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Unit I Assessment
In Chapters 3 and 4 of the textbook, you learned that the body needs various macro and micronutrients in order to function properly. You also learned about cellular metabolism and what the human body uses as a fuel source. This all seems simple at first glance; however, it can be difficult to determine whether or not we are getting what our body needs. Even when we know what our body needs, it becomes even more difficult to make sure we are supplying our body with those needs. The car you drive most probably requires gasoline in order to function properly. When you need to go somewhere, you make sure you have enough gasoline in the tank to reach your destination. If you do not, you probably stop at a gas station and fill your car’s tank with gas. You do not pour cola in the tank or jelly donuts; you put gas because that is what it needs. Why do we put cola and jelly donuts in our bodies when we do not need them? Often time, it is difficult to determine what is in the foods that we eat. Sometimes it is hard to determine if the food contains the correct nutrients or processed foods that our body does not need. This lab exercise will help you learn how to read nutritional labels and determine what your body needs to function properly.
Analyze nutritional information based on what the body needs to function properly.
Calculate BMR, BMI, and caloric burn.
You will not need any extra materials other than your textbook and your computer (with internet access) to complete this lab.
Type or paste all answers directly on this data sheet.
Use the following nutritional label and answer the questions that follow. You may use your textbook as a resource when comparing the two products.
Select Save As, and save this document using your last name and student ID as the file name.
Upload the data sheet as a .doc, .docx or .rtf file when you are finished.
Product A Product B Serving Size 1oz 1.5oz Calories 150 165 Saturated Fat 3g 1g Trans Fat 0g 0g Cholesterol 3mg 1mg Sodium 250mg 225mg Fiber 1g 3g Sugars 3g 1g Protein 1g 4g Vitamin A 35% 30% Calcium 15% 25% Vitamin C 100% 100% Vitamin D 30% 30% Main Ingredients Milk, potato, vegetable oil, salt, sugar, processed wheat flour Water, nonfat milk, whole corn, vegetable oil, whole wheat flour, rice flour, whole oat flour
Questions 1 – 5 are short answer questions and are worth 2 points each. Answer each question in the space provided. Question 6 is a short essay and is worth 10 points. Total: 20 points
Which product contains the most total calories?
Which product contains the largest serving size?
Which product contains the largest amount of calories per serving?
Which product contains the most nutrients that are not as healthy for the body in large amounts?
Which product is a healthier choice?
Explain why you picked the product that you did in question 5. Your answer should be in paragraph format and should be at minimum of 100 words. Type your answer directly below.
Determine your BMI and BMR
The point of this exercise is for the student to become familiar with his or her own score using a very common biometric indicator. Conduct the exercise using your own data. However, if you do not wish to disclose your own data, then conduct it again with reasonable fictitious data and report that.
Questions 1–5 below are short answer questions and are worth 2 points each. Answer each question in the space provided. Total: 10 points
What is your height? ft in What is your weight? lbs
Go to: http://www.bmi-calculator.net/
Type the information from above into the appropriate spaces and then click: Calculate BMI.
What is your BMI?
After you calculate your BMI, scroll down, and click: BMR calculator. Type the information from above into the appropriate spaces, and then click: Calculate BMR. Your BMR will appear directly above the information that you input; it is in a green box.
What is your BMR?
Just below the BMR, click on Daily Caloric Needs. Use the information in the box for the Harris Benedict Formula. Calculate your daily caloric need.
What is your activity level?
What is your daily caloric need?
Determine your daily caloric input. Prior to completing this part of the lab, you will need to write down everything that you eat and drink for an entire day. Make sure you record everything, and divide the foods into breakfast, lunch, dinner, and snacks. If you do not write down everything, you will have to try to think back and remember what you have eaten for entire day; make sure you include the full 24 hours. Try to pick a typical day. If you are going to a party or have to fast for a lab test, pick a different day.
Go to: https://www.choosemyplate.gov/SuperTracker/default.aspx
Click on: Food Tracker
Start with breakfast, and type in each food that you ate for one day. After each food you type in, click Go.
Select the closest food from the list that is generated.
Determine the amount and click the box for the meal in which the item was consumed.
Continue this process until you have included all foods that you ate in a 24 hour period.
Click on My Reports
Click on Food Groups and Calories
Enter the Date and Click on Create Report
Answer the following short answer questions: 2 points each. Total: 6 points
How many total calories did you consume?
How many empty calories did you consume?
According to your daily caloric needs that you determined above, are you eating more, fewer, or the correct amount of calories? (Use your actual daily caloric need. Do not compare it to the default of 2000 calories per day as the report does.)
Next, you will create a Nutrition Report.
Click on My Reports, and generate a Nutrients Report.
Export this Report as a Word document by clicking on Word just above the Create Reports button in the top right corner of the page.
Open the Nutrient Report that you saved, and copy and paste it after the following question. Paste it in the area marked: Paste Your Nutrients Report Here.
Answer question 4 in essay format, and use a minimum of 100 words. 10 points
Using the information in the report and the information that you calculated concerning your BMI and BMR, what did you learn about your eating habits? Is there anything that you would change? Are you deficient in any nutrients? Are you above the required amounts in any nutrients?
Paste Your Nutrients Report Here: 4 points
product contains the most total calories?