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Papua New Guinea - Country Profile
Papua New Guinea (PNG)
Papua New Guinea( PNG) is located on the eastern half of the island of New Guinea in the Southwest Pacific ocean, sharing its western border with the Indonesian province of Irian Jaya and is 160 kilometres north of Australia. It has a total land area of 462,840 square kilometres.
PNG is one of the largest nations in the Pacific, consisting of a mainland (85% of the land mass) and some 600 small islands, almost 860 indigenous languages and is home to over 7 million people. Located just south of the equator, Papua New Guinea experiences a moderate tropical climate with high levels of seasonal rainfall.
Temperatures range from a low as 14 degrees Celsius in the highlands region to 36 degrees Celsius. The lowland, coastal and island areas have an average daily temperature of 27 degrees Celsius.
The capital city, Port Moresby, is located on the southern coast of the mainland.
Papua New Guinea is rich in natural resources. There are extensive reserves of natural gas and oil, as well as huge mineral deposits of copper and gold.
The major natural export resources are gold, copper, silver, natural gas, oil, timber and fisheries).
There is huge agriculture potential for small, medium and large scale agricultural production. Most commercial crops are exported, although the domestic vegetable market is growing rapidly. Agricultural products make up 18% of the country’s exports.
The main agricultural export crops grown by smallholders and large commercial enterprises are cocoa, oil palm, coffee, copra, rubber, tea and sugar. Around 80% of cocoa and coffee production is carried out by small-scale farmers. Spices, including vanilla, cardamom and ginger, are also grown on a small scale.
Resources - cont.…
PNG retains the largest tract of primary tropical forest remaining in the Asia-Pacific. The country is now the 2nd largest exporter of tropical hardwoods in the world and the world’s 9th largest greenhouse gas emitter with respect to deforestation.
With the largest fisheries zone in the Pacific (2.4 million square km), PNG has extensive and valuable fisheries resources including large-scale deep-water tuna fisheries.
The agriculture and manufacturing sectors combine still account for a significant portion of the nation’s gross domestic product.
PNG has experienced an even balance of trade over the years with exports marginally more than imports.
Source: New Agriculturalist, March 2013
Overview of Agriculture in the
Agriculture is a key component of the Renewable Resource Sector that sustains more than 85% of the Papua New Guinea’s population of more than 7million.
Agriculture is therefore the foundation of the rural economy and heart of the nation. It produces all of the food for the rural people.
The sector employs over 25% of the workforce in the formal sector, contributes 14% to the foreign exchange earnings and 25% of the gross domestic products [GDP].
PNG has the natural resources and climate to produce all the food it requires
About 90% of the land with agriculture potential is held under customary land tenure.
Agriculture in the Economy - cont.…
Agriculture provides markets for the industries and service sectors, and a source of capital labor and products for other sectors. It is a sector with substantial untapped potential.
The Agricultural sector comprises of subsistence, semi-subsistence and commercial sub-sectors.
The food crop sub-sector accounts for 50% of the total agricultural output and about 25% of the produce are marketed.
The livestock sub-sector contributes 13% of total domestic food production. The tree crops sub-sector (coffee, cocoa, copra, oil palm, tea, rubber) is the agricultural export backbone and accounts for 33% of total agricultural output in Papua New Guinea.
Country: Papua New Guinea (PNG)
Capital: Port Moresby
Area: 462,840 sq km
Population: 7,463,577 (2014 est.)
Population growth rate: 2% (2012 est.)
Life expectancy: 66 (2011 est.)
Ethnic groups: Melanesian, Papuan, Negrito, Micronesian, Polynesian
Languages: Tok Pisin (official), English (official), Hiri Motu (official), some 860 indigenous languages spoken.
Inflation: 6.2% (2012 est.)
GDP purchasing power parity: US$18.45 billion (2012 est.)
GDP per capita: US$2,700 (2012 est.)
GDP composition by sector: agriculture: 27.9%; industry: 38.5%; services: 33.6% (2012 est.)
Land use: arable land: 0.49%; permanent crops: 1.4%; other: 98.11% (2005).
Major industries: copra crushing, palm oil processing, plywood production, wood chip production, mining of gold, silver, and copper, crude oil production, petroleum refining, construction, tourism.
Agricultural products: coffee, cocoa, copra, palm kernels, tea, sugar, rubber, sweet potatoes, fruit, vegetables, vanilla, poultry, pork, shellfish.
Natural resources: gold, copper, silver, natural gas, timber, oil, fisheries.
Export commodities: oil, gold, copper ore, logs, palm oil, coffee, cocoa, crayfish, prawns
Export partners: Australia 31.5%, Japan 7%, China 6.2% (2011).
Date published: March 2013
Tanikiu Bada herea
Department of Agriculture & Livestock
silver, natural gas, oil, timber and fisheries).