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Embed code for: Y10 H Native title - Review
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The Thursday Review
Which arm of government was responsible for indigenous issues before 1967?
State governments had responsibility for indigenous people
to include Aboriginal people in the census.
Two constitutional changes as a result of the 1967 referendum.
2. to allow the Federal government to make laws for Aboriginal people.
What was it not about?
Indigenous people were given the right to vote in 1962
Indigenous people gained citizenship rights in 1948
Extinguish native title
Extinguish pastoral rights
Recognise Aboriginal dominion over Australian cities
Make laws for Indigenous people
As a result of the 1967 referendum, the federal government could now……..
Define Terra nullius
"nobody's land", used in international law to describe territory which has never been subject to the sovereignty of any state,
What was Mr Mabo’s aim and what was his method
AIM: To claim ownership (land rights/native title) to Murray island
METHOD: He took the government to the High Court and challenged the doctrine of Terra Nullius
1. Overthrew notion of terra nullius
The Mabo decision had two components
2. Recognised existence of native title-for Indigenous Australians who continue to live on the land in accordance with Aboriginal traditions, laws and customs.
A continuous link with the land since 1788
That their interests had not been extinguished
The Native Title act requires a claimant to prove:
Native Title 1992
Can be extinguished by government
Can claim mineral and petroleum rights
Is granted by the Federal Court
Allows Aboriginal people to claim residential leases
Can only be claimed on vacant areas or Crown land
Drove conservative elements of our society berserk!