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The purpose of this report is to identify issues that cause parents to use unlicensed childcare providers and identify the reasons for high cost of licensed childcare. The report will analyze surveys taken from parents, licensed and unlicensed childcare providers, interviews from childcare providers, and secondary sources and make the best recommendation to provide affordable, licensed childcare for parents.
According to the MD Family Network, thirteen children died in unlicensed childcare facilities in Maryland from 2010-2014. During the same timeframe reports of unlicensed childcare rose from 265-330 (Lewis, 2016) The findings prompted Maryland legislation to vote on bills HB 329 and SB 312. The bills require childcare providers to put their license number on any advertisements and allows the Office of Childcare (OOC) and Fire Marshalls to inspect and cite repeated childcare policy violators.
Lawmakers believe this will deter parents from using unlicensed childcare providers. Maryland lawmakers believe that unlicensed childcare services pose a danger to the safety of young children because these providers are not properly regulated in the way licensed providers are. Though it would seem that the legislation l benefits the community, many parents believe they are also hurting the community on an economic level. Licensed daycare providers can offer their service 2 to 3 times higher than unlicensed daycare providers and for this reason people who don’t have family members to watch their children utilize these unlicensed services. During our research we have found there is a high demand in childcare services not just better affordability but also more accessibility. In terms of accessibility we found that many parents that work odd hours and have no available family members need appropriate overnight childcare for their children.
Surveyors polled 50 Maryland parents to find out the primary causes for parents choosing unlicensed childcare. Surveyors polled 5 unlicensed childcare providers and 3 licensed childcare provider to determine the primary cause for high licensed childcare cost and the primary deterrent for unlicensed childcare providers not becoming licensed. Surveyors conducted an interview with one licensed childcare provider who conducts her childcare business from home. Surveyors interviewed staff at Kiddie College in Laurel, Maryland and The Talk Walk and Learn Center in Jackson, Mississippi. Surveyors also conducted secondary research on the Department of Education Office of Child Care website, reviewed various articles, journals, reference books to provide background information and support the data received from primary research.
We conducted several surveys aimed towards parents and guardians. The average amount of children that required childcare (before and aftercare) per household is 1.
Most of the participants were minorities and all were either a parent or guardian of a child under the age of 6.
Child Care Provider Surveys
The Interview with Ms. W (wishes to remain anonymous), a staff member at Kiddies Kollege in Laurel, Maryland revealed that overnight services have stricter regulations than facilities that operate during normal business hours. The licensing procedure is also more complex because ratios between kids and faculty are required to be at certain levels more staffers would need to be hired. Though the demand is high from the eyes of the providers this is a greater responsibility (liability) that most are not willing to undertake. Operators seeking to open a facility that extends beyond normal business hours that the process would begin with Maryland office of childcare region 4 (PGC).
Results show that there are those who work overnight or whose schedules run late into the night, who need the extended time that round-the-clock services provide. Our surveys consisted of our immediate community extending from Bowie State to as far as laurel Maryland.
Secondary Research Findings
For this project we wanted to get concrete background on our problem. We researched current events though credible media outlets and government websites to provide accurate information for our solution.
Child care and development fund.
nd make the best recommendation to provide affordable, licensed childcare for parents.
Results show that there are those who work overnight or whose schedules run late into the night, who need the extended time that round-the-clock services provide. Our surveys consisted of our immediate community extending from