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SOME, ANY, MANY something, anything, someone, anyone
Gisela ramos calderón, juan Sebastián Caicedo, diana Katherine quintero, yandy lizeth valois
SOME, ANY, MANY
Some, any, many are grammatical expressions that can be used as:
I ate some chocolates at grandma's house.
I'll watch any film. I'm not fussy.
There are many dogs in the park.
ADJETIVE: A MEMBER OF A CLASS OF WORDS THAT DESCRIBE OR NOUNS.
As indefitive pronouns
PRONOUN: A WORD USED AS A REPLACEMENT OR SUBSTITUTE FOR A NOUN, USUALLY REFERRING TO PERSONS, ANIMALS OR THINGS
Some of my friends are lawyers.
Have you met any of my friends?
Many have tried to climb the mountain and failed.
AN INDEFINITE PRONOUN IS A PRONOUN THAT REFERS TO NON-SPECIFIC BEINGS, OBJECTS, OR PLACES.
AN ADVERB MODIFIES A VERB, AN ADJECTIVE, OR ANOTHER ADVERB.
Some (informal use):
We talked some.
Any (informal use):
That film wasn't any good.
In many instances, women who take a leave of absence when their child is born find it hard to go back to work.
Compounds indefitive pronouns
Some and any with others words:
Some and any
The words some and any are used for countable and uncountable nouns.
Are generally used when it is not necessary to establish exactly how large or small the quantity is expressed.
we could say that some means a few / a little in affirmative sentences
In positive clauses:
“I have bought some bread”
“I have some money for you”
Use some with plural count nouns and non-count nouns.
non-count nouns: “you can have (some) coffe once a week”
Count nouns: “ And eat more fruit. Buy (some) oranges”
In negative clauses, we use any. Note, however, that any alone is not a negative - it must be not ... any
I have not bought any bread.
There aren´t any potatoes in the kitchen
In questions, we usually use any.
Have you bought any bread?
Are there any bottles of milk in the fridge?”
Some vs any
Positive Clauses with Any
We usually use some in positive clauses. But after never, without, hardly, we use any.
“She did her homework without any help.”
“There’s hardly anyone here”
“I need some plants in my house. Any plants.”
We usually use any in questions. But if we expect or want the other to answer ‚yes, we use some.
“Would you like some biscuits?”
“Do you want some water?”
Some: to resquest “can you give me some apples?”
«do you have some of that imported beer?»
Compound Words with some & any
Some & any can also be part of compound words such as:
something / anything
someone / anyone
somewhere / anywhere
Something / anything
We need to buy something for the party
Do we need to buy anything for the party ?
We don’t need to buy anything for the party?
Someone / anyone
Mary saw someone in the kitchen
Did mary see anyone in the kitchen?
Mary didn’t see anyone in the kitchen
Much / many
The words much and many mean a lot of.
If a noun is in singular, we use much
Example: much money
If a noun is in plural, we use many Example: many friends
Use of much / many
I n everyday English, we normally use much / many only in questions and negative clauses.
It used with those things that are accounting and the are called Countable Nouns .
Examples: Countable nouns
A dog: one dog, two dogs, three dogs…
An Apple: one Apple. Two apples, nine apples…
A cup: one cup, two cop etc…
Examples How many
How many cups of coffee do you drink a day?
How many pants did you buy in the last sale?
How many apples are there in the fruit bowl?
If you look good, the book is always plural noun: cups, pants and apples
It is used with those things do not count and are called uncountable nouns
Time, sugar, sand, water, music, chees, Wood…
We can not have wine, but a bottle of wine, two bottles of wine, etc. One bottle of wine, two bottles of wine, etc.
Examples How much
How much coffee do you drink in the morning?
How much wine did France produce last year?
How much do you love me?
If you look good, uncountable noun is always in the singular: coffee , wine , electricity , work .
USE SOME – ANY
I don’t want ______ of your money.
Would you like ______ cake?
I don’t have _____ patience for chlidren.
Here is _____ food for the cat.
Just pick ______ shirt. They are all the same.
Sue went to the cinema with _____ of her friends. friends are lawyers.