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Embed code for: Recent change of family structure in Bangladesh
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RECENT CHANGING TREND OF FAMILY STRUCTURE FROM JOINT FAMILY TO NUCLEAR FAMILY IN BANGLADESH
ID: 150-200-5021 (5A)
ID: 150-200-5023 (5A)
Recently the family structure of Bangladesh is changing from joint family to nuclear family because of some factors. Industrialization, urbanization and migration of population from villages to cities, general spread of education, especially among women, changes in occupational structures, conferment of political and property rights and modification in the legal status of women and their joining of various occupations, general weakening of caste as a social force, family confliction, transition of people to abroad are some of the main factors behind the transformation of Bangladeshis’ family from joint family to nuclear family.
Definition of a family: ‘The Family is the natural and fundamental group unit of society and is entitled to protection by society and state’ (GA Resolution 217a(III)).
Family is considered to be the essential part of a person’s life. Every individual is taught about the importance of a family since their childhood days. There are mainly two types of family in Bangladesh.
Joint family: This type of family includes all relatives in close proximity, such as grandparents, aunts, uncles, and cousins. In a family household that is joint, these relatives typically live together and all share daily household duties. This type of family is also called extended family or multigenerational family depending on which members are included.
Nuclear family: The traditional definition of a nuclear family is a family unit that includes two married parents of opposite genders and their biological or adopted children living in the same residence. However, the term "nuclear family" can mean several different things in today's society.
For some reasons, the family structure is being changed from joint family to nuclear family in Bangladesh.
Causes of changing family structure from joint family to nuclear family:
The population Census -2001 of Bangladesh reports that “the proportion of households with seven members and above shows a decreasing trend since 1981 and the percentage of household of five members or less has shown increasing trend and such proportions are 33.7%, 37.8% and 50.6% respectively in 1981, 1991 and 2001”. This statistic indicates that “large and joint families have been breaking down gradually and has a tendency to be nuclear family” (The population Census -2001, Bangladesh).
With modernization and the social changes that are taking place in the country, the structure and role of the family have been altered and interrelationship within it have been radically transformed. Growth of industrialization has radically altered the employment structure with the possibility of individuals going beyond their family occupation. It has also led to the concentration of population in some cities, development of new cities and townships and migration of rural people to these places in search of employment. Migration has inevitably led to separation from the family and created a situation in which individuals have begun to resent income sharing with other members of the family. A complementary factor that has led to the weakening of the joint family is the family feud, property divisions and various laws which have made it often profitable, at least economically, to live separately.
Urbanization has been one of the strongest factors in the transformation of the joint family that is recently taking place.
Bangladesh is a developing country. So, most of the industries are developing in cities. Many rural people come to city to arrange jobs in those industries. The married child of a parents come to the city and take their wives with them. In this way, the joint families are breaking.
The other main factor is- women are participating in many jobs (like marketing, garments etc.). They come to the cities to get jobs. They leave their family to increase income. In this way, joint families are also breaking down.
The other main factor is urbanization. Urbanization is a population shift from rural to urban areas, "the gradual increase in the proportion of people living in urban areas", and the ways in which each society adapts to the change. Because of urbanization, many joint family break and make single family or nuclear family.
The other major problem in Bangladesh is family confliction. In a family, some confliction take place between brothers. For this, they don’t want to live together. So, they make nuclear family from joint family.
Many of the people of Bangladesh are following the system of western. In western culture, maximum families are nuclear. This situation effects on these people who follow western lifestyle. So, for these, joint families are decreasing and nuclear families are increasing.
Rapid transition of people is also a major problem for changing family structure. Many unmarried people go abroad to increase family earning. When they stay in abroad, they get married or they take their wives to the abroad. And for this, joint families are changing into nuclear family.
Nuclear family was very rare in village before last two decades. Nowadays, nuclear families are predominating in village because of people migration and family confliction. The percentage of nuclear family is more and more in towns than village. Many developed countries like Japan still follow joint family structure for the betterment of both generations while nuclear family structure is predominant in Bangladesh.
(GA Resolution 217a(III)).
Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics (2007). Population Census-2001, National Series, Vol. -1, Analytical Report: 153. family structure is being changed from joint family to nuclear family in Bangladesh.
The other main factor is urba