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Describe the roles and responsibilities of themselves and others under the Health and Safety at Work Act, and other current legislation (such as The Management of Health and Safety at Work Regulations, Workplace Health and Safety and Welfare Regulations, Personal Protective Equipment at Work Regulations, Manual Handling Operations Regulations, Provision and Use of Work Equipment Regulations, Display Screen at Work Regulations, Reporting of Injuries, Diseases and Dangerous Occurrences Regulations)
Answer: The Workplace Health and Safety and Welfare Regulations 1992 refer to workplace amenities such as seating, lighting, washing facilities, space in the workplace and cleanliness of the workplace ect.... They are regulations to make workplaces a nicer working environment. I would play the role of saying if something in my workstation was not up to standard or was distracting/restricting work flow. In my workplace this could be a window that shines glare onto my monitor making it harder it see or if the sink in the toilet was broken meaning that I couldn’t wash my hands. The Personal Protective Equipment at Work Regulations gives both employees and employers the responsibilities of PPE. The employer has to provide sufficient PPE to the workers to keep them safe and they have to give the worker a new set of PPE if they happened to lose it or it became damaged. The employees’ responsibilities are to look after the PPE given to them and not to damage it maliciously. The employees’ are also accountable for the theft or damage to other workers PPE. Under the Manual Handling Operations Regulations, they classify any transporting or supporting of a load that requires bodily force as a manual handling operation. It is my duty as an employee to consider the following before performing a manual handling operation. First I must avoid hazardous manual handling operations so far as is reasonably practicable, meaning that I should try not to do the lift unless it causes large amounts of disruption in an attempt to avoid the lift.
Secondly assess any hazardous manual handling operations that cannot be avoided, making sure that if the lift needs to be done it is done safely by reducing the risks as far as is reasonably practicable.
The Provision and Use of Work Equipment Regulations would require me to understand risk of the machinery and manage the hazards associated with the use of the equipment. The bracket for the equipment that comes under this bracket is extremely wide and can range to almost anything in a working environment. The DSE (Display screen equipment) regulations cover a verity of devises such as desktops, tablets, laptops ect.... The regulations give guidelines on how to set up your system to try to reduce the chances of RSI, eyestrain and aching arms/shoulders. They tell you what height and position to have your seat at and your posture whilst using DSE. RIDDOR (reporting of injuries, diseases and dangerous occurrences regulations) are the regulations on what you must do if there is an incident such as an injury in the workplace. As a worker it requires you to report an incident to the onsite medic who will then write up the information and be required to send that to the relevant authorities.
Describe the specific regulations and safe working practices and procedures that apply to their work activities
Answer: The main regulations that apply to my work are the DSE standards and regulations on monitors, keyboards, the work surface, the work chair and the working environment. These standards say ( with regards to the monitor ) that it must display well defined characters of adequate size and spacing, have a stable image, have adjustable contrast and brightness, be able to tilt and swivel for each users needs, be free from glare and have a separate base or be on an adjustable table. In reference to keyboards the standards say that it must be able to tilt and be separate from the screen so that the user can adopt a more comfortable working position, all keys must have legible symbols on them, have space in front of the keyboard for arm and hand support and the keyboard must have a matt surface. Then in reference to the work surface, it should provide adequate space for the user, have a low reflective surface and be adequate size to allow the keyboard, mouse and monitor to be flexibly arranged. The work chair should be height adjustable with an adjustable height and tilt of the backrest, a footstool should also be available if needed. Finally the working environment should be big enough to allow the user to move and change position comfortably, should have sufficient lighting with good contrast to the monitor and should have windows with blinds to block out direct sun light to avoid glare. Other regulations such as noise and vibration regulations will apply however do not effect our daily work.
Describe the warning signs for the seven main groups of hazardous substances defined by Classification, Packaging and Labelling of Dangerous Substances Regulations
Answer: The seven types of hazardous substances and their diamond shaped labels are
Explosive with an exploding bomb as its symbol
Flammable with a flame as its symbol
Oxidising with a flame over a circle over it
Corrosive with a liquid being poured onto a hand and metal as its symbol
High toxicity with skull and crossbones for its label
Health hazard with a silhouette of a person with star-like cross across the chest of the person
And finally Hazardous to the environment with a dead tree and dead fish in oil as its logo.
Explain how to locate relevant health and safety information for their tasks, and the sources of expert assistance when help is needed
Answer: In other workplaces you would need to find out relevant safety information on certain tasks, each task being requiring different information. For example if you needed you clean a substance of using a strong cleaner, you would have to look on the bottle to check instructions for use, or if the cleaner was in a COSHH locker then you could read up on the product in the nearby COSHH folder. For other tasks such as disassembly or maintenance the you would need to read the manual to find out if the equipment had tensioned belts chains or was sprung; any of these could cause injury if not acknowledge prior to work beginning. If any information cannot be found ask a senior member in the workplace if they have any knowledge of the task being undertaken. If not then you may have to contact the manufacturer of the product or machine in question to find information.
Explain what constitutes a hazard in the workplace (such as moving parts of machinery, electricity, slippery and uneven surfaces, poorly placed equipment, dust and fumes, handling and transporting, contaminants and irritants, material ejection, fire, working at height, environment, pressure/stored energy systems, volatile, flammable or toxic materials, unshielded processes, working in confined spaces)
Answer: In my working environment there are few hazards. The main hazard at my workplace would be the abundance of electrical equipment such as monitors, keyboards, printers, desktops.....ect. The hazard arrises when drinks and food are in close proximity to the equipment. This could lead to equipment failure if fluid was spilled onto the equipment. Also with electrical devices comes the risk that they may malfunction, due to age or aggressive use and cause a incident such as an electric shock due to an uncovered live wire. Another hazard in my workplace would be when transporting boiling drinks to staff, if there were a cable across he floor and a member of staff carrying a tray full of drinks did not see the cable they could trip. Possibly burning themselves, other staff, and breaking equipment which could result in work being lost.
Describe their responsibilities for identifying and dealing with hazards and reducing risks in the workplace
Answer: The employer, staff and myself all work together in different ways to try to reduce the likelihood associated with the hazards. For example, the other staff and myself take extra care when opening, carrying and drinking drinks to reduce the risk of broken devices. This is done by not attempting to drink and work at the same time and sitting back i the chair so that if you were to spill some drink it will not fall onto appliances. The employer helps be checking the equipment being used, making sure that all devices are in best condition for staff, not allowing old damaged equipment to be used. The employer also sets the office up in such a way that cables do not need to cross walkways at all meaning that a cable would only become a trip hazard on rare occasions.
Describe the risks associated with their working environment (such as the tools, materials and equipment that they use, spillages of oil, chemicals and other substances, not reporting accidental breakages of tools or equipment and not following laid-down working practices and procedures)
Answer: In my working environment the risks are only of electrical nature. These can arise when equipment is not reported as being 'broken' and may have naked cables that could give an employee an electric shock. Spillage's of drinks could also cause an worker to have an electric shock if they attempt to clean it up without first looking at the consequences of what they are about to do. However a workshop environment has much more severe outcomes of not reporting spillages or broken tools or not following working practices. In the case of not reporting broken tools, a worker could be filling down piece of work and if the vice that they are is broken and comes loose or the screw in the vice is cracked; then when the worker is applying pressure to their possibly sharp edged piece of work, and the vice breaks, then the worker could fall forward possibly slicing their arm or impaling themselves upon the work piece or broken vice. This is one example of a plethora of possibilities that could arise from not reporting broken tools or equipment. The materials that the worker is using could be dangerous by themselves, it could be heavy ( become a drop hazard ), it could have sharp edges or be only able to be worked with while hot making is a burn or scalding hazard. The chemicals that the worker comes into contact with may also be a source of harm as they could be irritant, corrosive or flammable. All of these increase the risk to the workers in the vicinity. Not following company procedure also increases risk to the workers. For example if on every Friday a fabrication company disconnects and seals all of their gas bottles to avoid leakage, but one of the workers decides they don’t need to follow this procedure and their bottle leaks gas into the workshop, then over the weekend or on the Monday there would be a large chance of an explosion occurring due to the leaked gas.
Describe the processes and procedures that are used to identify and rate the level of risk (such as safety inspections, the use of hazard checklists, carrying out risk assessments, COSHH assessments)
Answer: The risk of a task is identified by how likely the hazard is to occur compared to the severity of the hazard. However there is a more in depth way of looking at a risk assessment such as, how frequently does the task need to be undertaken, how many people could get injured if an incident occurred and how expensive an incident would be to fix ect... These are things that all play a part in a risk assessment. You can also make a checklist of all hazards that could occur just to make you think more about what could happen to you before you start a job. Safety inspections will be a frequent requirement on the workshop floor to make sure that safety systems that are put in place work correctly. Inspections will also take into account training of the staff and their knowledge pf health and safety operations that should be carried out. Finally a COSHH assessment could be carried out, this would require a member of staff to survey the work area and make note of any jobs that include give off or produce hazardous substances. They should then see if the chemical or process can be avoided. If not then procedures are put in place to minimise the chance of an accident occurring.
Describe the first aid facilities that exist within their work area and within the organisation in general; the procedures to be followed in the case of accidents involving injury
Answer: Within my workplace there is little need for such rigorous health and safety's procedures as there is no hazardous substances, dangerous machinery ext... However, there are still procedures such as in the case of a fire. Furthermore steps would be taken in the event of a minor injury such as a cut or a small burn. These would consist of cleaning the cut with water or a sterile wipe and then covering it or in the case of a burn it would consist of running it under cold water to relive pain and swelling. If the burn was on your hand then you would need to remove jewellery such as rings, so that when the swelling started it doesn't cause pain around that area.
Explain what constitute dangerous occurrences and hazardous malfunctions, and why these must be reported even if no-one is injured
Answer: A dangerous occurrence could be if a worker has a near miss that could have caused them injury such as a mild electric shock through a metal piece of equipment or a roof tile falling of and almost hitting someone. These need to be reported so that the HASAW can gain information on how to lower near misses and eventually accidents.
Describe the procedures for sounding the emergency alarms, evacuation procedures and escape routes to be used, and the need to report their presence at the appropriate assembly point
Answer: The fire alarm is the best example of a common emergency alarm. The fire alarm can be sounded manually if a member of staff sees a fire. There is also the smoke detector that will sound automatically when smoke is detected. However for a normal manual fire alarm it is simple to use as the glass is smashed and the panel inside is pushed to activate it. Then a siren will sound notify that there is a fire. Staff will then leave calmly using the provided fire exit routes to get out of the building and to the muster point as fast as possible. Then once at the muster point a list of all names will be taken against the sign in sheet that all staff should write on in the morning. When your name is shouted you should reply clearly allowing said person to mark you as accounted for. This is so that when the fire department arrive they know if anyone is still in the building and who may need assistance.
Describe the organisational policy with regard to fire fighting procedures; the common causes of fire and what they can do to help prevent them
Answer: The common causes of fire in my workplace would only be of an electrical nature or kitchen accident as i work in an office rather than a workshop. Our fire alarm has two stages like most. The first stage is in limbo where there may not be a fire, then the second stage is more serious and gives of a different tone to the original alarm. This is when staff need to exit the building and assemble in the office muster point in the carpark for the building. Then the fire marshal checks the building for a fire and anyone left inside. If there is a fire then 999 will be called to help. However if no fire is found then the alarm is turned of and staff can go back inside.
Describe the protective clothing and equipment that is available for their areas of activity
Answer: I would say that the only equipment or device that could be used as a protective piece of equipment would be blinds on the windows. For example if you had the sun in your eyes and or were getting glare on your monitor then the blinds would be closed to relive stress on your eyes. For the sake of argument though, if you happened to work on the shop floor then you would most definitely need some steel toe cap boots, a set of overalls, safety glasses and possible a pair of gloves although this is less common as they can cause accidents with machinery.
Explain how to safely lift and carry loads, and the manual and mechanical aids available
Answer: If you were carrying an object from the floor does not weigh an excessive amount then you would, bend and your knees if the object were on the floor, keep your back straight as you lift the object and use your legs to lift the object not your back. This would only be done if the object were light. If the object were heavy then you would need a mechanical lifting aid such as a scissor lift, crane or hoist. The most common to use would be the hydraulic scissor lift. This may initially need more people to lift the object onto the trolleys bed. If the object is at height then the bed can be raised to suit. When the object is on the trolleys then height should be pit as low as possible before moving to lower the trolleys centre of gravity and prevent it tipping over.
Explain how to prepare and maintain safe working areas; the standards and procedures to ensure good housekeeping
Answer: To prepare a safe workplace it is good to have sufficient storage and bins to try to keep walkways clear of rubbish and general obstacles that could become a trip hazard. The largest cause for injuries in the workplace in the UK is slips trips and falls. Many of these could be prevented by having better housekeeping. In the case of the workshop floor this would be removing tools from area where they are no longer needed and keeping walkways clear, in an office however this would be removing files, folders, wires and delivery packaging away from walkways so that there are no trips in the office. To maintain this housekeeping make sure that there is always sufficient storage for work and try to promote a ‘see it, sort it’ attitude amongst staff.
Describe the importance of safe storage of tools, equipment, materials and products
Answer: In my workplace there are no tools that need storing away at the end if a job, as tools are not needed. However it is important to store tools, equipment, materials and products away at the end of the day so that everything is where you expect it to be the next day and you can easily continue your work or start another task. It is also important to store materials correctly as some of them could be dangerous if left with sharp edges protruding into the workshop. Also special products may need to be stored in a COSHH locker; if the materials are not stored in a locker and are hazardous to health, the company is at risk of being fined or sewed if someone where to get injured by the product.
Describe the extent of their own authority, and to whom they should report in the event of problems that they cannot resolve
Answer: The only problems that can occur are of electrical nature such as monitor’s freezing, files being accidently deleted and needing to be recovered or certain files and programs going missing from the desktop and needing to be found or re-installed. If any of these were to happen when I was at work, I would first ask my ‘mentor’ Rich or Steve if they could help me with resolving the problem and if they were unable to help then I would need to ask Danny Sisson (ICT worker) to come and resolve the issue. The if even he could not solve it then an external company would need to be called in or the manufacturer of the PC would need to be called to replace the PC if it fully failed.
Complying with statutory regulations and organisational safety requirements
Engineering Technical Support 600/9794/2ET_1 QCF Level: 2 QETS2 - 001 - Issue Apment or device that could be used as a protective piece of equipment would be blinds on the windows. For example if you had the sun in your eyes and or were getting glare on your monitor then the blinds would be closed to relive stress on your eyes. For the sake of argument though, if you happened to work on the shop floor then you would most definitely need some steel toe cap boots, a set of overalls, safety glasses and possible a pair of gloves although this is less common as they can cause accidents with machinery.
Answer: If you were carrying an object from the fl