30 days. The Bureau of Royal Household is scheduled to move His Majesty the King’s body from the hospital to the Temple of the Emerald Buddah at 1pm today. GRIEF-STRICKEN SUBJECTS BREAK INTO TEARS AS THEIR WORST FEARS ARE CONFIRMED Key dates Events in His Majesty’s 70 years on the throne: June 9, 1946: The King ascends the throne at the age of 18 after his brother’s death. May 5, 1950: After completing his studies in Switzerland and a week after marrying Her Majesty the Queen,the King returns to Thailand to be crowned Rama IX of the Chakri Dynasty. October 1973: Scores are killed when a military dictatorship cracks down on protesters.The King intervenes for this first time in his reign,asking the then-prime minister to leave the country before appointing his replace- ment,which led to a brief blos- soming of democracy. October 1976: Dozens of students protesting against the return of exiled dictator Field Marshal Thanom Kittikachorn are killed by right-wing militias,police and sol- diers in a crackdown at Thammasat University.The mas- sacre prompts a coup,which overthrows democracy and returns the military to power. May 1992: Hundreds of thou- sands of pro-democracy protest- ers fill the streets of Bangkok demanding a return to civilian rule.Dozens are killed during “Black May”after junta leader General Suchinda Kraprayoon assumes the prime minister’s post without election.The King summons the general and pro- democracy leader Chamlong Srimuang to the Palace and admonishes them in a dramatic televised effort to reconcile the two sides,cementing his reputa- tion as a unifying force.The killings stop and Suchinda agrees to resign. October 11, 1997: The King signs the country’s 16th Constitution into law.Dubbed the “People’s Constitution”,it is the most pro- gressive of Thailand’s charters and a major development for political reform and democracy. August 2009: The King makes a rare speech,broadcast and aired nationwide,warning that the country could collapse if its feud- ing political factions do not unite. September 2009: The King is admitted to Siriraj Hospital, where he is put on a drip and diagnosed with a lung infection. Thousands visit the hospital to sign a book for well-wishers. August 2013: His Majesty leaves hospital and moves to Klai Kang Won Palace in Hua Hin with Her Majesty the Queen. August 2014: The King is readmit- ted to hospital. October 2014: He undergoes an operation to remove his gall blad- der. May 5, 2015: The monarch makes a rare public appearance at the celebration of his 65th anniver- sary on the throne. August 11, 2015: The Royal Household Bureau says the King is treated for water on the brain and a chest infection,which he recovers from. December 15, 2015: The Palace releases footage of the King swearing in a group of judges in his hospital room. June 7, 2016: The King undergoes heart surgery to widen arteries, according to a Palace statement. June 9, 2016: Thailand marks the 70th anniversary of the King’s ascension to the throne. October 9, 2016:Doctors say the King’s condition is unstable. October 13, 2016: The Royal Household Bureau announces that His Majesty King Bhumibol Adulyadej peacefully passed away at 3.52pm.– AFP World’s longest-reigning monarchs AFTER the death of His Majesty King Bhumibol Adulyadej,Britain’s Queen Elizabeth II has become the world longest-reigning monarch at 64 years. Here is list of the world’s other longest-serving monarchs: BRITAIN:Queen Elizabeth II,born on April 21,1926,inherited the throne on February 6,1952,following the death of her father,King George VI.On September 9,2015,Elizabeth’s reign surpassed that of her great,great grandmother,Victoria,who was on the throne from 1837 until 1901. BRUNEI: Sultan Hassanal Bolkiah,70,is one of the richest people on the planet.Born on July 15,1946,Bolkiah has reigned over the small enclave on the north coast of Borneo since his father abdicated in October 1967. OMAN: Sultan Qaboos,75,took the throne on July 23,1970,after ousting his father for allegedly being too conservative.Qaboos’s health is failing and he has no designated heir. DENMARK:Queen Margrethe II,76,became head of Europe’s oldest king- dom on January 14,1972,following the death of her father,Frederik IX. SWEDEN: King Carl XVI Gustaf,who turned 70 in late April,succeeded his grandfather,Gustaf VI Adolf,in September 1973.– AFP Diplomats,analysts predict calm transition REUTERS SINGAPORE THAILAND is unlikely to face major eco- nomic disruption after the death of revered King Bhumibol Adulyadej, although many people in the country will be grief stricken, some risk analysts and diplomats said. The passing of the 89-year-old King, which followed a series of major health problems in recent years, was announced by the Palace on Thursday. Given a smooth transition, major dis- ruption is not expected, according to five diplomats in Bangkok. “We expect the Royal succession to des- ignated heir Crown Prince Maha Vajiralongkorn will be stable and that mar- ket volatility around the king’s death will not be long-lasting,” Eurasia Group said. Overall, the impact on the investment environment will be “relatively minor” and limited to what is likely to be an initial mourning period of 100 days, it added. SET Index rebounds The Stock Exchange of Thailand’s bench- mark index fell as much as 6.9 per cent on Wednesday to its lowest since March 1, but recovered to close down 2.5 per cent. It closed 0.47 per cent up on Thursday before the announcement of the King’s death. Nordea Markets’ chief analyst Amy Yuan Zhuang, based in Singapore, said the economy was not as sentiment-driven as the baht, which could be vulnerable to cap- ital outflows. “We have only seen two or three days of net outflows from the local equity and bond markets and the sizes are not very big,” Zhuang said before the announcement of the King’s death. But she added that outflows could increase. Thai business leaders say privately they are confident the military government will ensure a smooth transition. Companies are likely to postpone some events, such as product launches, for the initial mourning period, the Eurasia Group said. A woman pays her respects in front of a shop while televisions inside broadcast stories of HM the King who passed away yesterday. NATION/RACHANON INTHARAGSA National Legislative Assembly President Pornpetch Wichicholchai calls for a special meeting at 9pm to acknowledge the Bureau of the Royal Household’s annoucement of His Majesty the King’s passing. NATION/PRAMOTE PUTTHAISONG A moment of silence is observed for the King during a ceremony to appoint the new secretary-general at the 70th session of the United Nations General Assembly in New York yesterday. AFP THE NATION I Friday, October 14, 2016 I 12 END OF A GREAT REIGN THE NATION is edited by Thanong Khanthong and published by NATION NEWS NETWORKCO LTD, , at 1858/129 32nd Floor,Bang Na-Trat Road,Bang Na District,Bangkok 10260,and printed by WPS (THAILAND) CO LTD Tel (02) 338 3000,Fax (02) 338 3334.EDITORIAL: Tel (02) 338 3333; Fax (02) 338 3958.SUBSCRIPTIONS: Tel (02) 338 3000; Fax (02) 338 3964. DISPLAY & SUPPLEMENT: Tel (02) 338 3141, (02) 338 3565; Fax (02) 338 3912, (02) 338 3913. TRAFFIC: Tel (02) 338 3124, Fax (02) 338 3911. CLASSIFIED ADS: Tel (02) 338 3034, (02) 338 3054; Fax (02) 338 3904 l CHIANG MAI BUREAU: 24/1 Nantaram Road, Soi 5 Kor Tambon Hai Ya, Muang District, Chiang Mai 50100. EDITORIAL: Tel (053) 274 467. ADMINISTRATION: Tel: (053) 271 831; Fax: (053) 282 110.l HAT YAI BUREAU: : 88/9 Kanjanawanit Road,Tambon Ban Pru,Hat Yai District,Songkhla 90250.EDITORIAL: Tel (074) 210 975–9; Fax (074) 210-979.ADMINISTRATION: Tel (074) 210 035–8; Fax (074) 210 039 l KHON KAEN BUREAU: 67 Moo 8,Laonadee Road,Muang District,Khon Kaen 80000.EDITORIAL: Tel (043) 324 238–9; Fax (043) 324 243.ADMINISTRATION: Tel (043) 324 170,324 241–2; Fax: (043) 324 186 l NAKHON RATCHASIMA BUREAU: 32/1 Moo 1,Tambon Ban Koh,Muang District,Naakhon Ratchasima 30000.ADMINISTRATION: Tel (044) 371 128.l PATTAYA BUREAU: 23/7 Moo 6, Sukhumvit Road,Tambon Na Klua,Bang Lamung District,Chon Buri 20260,ADMINISTRATION: Tel (038) 727 111. EPA NATION/TANACHAI PRAMARNPANICH Loyal subjects holding portraits of His Majesty the King burst into tears outside Siriraj Hospital in Bangkok after hearing the news of the monarch’s passing yesterday. NATION/TANACHAI PRAMARNPANICH NATION/TANACHAI PRAMARNPANICH NATION/TANACHAI PRAMARNPANICH REUTERS HEARTBROKEN 9771685536009 ISSN 16855361 29362 29362 EUTERS SINGAPORE THAILAND is unlikely to face major eco- nomic disruption after the death of revered King Bhumibol Adulyadej, although many people in the country will be grief stricken, some risk analysts and diplomats said. The passing of the 89-year-old King, which followed a series of major health problems in recent years, was announced by the Palace on Thursday. Given a smooth transition, major dis- ruption is not expected, according to five diplomats in Bangkok. “We expect the Royal succession to des- ignated heir Crown Prince Maha Vajiralongkorn will be stable and that mar- ket volatility around the king’s death will not be long-lasting,” Eurasia Group said. Overall, the impact on the investment environment will be “relatively minor” and limited to what is likely to be an initial mourning period of 100 days, it added. SET Index rebounds The Stock Exchange of Thailand’s bench- mark index fell as much as 6.9 per cent on Wednesday to its lowest since March 1, but recovered to close down 2.5 per cent. It closed 0.47 per cent up on Thursday before the announcement of the King’s death. Nordea Markets’ chief analyst Amy Yuan Zhuang, based in Singapore, said the economy was not as sentiment-driven as the baht, which could be vulnerable to cap- ital outflows. “We have only seen two or three days of net outflows from the local equity and bond markets and the sizes are not very big,” Zhuang said before the announcement of the King’s death. But she added that outflows could increase. Thai business leaders say privately they are confident the military government will ensure a smooth transition. Companies are likely to postpone some events, such as product launches, for the initial mourning period, the Eurasia Group said. A woman pays her respects in front of a shop while televisions inside broadcast stories of HM the King who passed away yesterday. NATION/RACHANON INTHARAGSA National Legislative Assembly President Pornpetch Wichicholchai calls for a special meeting at 9pm to acknowledge the Bureau of the Royal Household’s annoucement of His Majesty the King’s passing. NATION/PRAMOTE PUTTHAISONG A moment of silence is observed for the King during a ceremony to appoint the new secretary-general at the 70th session of the United Nations General Assembly in New York yesterday. AFP THE NATION I Friday, October 14, 2016 I 12 END OF A GREAT REIGN THE NATION is edited by Thanong Khanthong and published by NATION NEWS NETWORKCO LTD, , at 1858/129 32nd Floor,Bang Na-Trat Road,Bang Na District,Bangkok 10260,and printed by WPS (THAILAND) CO LTD Tel (02) 338 3000,Fax (02) 338 3334.EDITORIAL: Tel (02) 338 3333; Fax (02) 338 3958.SUBSCRIPTIONS: Tel (02) 338 3000; Fax (02) 338 3964. DISPLAY & SUPPLEMENT: Tel (02) 338 3141, (02) 338 3565; Fax (02) 338 3912, (02) 338 3913. TRAFFIC: Tel (02) 338 3124, Fax (02) 338 3911. CLASSIFIED ADS: Tel (02) 338 3034, (02) 338 3054; Fax (02) 338 3904 l CHIANG MAI BUREAU: 24/1 Nantaram Road, Soi 5 Kor Tambon Hai Ya, Muang District, Chiang Mai 50100. EDITORIAL: Tel (053) 274 467. ADMINISTRATION: Tel: (053) 271 831; Fax: (053) 282 110.l HAT YAI BUREAU: : 88/9