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IWT1: Task One
Western Governors University
September 21, 2016
IWC1: Task One
A1) Stylistic Characteristics and Historical Conditions of Impressionism Art Period
A1a) Surrounding the Impressionist period of art were many things, old and new. Socially, this era of time was alive. Painters, sculptors, performers, musicians began to meet in Paris at events and happenings in cafes all around the city. (J. Crowthers, 2005) These artists were a part of time that was rapidly changing, for example, the Steam Engine and photography were amongst the newest technologies. (J. Crowthers, 2005) All of the growth and changes began to influence new styles in the world of art. These new trends were not welcomed by people from the art institutions or by those who held political platforms during these times. Being excluded by the art institutions of the day for work that differed from the societal standards catapulted artists like Claude Monet, Edouard Manet, Camille Pissarro, Edgar Degas and Pierre-Auguste Renoir into the most influential time period for art. One of the foremost American Impressionists artists was Mary Cassattone. (MindEdge, Inc., 2016)
A1b) Impressionism is the time period in which artists who explored their individual talents and stylistic approach outside the studio and into the streets and countryside of France. (J. Crowthers, 2005) Artist began to paint more realistic scenes of their everyday lives. For example, Claude Monet’s Impression: Sunrise, is a beautiful painting that displays the new techniques, materials and mediums that artist began to use during this time. (J. Crowthers, 2005)
Instead of relying on traditional glazes and precise brush strokes, painters used a new technique called, impasto. This technique used a palette knife to apply oil paints thickly onto the surface of a canvas. (MindEdge, Inc., 2016) In fact, canvases, palette knives and tubes of oil paints were fairly new items to the world of arts. These artists give a realization that humans began to view themselves as individuals rather than the natural order of things. (J. Crowthers, 2005) Critic Jules Castaganary wrote:
“They are Impressionists in the sense that they render not the landscape, but the sensation produced by the landscape.” (J. Crowthers, 2005)
A2) Stylistic Characteristics and Historical Conditions of Post - Impressionism Art Period
A2a) The Post-Impressionism period was more of the same socially and technologically. Socially, people were becoming more aware of themselves. Coffee shops began to sprout up everywhere. (J. Crowthers, 2005) Industrialization was growing by leaps and bounds and the great railways made travel more accommodating for everyone. The Impressionist remained pressured to settle for the strict academic structure for art. Up until this time freedom of expression was unheard of in the world of art. To appease the impressionist artist Napoleon, the third began a new venue called, Salon des Refusés, to display the work publicly and that is when artist officially became independent. (TFAO, 2010) The major artist for this time period are recognized are Paul Cézanne, Georges Seurat, Vincent van Gogh, Henri Matisse and Paul Gauguin. (MindEdge, Inc., 2016)
A2b) The Post-Impressionist period was a time that freedom of expression began to become realized. Artist began to work creatively on a more expressive and symbolic approach. Symbolic and emotional responses in the work became an important emphasis. (MindEdge, Inc., 2016) For example, colors were perceived as fresh and bold, constantly changing and they were not found in your everyday environment. (TFAO, 2010) Painters applied paint in small blotches to give an enhanced sense of feelings and changes in light. Artist also began to use geometric shapes to help give their audiences angles of perception. (MindEdge, Inc., 2016)
A3) Relationship Between the Impressionist and Post-Impressionist Period
The relationship of the Impressionism and Post-Impressionism is expression. Post-Impressionism mostly deviates from the traditions of Impressionism.
A3a) Similarities and Differences of Art Periods
Impressionism and Post-Impressionism were movements that further progressed artists into being more independent and moving away from traditional, academic structures while creating a piece of work. Prior to the Impressionist period paintings were scenes inspired from the past. (Oxford Art Online, 2016) The younger artists, later coined Impressionist, created a movement of more naturalistic, modern scenes of everyday life. Their subject matter was landscape, or a contemporary coffee shop event. (TFAO, 2010) Both the Impressionist and Post-Impressionist used much different techniques than previous periods but they differed from one another in subject matter. Unlike Impressionist, Post-Impressionist artists preferred more figurative and symbolic content with bright, bold colors and geometric shapes. Another important difference between these two periods is the artist’s purpose in the painting. For example, Impressionist leaned more on the purpose of capturing a moment in time with paint. (C. Fuller, 2015) Famous artist, Claude Monet was able to “capture a moment” with his, Impression, Sunrise. (C. Fuller, 2015) Much differently, Post-Impressionist moved beyond the moment and allowed the artist to interpret their personal and unique view of the surrounding environments. (C. Fuller, 2015)
A3b) Influence of Impressionism on Post-Impressionism
The Post-Impressionist artists deviated from Impressionist because that is how the Impressionist influenced them. The Impressionism period is the story of artists going against the academic norms for painting of their time. Post-Impressionist, influenced by Impressionist, moved away from the norms of subject matter and opened a brand new door to being an individual, creative artist. (TFAO, 2010)
A4) Comparing the Impressionism Period Art Work to the Post-Impressionism Art Work
The paintings of Claude Monet and Vincent Van Gogh have similarities. First, each of them use the same mediums. These artists took advantage of new tools of trade, like the tubes of paint, and canvases. These mediums gave artists an opportunity to be mobile while creating. The other similarity is the texture of their pieces. Both used techniques that caused the art work to have a rough surface. (MindEdge, Inc., 2016) The daubing and heavy paint strokes gave each of these paintings a rich surface to the appearance.
There are differences in these paintings as well. The Impression, Sunrise is a quick painting that portrays the morning sky of a harbor in France. (TH, 2012) He used the bright colors of the sun rising to contrast the dark mist and clouds. This painting uses lines, such as dashes to give the effect of the moving water.
The Flower Beds in Holland painting makes much use of geometric shapes. (TFAO, 2010) For example, the artist uses rectangular flower beds to give the feel of the distance in the gardens. He uses the lines as a measurement of the garden beds. (MindEdge, Inc., 2016) Although the distance isn’t to scale it still allows the viewer to grasp the approximate size of the gardens.
A5) Analysis of How Post-Impressionism Period Influenced the Future World of Art
One can see the influence of the Post-Impressionism period throughout modern art. The factor that is seen the most influential is the development of conceptual methods of representation, which is individual ideas taking priority over the traditions of academic institutional customs. (MindBook, 2016) The residue of Post-Impressionism has been found throughout the journey of time in each period of art. Artist have been given the permission to paint from their inner most feelings, ideas, and dreams. The power of freedom of self-expression inspired a lasting movement and impact on global art that has stood the test of time.
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