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Mission San Louis
Florida’s Apalachee-Spanish Living History Museum
Historical Site Project. AMH 2010
15 October 2016
The places I included in my presentation are all circled in Red. I enjoyed this landmark more than I’d ever imagined I would and hope to return soon. Enjoy the PowerPoint!
Mission San Luis
This sign was the first to be displayed outside at the Mission San Luis on the way to the Council House. San Luis was the Spaniards' westernmost military, religious, and administrative headquarters between the 1560s and 1690s. Apalachee Indians and Spaniards occupied the area.
All residents of San Luis were Christians. Church bells would signal that it was time for different activities of the day. There were Saturday evening prayers, 11 a.m. Mass on Sundays, services on religious holidays, choir practices, baptisms, marriages, and funeral rites in the church. The cemetery was located beneath the floor of the church. The Indians requested friars after tragedy caused their traditional values to waver. So they activities were attended by Spaniards and Indians.
The room shown to the left is where the Friar wrote letters to important leaders, the governor, and the king.
The garden outback is where herbs were grown to make homemade remedies for illnesses. Rosemary was the most commonly used.
The above picture shows the Friar’s establishment/home, connected to his kitchen by an archway. The top left image is the stove his chef cooks. She then carries the food through the archway to the house.
The Friar was responsible for teaching the children things, such as music and how to pray. The palm painted on the wall shown to the right was a teaching method used to help the children memorize music scales with the use of their left hand.
The Typical Apalachee Home
The picture on the right shows the size of the average Apalachee Home. The homes were simple; reserved for sleeping and storage. There was a narrow doorway and no windows. Smudge pits were used to smoke out insects; there was a small opening in the roof for ventilation. The materials used to build the homes came from the forest and palmetto fronds. This along with the simple structure made them easy to build and repair.
This picture shows just how large the council house is. I stood in front of it for scale and you can hardly even see me. Once inside we were briefed on some of the contents of this Apalachee Civics Center by a crafter. Many things like praying, Sunday mass, dances, and games occurred here.
The Apalachee Civic Center
Once inside the Civic Center, the group was greeted with a crafter. He was wildling away at a piece of wood with flint (used for a wide variety of things around Mission San Luis). The Bottom left image shows the very popular Cassina leaves. These leaves were used to make a very highly caffeinated Black tea that the crafter talking to us, didn’t seem to like. He claims that it is to strong for him. The top right image shows me wearing a mask and holding instruments that were used for evening dances and festivities.
Agriculture and Gender Roles
A big part of the Apalachee diet was corn. The next stop on the trail was a Spaniard that lived in the nearby fort, he was checking on the corn crops. He explained to the tour group that he did not regularly tend to the field, the blacksmith’s wife did. Men regularly cleared the fields and hunted while women tended to the fields and did other household jobs. The Spaniard then introduced us to the Blacksmith and made his way back towards the fort.
The Blacksmiths were the toolmakers. They’d make tools for everything from farming, too the household, to warfare. When we were visiting, the Blacksmith was working on hammering strips of metal into hooks to hang things in his workshop.
PLAY ME FOR THE INSIDE SCOOP ON WHAT FEULS THAT FIRE!
Above are the images of the kitchen and spices of the middle class Spaniards living in Mission San Louis. The spices were put into that gourd (above) and hung to dry (top right) so they’d last longer.
Daily Life for Spaniards
Once we entered the house, the Spaniard living there gave us a full tour of the two roomed home. He said that a lot of Spaniards commonly lived in a home the size of only his kitchen with a family of eight to ten. More workers meant more money which made the lack of space bearable.
These beds all occupy one bedroom. Rosemary is hung from the bed posts in an attempt to make the close quarters smell better.
The last stop on our tour was casa fuerte. The Fort, also known as the blockhouse, was occupied by unwed Spaniards. That’s why the number of Spaniards (12-45) was so small, because the rest of the Spaniards were married. They lived upstairs with dining downstairs. Though the blockhouse was occupied by Spaniards, the Apalachee militias prvided the bulk of the province’s military power. Before the fort could be taken, the Spaniards and Apalachee burned it down and evacuated.
Downstairs was the dining hall where the Spaniards kept a series of maps, games, and other things to keep them occupied. Some of the more popular games included cards and dice.
The image on the left is the messenger posing with the cannon Isabella. There are the slots positioned in each corner of the fort’s fence for cannons. There was a cannon for each corner. The messenger gave us a tour outside and inside the blockouse.
“Long Live Spain!”
"Apalachee Before European Contact." Apalachee Before European Contact. N.p., n.d. Web. 14 Oct. 2016.
Mission San Luis Pamphlet on the lives of the Apalachee
Direct facts from the museum of Mission San Luis
Revolvy, LLC. ""Apalachee" on Revolvy.com." Apalachee. N.p., n.d. Web. 14 Oct. 2016.
to help the children memorize music scales with the use of their left hand.
Above are the images of the kitchen and spices of the middle class Spaniards living in Mission San Louis. The spices were put into that gourd (above) and hung to d