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Alliteration: The repetition of sounds in a group of words as in “Peter Piper Picked a Peck of Pickled Peppers.”
Allusion: A reference to a person, place, or thing--often literary, mythological, or historical. The infinitive of allusion is to allude.
Blank verse: Unrhymed lines of poetry
Couplets: A pair of rhyming lines in a poem often set off from the rest of the poem.
2) The author’s choice of words. An author has the option of choosing any word from our language, why does he/she choose to use certain words and not others? In order to create a certain tone.
End rhyme: Rhyming words that are at the ends of their respective lines—what we typically think of as normal rhyme.
Figurative Language: Whenever you describe something by comparing it with something else, you are using figurative language. Any language that goes beyond the literal meaning of words in order to furnish new effects or fresh insights into an idea or a subject. e.g. Whenever you call something “cool,” you’re not talking about its temperature but referring to some other quality it possesses.
Free Verse: Poetry with no set meter (rhythm) or rhyme scheme.
Imagery: The use of description that helps the reader imagine how something looks, sounds, feels, smells, or tastes. Most of the time, it refers to appearance.
Internal rhyme: A rhyme that occurs within one line such as “He’s King of the Swing.”
Metaphor: A comparison of two unlike things using any form of the verb “to be”–-i.e. am, are, is, was, were. Ex: “This chair is a rock,” or “I am an island.”
Mood: The feeling created in the reader by a literary work or passage. The mood may be suggested by the writer's choice of words, by events in the work, or by the physical setting.
Onomatopoeia: The use of words that sound like what they mean such as “buzz,” “bang,” or “tic-tock.”
Personification: Giving inanimate objects human characteristics. e.g. “The wind howled through the night.”
Quatrain: A four-line stanza.
Simile: Comparing two unlike things using “like” or “as.” e.g. “I’m as hungry as a pig,” or “Your eyes are like stars that brighten my night.”
Stanza: A major subdivision in a poem. A stanza of two lines is called a couplet; a stanza of three lines is called a tercet; a stanza of four lines is called a quatrain.
Symbolism: The use of one thing to represent another. Something that stands for something else. e.g. A dove is a symbol of peace. American flag= freedom
Theme: The central idea of a work.
Tone: The author’s attitude toward the subject of the work. Usually positive or negative. e.g. The tone of a piece of literature could be optimistic, angry, or sarcastic.
Voice: The authorial presence in a piece of literature whether in the first, second, or third person.