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<b>Other Information in the Food Pyramid</b> <br><br>We've seen that nutrients in the five food groups are important for a healthy body. Following a healthy diet also means consuming salt and oils in moderation.<br><br>Both salt and oils provide some essential elements that help the body. We need salt to help balance the level of fluids in our bodies and to help muscles, nerves, and the stomach function. But too much salt can increase blood pressure. We need oils to digest certain vitamins. But excess oils can cause weight gain and contribute to heart problems. <br><br>Some oils are better for us than others. Healthy choices include monounsaturated and polyunsaturated oils, such as olive oil, canola oil, corn oil, and sunflower oil. Look for these oils when choosing foods such as mayonnaise and salad dressing.
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How many calories a person should eat in a day depends on gender, age, and level of physical activity. Joe's recommended calorie intake is 2,000 calories per day. On a particular day, Joe eats foods rich in essential nutrients that add up to only 1,800 calories. This leaves 200 calories he could still consume on that day. <br><br>These available calories are called discretionary calories. They can be used to make up the difference between the number of calories you need in a day and the number you've eaten that day to fulfill your nutritional requirements.<br><br>Go to the <a href = "http://www.mypyramid.gov/pyramid/discretionary_calories.html" target="_blank"><font color="#247FB2"><u>discretionary calories site</u></font></a> to see the food pyramid recommendations. Click the "How many can I have?" and the "How to count discretionary calories" links.
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Which food has the highest number of calories?
Select the correct answer.
medium order of french fries
two cups of cooked pasta
one ounce of boiled chicken
a bowl of strawberries
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Joe is active in sports and is seldom ill. He exercises regularly to stay fit and eats a balanced diet. Joe knows these habits help keep him healthy, happy, and less prone to diseases. Exercise is part of the food pyramid recommendations. That's why the pyramid includes a figure walking up stairs It symbolizes that good nutrition and physical activity go hand in hand.<br><br>You can follow Joe's lead. You don't need to be on a sports team. All you need to do is take up some physical activity like bicycling, brisk walking, or jogging. <br><br>Physical activity exercises your muscles, decreases stress levels, and helps you burn the calories you take in as food so you don't put on too much weight. When planning how to improve your diet, be sure to plan for physical activity too.
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What kind of exercise do you get? What kind of lifestyle do you have? If you routinely plop down on the couch to watch TV all night after a day of studying, then you have a sedentary lifestyle. <br><br>If you walk your pet every day, then you have a moderately active lifestyle. But if you spend an hour or so every day in heavy physical activity, such as playing soccer, then you have an active lifestyle. <br><br>Choose activities that you enjoy and can do regularly. You will probably be healthier, and you just might feel better too.
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Stan is a ninth grader involved in active sports like bicycling and swimming. To stay fit and healthy he needs to eat a balanced diet. Which list of foods would provide Stan with the most balanced diet?
3 cups of cooked rice, 3 cups of vegetables, 2 cups of fruit salad, 3 cups of low-fat milk, and 6 ounces of low-fat meat
1 cup of cooked brown rice, 1 cup of cooked vegetables, 8 ounces of meat, and 4 tablespoons of oil
3 cups of cooked pasta, 2 cups of vegetables, 2 ounces of chocolate, and 4 cups of fruits with sweetened yogurt
2 cups of cooked pasta, 1 cup of raw vegetables, 5 cups of milk, 6 ounces of meat, and 1 ounce of butter
turated and polyunsaturated oils, such as olive oil, canola oil, corn oil, and sunflower oil. Look for these oils when choosing foods such as mayonnaise and salad dressing.
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