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This paper discusses the successful work and discoveries that Madame Marie Curie, a twentieth century scientist, has brought to our world. Marie Curie, borne November, 7, 1867, was a Polish and naturalized-French physicist and chemist who conducted new research on radioactivity. Ms. Curie was very committed to her work, which led her to a great discovery of two radioactive elements, polonium and radium as well as her fist Noble Prize in 1903. In addition, Ms. Curie was involved in using Wilhelm Conrad Roentgen's discovery of X-rays during World War 1. Ms. Curie used X-rays to help the injured soldiers and to prolong life. Today, thanks to the "Curie Therapy" and all of Ms. Curie's discoveries and achievements, the ability to cure several severe diseases such as cancer is now possible. With all this, the course of science and the world of Medicine has changed.
The Curies and Henri Becquerel Discovery
In 1896, Ms. Curie and her husband Pierre Curie, who was also a scientist, learned of Henri Becquerel's (Henri Becquerel was a famous French physician and the discoverer of radioactivity) research and decided to study the new phenomena of radioactivity. At that time Ms. Curie was looking for a subject for her PhD in Physics and as result she decided to investigate and experiment in Uranium salt (the kind that was used by Becquerel) and radiation level. After preforming experiments, she was satisfied with her results. While working she concluded that she could make a greater progress using pitchblende. After several experiments she was angry and frustrated at her inability to find out why there was a difference in radiation level between the two different elements. However, she came to a surprising conclusion that, the increase radioactivity was used due to trace amount of another unknown element inside the pitchblende ore that was far more radioactive than Uranium. In order to prove her bold theory, she and her husband were able to identify minuscule amount of a completely new radioactive element, they called it Polonium. In the same year, they found, within the same ore, an element even more radioactive then Polonium, they called it Radium. The Curies were able to solve a very important mystery of science- the sources and nature of radioactivity-. In order to honor their great discovery of radioactivity, the Curies along with Henri Becquerel. were awarded the Nobel Prize in 1903. The great achievement and discovery that Ms. Curie made led to "The Curie Therapy". " The Curie Therapy" was an idea of using radium and injecting it in tumor to shrink it. Although radium is a powerful radiation that can cause damages in cellular level, Ms. Curie was able to find a way to use it in order to kill cancer cells and get rid of tumor. This amazing phenomena helped cure thousands of people and took Medicine to an entire new level.
Ms.Curie and the X-ray discovery
Ms.Curie may have not discovered the X-ray however she was able to make an idea out of this discovery, which was made by a German physician Wilhelm Roentgen. He was able to discover an unknown ray that can travel through flesh or sold wood and provide photographs of living peoples bones. With such discovery, Ms.Curie decided to take her own way and contribute her knowledge and help out in World War 1. She realized that X-rays could save soldiers' lives, by helping doctors see bullets, shrapnel, and broken bones. She convinced the government to allow her to set up France's first military radiology centers.Which was named Director of the Red Cross Radiology Service. She convinced wealthy coworkers to donate money and cars. She convinced automobile body shops to transform the cars into vans, and begged manufacturers to donate equipment. By late October 1914, the first of 20 radiology vehicles she would supply, was ready. Ms.Curie used her portable X-ray cars, which were called "Petit Curie", in order to proceed with her work. "Petite Curie" were a very big advantage to the war because with the X-ray equipment they were able to examine the interior damages in the body of soldiers without having to cut them open. Furthermore, Ms.Curie had to learn how to drive in order to transport to different places, learn about the human anatomy as well as how to use the X-ray machines in a short amount of time. With such knowledge and skills that she had , Ms.Curie was able to save the lives of thousands of people. With the usage of X-rays she was able to help doctors identify the damages inside that body making surgery less necessary. She tired to use less painful ways to cure or heal the patient.
Ms.Curie and the connection to the Hippocratic school
To begin with, if women were allowed to be physicians at the time of the Hippocratic school, Ms. Curie would have been one of the most outstanding physician in the Hippocratic school. The Hippocratic school of medicine was predicted on the idea of compassion. Ms. Curie was a compassionate woman who dedicated her life to science. She understood the importance of her work, she was committed to her work and took a great role of responsibilities for examination, diagnosis, and treatments. The Hippocratic physicians were unable to identify the forces that caused the disease in the human body, however they developed a strategy for examining patients that is still used today. They are, observation, listening, touching and smelling. Ms. Curie have added a new phenomena to the list that took medicine to a whole new level. She made the idea of identification of interior diseases and causes possible, by presenting the X-ray during the war. Because the X-ray provide photographs of living peoples bones, she was able to help doctors identify what cause certain diseases by examining the interior body of patients which led them to find other less painful ways to cure the patients, trying to avoid surgery.This way, Ms.Curie respected the oath when it said "I will not use my knife...". However, certain damages needed surgery therefore they used it when it was absolutely necessary. Having and idea of what is happening inside the body by using the X-rays rather than cutting the body open to try and identify what cause certain sickness on the inside like the Hippocratic physicians did, surgery was much more easier and successful. In addition, one of the most important legacy of the Hippocratic school was "Cure vs Heal". Ms. Curie's discovery of the radium and "The Curie Therapy" which was an idea of using radium and injecting it in tumor to shrink it as well as using it to kill cancer cells was not just a way to heal people but it was to cure them from severe diseases. Ms. Curie was able to cure thousands of people with her outstanding achievements. The Hippocratic physicians were teachers who taught new physicians "the art" of medicine. Similarly, Ms. Curie was the first women to obtained a PhD in science. After the death of her husband she took over his role and became a professor at the Sorbonne university in order to pass on, her knowledge of science to her students. Although, Ms. Curie was not a Hippocratic physician she had fulfilled many of the Hippocratic School's qualities.
Finally, Ms. Curie has left her legacy and recorded her studies, achievements, and experiments in order to pass it on to the next generation so that they can learn of her researcher and improve. Her discoveries of the two radioactive elements, polonium and radium as well as her portable X-ray usage has marked history and significantly improved the world of science and medicine. Ms. Curie was a hardworking woman who was devoted to science because she enjoyed science and research. Her great interest in science led her to great achievements, because, when one enjoys his work he will make great and remarkable accomplishments.
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Rosenwald,Jean-Claude.Marie Curie's contribution to Medical Physics,Physical Medica,29.5,(2013):n.pag.Web.1 oct.2009
Curie had to learn how to drive in order to transport to different places, learn about the human anatomy as well as how to use the X-ray machines in a short amount of time. With such knowledge and skills that she had , Ms.Curie was able to save the lives of thousands of people. With the usage of X-rays she was able to help doctors identify the damages inside that body making surgery less necessary. She tired to use less painful ways to cure or heal the patient.
Rosenwald,Jean-Claude.Marie Curie's con